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most certain it is, that there is no more pro- . “Reverence your minister; be is a wise, and bable way under the heaven to be delivered! a good man, and ove that loves you, and hath from affliction, if the wise God see it fit, a tender care aud respect for you: do not than thus to improve it: for affliction is a grieve bim, either by neglect, or disrespect. messenger, and the rod hath a voice; and that Assure yourselves, if there be any person, tbat is, to require mankind to be the more patient, ', sets any of you against bim, or provokes, or and the more humble, and more to acknow. ' encourages any of you to despise, or neglect ledge Almighty God in all our ways; and if bim; that person, whoever he be, loves not men listen to this voice of the rod, and co- you, nor the office he bears; and therefore as form to it, the rod bath done bis erraud; and the laws of the land, and the divine provi. either will leave a man, or at least give a inau dence, hath placed him at Alderley, to have singular comfort, even under the sharpest a care of your souls ; so I must tell you, I do affliction : and this “affliction, which is but expect you should reverence and honour him for a moment, thus improved, will work for us for bis own, for your, and for his vfkce-sake.” an exceeding and eternal weight of glory." U
(To be continued.)
THE CIRCASSIAN SLAVE.
At the beginning of the eighteenth cen. efforts towards the sole abject of an advantage. tury the Turks pillaged a small town in Cir- ous establishment in the world. cassia, and carried off the inhabitauts into But Mademoiselle d'Aissé (the name given captivity. The most beautiful girls were con- to ber, for what reason we are not informed), veyed to Constantinople to adorn the harems | bad, in addition to her personal charms,receivof tbe great. Among these was a most lovely | ed from vature such an excellent disposition, child, foar years old, probably the daughter of that neither precept nor example produced a Circassiau prince; for the plunderers found upon her a pernicious effect. She possessed her in one of the finest houses in the place, profound sensibility, the most delicate taste, surrounded by attendant slaves. M. de Ferioles, and the most amiable sincerity. Her gentlewho was at that time the Ambassador from ness, good-humour, and affability rendered her France to the Sublime Porte, beheld the child, the idol of all who knew her, and amidst the and her beauty, together with her misfortune, | alluriug examples of vice she cherislied in her made a deep impression upon him. Hecares- heart the love of virtue. The Ambassador, a sed the slave, who returned his caresses. This man of loose principles, unable to withstand affected bim still more, and he resolved if pos- so many charms, was captivated by his slave; sible to ensure her future bappiness. He pur- he conceived for her the most violent passion, chased her for fifteen hundred livres, and being wbich he would fain have compelled ber to 8000 afterwards recalled, he took ber with him return, and tormented her by the most vigilant to his native country. On his arrival at Paris, 1 jealousy. She carefully avoided every opporhe requested Madame de Ferioles, the wife of tunity of being alone with him; she was sensibis brother, in whose house he resided, to take ble that she owed bim the utmost gratitude for care of the child. Tbat lady actually con
the benefits he had conferred, but steadfastly ceived such an affection for her little charge, l, refused the too bigh price wbich he put upon that she could scarcely bear her to be for a them, and hore with equal fortitude the moriimoment out of her sight. Every body thatfications to which she was subjected in conse visited the house was euchapted with the child. quence of this denial. Nevertheless no sooner The Ambassador, wbo was rich and unmarried, | did he fall dangerously ill, thau she forgot spared no expence in her education. Sbe was her sufferings, and in the master who would taught, at least, every thing that it is neces- have abused his rights, she now beheld only sary to kuow in order to shine in the fashion- the benefactor. She flew to him, never quitted able world; but in the moral duties she re- his chamber, and bestowed on him all those atceived no instruction. She lived, on the con- tentions that a parent can expect of a daughtrary, among females who being themselves | ter. His disorder grew worse, he felt the apardent votaries of pleasure, took great pains | proach of death. Deeply afflicted with her to poison her heart also. They failed not in || filial attachment, be settled on her an annuity particular to repeat to her every day, that a of four thousand livres, and gave her a conpoor girl ought to direct all her thoughts and siderable sum besides, which his heirs were to
« What :
pay her. He spoke on the subject with his tunately be belonged to the order of Malta, sister-in-law, to whom he recommended his and therefore was not at liberty to marry ; but adopted daughter in the warmest terms, and he loved her with such real affection, that he expired.
