« הקודםהמשך »
present day, which was not satis- attack, or, in other words, the strength of factorily answered by Origen near the religion. sixteen hundred years ago.
The “ In the third place, his admission of infidel's employment, since that many facts, which he would have rejoiced period, is most aptly described by belief of the facts, at the period at which he
to deny, is a strong testimony to the general å Christian poet in the following lines :
“ Fourthly, His wary suppression of some " He gleans the blunted shafts that have circumstances incontrovertibly established recoiled,
by the authority of other persons, of much And aims them at the shield of truth again." evidence which strengthened, and many
writers who had served the Christian cause, Mr. Cunoiagham has made a betrays his conviction that such facts could judicious arrangement of his mate- not be promulgated with safety to his argusiale. He collects the objections of ment. Celsus, and the refutations of Ori. " Let us turn next to the reasonings and gen, under the following heads : the reply of Origen, and to the evidence for The History and Writings of the Christianity supplied by them. Jews; the Scriptures; the History * In the first place, as the infidel may of Christ; Miracles ; Character of find in the objections, all ihe weapons by the early Christians; Doctrines of which, he is now accustomed to assault relithe early Christians. It is not our
gion, so the believer may find in the anintention to follow him through pelled, and is sufficient to repel them for
swers of Origen, the shield which has rethese several divisions. On the last head we will merely remark, that “ The confidence with which Origen apo ibe objections of Celsus as clearly peals to the Scriptures, evinces the reverence prove that the doctrine of justifica- in which they were held at an age where tion by faith was held by the first their spuriousness, if they had not bocu Christians, as the writings of the genuine, could :80 readily have been de present Bishop of Lincoln prove
tected. ihat this tenet is held by a body of
“ The exact correspondence of the scrip men, whom he calls the evangelical tural passages extracted by him, with our clergy. We will lay before our
own copies, establishes the integrity of the
sacred canon. readers the whole of Mr. Cunning
" The confidence with which he challenges ham's conclusion, which will both
an investigation of the miracles, and the put them in possession of his general miraculous pousers of the Church, for some argument, and furnish them with a
ages, leaves us po room to doubt of their specimen of his style.
existence. “Having thus noticed, in succession, the
“ The firm faith of sucb a man as Origen, several topics which are chiefly insisted on in at a period when the evidence of Christianity the work before us; and having endeavoured lay most open to a scrutiny, is no smail to deduce from each, the distinct evidence testimony of the truth of the religion. in favour of Christianity, which it seemed
“ The very rashness which is charged. to afford, it remains only to sum up the
and justly clrarged upon Origen, is so far general testimony tbus borne to our reli- satisfactory, that it assures us, the friends of gion.
Christianity, however injudicious, could opert « Let the evidence be first considered,
no avenues of attack through which thu most which arises from the concessions and objec. destrous adversaries could successfully as tions of Celsus. In the first place then lie ,sault the citadel of our faith, proves the existence of the Scriptures in
Finally, The effect wrought upon the his own times, he relates some facts extracted character of Origen, and his contemporaries, from them, and he corroborates many others, to which he continually refers, at once given which would otherwise stand-upon their un- weight to their testimony. and vindicates thic **supported authority, and thus he authentic claim set up by Christianity, to a Divine cates both the religion, and the Bible. efficacy accompanying its doctrines. Let
* In tire next place, as 'Celsus-is usually Origen himself be examined. Such was his considered the most subtle and malignant of superiority to worldly attraction, that he the usmilants of Christianity, the weakness was content to live and die, a humble cateof his asuult discovers the difficulty of thc chist st Alexandria. Such was bij devotion Curst, QBSERV. No. 124.
tion to the sacred cause, that be sold his Upon the whole, the reply of Origen to possessions for a daily allowance that would Celsus may be considered as one of the enable him to pursue the duties of piety and most valuable legacies of antiquity, The usefulness, without distraction. Such was importance of the subject; the talents of the his zeal, that he is said to have bequeathed contending authors, the ample evidence it to his fellow-creatures six thousand volumes, affords to our faith, claim for it our earnest the fruits of his own labour. Nor is his consideration; the errors of Origen are such character a solitary instance, upon the an as a little sagacity may correct, his merit nals of Christianity. The great mass of in- will ever be confessed, while religion shall dividuals who drank at or near the fountain- need an apology, or talent and piety have head of the religion, were evidently made any claim to admiration. It is true that the : whole. They were animated by another revolution of ages has afforded, as might be spirit, and quickened into another life. 'Old expected, to truth additional evidence, and things passed away, and all things became to error fresh refutation. So much however new.' It was moreover in the power of was effected, in their distinct enterprizes by these men to examine the sources of objec- the early enemies and friends of Christianity, tion which were opened to them by Celsus; that the vanity of unbelievers should be subthis they had certainly done, but their be- dued, by discovering most of their objections ief gathered strength by enquiry, and they to liave been before advanced, and the faith sealed their testimony by their blood. We of Christians should be confirmed, by knowhave in their conduct a proof of the im- ing them to have been long since refuted." pression which the arguments of Celsus pp. 49—55. made on their minds.
