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OUGHT GIBRALTAR TO BE CEDED TO SPAIN?
arivantageous to persons in common life. YES. because the rock of Gibraltar To keep goods, stolen by frand or force is of no value to us: of no use in from the rightful owners, could scarcely time of peace, except to enable us to be held to be either just or generous. smuggle a few goods into Spain; and of To relinquish them readily and freely no great use in time of war.-P.P. might be held to be bnth. If we were
Wbilst we hold this post it will prove, to cede Gibraltar to Spain, we should as it always has done, a grievance to heal up a heart-sore in the politics of Spain, a thorn in its side, a constant that country, we should consolidate our source of embroilment between that claims to the respect of its inhabitants. country and this. For a century and we should show a noble example of
balf, every negotiation between the self-denial to Christendom, and present two countries has been erbittered and an aweless front to those who fancy thwarted by the feeling, on the part of we quake at the mere mention of invaSpain, that we hold possession of a por- sion or war. The ancient spirit of our tion of her territory.-S. T.
forefathers is not dead, but changed. If the English were to restore this We can now exhibit the bravery of rock of Gibraltar to its rightful owner, justice, the hardihnod of goodners. Let we might have a liberal treaty of com- us prove this to Europe by nur delibemerce with Spain, by wbich every rate and free cession of Gibraltar to manofactured article and product of Spain, and let us place their flag on commerce of England would be ad- that old corner of the fatherland of mitted to that country on very favour- Cervantes.-M. A. able terms, instead of being excluded, Trust and triumph. Britain can as at present, by a highly protective afford to give away even princely postariff.- ALPHA.
sessions; how much more, then, a paltry We propose to give up the lo- strip of promontory, once indeed a nian Islands to Greece: let us he stronghold, but now only, in sight of both wise and just, and relinquish also Whitworth and Armstrong, a big burthe fortress of Gibraltar to its natural row of wasted enterprise? It may once owners. The tendency of public opinion have been useful, may once have been a is leaning towards surrendering a por- gem in Britain's constantly sunned diation of our large and expensive colonial dem, but it is now a mere trifle and possessions. One of the first to be gewgaw to the Queen of England and knocked off the list should be this barren the Empress of India. Give. Therefore, the and forbidding rock in Andalusia.- costly plaything to Spain, and let it deECONOMIST.
light itself with the acquisition.-FRANK. The age for cherishing irritations, There would be more power in the fomenting quarrels,and stirring up exas- calm assurance the cession of Gibraltar perations amongnations has passed away. would show in the plenary might of The selfishness of nations has been seen Britain to keep its own place in Enrope, to be, like the selfishness of individuals, than in fifty Gibraltars, crowned with vise only within limitations. To be just cannon, and clad with riflemen. Moral is becoming the interest of nations now, power is mightier than the force of
it has for a long time been felt to be arms, and kindly interest in others is
a better policy than the usprions exaction of every item of humiliation we can enforce. Let us be holily bold, and give neither with doubt nor wavering. -J. J. H.
To protect ourselves against the despot of the bourgeoisie, we must have Spain in close and trnstworthy alliance. Tbat alone can give us a point of debarkation which shall enable us to carry on any war that may arise on the Continent, and to avert it from our own shores, which has been the war-jolicy of our country for ages. To restore it to Spain, would be to secure the gratitude of that nation, and 10 gain ihe adiniration of the world. This act of self-denudation of a long-pog. sessed territory would be the finest evidence of our perfect easiness about our position in the world, and would be as «fficacious as a whole army in as.. suring foreign countries that we felt quite able to maintain our own position among them. The cession, while advantageous to Spain, would not injure us, and we would have the proud consciousness of being buth just and generous. The cession of Gibraltar would be an act of grace, of power. o self. assertion, and wise policy. It would, above all, be right.-N. 0. P.
