« הקודםהמשך »
This is all for which we have so ples, such as the necessity of good often contended. And notwithstand- works, and of labour and diligence ing some recent and formidable ap- in the use of means, are plainly, pearances to the contrary, we cape , minutely, and pointedly enforced *. not but hope that this is the temper But to return to the subject of this and view which will ultimately : third sermon. It gives a full and prevail.
scriptural account of the nature of We have extended our remarks . the salvation made known by the on this sermon so far, that we can Gospel, and proves that this is in only, recommend the conclusion of Jesus Christ, and in Him only. From it-on the success afforded by the this last division of the subject, we great Lord of the harvest to all his could with pleasure quote several faithful labourers, and on the exi- passages, in which the various pleas gencies and appearances of the pre- that ignorance and self-righteoussent times to all our readers. ness too often urge to avoid a simple
The last of the three sermons is dependence on Christ alone for sal" on the Salvation which is in Christ vation, are clearly and decisively only,” from Acts iv. 12. Excellent refuted, as well as from the anias this discourse is, it will not be mated improvement and applicanecessary to enter into a minute tion of the whole subject. But we examination of it. It offers nothing purposely forbear. We consider of a controversial nature, if we ex- this sermon as, forming so good a oept two seasible notes on the im- model of general parochial preachputalion of the sin of Adam to his ing, that we cannot but wish it may posterity; a subject, however, con- be very extensively read; and we cerning which Mr. Vaughan very should consider it as one of the best judiciously obseryes, that it would tokens of the blessing of God upon be better if we could altogether re our Church, if the main principles press our reasopiogs. So far, also, which it contains were cordially is he from introducing into this ser embraced by all her ministers, and mon any of the peculiarities of preached in all her pulpits, with what is called Calpinism, that, in equal ability, eloquence, and piety. Speaking of some of the distinguishing properties of the salvation which the Ercellence of the Liturgy, a Ser, is in Christ, he has expressly, de clared, that it is universal as to its
mon, preached in the Parish Church objects ;" xbat . it applies itself to
of St. Mary, Aylesbury, at the Visi« I mean not," continues
tation of the Archdeacon of Bucks, our author, " that all men will ulij.
on Wednesday, June 27, 1810. By mately be partakers of it." What
the Rev. Basil WOODD, M. A. writer, indeed, of our Church will
Rector of Drayton Beauchamp, venture to assert this proposition?
Minister of Bentinck Chapel, St. Alas! many will " eventually be
Mary-le-bone; and Chaplain to injured, rather than profited by it.
the most noble the Marquis of It is capable, however, of being
Townsend. London: Bridgewater, effectually applied to all. It is pp. 30. Price 1s. 6d. urgently offered to all. The fault is We can assure Dr. Marsh, tbat Mr. in unan; in the invited ; and not in Woodd has been a zealous friend of the Master of the feast; if all taste the British and Foreign Bible Sopot of it."
We might add other ciety, as well as a contributor to its extracts from all these discourses, funds from the period of its com, in which the points which the ad, mencement. We can also assure versaries, of Calvinism, falsely so him, that the publication of the prepalled, contend to be either wholly
See particularly pages 30 to 33 of the inconsistent with that system, or first sermon; and 129, 134, and 189 of the practically neglected by its disci: third.
sent sermon is no puritan trick on the through that medium, in distributing part of Mr. Woodd, intended to fut. Prayer-books and Church-of-Engmish a seasonable answer to Dr. land tracts, may be seen by turning Marsh's argument, that the contri- to the ledger of the society, to which butors to the Bible Society must of we presume that Dr. Marsh has necessity become unfriendly, or at access. . Scarcely a week passes least indifferent, to the Prayer-book. .oper Mr. Woodd in which he does The sermon has lain on our table not perform the service of the for near a year and a half, and but Church of England twice or thrice, for the press of other matter would as well as preach three or four have been noticed by us long ago. times to numerous congregations. It will now serve a purpose which He has superintended for many Mr.Woodd could not have anticipa- years, extensive -schools, whicb are ted; for who could have anticipaied conducted on strictly Church-ofthat a learned Professor of Divinity, England principles: and to give himself a beneficed clergyman, more weight to the formularies of should have publisbed a pamphlet that church, in the eyes of the of eighty pages, besides an address crowds who attend his ministry, and a hand bill; and, if report do he bas instituted, on the afternoon not belie him, should be about to of the first Sunday in every month, publish a second pamphlet still at his chapel at Paddington, catemore bulky than the first,- all in chetical exercises, which are attendorder to prove, by the force of dia- ed by the children of all his schools lectic skill (« abstract reasoning," in that quarter, as well as by an the Professor calls it), that the cir. overflowing congregation of adults, culation of the Scriptures alone and which he generally closes by a tends to generate a disrespect for the familiar exposition of some part of Liturgy, and must have a malign in the catechism of the Church of Engfluence on the Church of England! land. He has laboured assiduously, It will serve to shew that there are not only from the pulpit and by among the members of that church, means of schools, but through the who contribute to the Bible Society, medium of the press, to rear the aye, and among the most suspected youth of the land as sound churchpart of that number--we mean tbe men; the very titles of his numerevangelical clergy-men who not ous little works will shew this ; but only love the Liturgy themselves, we beg Dr. Marsh not to be satisfied but who labour strenuously to make with the titles; he will find the whole others love and prize it too. matter of them to be very good.
