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From Exodus, Chap. xxxiii. and xxxiv. AND when the people heard these evil tidings, they mourned: and no man did put on him his ornaments.
For the LORD had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiff-necked people : I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee.
And the children of Israel stript themselves of their ornaments by the mount Horeb.
And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the Congregation.
And it came to pass, when Moses went out urto the tabernacle, that all the people rose up, and stood every man at his tent-door, and looked after Moses, until he was gone into the tabernacle.
And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the taber. nacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the LORD talked with Moses.
And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle-door ; and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent-door.
And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend.
And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle.
And Moses said unto the Lord, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people : and thou hast not let me
know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight.
Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way
know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people.
And God said, My Presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.
And Moses said unto him, If thy Presence go not with me, carry us not up
hence. For wherein shall it be known here, that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? Is it not in that thou goest with us? So shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth.
And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight; and I know thee by name.
And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy glory.
before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee, and will be gracious "to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.
And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.
And the LORD said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock:
And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock; and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by.
And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts :
face shall not be seen. And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables
of stone, like unto the first : and I will write
these tables, the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest.
And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount.
And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount: neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount.
And Moses hewed two tables of stone like unto the first: and he rose up early in the morning, and went up into mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone.
And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD.
And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, the LORD God, merciful and gracious, long-suffering, and abundant in goodness and truth; keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity, and transgression, and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children unto the third and to the fourth generation,
And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped.
And he said, if now I have found grace in thy sight, O LORP, let my Lord, I pray thee, go amongst us ;. (for it is a stiff-necked people:) and pardon our iniquity and our sip, and take us for thine inheritance.
And he said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation : and all the people amongst which thou art, shall see the work of the LORD, for it is a terrible thing that I will do with thee. Observe thou that which I command thee this day: B 6
behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
Take heed to thyself lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee.
But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves.
For thou shalt worship no other God: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God.
And the Lord said unto Moses, Write thou these words; for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel.
And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights : he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And God wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
And it came to pass when Moses came down from mount Sinai (with the two tables of testimony in Moses's hand, when he came down from the mount) that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone, while God talked with him.
And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him.
And Moses called unto them: and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them.
And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai.
And till Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face.
But when Moses went in before the Lord to speak with him, he took the vail off, until he came out. And
he came out and spake unto the children of Israel that which he was commanded.
And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.
And it came to pass that every one who sought the Lord went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation that was without the camp.
ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS.
The LORD (as we rcad in the last section) graciously accepted the intercession of Moses for the Israelitish nation, but in respect to individuals, their being saved or blotted out still depended upon the will of the LORD, who alone had the power of discriminating fit objects of his justice or his mercy.
No greater misfortune could befal the Israelites, than that of God's withdrawing his Presence from them. It was very proper that they should be made sensible of the danger to which their rebellion had exposed them; and that, before they received pardon, each person should humble himself in the sight of the Great Being, whom they had offended.
It seems that though the Tabernacle in which the Law was to be deposited was not yet made, there was a temporary one, to which they resorted for public worship; this they had now no right to enter, as they were no longer God's people, but consigned to Moses.
To signify that the Presence of the LORD would not abide in the midst of them, Moses removed this tabernacle to a distance from the camp, while the people, not daring to approach, remained at their tent doors. Joshua alone entered the tabernacle ; he had not been