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is the construction which may be sented in the classical lessons, be put on our sentiments by a world contrasted, as far as the scholar's cawhich is at enmity with its God, and pacity admits, with Christian holieven connects some idea of melan- ness; the Gospel plan of salvation choly with devotedness to his ser- be studiously delineated, and frevice: but malignant indeed must quently recalled to his mind; emube the soul that could harbour such lation be placed upon its only lawa thought. On the contrary, to sup- ful footing of entire subserviency to pose that a religion of glad tidings the love of God:-in a word, lei not would spoil the youthful cheek of the religion of a crucified Saviour one single smile; to suppose that be any longer viewed as an awkward it will not augment and endear its appendage, an incoherent part of our playful simplicity; is to contradict public seminaries, which seems a experience, if fairly appealed to, and clog upon the whole machine; let it to cast a reproach upon that religion, rather be the main spring of every and its blessed Author.

movement; let it rule and influence Let the more advanced stages of every thing, like the etherial fluid, Christian education be a continua. the supposed cause of attraction; or tion of the same plan. I am not ar- · rather, like the Divinity itself, whose guing against human learning: I am searching energy pervades all space, not for converting the school-boy and originates as well as directs the into a polemical divine; nor for gravitations, motions, and actions of hanging the walls, which are the all the bodies in the universe. witnesses of his labours, with the I would observe, io conclusion, black pall of monastic superstition. that the questions discussed, whatI look up with veneration to the ever may be thought of the conciugreat models of taste and eloquence. sions at which we have arrived, are But let not the lambs of the Chris- not to be disposed of bythe commontian fold be left destitute of their place observations, ihat reformaspiritual nourishment; let not our tion is hopeless; that the world will schools be under any other govern- still follow its own way; that allow. ing influence than that of the unso ances must be made for the levities phisticated tenets of Jesus Christ. of youth, and the like. Painful, too, Let the Bible, as in the early contro- would it be to think, that the impresversies of Christians, be placed upon sion excited by subjects of this naa throne high and lifted up, as the ture should be considered by any only rule of life and salvation; and individual as a sort of slage effect, the most admired volumes of anti- contributing to the amusement of quity, if considered in this respect, the passing hour, but leaving nothing lie at its feet. Lot the possibility awfully practical behind. Yet soch and method of a most strict and yet is the too frequent custom of the most cheerful and happy observance world. The mere man of business of the Lord's day, be repeatedly in- will easily overlook the momentous stilled into the minds of our youth; interests of Christian nurture and adthe spirituality of social devotion be monition; the philosopher will saeer strongly pointed out; habits of selfs with grave indifference; and the liberexamination, secret prayer, and pric line will treat them with rude derivate study of the inspired volume, be sion. But let everyone beware how he inculcated; systematical delinea- thus shuffles off serious and solema tions of the sacred history, familiar convictions. Let us rather imagine expositions of the whole of the New ourselves placed as parents at the Testament at least, and examinations foot of that throne of glory, upon of the classes by question and an- which a triumphant Redeemer will swer as to every branch of their re one day sit to judge an assembled ligious instructions, be regularly world; let us imagine ourselves (for adopted; heathen virtue, as repres such will then most assuredly be our


situation) called upon to render up an account of our stewardship in To the Editor of the Christian Observer. reference to our families. How shall I FIND, in the Christian Observer for we bear to meet, in that dread so- April, a correspondent, styled Pmlalemnity, the accusing eye of our LEThes, makes several objections to a trembling offspring,involved, through paper I sent you for insertion some our neglect of their religious educa- time ago, which I believe to be a tion, in the sentence of everlasting Pope's bull. He doubts its authenperdition ! On the contrary, how ticity, and therefore deems it “a joyful will our meeting then in so clumsy forgery;" and as I am as august a presence prove, if, through much a lover of truth as he can be, our instrumentality, they have been I should be sorry to have it thought brought into subjection to the omni- I wished to pass any thing of that potence of Gospel motives, and made description for an authentic docx meet to be partakers of the inheri- ment. As to following him through tance of the saints in light! * his train of objections, it would be