" Paganism began to tremble, when she We shall only add, that we have saw that the new religion was not only a ourselves perused Mr. Cunningbam's new creed, but a new power ; she anticipated work with great satisfaction; that ber own downfall when she exclaimed, See it furnishes honourable testimony how these Christians love one another.'
both to the extent of his reading, This evidenoe is peculiar to the Gospel. By and the correctness of his theologithis, under the Divine aid, it ascended the throne, and grasped the sceptre of the cal views; and that we hope that world. By this it will continue to conquer,
this, our author's first essay, will and the gates of hell shall not prevail against prove but the prelude to farther
labours in the same cause.
Review of Dr. Marsu's Inquiry, fic.
bute the Liturgy than Dr. Marsh
himself, though backed by a power'In our Review of Dr. Marsh's In- ful society *. But the argument, quiry into the consequences of
after all, does not rest on the conlecting to give the Prayer-book with duct of any individual. At the same the Bible, in our last number, we time, we have no doubt, that if an find that we have, at p. 180, inadver- investigation were to take place, it teutly mentioned the name of Mr. would be found, that the members Simeon, as if he were a member of of the Society for promoting Christhe Society for promoting Christian Knowledge; whereas, in fact, he does * Since the above was written, there have vol belong to it. This circumstance, appeared Four Discourses, by Mr. Simeon, however, will be found not to weaken
on the Excellence of the Liturgy, preached but to strengthen the argument, if it
before the University of Cambridge, in Noshall turn out, as we believe it will, Answer to Dr. Marsh's Inquiry. Both the
vember 1811, which are prefaced by an that, with his own unassisted means,
sermons and the answer are well entitled to Mr. Simeon has done more to distri. Dr. Marsh's serious consideration.
truth additional ser refutation. So
great salistas į honourable :
estene rectness of his
starch of England (p. 13), and that for the Bible Society, and quite innies and friends at least the Bible to be the sole basis of the instances, when, in spite of our zeal siering med te kehas occasionally insinuated, that dependently of the present argubefore adrare, other sects and opinions derived from ment, we have been found main
used MC attend to the general impression likely to be asserted, in proportion it hor's first on a level, as to intrinsic worth, more extended knowledge of that
Helled the name of Christianity, against other, and therefore false,
Blole will be to leave the reader of truth. Liturgy tupect to the Book of Common book, by too liberal a distribution of sugh bacin Jer, leading, we are bold to say, Bibles alone from one particular
We take this opportunity of add- sition to the FACT' of the prodigio
that the argument we have em- ously increased circulation of the
it is intended as an actual Dissenters, and in opposition also to that the possession and study the suggestion which might still be * Bible, eren separately consi- added, that the importance of a man's has a tendency to prepare the own church and system will be very and bring it insensibly for much in his esteem what it was bea bz respect for the principles fore, though he may have received
za wababethe reste de tian Knowledge, who are also mem of the Church of England; and, be cepsiten a te
bers of the Bible Society, have been consequently, that the Bible, so de beperis el turn awong the most extensive contribu- given or received, will make both = the sebe, te shendets to the general diffusion of the giver and receiver more attached to
the Liturgy, and more inclined re+ tait, dan Saint h our Review, pp.181 and 182, we spectively to bestow or to accept 1, die eres una base considered Dr. Marsh as taking that boon also. Thus, in our hum.
