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the late rebellion. The following dreadful West Riding of York. It gives to magis oath has been generally administered among trates a power of searching for and seizing them :

secreted arms; also a power of summa. "L. A. B. of my own volantary will, do rily dispersing tumultuary meetings, and apo declare, and solemnly swear, that I will never prehending persons engaged in them, without reveal to any person or persons, in any place waiting the time which is prescribed by the or places, under the canopy of heaven, the Riot Act; and of holding them to bail till the names of the persons who compose the se- quarter sessions, where they may be tried as cret committee, either by word, deed, or for a misdemeanor. It gives, moreover, to the sign ; their proceedings, meeting place, abode, magistrates of the adjacent counties a condress, features, marks, complexion, connec current jurisdiction, so as to prevent the tions, or any thing else that may lead to the rioters from eluding justice by crossing the discovery of the same ; on the penalty of be- boundary line of their counties. This law ing put out of the world by the first brother is to continue in force only till the next that shall meet me, my name and character meeting of Parliament; and though confined blotted out of existence, and never to be re at present to four counties, it may be exmembered but with contempt and abhor- tended to others hy proclamation. Mirence. I further swear, that I will use my nisters expressed a hope, that this mild best endeavours to punish by deatli, ang measure would be found sutficient to saptraitor or traitors, should any rise up amongst press the present disturbance; but if not, us, he or them; and though he should fly to · Parliament would be again assembled, at the verge of nature, I will pursue him with whatever inconvenience, rather than resort unceasing vengeance. So help me God to to a harsher measure in the first instance keep this oath inviolable"

than appeared to be absolutely necessary. The committees dwell on the extrenie dif. It is impossible too highly to commend this aculty of procuring evidence to convict of spirit of moderation and forbearance on the lauders, in consequence of the system of part of Government. terror which has been enforced, not only by 2. A measure of still more importance, threats, bat assassination ;-and on the eager because not a measure of teinporary but of ness and activity which have been displayed permanent domestic policy, has been adoptin procuring fire-arms, and in acquiring a ed by the legislature. We allude to the knowledge of their use.

bill for repealing the Conventicle and FiveThe legislative measure, founded on this mile Acts, and for amending the Act of Toreport, is confined to the counties of Notting- leration. This bill has passed through bam, Lancashire, and Cheshire, and the both Houses, with an unanimity that strong

ly marks the growing liberality of the age. * The following passage of Scripture, We shall take an opportunity of detailing which it appears, though not from the report its provisions, when it shall have finally passof the committee, has been extensively used ed into a law. as a motto by the insurgents, too plainly in 3. The bill for the abolition of sinecures, dicales the designs of at least some among which had passed the House of Commous, then:--- And thou, profane wicked prince has been thrown out in the House of ei Israel, whose day is come, when iniquity Lords. shall have an end ; thus saith the Lord God, 4. The sum of 100,0001. has again been Remove the diadem, and take off the crown: voted for the increase of small livings. A this shall not be the same : exalt hinu that is sum of 30,000L has also been voted for the bw, and abase him that is bigh. I will over. erection of pentientiary houses. tan, overturn, overturn it ; and it shall be 5. A bill has been brought into Parliano more, until he come whose right it is; and ment, by Sir William Scott, for the reform of 1 will give it to him.” Ezek. xxi. 25—97. It our ecclesiastical courts, and particularly in is no more than justice, however, to add, that respect to the power of excommunication ; there is good reason to believe that not a certainly an anomalous power, as it is now single religionist of any description has been exercised, and one which is liable to very cuocerned in these disturbances. This is an great abuse. important fact, which ought by no means to 6. We intimated, in our last number, that be overlooked. It is well known indeed, Government had shewn a disposition to conthat aipong our revolutionary spirits, soine ciliate the Catholics of Ireland, by giving the years back, it used to be considered as a subject of their claims a full consideration decided mark of incisista to have a Bible in during the approaching recess. A motion, the boaxe.