himself felt the most tender concern for ber Immediately after his death, Madame de reputation. It was not long before the vow of Ferioles took her home, assigned her one celibacy became ir ksoine to him, and he was of the worst apartments in her house, and ready to purchase a papal dispensation, that daily reproached ber with the benefactions of he might be enabled to offer his hand to her deceased brother-in-law, as though they Mademoiselle d’Aissé who, bowever, could had been improperly obtained. The lofty not be prevailed upon to consent to a step spirit of the young Circassian was unable to
which she feared might degrade her lover in brook this treatment: she one day brought the public opinion. the bond, which ensured her the sum given Meanwhile she began to be sensible that her her by her foster-father and threw it into the
own heart was preparing dangers, which she fire in the presence of Madame de Ferioles. conld not surmount, as the utmost she could That avaricious lady made not the slightest do would be to avoid them. She addressed bution to prevent her.
herself to Madame de Ferioles requesting lier It is natural to suppose tbat a female en to forbid the too ainiable Chevalier ber bouse. dowed with such charms and accomplishments. This exemplary lady wllo never dreamt of such found many admirers. The Duke of Orleans
a thing as the conquest of the passions, burstope day saw ber at Madame de Parabert's, and ing into a loud laughi, exclaimed, was fascinated with her. Unaccustomed to
you are in love with the Chevalier, and yet meet with resistance, he declared his passion i want to get red of him ? You bave certainly without ceremony, and was not a little sur lost your senses. You must have a lover some prized when he received an unqualified refusal,
time or other; that follows in course, so that and all his splendid offers were rejected with you ought rather now to thank your stars for horror. Still he was not deterred. He ap
having brought you such a one as renders you plied to Madame de Ferioles herself, and this an object of envy to the rest of your sex. For virtuous lady could not conceive how it was a whim of your's I shall not forbid him my possible to be so stupid. In vain she exerted
house: were I to do so, you would yourself all ber maternal authority to combat her ob
very soon find fault with me for niy pains.” stinacy: Mademoiselle d'Aissé at length
From this time Didy was received with threw herself at ber feet, and explicitly declar.
greater courtesy, if possible, thau before, by ed that unless they desisted from persecuting Madame de Ferioles. She often left him alone her in that manner, she would seek refuge iu a
with her faix fuster-daughter, whose coy virtue conveot. Madame de Ferioles shrugged her
being gradually relaxed by the blandishments shoulders, and pitied the infatuated creature,
of love, was conducted from flower to flower, but without feeling the smallest degree of ad
till at length it beheld the last plucked with a miration.
sigh, but without power to resist any longer. Some time afterwards the Chevalier Daidy
The Chevalier, instead of finding in enjoyment bebeld the cbarming stranger, and from that
the grave of love, became only more impas. moment he conceived a love for ber which ter
sioned, more tender, and now with redunbied minated only with his life. He forsook all
warmth intreated his mistress to accept thic his acquaintance, obtained an introduction to
sacrifice of his rank, that he might oftaceito Madame de Ferioles, and scarcely ever quitted
recollection of the errors of their mutual ata ber bouse. He was a most amiable young tachment. His persuasions were vaju: bois mo, possessing a handsome person and ex
reputation was dearer to her than her own, cellent character. He had hitherto been ac
and even when the consequences of this atcused of a roving disposition, because he had
tachment began to fill her with anxiety, sliç paid attentions to different bandsome women ;
still persisted in her generous denial. none of whom could however boast of subdu
But to whom could she now confide her ing his heart. The blooming Circassian taught secret? To the unfeeling Madame de Ferioles? him what was genuine love. The conquest of She would only have laughed at her situation, such a man whose affections the fairest ladies
and exposed her to the ridicule of the world. of the court vied to obtain, who abandoned | She summoned all her courage and opened her them all, and did bowage with the tenderest heart to Lady Bolingbroke, an excellent worespect to a friendless orpban,-such a con man, a niece of Madame de Maintenon, and quest could not but be particularly flattering. I wife of the celebrated Lord Bolingbroke, who She was not insensible to his merits. Unfor, at that time resided in France. This lady had
bong been attached with the affection of a sitive to you.' He has been teazing me con.