Bravado is not heroism, neither is braggadocio boldness. Bullyism and rowdyism has been, we hope, swept away out of the cabinet policy of Great Britain. We do not nied Gibraltar; it is a burden and difficully. It an eyesore to the Spaniards that the British flag sbould flap upon the extremity of their territory; it is a continual j-opardizer of the tranquillity of the world that we should iwit France and Spain with our boasiful and braggart mit:fulness in kerping up, for the there love of military glory, an outpost of our empire, which out-costs its own kerp by nearly a quarter of a million. It is a standing evidence of our foolish pride and proud folly. Not to mention the fact of its antenableness in the present state of warfare—of the certainty of its standing as a constant dissuadent to Spain from
forming that close alliance with us which would secare us from the fear of France,-me maintain that the toocostly gratification, especially in the present state of our finances, should incline us to give up the spendtbrift property.- THOMAS WEALE.
Of what real utility is Gibraltar to us? Naturally it is a part of Spain. If a promontory on the coast of Sussex were under the dominion of Spain, it would be case only parallel with our possession of Gibraltar. Like many other of our distant porsessions, it is retained by us at a great annual cost, for which we have no adequale return. To cede it to Spain would be ridding ourselves of an encumbrance. In no way was Britain the worse for the non possession of this rock, when she was not its proprietor. Tbere is a vast difference between the cession of Gibraltar, and thecession of such a province as Canada. To cede the former, is simply such an act as that of the man who gives to a friend an animal which is of no real service to him, and which costs him much for its keeping, while at the same time be has several others of a similar kind. In ceding Gibraltar to Spain, we sbould not be surrendering a colony or settlement to be plundered or oppressed by another power. We should not, in such an act, be deserring buman beings, and delivering thein over to starvation and suffering, or to a condition akin ther-to, but simply causing them tochange bands, - delivering them up to ano' her prurector in lieu of ourselves. The cession, therefore, would be do injury to Britaio, it would do do wrong to Gibraltar, it would be no injustice to Spain, nor to any other perple. What valid reason, then, can be alleged wby the cession should not take place?-S. S.
NEGATIVE. Gibraltar is the key of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic. Fortified and impregnable as it has been rendered by nature and art, it will ever be superior to any fortificatious that can be erected on the other side of the strait, as a counter balance to its bare and al.
most perpendicular height, though these France would view it with jealous eyes, would diminish greatly from its power. and, either through conquest or intrigue, It is this which renders it so valuable manage to obtain possession of so de as a possession to any foreign power. sirable a fortress; in return, perchance, To England it is invaluable, both in a for assistance rendered as in Mexico, in commercial and military point of view, the same way that Savoy and Nice have and could not, therefore, with security to been obtained for services rendered to the commercial interests of the nation, Piedmont against Austria. The Mebe given up. England must have the diterranean would then become what the freedom of the Mediterranean if she is first Napoleon endeavoured to make it, to retain Malta, and pursue the over- * French lake; Malta would be useless, land route to her Indian possessions vid and our trade with India and the Alexandria, or carry on trade with countries on the Mediterranean be at Egypt, Turkey, or Italy. All the the mercy of the French; who would, countries having possessions in the doubtless, whether the Emperor wished Mediterranean have ports in their own it or not, be only too ready to avenge territories, by which to carry on com- Waterloo by crippling our Indian trade; manication and commerce with their or Russia and France, generally amicably possessions without passing the Straits. disposed towards each other, might join Thus Spain has Seville, Malaga, Car- to comfort the sick man, and relieve thagena, Alicant, Valencia, and Barce- him of further cares and anxieties by lona; France, Marseilles and Toulon; appropriating his territories, and, by Italy, Genoa, Leghorn, and Naples; holding Gibraltar, effectually prevent Austria, Trieste; Greece, Patras; Tur- the interference of England. We do key, Saloniki. England, with Malta, not say that things would reach such a and her extensive Indian trade, has crisis, but any tendency of this nature none but Gibraltar, which serves as a would be greatly facilitated by the cesstation for her packets and merchant- sion of Gibraltar; and England, if she men, and a depôt for her military stores, wishes to be at peace herself, and to see and which as a matter of necessity she Europe at peace, will retain Gibraltar must retaio. It cannot be argued that in her own possession.