« הקודםהמשך »
affected by the spectacle his poem
• Play such tricks before high heaven, presents to us. As the minor poems
As make the angels weep;" at the conclusion of the work breathe
as offend against all morał taste; as the same spirit, suggest the same attempt to shake the very pillars of doubts, and employ the sanie lan: domestic happiness and of public guage with the Childe Harold,"
security ? we are compelled to recognise the
It is, however, a matter of conauchor in the hero whom he has painted. In fact, the disclaimer, common with the republican Con
gratulation, that his Lordship, in already noticed in the Preface, seems fessor, has not revealed his creed merely like one of those veils worn to
without very honestly displaying draw attention to the face rather than
the influence of this creed
his in baffle it; and in the work before us:
We should not, indeed, we are forced to recognise a charac. have credited a man of his sentiter, which, since Rousseau gave his
ments, had he assured u's he was Confessions to the publie, has scarce- happy : happiness takes no root in ly ever, we think, darkened the such soils. But it is still better to horizon of letters. The reader of have his own testimony to the unthe “ Confessions” is dismayed, to mixed misery of licentiousness and find a man frankly avowing the
unbelief. It is almost comforting to most disgraceful vices; abandoning be told, if we dared to draw confort them, not upon principle, but mere
out of the well of another man's ly because they have ceased to grant miseries, that tify; prepared to return to them if they promise to reward him better; “ Though gay companions o'er the bowl without natural affection, neither
Dispel awhile the sense of ill; loving nor beloved by any; with. Though, pleasure tires the maddening sout,
The heart--the heart is lonely still." out peace, without hope, “ without God in the world.” When we It is consolatory also lo contrast the search into the mysterious cause of peace and triumph of the dying this autobiographical phenomenon, Christian, with the awful uncerwe at once discover that Rousseau's tainty, or rather the sullen despair, immeasurable vanity betrayed him which breathe in these verses. into a belief, that even his vices
“* Aye--but to die and goʻ-alas, would vanish in the blaze of his ex Where all have gone, and all must go; cellencies; and that the world would To be the nothing that I was, worship him, as idolaters do their Ere born to life and living woe, mishapen gods, in spite of their “ Count o'er the joys thine hours lrave seen, ugliness. The confessions of Lord Couat o'er thy days from anguish free; Byron, we regret to say, bear some And know, whatever thou hast been, thing of an analogy 10 those of the 'Tis sometliing better not to be.” philosopher of Geneva. Are they, Nor can religion be more powerihen, to be traced to the same fully recommended than by the folsource ? He plainly is far from indit- lowing avowal of an apostle of the ferent to the opinion of by-standers: opposite system. can he, then, conceive that this peep into the window of his breast must “ No, for myself, so dark my fate not rerolt every virtuous eye? Can
Through every turn of life hath been, he boldly proclaim his violations of Man and the world I so much hate, decency and of sobriety; his com
I care not when I quit tlic scene," mon contempt for all modifications But whilst, for the benefit of others, of religion; his monstrous belief in we thus avail ourselves of the antithe universal rest or annihilation of dote supplied by bis Lordship to his man in a future state ; and forgetown poison, we could wish also that that he is one of those who he might feel the elficacy of it
himself. Could we hope that so country, and as a friend of his yet humble a work as this would reach “ unknown God.” Should this the lofty sphere in which be moves, change, by the mercy of God, take we would solemnly say to him: place, what pangs would many pas“You are wretched, but will nothing sages of his present work cost him! make you hapry? You hale all Happy should we be, could we permen; will notbing warm you with suade him, in the bare anticipation new feelings? You are (as you say) of such a change, even now to conhated by all; will nothing make trive for his future happiness, by you an object of affection? Suppose expunging sentiments that wonld yourself the victim of some disease, then so much embitter it. Should which resisted many ordinary ap- he never change ; yet, such an act plications; but that all who used would prove, that, at least, he me. one medicine uniformly pronounced dilated no cruel invasion upon the themselves cured:-would it be joys of others. Even Rousseau worthy of a philosopher uot merely taught his child religion, as a deluto neglect the remedy, but to tra- sion essential to