unprofitable and tiresome : let him Can it be that the anniversaries, com

balance them against statements I monly called school-meetings, begun and know to be true; such as, that the consecrated by solemn acts of devotion in said Henry Goldney certainly lived the house of God, are designed for no liigher in this parish at the time described, end than retrucing in imagination the em. being well remembered by some of ployments of school, enjoying the society of the present inhabitants; that he was the companions of our boyish days, and con- originally a Papist ; that he reversing upon ordinary topics ? Can we sup- nounced the errors of the Chuich of pose that it permits now, what is never consistent at any time with the happy cheerful cated; and I find his name in the

Rome, and for this was excommuniness of the Christian character, boisterous merriment and thoughtless jollity, or, what register of burials a few years after. is confessedly scandalous to the Christian All these collateral coincidences, conDame, the dignified gratifications of gluttony nected with the existence of the doand intemperance? It is to be deeply re cument in question, surely leave no gretted that our school-meetings are too just grounds for doubting its authenoften, perhaps generally, thus abused by ticity. As to the objection that the some few individuals

. But they were never language is English, I believe they instituted in order that the glution and the are always translated, so as to be wine-bibber might enjoy greates facilities comprehended by the offenders. for indulying their sensual passions, nor that They may be originally issued by the the professed disciples of Jesus might transform themselves into the herd of Epicurus.

Pope in Latin, but are trauslated The only ground upon which they can claim previous to publication by the Ro. the attendance of truly Christian scholars is,

man Catholic bishops resident in that they are designed to promote the glory England, who, no doubt, make them of God, by encouraging human learning, when known to the unfortunate victims in contruuled and guided by the religion of the all the horrors that intelligible lanGospel, and by supporting the particular guage can convey. I contess myself serinaries 10 wbich they are attached, as ignorant of Roman Catholic discifar as those seminaries make the religion of pline, and know little of the generai the Gospel the directing principle of their modes of proceeding in the church whole system. If saclı be tlie views of those of Rome ; but for the sake of the who meet on such occasions, there is a beauty name of Christian, which the Papist and consistency in commencing the business of the day with the devout service of the

claims, I must say, that little often church, and exhortations from the word of makes me wish I knew still less. God : otherwise, those hallowed acts of ado. As a friend to religion, I am little ration and attendance upon the preaching of inclined to believe it possible such the word of God, can wear no other aspect, in an infamous instrument could ever the eyes of a heart-searching God, than that be drawn up to serve the ends of of solemn mockery and presumption. any sect; but facts are stubborn


things; and we all know that this is

are not synonymous, why, then, I nol the worst specimen of papal ty- have to regret that Mr. B-should ranny when left uncontrouled. In have neglected to inform me what is what I have said, Philalethes may the precise meaning of the two latstill complain of want of proof; but ter;' for in the society with which I I know incredulity is hard to con now mix, these are used a hundred quer. I will excuse his doubts, and times where the other is used once. sincerely pray that they may never It is the commonest thing in the be removed by the production of a world for me to hear it said of such counterpart of such a document.

an one, who games, and drinks, and I am, Mr. Editor, the real

gives into all sorts of sensual indulRector of Hampreston,

gences, that he has an excellent heart. Another never pays his debts; but he is a good fellow. And

this is not the only difficulty into To the Editor of the ChristianObserver. which I am thrown; for there are I am just arrived at that age, Mr. some men, certainly not more senEditor, when, baving left school, I sual than those I have spoken of, am beginning to mix with the gay and generally not so much so, whom world. I have been one of the four I hear reprobateıl as good for nopupils of an excellent clergyman, thing, contemptible, and entirely who has attended both to ny mental without worth. Now, Sir, the only improvement and to my morals, with difference which I can find out bea care almost paternal. This I am tween these two descriptions of men sure of, that he had my best interests is, that the former give better dinat heart; but whether he well under- ners and wine, and keep a more stood them, I am not sure. I am splendid equipage than the latter. equally uncertain whether his no- Before I altogether adope the opi. tions of moral good, and desirable nions of my companions, I should knowledge, were just. His code of like to have your sanction, and also moral obligations is certainly an old- your definition of a good man, a good fashioned, and I am beginning to fellow, and a good heart. Be 59 think that it must be also a mistaken, kind as to tell me too, whether huol