-R. S. we ought to cede Gibraltar to Spain Mr. Bright says he has seen Gibral. because it forms an integral portion of tar, and, being a man of peace, could the country. We ought, for the same see no advantage to England in owning reason, to cede the Honduras because it such a spot, where there were very few is part of Yucatan, or demand Pondi- inhabitants to trade with, and where cherry and Chandernagore from the his attention was solely riveted by French, Goa from the Portuguese, or large numbers of monkeys, and these Tranquebar from the Danes, because they without tails, climbing the precipitous form a part of the peninsula of Hin- rocks. But it is as a military station dostan. It must be remembered, also, that we value this impregnable position; that though little thought of at the and whilst we have a large fleet of time as a conquest, its value was felt merchant vessels to protect in the
We extended our posses- waters of the Mediterranean, this post sions to India, and its annoyance and de- is necessary to our navy, as a safe place sirability well understood by France and of refuge under its guns.-H. R. Spain, in the strenuous efforts they made Oar right to Gibraltar rests not on from time to time to recapture it. conquest alone, but on solemn treaties. But, farther, there is great danger in In the treaty of Utrecht is the followceding Gibraltar to Spain, because it is ing clanse:-“The Catholic king does very doubtful, even supposing her to re- hereby, for himself, his heirs, and sucmain friendly to England, whether she cessors, yield to the crown of Great would be able permanently to retain it. Britain the full and entire property of
as soon as
the town and castle of Gibraltar, together with the port, fortifications, and forts belonging thereto. And be gives up the said property to be held and enjoyed absolutely, with all manner of right, for ever, without any exception
impediment whatsoever." This is our legal title to a possession we sball never surrender until compelled force of arms.-R. R.
When Spain was forming projects for destroying the peace of Europe, in 1715, England offered to cede Gibraltar to her, provided she gave up her designs. But Spain refused the offer on this condition. Again, in 1757, when France threatened to overawe Europe with her military power, England offered to relinquish Gibraltar, on condition that Spain should join with her in resisting the aggressions of France. But Spain, intent upon humbling the power of England, refused. Once more, in 1780, we again offered to surrender this rock, if Spain would withdraw from its hostile alliance with France. Again Spain refused. Then, in 1783, peace was made between England and Spain, on the condition that England should, in lieu of Gibraltar, surrender Minorca. This was the last treaty on the subject between the two powers.-R.
We have always held this fortified rock as a material guarantee for the peace of Europe, and as & security against the overbearing arrogance of any one great power attempting to overawe the world. For this and other reasons we object to place it under the weak and corrupt government of Spain. -B. H.
Lord Palmerston has lately declared that there is not the slightest intention to make a present of either Malta or Gibraltar to any foreign power. This decision will meet the approval of ninety-nine in a bundred of English
Power is one of the chief sources of wealth, and one way to secure power is to occupy by arms posts on the routes of our commerce.- —ВЕТА. .
The cession of Gibraltar would offend France in two ways. Ist. Because it
would strengthen Bourbon Spain. 2nd. Because we had made no offer of similar restitution to him, our ostensible and ostentatious ally. To these objections, the reply, Who's afraid ? may be made. But we all know that France is fickle, and that the steps of Napoleon's throne are slippery, and no one can foretell the hour or the cause of a rupture. Better, therefore, give him no ready-made excuse, such as this would offer. He has the traditionary policy of making the Mediterranean Sea a French lake. This would thwart one of the great dreams of his dynasty, and could not but be regarded as a covert act of enmity. Gibraltar can be of little use to Spain, less even than to ourselves; but its relinquishment would make it assume giant dimensions in the eyes of France, whose fleets, as well as those of Spain, were baffled under its shadow. We have need at present to keep all our outposts jealously, for aggression is the game of Russia and France.-WEEVIL.