bappiness. The duce it? Such, however, my Lord, philosophic Tully also, if a belief is the fatuity of your own conduct in futurity were an error, deemed it as to the religion of Christ. Thou one with which it was impossible to sands, as wretched as yourself, have part. Let the author then, at all found • a Comforter' in Him; thou- evenis, leave us in unmolested possands, having stepped into these session of our supposed privileges. waters, have heen healed of their He plainly knows no noble or disease; thousands, touching the royal way” to happiness. We hem of His garment, have found find in religion a bark that rides the • virtue go oui of it.' Beggared waves in every storm, a sun that then of every other resource, try never goes down; a living fountain this. • Acquaint yourself with God, of waters. Religion is suffered to and be at peace.”” His Lordship change its aspect and influence acmay designate this language by that cording to the eye and faith of the expressive monosyllable, cant; and examiner. Like one side of the may possibly, before long, bunt us pillar of the wilderness, it may down, as a sort of niad March hare, merely darken and perplex his with the blood-hounds of his angry Lordship's path : to millions it is muse. But we hope better things like the opposite side of that pillar of him. We assure him, that, what to the Israelites, the symbol of ever may be true of others, we , Deity; the pillar of hallowed Name, do not « hate him.” As Christians, which lights, and guides, and cheers even he who prosesses to be un them as they toil onward through christian, is dear to us. We regard the pilgrimage of life. Could we the waste of his fine talents, and hear any voice proclaim of him, as the laboured suppression and ap- of one reclaimed from as inveterate, parent extinctiou of his better feels though more honest, prejudices, ings, with the deepest commiseration “ behold, he prayeth ;" we should and sorrow. We long 10 see him hope that here also the scales would escape from the thick cloud which, drop from the eyes, and his Lordby what may fairly be called his ship become the eloquent defender « black art," he has conjured up and promulgator of the religion around himself. We hope to know which he vow scorns. him as a future buttress his shaken
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
of the Shippers (1503), for 180L; the ReIs the press: A small volume of Tales cuyeil of the History of Troye, by Raoule le for the Fire-Sire, by Dr. Lettice ;-Hints to Fevre (1473), to the Duke of Devonshire, the Protestants of Ireland, by the Rev. T. for 1060!. 10s.; Il Decameroni di BoccacLyon ;--The Sixth Report of the Board of cio, fol. M. C. edit. Venet (1471), to the Directors of the African Institution. Marquis of Blandford, for 22601. &c. &c.
Preparing for publication : A History of A late Medical Journal contains a da. Bengal
, from the earliest Period of authen-tailed case of the beneficial effects produced lic Antiquity to 1757, by Professor Stewart by smoaking stramonium in violent asthma of Hertford Coilege ;-A statistical and Professor Leslie has succeeded in freezpolitical Account of Ireland, by Mr. E. ing quicksilver by his frigorific process. A Wakebeld, in 2 vols. 4to. ;—Origines My- wide thermometer tube, with a large bulb, ehdogicæ, by the Rev. G. Faber.
was filled with mercury, and attached tu-a
rod passing through a collar of leather, At Oxford, the Chancellor's prizes have from the top of a cylindrical receiver. This been adjudged to the following genilemen : receiver, which was seven iuches wide, coLatin Essay—“ Xenophontis res bellicaz, vered a deep flat basin of nearly the same quibus ipse interfut, narrautis cum Cæsare width, and containing sulphuric acid, m casparatio,'—to Mr. Joba Keble, B. A. the midst of which was placed au egg-cup late scholar of Corpus Christi college, and half full of water. The enclosed air being how fellow of Oriel college. English Es- reduced by the working of the pump to the sy On Translation from Dead Lan. 50th part, the bulb was repeatedly dipt in guages, "—to the same gentleinan. Latin the water, and again exposed to evaporation, Verse _“ Coloni ab Anglià ad Americam till it became encrusted with a coat of iee Dissi,"—to Mr. Henry Latham, undergra- about the 20th of an inch thick. The cup, dinte of Brasenose college. Sir Roger with its waler still upfrozen,was then removed, Newdigate's Prize : English Verse—" Apal- and the apparatus replaced, the coated bulb b Belvidere," - to Mr. Henry Milman, wie being pushed down to less than an incha dergraduate of Brasenose college.
from the surface of the sulphuric acid. On W. Frere, Esq. Serjeant at Law, has been exhausting the receiver again, and continuelected Master of Downing coHege, in the ing the operation, the icy crust at length Tam of the late F. Annesiey, Esq.