brought forward by Mr. Canning, in the

House of Commons, pledging that house to exploits on a small scale, in the Mediterra. enter on the consideration of those claims nean, in the Bay of Biscay, and in the North in the next session of Parliament, was car. Sea. Several convoys have fallen into our ried by a considerable majority; in the hands, which were destined for tbe supply of House of Lords, a similar motion, brought the French armics in Spain; and some small forward by the Marquis Wellesley, was lost fortresses, garrisoned by French troops, have by one vute.

been taken & demolished, on different points 7. In a discussion which took place in the of the Spanish coast.-A Danish squadcon, House of Commons, on the subject of the consisting of a 44 gun frigate, three sloops of general state of the finances of the country, war, and 25 gun-boats, which had run, for the Chancellor of the Exchequer admitted, shelter, into the small creek of Lyngoe, has that some new and vigorous plan of finance been entirely destroyed by some of our was called for by the circunstances of the cruisers. country; and that if it should be his arduous duty to propuse financial measures to DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE. the house in the next session, he should feel Dr. Law has been appointed the Bishop it necessary to propose such a plan for its of Chester, in the room of Dr. Sparkes, reconsideration.

moved tience to Ely. 8. It appears, by papers laid before Par The Right Hon. C. B. Bathurst has been liament, that the number of French officers appointed Chancellor of the Duchy of Lanwho have broken their parole, chiefly during caster ; Sir Thomas Plomer, Attorney-Genethe last two years, amount to 468, while not ral, in the room of Sir V. Gibbs, raised to a one British officer has been found to have Puisne Judgeship in the Court of Common been guilty of a similar perfidy. A bill is in Pleas; and Mr. Garrow, Solicitor-General. its progress through Parliament, for making We are happy to observe, that a plan has it felony to assist prisoners of war in effecting been adopted by Government, for giving

liberal pensions, not only to all officers of the

army who are disabled by wounds, but to all NAVAL INTELLIGENCE,

non-commissioned officers and privates undes The Gazettes are filled with details of naval similar circumstalces.

their escape.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS,

W.; Jonn; THEOGNIS; C. P.; PAILOPOETICOS; H. B.; Dueitans; aud A Sundar.

SCHOOL Teacher; have been received. We should have been glad to return the paper of No GRADUATE, but we apprehend it has

been destroyed. We do not, at this distance of time, recollect the particular ground on which its insertion was declined—whether it was " too strong," as the writer supposes,

or too weak, to suit our meridian. We are always happy to receive communications from Amen. In commenting on our re

marks on an Electic Reviewer (No. for May, p. 327), he appears to have wholly mistaken our drift. Our object was simply to repel what we conceived to be an unjust charge, and we had not the most remote intention to reflect blame either on the Baptist Society, or un the Baptist Mission Society. Amen is anxious it should be understood that the reviewer has never had any thing to do with the concerns of the Baptist Mission Society. We have said nothing which would imply that he had any share in its management, but we willingly give currency to this direct disclaimer. We deny that the object of our defence owes any thing to forbearance. If it be true that another Clergyman has prompted per

secution, we can see no reason why his unchristian conduct should not be exposed. We are sorry to have overlooked J. C.'s communications. We intend to use them at a

convenient opportunity. We have no objection to Mr. Wøytk's republication of the paper he mentions.

ERŘATA.
In the last Number, p. 363, col. 2, l. 6, for matter read manner.

P. 375, col. 1, last line but one, for expresses read represses,

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MEMOIRS OF THE LATE REV. C. BAY

TER.

T

For the Christian Observer. well as on Sundays, and her son,

from a child, was her companion in

these holy exercises. Of him, inLEY, D. D., FOUNDER AND MINISTER deed, it may be almost said, as of OF ST. JAMES'S CHURCH, MANCHES Jeremiah and John the Baptist,

that he was sanctified from the VHE exploits of heroes and con womb. He discovered very early