We really mean nothing invidi. That he may do this, we will give ods to Dr. Marsh; we merely mean him the titles of a few of them. to oppose Facts to "abstract Teason A short Introduction to the Church ing," when we bring into competi- Catechism, price 2d. tion his own claims and those of Mr. The Church Catechism with short Woodd (this member not only of a Questions, designed for the Use of mischievous society, which distri Sanday Schools, price 3d. butes the pure word of God alone, A brief Explanation of the Church without note or comment, but of Catechism, by way of Question and that arrogant and heretical sect de- Answer, price 8d. nominated evangelical") to be con A short Summary of Christian sidered as firm and active supporters Doctrine and Practice, in the Words of the church and her services. of Scripture, extracted from Bishop First, and this must be no mean Gastrell's Christian Institutes*, de. merit in the eyes of Dr. Marsh, Mr. signed for the Use of Children, Woodd has been a member of the price 3d. society in Bartlett's Buildings for One of the books of the Society for twenty-si x years : wbat he has done promoting Christian Knowledge.
An Address to young Persons on of that flock over which the Holy Confirmation, shewing the Antiquity Ghost has placed bim. of the Rite, the serious Preparation. But to return to the sermon of Mr. requisite, and the Benefit resulting Woodd, which we recommend, not from this solemn Act of Dedication merely as furnishing us with an adto God, designed also as a general ditional argument in a controversy Jllustration of the Order of Confir- we deem important, but as intriosi. mation, price 6d.
cally excellent; we sbalt content The Excellence of the Liturgy, ourselves with giving one rather a Sermon, price 1s. 6d, &c. &c. long extract from the concluding
Now, what number of Prayer part of it. After an exposition of books and Church-of-England tracts the claims of the Liturgy to be reDr. Marsh may have distributed garded as an admirable « form of during the eleven years of his affilia- sound words," not only as a sumtion with the Society for promoting mary of our most holy religion, and Christian Knowledge;, what have as a course of scriptural instrucbeen his parocbial labours as a mi- tion, but as an exercise of rational
, nister of the sanctuary and a preach- pure, exalted devotion, he thus proer of the Gospel; what schools he ceeds: may have instituted and superintend
“ This form of sound words may be con ed among his flock; what may have sidered, at once, as an epitome of the Chrixbeen his catechetical exertions; what tinn Religion, and as a standard of pastoral pains he may have taken to recom- instruction. It carefully avoids those submend and explain the Bible and its jects of controversy which have uthappily best companion, the Liturgy, among divided the Church of Christ. The Com. zbem-we do nol pretend to know. mou Prayer-book has been justly stiled sus This, however, we will say, that if poor man's body of divinity ;' and it cet in these respects he has rivalled Mr. tainly contains a general summary of what a Woodd, he bas deserved well of his Christian ought to kuow, believe, and prao country and of the church of Christ. tise to his soul's health. As Bishop BeveTo his recent honours as a preacher* iling in the Liturgy but what is necessary
ridge has well expressed it, • There is noand the alarm which he has recently for our edification;
and all things that are, sounded in behalf of the Church and
or can bo, for our edification, are plainly in her Liturgy, we are, indeed, no it. You will find nothing asserted but what strangers. Their fame is now pro- is consonat to God's word; notbing prayed bably co-extensive with the limits for, but according to His promise; nothing of the United Kingdom. We shall required as a duty, but what is agreeable to rejoice to learn that he is equally his commands * The Liturgy not only is well known within the bounds of his presented to us as a form of prayes, but it is parish as the laborious minister of at the same time s standing Christian EtJesus Christ, the messenger of the
mon, delivered every returning sabbath, ia Gospel
, the instrument of diffusing upwards of ten thousand churches ; difusing divine light and knowledge, the firm throughout the kingdom; establishing a parte
an atmosphere of religious knowledge opposer of all vice, the comforter of and unxophisticated standard of evangelical the afflicted whether in body or truth, so combined, that no man can duly mind, the earnest and affectionate attend to the service, and remain ignorant of preacher of repentance, faith, and the nature of the Gospel. holiness; in short, the vigilant, “ Let us, my reverend brethren, who are faithful, and affectionate shepherd ministers of our venerable establishment, be
ourselves stedfast in our attachment to its There is a rumour abroad, that his ser- constitution, inc, and discipline. Let mon is likely to obtain a very wide circula- our discourses from the pulpit breathe the tion indeed, in consequence of a proposal to adopt it as one of the tracts of the Society «* Bishop Bereridge's Serrsion on the Comin Bartlett's Builnings, provided no envious mon Prayer, page 20, printed by the renės black-ball should interfere 19 prevent this rable Society for pronuoting Christian Knowadditional distinction,