In these sentiments she expired in the
nuine stamp of the genius and heart, and concileable with her love for Daidy: she renounced sequently of nature and truth. They are octhe farthier gratification of an earthly pas-casionally illustrated with notes by Voltaire, sion, and the Chevalier honoured her resolution. l aud besides the effusions of friendship, they His conduct demonstrated that he was not at contain a great number of interesting anectached to ber upon merely seltish motives, for dotes of those times. Our readers will not be he continued as before the tenderest of lovers, | displeased, if we present them with some exeven when disease had undermined d’Aissé's
tracts from these letters. The lively picture bealth and blighted her youthful charms. She | which tbey so often exhibit of Paris, as it was herself, is one of her last letters, describes bis
about a century ago, cannot fail to afford enconcern for her in the most affecting manner. tertainment. “ If you were to see him,” writes she to a
“Yesterday died the Prince de Bournonville. female friend, “ he would excite your pity. | A quarter of an hour after his death the marEvery body regards him with compassion and riage of bis widow with the Duke de Rufage, endeavours to console him. He seems to think
was publicly announced, and that by her own that he can purchase my life by his liberality. I mother and unele the Cardinal de Noailles. He is making ample presents to all the people || As soon as the prince bad closed his eyes, Main the house, here to an old domestic that he dame de St. Simon, the bridegroom's mother, may put his child out apprentice, there to a hurried to the Cardinal, and would not even maid-servant to buy ribbons and finery; nay, suffer him to finish his dinner; he was obligwhen he heard that I was put upon a milk ed to perform the ceremony on the spot, and diet, be even made my cow a present of some before Bournonville was buried, all Paris kuew of the best hay that could be procured. In the circumstance. In six weeks the marriage deed, he almost appears to me to be a little will be solemnized. You may easily conceive insane. When I asked him why he did these what the Parisians say about it. The two things, he replied with tears in his eyes : “That | sisters of the deceased, one day after his death, every body about you may be the more atten- ll paid a visit of condolence to the young and
beautiful widow; they found her in deep || pulled a white bell.rope. The two white at. mourning, and by her side the bridegroom, || tendants immediately entered. The spectre who was presented to them as such. And yet | ordered bandages to be brought, and directed this is not a match from love !"
the surgeon to take five pounds of blood. “ A few days since Isessé, the surgeon, re- “ Isessé, in astonishment, ventured to ask ceived a nute, written in a strange hand, in what physician had ordered so large a quanwhich he was requested to be, at six o'clock tity to be taken,." Myself," replied the figure; in the evening, in the Rue de Fer, uot far which after warm water had been brought, from the palace of Luxembourg. He went, began to pull off its stockings, which were and found a man waiting for him. The
white silk, and. six pair, one over another. stranger conducted bim a few steps further, || The sixth and last pair being removed, exposdesired him to walk into a house, and without ed to view the handsomest leg and fout in the entering himself, immediately shut the door. world; for which reason Isessé imagined that Isessé, surprised at this unexpected move- this person must be a female. After being let ment, was at a loss bow to act, when the blood, the figure fainted. Isessé would have porter appeared, and told him that be was
taken off the mask, in order to give more ais; expected in the first floor. He went up stairs, but the domestics prevented him, and exopened the door, and found himself in a room tended the patient on the floor : before whose hong entirely with white tapestry. A servant, recovery he bound up the veio. The patient handsome as Ganymede, dressed in white, and at length recovered, ordered the bed to be with powdered hair, advanced to meet him, || warmed, and got into it. The servants withholding in his hand two shoe-brushes, which drew; the surgeon felt the patient's pulse, he immediately applied to the slives of the and then went to the fire-place to wipe his surgeon, though the latter declared it was lancet. All of a sudden he observed in the #holly superfluous, as he had but just looking.glass the white figure springing from elighted from his carriage, and consquently || bed and darting towards him at one leap. bis shoes could not be dirty. His remon- Isessé now thought that it was all over with strances were of no avail; bis shoes were him. His patieut, however, merely came to brushed by the silent attendant, and then the take form the chimney-piece five crowns, surgeon was conducted into a second room, which were presented to him with the ques. entirely white, where a second wbite domestic tion-" Are you satified.” reccived him, and repeated the ceremony. Ou
“ Perfectly,” stammered Isessé, in a tremuthis he was ushered into a third room, iu | lous voice. “Then you may go." He did not which not only the bed and tapestry, but also wait to be told so a second time, but quickly the chairs and tables were white, and even the
took bis leave, and found in the next'apartment Aoor was covered with white linen.