tao secular a view of the Liturgy, ble opinion, the habit of giving Bicontesto, este and as too much disposed to send it bles alone from one Society, so far 05, or the rest forth into the world authorised and from diminishing, may be considerDer er en dan sedited as an Act of Parliament
. ed as likely to increase the respect e ought here to have anticipated for the Liturgy, though obtained rejoinder on the part of Dr. from another source. And of this
Marih, stating that he has admitted effect we presume ourselves to be vival de cine Bible, have been so by means of taining as above, with Dr. Marsh. sale bez bag perversion or false interpreta: the necessity of the Prayer-book
San of the sacred text (pp.5,10,&c.) standing in company with the Bible but let any man read the pamphlet,
-a argue, more de upon his mind. "We shall be
as Bibles shall be obtained to illusel surprised if any single person, trate
, and hold up to view, the beauauthor himself excepted, will tiful conformity of our incomparable Lathat its general effect is that of Liturgy with the principles of Scripbeing the Liturgy, at least far too
ture; proportion also a the seriest excrescences and conformity will make men anxious centricities that have deformed and to guard 'more carefully than ever bohiya of the Liturgy politely his
argument for the rematura band
necessary tendency” of the Bible pronounce, Society to supersede, in our estima
tion, the of nost pernicious consequences source ; should he press it in oppo
wholly Prayer-book; should he urge it in or a re- opposition to the argument by which
we have endeavoured to prove that Society. It is dency to make Churchmen than
2 1 2
and that the
he same CIK
under an political good its theological claims on our rect. And this is, we
facto, an affront, an injury, a
oes not resten s individual
yed on this subject is not
found, that the ciety for prema
aber of the Bible
Four Dieses scellence of the
Lipirerside 1811, which a 10 Di, Mandy Lan and the one
additional means for establishing the ground of this low and distant and extending the basis on which contingency, shaken as it is on all it rests; nay, finally, should Dr. sides by fact, by argument, by bis Marsh still hold his argument, in the own admission, and by the tremenface of his own admission, that the dous .comparison we have, in fine, Bible is the basis, and the sole basis suggested to his consideration, we on wbich the Liturgy of the Church must now leave him on this point, ja of England actually rests, why then. full possession of his argument, sole we say it becomes, in the strictest and undisputed lord of his imaginary sense of the words, a matter of opi- domain. pior, not of argument: it must be
Illà se jactet in aula left as an important call upon the Æolus, et clauso ventorum carcere regnet. Professor, to weigh the small proba
We must now take our leave of bility of mischief, that even he can this subject for the present, purposntaistain on this head, against all the ing, however, to resume it as soon certain and incomparable advan- as we can--probably in our next tages of the Bible Society, as it is; month's number, and having narrowed his stand to
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
Preparing for publication: A new work In the press ;-a work on the general, on the Jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace, woral, and natural History of a considerable anat on the Duty and Power of Parish Part of India, where he resided many Years, Officers, by Mr. T. W. Williams ;-* A His.' by Mr. James Forbes, F. R. S.; - A History tory of the European Commerce with India; of Bengal, from the earliest Period of ar- -History and Artiquitics of Folhain and thentic Antigunty, to its Conquest by tite Hamnsersmith, by Mr. Faulkner, of Chef English in 1757, by Professor Stewart, of sea ;-A new History of all Religions, by the East India College ;--A volume of the Mr. Bellamy ;- A Journey into Albania, Klements of Chemistry, by Dr. Davy ;-A Romelia, and other Provinces of Turkey, fourth and fifth volumes of Tales of Fashion- during 1809 and 1810, by J. C. Hobhouse; able Life, by Miss Edgeworth ;-4 work on -An Account of the Attempts of the the Life and Administration of Cardinal Indian Bramins to invest their Gods with Wolsey, by Mr. Galt;-Dialogues on the the Honour of thc Messiah, by the Rev. Microscope, by the Rev. J. Joyce ; Mt. Maurice - And, A volume of Tales, to Sketches of Coitage Characters, by the Aư. publish uniform with his other Works, bug thor of the Antidote to the Miseries of Rev. G. Crabbe. Human Life ; – A Voyage round the World, by companiet of the Emperor of CAMBRIDGE, April 3.-The following Hassia, in the Years 1803 to 1806, in the are the subjects for the Members' Prizes for Shipy Nadeshda and Neva, conm mded by the present year: Senior Bachelors.-- De Capt. Von Krusedstein ; translated by R. & Philosophia Platonica Distinctio et JudiHoppner, Esq. ;-- An Essay on the Misre- cium. presentations, Ignorance, and Plagiarism of Middle Bachelors.--Utrum præcepta : Gertain Infidel Writers, by the Rev. R. Rhetoribus tradita veræ Eloquentia proWalpole ;--- An Outline of Arguments for fuisse art nocuisse dicendum est ? the Authenticity of the New Testament, and a short Account of the ancient Versions and Mr. Wilson has produced a stereotype some of the principal Manuscripts, by J. F. edition of Jolinson's Dictionary, in svo.. Gyles, Esq.;--And, A new edition of Dr. remarkable for the beauty of its typography. . Owed's elaborate work on the Epistle to the It contains several thousand new wordson Hebrews, by itid MorG. Wright
distinguisheg leon Johnson's by an asterisk.