I think our government would act anwisely should they, in the present state of European politics-especially in the unsettled state of Spain-bargain away a possession of such strength and fame as the rock of Gibraltar. It would be the intensest shabbiness to bribe Spain by giving her now, in her reviving strength, what we withheld from her weakness, and so be like otber shabby folks, --- obsequious to the progperous, tyrannous to the unfortunate. But in this lowest deep there would be a lower still of national abasement, were we not to give but sell Gibraltar. And it would be but beggarly bartering and huckstering, instead of State policy, to agree to cede, in the days of Victoria, the conquests of Anne, merely that the government of Spain might be inclined and induced to pay the individual bondbolders of England the debts justly due to them. No such wretched compromise can meet the good-will of this country; and but few Englishmen would be base enough to ask the country to humiliate itself that they might be paid.—John BULL.
The Andalusian city, built on that Mediterranean itself, in which our comgrey, compact marble rock in the merce is so vast, and the protection of southernmost province of Spain, and which is one of the duties of England; laved by the waters of the Mediter- for owing to the vigilance of that system ranean, of which it forms the key, has of protection our commercial relations been in the hands of the English for expand in every direction, as is evident Dearly 150 years, and is a trophy of by every mitigation or modification of her prowess, the bardy endurance of any prohibitory or restrictive imposts : her sons, and the resistive force she can thus we opine it is incumbent on the offer to aggression. The fame of Sir nation to retain so important a station George Rooke, but far more the renown in that locality. To confirm our stateof the moral virtue, military talent, ment, we advert to the pages of history, and heroic gallantry of General Elliot, detailing the several attempts to afterwards Lord Heathfield, are pre- surprise and recaptare it; and such cious in the hearts and memories of the attempts amply show that the Spaniards British, and these are bung in festoons were fully aware of its importance to of association round Gibraltar. The them as a nation as well as traders. repute of her heroes is a treasure of Nevertheless, we are aware that its which England has always been chary; captor was neglected, and ultimately and now, more than ever, she requires deprived of his command, the captare to preserve any historic testimony which not being deemed worthy of consideraher anpals afford of the migbty force tion, although, in subsequent generathat sleeps in a British heart, yet evok- tions, the importance of the place has able upon the instant that the glory been duly ascertained, as a repository of his country is threatened with tar- of military stores, and of materials for nishment. We speak not of the rights refitting any of the ships of either of conquest, or of those conferred by naval or mercantile inarine. Upon treaties; we think of the moral prestige these grounds we pronounce in favour of our possession and retention of Gib- of the retention of the fortress as an raltar, and we say that a more trai- | integral part of the empire.-S. F.T. torous thought could scarcely enter the Spain, looking upon us as a nation heart of a man than that which would of mere monetary, mercenary men, has suggest the cession of Gibraltar.-G.G.D. attempted to bribe our hearts by an
Were we to regulate our opinions by appeal to our pockets, and has threatthe ideas in vogne at the time when ened to withhold the recngnition of Gibraltar was captured by Rooke, we the English coupons, unless we cede should pronounce against its retention Gibraltar. Are we to prove that the by England; but the experience of so worth of a few coupons can outvalue in many generations has sufficiently in- our eyes the national glory which was formed as that, were we to cede it to gained by the capture and by the Spain, we should part with a stronghold resistance of the subsequent sieges of that continues to contribute to the Gibraltar? No! We can be generous, strength and independence of England, and might have been inclined to show especially in that quarter of the globe. the magnanimity of our policy by Let us examide its geographical position, restoring that grand rocky promoutory in order that we may perceive the to the hot-blooded children of Spain; necessity of retaining it as an appendage but we cannot afford to barter our to the empire. Situated on a "nar- treaty-protected rights with men who row tongae of land," and commanding, try the tricks of highway robbers, or as it does, the entrance to the Mediter- fancy that the practical employment ranean Sea, it is of paramount impor- of embezzlement is a smart stroke of tance to our mercaotile marine in policy. To get Gibraltar made an innavigating the Straits, and even the tegral part of Spanish territory, a