the two white attendants, who lighted him, fire-side was seated a tall figure in a white and from time to time turned away their faces moruing-gown, with a white mask over bis to conceal their languter. With soinc impaface. This spectre turned to the surgeon, and
tience he now asked what was the meaning of merely said, “I bave got the devil in my
this joke. belly;" on which it was for three quarters of Sir," replied one of them, “ have you any au bour as silent as death, and did nothing right to complain ? Have you not been well but put on and pull off again six pair of paid ? Have you received any harm ?" They white gloves, one after another. Jsessé, not a accompanied him to his carriage; he was little astonished, looked round the room, || heartily glad when he was seated in it, and and perceived a brace of pistols, which resolved not to mentiou a syllable concerning threw him into such a fright that he was this adventure. Next morning, however, a seized with a violent trembling, and obliged to message was sent to him, to inquire bow he sit down on one of the white chairs. At length | did after bleeding tbe white figure. On this he growing heartily tired of the silence and the made no farther secret of the affair, which process of the white gloves, with tremulous attracted considerable notice. The king was voice he requested to know what were the informed of it, aud Isessé was sent for by the commands of the spectre, as he could wait Cardinal to relate it himself. A thousand exno longer. “ Why not ?" calmly replied the traordinary conjectures were formed conceru. white figure, “ if you be but well paid.” Aling it. For my part, I think it nothing but a second silence of a quarter of an hour joke which some young men thought fit to succeeded. The six pair of white gloves | play off on the timnorons surgeou." were again put on and pulled off till the
[To be conlirued.] wbite figure itself was at length tired, and
OBSERVATIONS ON WILLS.
A COMMUNICATOIN TO THE EDITOR.
in the person who made it. Nor is this catch. I THINK I may reasonably demand the ing at an expresssion of law to pervert the attention of your readers to a short letter upon substantial design of it, for I apprehend it to this subject. Nothing is more frequently a bc the deliberate mind of the legislature, that topic of complaint than the hardship and no will should take effect upon the real injustice of wills. I have thrown together I etates, unless authenticated in the precise few thoughts on this subject, and submit manner which the statute describes. Had them to your readers.
testamentary dispositions beev founded in any From the consideration that wills are the natural right, independent of any positive creatures of the municipal laws wbich give institutions, I should have thought differ, them their efficacy, may be deduced a deter- ently of this question. For then I should bave mination of the question, whether the in- | considered the law, rather as refusing its tention of the testator in an in formal will be assistance to enforce the right of the devisee, binding upon the conscience of those, who, thau as extinguisliing or working any alteraby operation of law, succeed to his estate. By tion in the right itself. an informal will, I mean a will void in law, for And after all, I should chuse to propose want of some requisite formality, though no a case, where no consideration of pity to dis. doubt be entertained of its meaning or its tress, duty to a parent, or gratitude to a beautheuticity: as suppose a man makes bis nefactor, interfered with the general rule of will, devising his frechold estate to his sister's justice. son, and the will be attested by two only, in
The regard due to kindred in the disposal stead of three subscribing witnesses; would of our fortune, (except the case of lineal the brother's son, who is heir at law to the kindred, which is different) arises, either from testator, be bound in conscience to resign his the respect we owe to the presumed intention claim to the estate, out of deference to his of the ancestor from whom we received our uncle's intention : Or, on the contrary, would fortunes, or from the expectations we have ennot the devisee under the will be bound, | couraged. The intention of the ancestor is preupon discovery of this faw in it, to surrender sumed with greater certainty, as well as enthe estate, suppose he bad gained possession titled to more respect, the fewer degrees he is of it, to the heir al law ?
removed from us, which makes the difference Generally speaking, the heir at law is not in the different degrees of kindred. It may be bound by the intention of the testator. For presumed to be a father's intention and desire, the intention can signify nothing, unless the that the inheritance he leaves, after it bas person intending bave a right to govern the served the turn and generation of one son, descent of the estate. That is the first ques. | should remain a provision for the families of tion. Now this right the testator can only his other children, equally related and dear to derive from the law of the land; but the him as the eldest. Whoever, tberefore, without Jaw confers the right upon certain conditions, | cause, gives away his patrimony from his which conditions he has not complied with.
own brother's or sister's family, is guilty not Therefore the testator can lay no claim to the so much of an injury to them, as of ingratitude power which he pretends to exercise, as he to his parent. The deference due from the pos, Liath not entitled himself to the benefit of that sessor of a fortune, to the presumed desire law, by virtue of which alone, the estate ought of bis aucestor, will always vary with this to attend his disposal. Consequently the de- circumstance, whether the ancestor earned visee under the will, who, by concealing tbis the fortune by bis personal industry, acquired flaw in it, keeps possession of the estate, is it by accidental successes, or only transin the situation of any other person who
mitted the inheritance which he received. avails hinself of liis neighbour's ignorance, to
Where a man's fortone is acquired by him. detain from bim bis property. The will is self, and he hath done nothing to excite ex80 much waste paper, from the defect of right | pectation, but rather refrained from those par