same spirit, exhibit the satge distinguishing “ Thus let us hold fast this form of sound truths, and recommend the same purity of words, in faith and love, which is in Christ practice.
Jesus. Let us hold it fast in faith, as to our " Let it be our constant aim to exhibit to own personal belief of the trợth therein erour parishioners the glory of God; the ex- hibited, and as a sacred trust committed to cellence of the divine law; the guilt, con us at our designation to the ministerial 'demnation, and helpless state of man; that office. Let us hold fast this forma of sound they may be convinced of their sins, brought words in love' to God the Father, the Son, to repentance, and earnestly enquire what and the Holy Glost, to whose grace we are they must do to be saved.
indebted for all the mercy which it pro* Let us prominently exhibit the Lord claims; ' in love' to the souls comunitted to Jesus Christ, in the glory of his person, and
our charge, whose spiritual interests it is so che riches of his grace, as the full, perfect, well calculated to promote ; .in love to and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satis. each other, and to all mankind. And let faction, for the sins of the whole world. not our parishioners forget to show their Let us frequently explain the nature of the estimation of the Liturgy, by constant reguNew Covenant, and practically enforce the lar attendance on divine worship; by early necessity of repentance towards God, and attendance at the begiuning of the service; faith in the Lord Jesus Christ. Let us di- by endeavouring lo enter into its devotional rect their attention to the Holy Spirit of spirit, and by diligently observing the beneGod, that they may be enriched with his ficent practice which it enforces. beavenly grace, and enabled to amend their “ By these means, through the blessing of lives according to his buly word. As we in- Almighty God, we shall be nourished and variably enforce the necessity of repentance built up together in all truth and goodness." and faith, in order to obtain the pardon of “ We live in a day in which ipany have our sins, and justification before God; so let departed from the communion of the Church us a constantly enforce the necessity of of England ; and it becomes an object of those living fruits of faith, boliness, obedi- important inquiry, by what means the unity ence, and good works, in order 10 salvation. of the church may most effectually be proWhile we maintain that we are accounted moted. Let the ministers of the church be righteous before God, only for the merit of faithful to her doctrine, taught in her form our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ by faith, of sound words ; let them, by their life and and not for our own works or deservings.' conversation, adorn the doctrine of God Let us be equally strenuous in maintaining their Saviour in all things. The church will tbat we must live soberly, righteously, and then prove her own bulwark; and the sin of godly, in this world; and that at the last schism will hide its diminished head. If in day we shall be judged according to our any of our parishes we should have Chrisworks. We shall then, with the venerable tians of different denominations, let us deHooker, make it evident, that while we dis- fend the church by consecrated weapous; card the meritorious dignity of good works, by pureness; by knowledge ; by long-sufferwe maintain the dutiful necessity of them. We shall, by this means, equally guard against the error of those who trust in them. the tree good, but shews it to be so; beselves that they are righteous, while they cause men do not gather grapes of thorns. have a forma of godliness without the power: So works receive all their goodness from and tbe fatal delusion of those who would faith, not faith from works; which do not turn the grace of God into licentiousness. themselves justify, but shew a prior justificaWe shall maintain that union of faith and tion of the soul that produces them, as it is works which God hath joined together, and written, We know that we have passed which no man, but at the expence of his from death unto life, because we love the salvation, can put asunder
brethren.' Apology, 1756, 610. And again, • To preach practical sermons, i. e, sermons
upou virtues and vices, without inculcating «*. The way of salvation,' says the late those great Scripture truths of redemption. excellent Bishop Horne, “is but one, viz. grace,&c. which alone can incite and enable faith in Christ, bringing forth the fruits us to forsake sin and follow after righteousthereof: and nonc but those who preach that ness, what is it but to put together the are the servants of the Most High God; who wheels, and set the hands of a watch, forstew onto men the way of salvation. The getting the spring which is to make them all: fruit receives its goodness trom the tree, not go! Life of Bishop Horne, by the Rev. W., the tree from the frutt;, which does not soake Jones, p: 376."