Real value, for a series of years, of our Hutchinson, Bendall, Smelt, Stockwell, Trote Imports and Exports, as Inid on the table of ter, Kennedy, Yonge, Parks, Pringle, Sparks, the House of Commons :
Dlelville, SmithWhish, Todd, Barwell. In IX PORTS. EXPORTS. General Hewitt, in the course of his speech, 1805....63,589,146....51,109,131 after giving the gentlemen, who had distin1800 ....50,691,707 .. .-52,028,881 guished themselves, their appropriate praise 1807....53,500,990. -50,482,661 observed, that not a single instance of ir1808. . . 45.718,698....49,969,746 regularity bad been reported to bim; but 1809... -59,851,362.... 66,017,712 he reprehends the expensiveness and conse1810....74,538,061 ... 62,708,409 quent pecuniary embarrassment of some of An account of the number of Commercial the students. He dwells, at soine length, Licenses granted during the last ten years, on the advantages which seem to have arisen dietinguishing the years:
from the institution of Hertford College, in 1802
facilitating the acquisition of the native lan1803
guages, and consequently shortening the 1804
1,141 period of residence at the College of Fort 1805
To die General's speech is subjoined i 1807
2,606 catalogue of the worlos prepared under the 1808
4,910 patronage of the government aod the col 1809
15,226 frege since the disputation beld in 1810. 1810
18,356 These me, h. An Asabic Miscellany, by 1811
Shekh Abmed, a learned native of Yemen,
attached to the college, containing selections EAST INDIES.
and ariginal pieces of his own, in prose and The annual public disputation, in the verse ; ;. A new edition of the Soorab, an College of Fort William, took place on the Arabic Dictionary, with Persian significa?th of August, 1811, before General Hewitt, tions, by Moulavec Shooke Oollah and other in the abseirce of the Goversiar.general. The learned natives; 9. The Noojoom ool Foor. disputations were in Persian, Hindostanee, kan, an Index Verborum to the Koran, by and Bengalee. The studenks, or whom de Mustafa Khan ; 4. The Kholdsut ool Hisab, grees of honour were conferred, were Mon an Arabic Treatise on Arithmetic, Algebra, tague Ainslie, Persian and Hindostanee; and Geometry, with a Persian Commentary ; J. C. Colebrooke Sutherland, G. W. Traill, the treatise composed by Shekh Bubaood and J. Ross Hutchinson, Hindostanee ; R. Deer, the comment by the late Moulavee Lewin, T. J. Dashwood, and A. Anderson, Roshun Alee, of the college; now edited by Bengalee. Three medals were given to A. Moulavee Jan Alee, of the Arabic departAnderson ; two medals each to M. Ainslie, ment, and Tarnee Churn ; 5. The Sekunder. J. C. C. Sutherland, T. J. Dashwood, and namela of Nezāmi, a celebrated Persiar G. W.Traill; and one medal to J. R Hut. Poem on the heroic Achievements of Ales. çbinson and J. Tendall. At the previous ander the Great, with a Commentary; annual examination in June, 1810, Ainstie edited by Budur Alee and Hoosein Alec, had received a medal and books, of the moonshees of the college; 6. The Sidhants value of 500 rapees, for Persian; Suther. Caumonli, a System of Sanserit Gratimas, land the same for Hindostanee; and Lewin edited by Babooram Pundit, proprietor and the same for Bengalee; Smelt a medal and conductor of the Sbanscrit press ; 7. The books, of the value of 250 rupees, for Per. Poctical Works of Meer Tukkee, in the lig. sian; and Traill the same for Hindostanee. doostanee language, edited by Turnee Churn, A medal and books, valve 200 rupees, were
head moonsbee in Hindoostanee. The author also given to Lieut. Young for Persian was a native of Agra: his works consist of writing, to Whislı for Nagree writing, and to epic poems, odes, and other pieces 8. A J. P. Ward for Bengalee writing. Medals Collection of Oriental Proverbs, by Dr. Wil. were also given, on different accounts, to liam Hunter, Secretary and Examiner to the Yonge, Hutchinson, Dashwood, Whish, Prin- College ; 9. An English and Hindoostanee gle, and Lewia; and medals of merit to Dictionary of Terms nsed in Navigation, by Lieut. Young, Messrs. Yonge, Saunders, Lieut. Roebuck, of the Madras EstablishMacsween, Pringle, Dashwood, Anderson, ment; 10. An Oorya or Orissa and English and Sutherland. The students leaving the Vocabulary, by Mohun Persbad Takoor,
were twenty in number, viz. Ainslie, native librarian to the college, rothor of a Sutherland, Anderson, Desbwoed, Traill, Bongaleo und English Vocabulary sl.eady