querors have been much cele- marks of a religious mind, and a debrated in their own age, and their sire to be instructed in things far histories recorded for the admiration above the general capacities of of posterity. I allow them the children. Even when about six praise they deserve; but when I years of age, he was in the daily consider the lives they destroyed, habit of using fervent prayer. He and the miseries they brought upon was accustomed to pray in a room mankind, in consequence of the va- adjoining one which was occupied rious calamities of war, I am pained by a very careless and wicked man; at the relation, and my pleasure in who, hearing the child pray so contemplating their conduct is much earnestly, was heard to say, " That diminished. Different, however, are child's prayers will make my hell my sensations when I read the lives Sevenfold the hotter." and conduct of pious ministers of He was sent to the grammarthe Gospel. Through their endea- school, where by his assiduity he vours, under the Divine blessing, made great progress in learning, the miseries of men are alleviated, staying there until he became the and the poor and needy brought to master. To his advancement in possess durable riches. By their literature, his excellent grammar

in ministrations, souls ruined by sin the Hebrew language bears suffi. are saved from destruction, and are cient testimony. For that publicamarle the happy partakers of grace tion he was honoured, gratuitously, and glory:

and without any application on his An eminent instance, calculated part, with a doctor's degree from a to illustrate this observation, will foreign university, and he afterbe found in the subject of the follow- wards took the same degree at Caming memoir, the late Rev. C. Bay- bridge. His Latin sermon on that ley, D.D., founder and minister of occasion was much applauded. He St. James's church, Manchester. entered the ministry as curate of He was born near Whitchurch, in the Rey, John Fletcher, vicar of Shropshire, about the year 1752, Madeley, Salop; and how closely of respectable parents, though his he trod in the steps of that great father was deprived of an estate to and good nian, the sequel of his which he was the lawful heir. His life will abundantly shew. He was mother was remarkable for her also with the Rev. Dr. Conyers, at piety. She was constant' in her at- Deptford; and there he received, tendance on the excellent services of more than once, offers of preferment, our church, on the week' days as which he declined. Carist. OBSERY, No. 128.

3 Q

Having occasion, about this time, in all the greatness and extent of to go to Manchester, to visit some bis salvation. He eshibited him as friends, he became acquainted with the only begotten of the Father, the Miss Rachel Norton, whom he af. very and eternal God, the Creator, terwards married. This lady ap- Preserver,and Upholder of all things. peared to be in every respect so Like St. Paul, be made him the well suited to promote his ardent foundation of all our hopes; and in desires to be useful in the church, order to shew our need of this Savithat she might well be said to be “a our, he faithfully declared our fallen gift from the Lord ;” and without state, not crying up the dignity of any exaggeration it may be affirm- human nature, but laying man low ed, that he owed much of his suc- as a sinner before God, indebted cess to her counsel and assistance. to God for every blessing, and relyThis happy union turned bis ing for salvation upon Christ alone, thoughts towards settling in that who is made of God, unto the believer, neighbourhood; and perceiving that “ wisdom, and righteousness, and there was a great want of churches sanctification, and redemption." He in Manchester, he determioed to steered clear of Antinomianism on attempt to build one in that part of the one hand, and Pharisa ism on the this town where it was most needed. Other; constantly insisting upon the The difficulties he had to contend fruits of righteousness as an indis. with on this occasion were very pensable evidence of faith in Christ

. great, as must be well known to all And in bringing these subjects home who have had the courage and self- to the cousciences of his hearers, he denial to embark in a similar under- never failed earnestly to urge the taking; difficulties which arise not necessity of the Divine influences of merely from the expense attending the Holy Spirit, to enlighten their it, but from the necessity of con- minds and to cleanse their hearts, ciliating incumbents, patrons, and and also to witness with their spirits bishops, as well as removing many that they were the children of God. other obstacles. However, after This scriptural method of instrucmuch labour and perseverance, he lion rendered his ministrations, peaccomplished his purpose, and ob- culiarly successful in the conversion tained of the Warden and Fellows of sinners, and in tbe edification of of the collegiate church of Man- believers. The effects of these doc chester, the presentation for sixty trines were seen in the largeness of years; a favour which they had his congregations, especially in the never granted before to any one: number of the communicants, which and he was, in consequence of this generally amounted to between fire concession, presented to it himself in and six hundred persons. the year 1788, and the church was But it was not only to Dr. Bayley's consecrated by the Reverend Dr. doctrine and manner of preaching, Cleaver, Bishop of Chester.