ing; by kindness; by the Holy Ghost;, by objection to the Bible Society. Mr. love unfeigned. Let us approve ourselves Woodd's sermon, however, is adaptas the ministers of God. Never let us regn ed to serve a much higher purpose der railing for railing ; if seviled, let us not than to furnish one of the many sevile again.
“Let us make it evident that we ourselves FACTS by which such reasoning may are churchmen on principle ; but that we can
be disproved; and we believe it to charitably allow the rights of conscience to
be impossible for any candid and those, who may consider it a duty to differ ingenuous person to read it without from us Steadfast oprselves in unfeigned feeling his affection to the Church of and unshaken attachment to the Church of England warmed, and his reverence England, let us shew that we wish: to assume for her services increased, by the ex. • no other infiloence than that of reason, truth, position which the pious author has and goodness.
here given, of the claims she has to «The hitteniess of opposition never fails to the regard and gratitude of her sons. increase opponents. The sure way to make a man an enemy is to act as if we thought him so; but kindness, charity, and candour, descend soft as the snow from heaven; at A Dissertation on the Books of Origen the same time with an influence gradual, against Celsus, with a view to il. tender, and irresistible.
lustrate the Argument and point in “By seriously and devoutly conducting
out the Evidence they afford to the the Divine Service; by holding forth the
Truth of Christianity. Published word of life; by visiting the sick and afflict
in Pursuance of the Will of the Res. ed; by relieving the necessitous, according to our ability: by instructing the ignorant
J. Hulse, as having gained the anpublicly aud from house to house ; by cate.
nual Prize, instituted by him in chising the youth; by establishing and su. the University of Cambridge, Byu perintending schools for the education of the FRANCIS CUNNINGHAM, of Queen's children; by being patterns to the flock; we College. Cambridge: Deighton. shall, througly the Divine blessing, most ef. London: Harchard. 1811. $ro lectually subserve the interests of religion und of the Church of England..
" By such incans we may not only exhibit Our object, in bringing this success what we consider to be. Uhe more excellentful effort of academical industry to the way,' but we may, as in many instances hath knowledge of our readers, is not so occurred, bring back the wanderer; we may much to bestow praise on the anthor, conciliate the disaffected : we may prevent as to recommend to those who have that defection from the Establishment which not the means, or the time, or the inevery true Churchman views with unseignee clination, to make themselves acconcern, prays against, and deplores." pp. quainted with the able and eloquent
but desultory defence of Christianity Now, we think we may challenge contained in the justly celebrated Dr. Marsh lo produce from any treatise of Origen against Celsus, quarter, even from his own highly this neat, concise, and perspicuous honoured sermon, a passage which abstract of his reasoning. 'Of the more characteristically describes the original work of Celsus, no trace Liturgy, or which recommends it is now left. It would have been more cordially, or with greater ef- wholly unknown in modern times, fect, to the love and veneration of had not every thing, that appeared the church. But when Mr.Woodd material in it, been preserred in the wrote this sermon he had already pages of the Christian advocate. been about six years a me er of Had Celsus, therefore, never been the Bible Society, without experience refuted, the modern infidel would ing any of those chilling influences have been deprived of the greater with respect to the Prayer-book, part of his means of offence. In the apprehension of which, as deduce iruth, scarcely an argument of any ed by « abstract reasoning," form. weight has been adduced to dised the great ground of Dr. Marsh's prove the truth of Christianity in the