started into divided fissures, owing probably At the sale of Sir James Pulteney's ki- to its being more contracted by the intense brsy, the Variorum Classics sold for un cold than the glass which it invested ; and precedented sums, and the rare volume of the mercury, having gradually descended in the Delphin Classics at the following pice the thermometer tube till it reached the Cicero's Philosophical Works, 591. us. point of congelation, suddenly sunk almost Prudentius, 16L. 58. 6d.; and Statius, 541. into the bulb, the gaye standing at the 20th 15--At another sale, a small tract entiller of an inch, and the included air being thus. *Expositio Saniti Jeronimi in Symbolom rarefied about 600 times. After a few miApostolorule ad Papar Laurenicum," pure nutes, the apparatus being removed, and porting to be printed at Oxford in 1138, the bulb broken, the quicksilver appeared a Tu sold for 911.
solid mass which bore the 'stroke of a At the sale of the Duke of Roxburgh's li- hammer. krary, the Biblomania raged still more viw A plant which grows iu grcat abundance Beetly. A set of Sessions Papers from 1690 in every field, the Dog's Tongue, the Cyto 1803, sold for 3784; a collection of half- noglossum Officinale of Linnæus, is said to peros Ballads and Garlands, pasted in 3 vols., possess a very valuable qnality. If gathered No $78L 158.; a collection of twopenny at the time when the sap is in its full vigour, Portraits, chiefly of persots tried at the old bruised with a hammer, und laid in a bouse, aley
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The success of this method is said to be a month. Before the end of the month equally speedy and infallible.
these young scholars, who before did not A grand nalional library, the collection know a letter, learned to write correctly, of which was begun by Catherine 11. has been and read every thing presented to then completed and opened at Petersburgh. It Count Rumford, in recent experiments comprizes 250,000 printed volumes; 80,000 on the nature of light, the existence of of which relate to theology; and 40,000 which in combustible bodies he disbelieves, are duplicates. There are also 12,000 ma- has discovered, that a polyfiame lamp, conDuscripis.
sisting of a number of burners, with wicks Counsellor Graser lias, by order of bis fat like a ribbon, and so placed, one by Bavarian Majesty, made an experiment the side of another, that ihe air can pass with the greatest snecess, on some young between them, while they are duly supplied recruits, of his method of teaching children, with oil, and covered with a large rising or adults, to read and write in the course of glass, yielded as much light as 20 candles.
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ASSOCIATION FOR THE RELIEF AND BENE. tions which led to the formation of the pre
IIT OF TIE MANUFACTURING AND LA sent association, most anxiously recommend, EOORING POOR.
as a measure of primary importance, the Az a nieeting of the nobility, clergy, gentry, forming of local associations for the relief of bunkers, merchants, and manufacturers, held the poor in the manufacturing towns and as the 230 May, 1812, at Freemasou’s Hall, districts. In most of our great manufacturGreat Queen Street, London, for the pur. ing towns such institutions have probably pose of caking into consideration the distress- been already formed : but when once it be
ed state of the labouring poor in certain of comes known that an association has been the amusacturing districts, his Royal High- set on foot in the metropolis for aiding local sess the Duke of York look the chair, sup- efforts, local associations will probably take ported by bis royal brothers, the Dukes of place in districts, in which, without the hope
Kent and Cambridge, his Grace the Duke of of some more effectual means of relief than Putland, and others of the nobility, &c. &c. they possess within themselves, the attempt
At this meeting, it was resolved, That the might be deemed impracticable. At the same distress of the labouring poor, in certain time it is evident, that, without such local
taufacturing districts, reuders it the duty associations, that in London, however liberally of their fellow-subjects, in other parts of supported, could administer but a very limitthe kingdom, to contribute towards theired measure of relief. But it is not merely rdief, in addition to such assistance as can by augmenting the funds of local institutions,
de locally afforded, during the present in- that this association may be of use: it may tetmption of employment and high price of be highly serviceable, by communicating useparisions-A subscription was immediately ful information, and suggestions : while every opened for these purposes, and a committee distressed manufacturing district will know, appointed to consider and adopt the best that such an association has been formed, to kans of carrying the benevolent intentions, which it may state its sufferings, and which of the sabscribers into effect.
will at least endeavour to lessen their amount. Ibe considee, after stating the considera. The Committee are of wpinion, that an inCout, OBSERV, No. 126.