I left him, Mr. Editor, with a ing, and shooting, and driving, are perfect veneration for a good man; really subjects of more moment, and for his sort of good man; one, that is, better worth discussing, than queswho regulates all his actions by the tions of literature and morality, precepts of the Christian religion, Here my prejudices and inexperiand labours continually to bring his ence would decide in the negative; passions into complete subjection to but I hear nothing else talked of, his sense of duty.' This is what my and surely it would be the beight of revered instructor taught me to un- vanity to set up my single opinion derstand by a good man, and this is against that of the world. the scale by which I have been ac

I am, &c. customed to estimate the merits of

H. B. my neighbours. I am sure that my master firmly believed what he told To the Editor of the Christian Observer. me; but I have to lament that his Allow me to enclose for insertion in great seclusion from the world left him ignorant of what, in the opinion anecdote of the late Rev. Mr. Cecil


your valuable work, the following of the many, does, in this more enlightened and improved age, really is well authenticated, and stands as

It does not appear in his Life, but it constitute a good man, or a man with a good heart, or a good fellow, benevolence for which he was dis

an additional testimony of that active which I look upon to be nearly sy. tinguished. nonymous terms. But if these terms

E. C. 1

Some years ago, a young girl en- tion attendant on this occupation tered the shop of Mr. B., a booke occasioned a painful illness : he reseller, desiring him to exchange a mained some time in an hospital, but Prayer-book, which she brought at length left it, and retired to an with her, for a Bible; stating, as a obscure lodging, without any adereason, that she had lately attended quate means of support for himself a dissenting meeting where the Bible and family. To this place Mr. was used, but not the Prayer-book. Cecil, on his arrival in town, with The bookseller, feeling anxious to difficulty traced him. An early inmeet her wishes, and desirous, at the terview took place, and Mr. B. havsame time, that she should not for- ing stated his misfortunes, “ Well, sake the national church, of which B.,” said Mr. Cecil, " what can be he was himself a member, gave her done for you? Would a hundred a Bible, and bade her keep the guineas be of any service to you ?!” Prayer-book also. Some time after, “I should be truly thankful for such this girl was taken into the service a sum,” said B.:

so it would be of of the Rev. Mr. Cecil. On her first great use to me, but I cannot expect · coming into the family, Mr. Cecil it.” Well," returned Mr. Cecil,

inquired if she ball a Bible; to which “I am not a rich man, and I have she answered in the affirmative, and not got a hundred guineas to give told him from whom she had received you, B.; but,” continued he, putting it. Mr. Cecil was pleased with the his hand in his pocket, “ I have got circumstance; and finding out Mr. one: here it is, at your service, and ļ B., recommended him to his friends. will undertake to make it a hundred During Mr. Cecil's absence from in a few days.” Mr. Cecil repretown, however, Mr. B. became in. sented the case to his friends, fulfillvolved in serious pecuniary difficul- ed his promise, and the Bible, which ties, and was compelled to give up B. bad formerly given to a child, his business and return to a mechanic procured the means of once more cal employment, which he had learn- opening his shop, and affording him ed in his youth. The violent exer a subsistence.