but also to his life, that the words We have now to view him in a situa “ to me to live is Christ” might with tion where his conduct was well fitted truth be applied. He was bumble. to excite our admiration ; and here notwithstanding his great attain his ministry was blessed in a mostments as a scholar; in company na remarkable manner. Of him, indeed, ver claiming any superiority ore it might be justly said, as St. Paul has others, but in all his deportment apexpressed it, “to me to live is Christ, pearing to esteem others better than and to die is gain.” The propriety himself. His meekness was also na of this application was fully demon- markable: he had learned to be strated in his doctrine and in his gentle towards all, and not to render life. It was his delight to set forth evil for evil to any. His charity lo our Lord Jesus Christ in all the the poor and distressed of every de matchless glory of his person, and scription was constant and liberal

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ir ist whatever his hand found to do, he Church, by the Rev. William Wine iles et de labouring to win souls and to edify ple, their beloved pastor was deeply Denge Was fervent: he may be said, like hope, that many present were in

often beyond his power. His fide. me !” And while his friend, the

lity in • declaring the whole coun- Rev. John Crosse, vicar of Bradford, bulan sel of God," and in discharging the who had assisted him a long time in beracious duties of his sacred office, serving his church during his illness,

was conspicuous to all. He labour. was praying with him, he literally Bed continually, as a good steward, to fell asleep, and rested from his la

prepare for that solemn account bours, on Thursday, April 2,1812, in seperti te which he should one day give to the 58th year of his age. wat God. His diligence in visitiag the His funeral exhibited a spectacle sick bas

, perhaps, never been ex- seldom seen : more than forty clere ceeded. His unceasing attention to gymen, with great numbers of his is bithis part of a minister's duty, in all beloved people, habited in the deepberikut kinds of weather, and at all hours of est mourning, attended; and the conpate the day and night, is supposed to course was so great, that more than

kave injured his health and to a thousand could not obtain admitbare contributed to shorten his va tance into the church. The fune

luable life. His zeal was active, ral service in the church was read amata wearied, pure, and affectionate. by the Rev. Thomas Whitaker ; and os para In the service of his Divine Master, in his own vault, under St. James's did it with all his might. He trod ter. An impressive sermon was

of the great Apostle of preached on the solemn occasion by hour the Gentiles, boldly and discreetly the Rev. John Crosse. By his peothe church

. . His piety towards God lamented ; and there is reason to Enoch, to walk with God as a dutiful fluenced, by what they saw and child, and as a faithful servant, in heard, to follow his doctrines and the exercise of devotion, praise, and example, in the hope of meeting all boly affections. His love towards him in a better world. May all men was warm and active. It would who read this short and imperfect

dificult to give a just delineation sketch, earnestly seek the Divine his character, as an affectionate grace, to enable them to follow him Jusband, a tender father, a kind as he followed Christ! May they master, a faithful friend,

a good learn, like him, to be zealous in the heighbour, and a loyal subject : suf- service of God, useful to the church,

se it to say, that in all the relative ornaments to society, friends to the slities of life he set an example poor, and patterns to all of true piety!

worthy of the closest imitation. And may the Lord raise up in his from the love of God which was

room faithful pastors, who shall, by shed abroad in his heart," pro- their life and doctrine, glorify bis freded the love of his fellow-crea- name, and promote the eternal salvawer; and this love was manifested tion of the souls committed to their

bis whole deportment. His pa- charge! Amen. mce in saffering, and his resigna

C. to the will of God, were rearkable during the whole of his ves and useful life, especially in

Jast illness, which continued arly two years, and was very vere. He bore it without mur. At the first establishment of the Ren com complaint, and often prayed formation in Scotland, an order of God, that, if more of suffering was

men was appointed in the church cesary for him, he mighé ex- who were called Readers. They were

Olence more. His last words were not allowed to preach, nor to ad. O my Saviour ! - The Lord is with minister the sacraments, but merely

ACCOUNT OF THE LIFE OF THE REY.

HENRY SCOUGAL.
(Continued from p. 410.)

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