Scott's Remarks on the Bishop of miseration. Ours, it will be said, is

Lincoln's Refutation of Calvin a voluntary labour; and some will ism."

think us amply repaid by the oppor(Continued from p. 376.) tunity which anonymous judgments Tue fate of Reviewers is scarcely afford of gratifying the pride of cenless to be deplored than that of those sorial dignity. For ourselves, how"pioneers of literature," whom our ever, we can most sincerely declare, great lexicographer describes as that there are some subjects on which “ doomed only to remove rubbish, we would willingly be exempted and clear obstructions, from the from its exercise; and, after all paths through which learning and which we bave already written, we genius press forward to conquest need scarcely add, that those on and glory.” They even still more which we are once more compelled closely resemble those unhappy rhe- to enter are amongst the foremost of toricians to whom, as Juvenal assures that ungrateful number. Yet, since us, the “crambe” decies “ repetita" it must be so, it is some consolation, so frequently proved fatal. But it that in again venturing amidst the is vain to attempt to excite come thorny wilds of Calvinism, we shall

be accompanied by so sober and in- of personal election to eternal life telligent a traveller as Mr. Scott. and such other tenets as are insepa

In reading the Bishop of Lincoln's rable from it, than as an eager diswork, it is scarcely possible to avoid puter for Calvinism. I would wish concluding, that all who are called to make it understood, what we Evangelical clergymen are also Cal really do believe, and what we do vinists; and that they may not only not, and on what grounds; to obribe generaily and popularly so de- ate misapprehension and misreprenominated, but that they hold all the sentation; and, if it might be, to opinions of Calvin, and in the man- procure for us somewhat more canner in which he held them. This is dour, and fairness, and equity, from evidently to say the least) the im our opponents, than we generally pression intended to be made on the meet with.” Vol. ii. pp.70-136. public mind by that performance; This is surely the language of but, as we have often said, nothing sobriety and modesty; and though can be much fariher from the truth we lament, as Mr. Scott also does, than such a representation. In en that too many Calvinists have held a tering, therefore, on the subjects of different tone, we cannot, at the same “ universal redemption, election, time, but think, that it may be very and reprobation,” Mr. Scott ob- advantageously compared with the serves, that he must be more general exaggerated and intolerant statein his remarks than in his first ro ments of many Anti-calvinists. The lume; because a part only of that view which the Bishop of Lincoln body whose cause he advocates, has given of the Calvinistic doctrine coincide with him in judgment on of predestination, is well known, and those points. This is undeniable, has been already considered by ourand perfectly notorious to those who selves. Mr. Scoit justly objects to have any tolerable acquaintance it, as inaccurate in various particu. with the present state of the church; Jars, even as it respects the opinions and can only be unknown to those of Calvin, and still more so as rewho are either unwilling to take ferring to the great body of the pains to be informed of the fact, or Evangelical Clergy. We shall nowho are determined to remain igno- tice some of his remarks on the rant of it. For himself, however, Bishop's statements, which will serve Mr. Scott declares, that though, for also to exhibit Mr. Scott's own sentireasons which afterwards appear, he ments; and then offer some general does not willingly assume, or even observations on this mysterious and receive, the name of Calvinist; and much controverted subject. though he shews, in a subsequent In the first place, Mr. Scott repart of his work, that Calvin held marks, that it seems to be the estasome opinions which he, for one, of blished opinion of the Bishop of Linthe body now called Calvinists, can coln, that the Evangelical Clergy, not approve, yet he fully avows, especially such of them as believe that he believes and maintains the the doctrine of personal election, leading doctrines which are gene- hold what is called particular rerally, though inaccurately, called demption; whereas, in fact, very few Calvinistical. “My grand object, of them adopt it: and that he himhowever," says Mr. Scott, “is not self, above four and twenty years to proselyte men to Calvinism, but since, was led to avow his dissent to exonerate Calvinists from a load of from it; and was surprised, and racriminality which they now bear, ther amused, to find, that, on this because their sentiments are mis- point, his Jordship deduces nearly understood.” And again, in a sub. ihe same conclusions, from many of sequent passage: "I would desire the same premises, which he before to be considered rather as an apolo- had done! The term, indeed, which gist for those who hold the docirine Mr. Scott had used to express his

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