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saying, Take you twelve men out of the people, out of
and leave them in the lodging-place where ye shall lodge this night.
Then Joshua called the twelve men, whom he had prepared of the children of Israel, out of every tribe a
And Joshua said unto them, Pass over before the ark of the LORD your God into the midst of Jordan, and take ye up every man of you a stone upon his shoulder, according unto the number of the tribes of the children of Israel:
That this may be a sign among you, that when your children ask their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean ye by these stones? then shall ye answer them, That the waters of Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant of the LORD, when it passed over Jor. dan, the waters of Jordan were cut off: and these stones shall be for a memorial unto the children of Israel for ever.
And the children of Israel did so as Joshua commanded, and took up twelve stones out of the midst of Jordan, as the LORD spake unto Joshua, according to the number of the tribes of the children of Israel, and carried them over with them unto the place where they lodged, and laid them down there.
And Joshua set up twelve stones in the midst of Jordan, in the place where the feet of the priests which bare the ark of the covenant stood: and they are there unto this day.
For the priests which bare the ark stood in the midst of Jordan, until every thing was finished that the LORD commanded Joshua to speak unto the people, according
to all that Moses commanded Joshua: and the people hasted and passed over.
And it came to pass when all the people were clean passed over, that the ark of the LORD passed over, and the priests in the presence of the people.
And the children of Reuben, and the children of Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh, passed over armed before the ehildren of Israel, as Moses spake unto them : about forty thousand prepared for war passed over before the LORD unto battle, to the plains of Jericho.
On that day the Lord magnified Joshua in the sight of all Israel; and they feared him, as they feared Moses, all the days of his life.
And the Lo: d spake unto Joshua, saying, Command the priests that bear the ark of the testimony, that they come up out of Jordan.
Joshua therefore commanded the priests, saying, Come ye up out of Jordan.
And it came to pass, when the priests that bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, were come up out of the midst of Jordan, and the soles of the priests' feet were lifted unto the dry land, that the waters of Jordan returned unto their place, and flowed over all his banks as they did before.
And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho.
And those twelve stones which they took out of Jor. dan, did Joshua pitch in Gilgal. And he spake unto the children of Israel, saying,
children shall ask their fathers in time to come, saying, What mean these stones ?
Then ye shall let your children know, saying, Israel came over this Jordan en dry land.
For the LORD your God dried up the waters of Jordan from before you, until ye were passed over, as the LORD your
God did to the Red Sea, which he dried up from before us, until we were gone over: That all the people of the earth might know the hand of the Lord, that it is mighty : that ye might fear the Lord your God for ever.
ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS.
The Jordan was the most considerable river in the land of Judea ; its course was very rapid, though it was not broad; it usually overflowed its banks about the time of the early harvest. The plain of Jordan, (through which the river ran,) so famed for its palm-trees, is said to have been overspread with rose-trees of such an incorruptible nature, that being kept in water, they would appear
in full bloom at any season of the year. On this occasion the Lord honoured Joshua, for it is supposed that he spake unto him from the mercy-seat, and by this means gave a convincing proof to the people, that he was with him as He was with Moses, and that he should even command the priests.
The cloudy pillar no longer appeared, for Moses the mediator was dead, and the LORD never honoured any other person by speaking to him in so familiar a man. ner; besides the Israelites were now going among heathens, and the LORD, who had declared himself to be a jealous God, would not display His glory among idolators, but only in the palace of His holiness. For the future, their marches were to be regulated by the ARK; and as the DIVINE PRESENCE was still manifested from the mercy-seat, the LORD might truly be said to be among them, and to lead them.
The Israelites passed over Jordan just forty years wanting five days after their departure out of Egypt, four days before the annual solemnity of the passover, on the very day on which the preparation for it began, that their entrance into Canaan might be sanctified by that religious feast.
The miracle of dividing Jordan was excellently calculated to confirm to this new generation the belief of those which had been wrought for their forefathers : there could now remain no doubt in their minds that the LORD had conducted his people through the Red Sea, as they had beheld with their own eyes the waters of a river, which used to flow with an impetuous stream, standing in heaps, arrested in their course by an ALMIGHTY power!
The Lord is in this section called the LORD of the whole earth, and this title is frequently given to Him by the prophets *; from whence we may infer, that, although God of his infinite goodness was pleased to form a plan for promoting virtue and preserving true religion, in one nation of the world, upon which He conferred particular blessings and privileges, He did not withdraw his regard from other nations ; but was still the God and Father of all mankind, however various His dispensations towards them. We find that the miracle of dividing Jordan was designed to shew forth the Almighty power of the LORD to all the people of the earth. It was the depravity of the heathens, and their attachment to idols, that prevented their improve ing from it. · The reflections made on the passage through the Red Sea, are likewise applicable to this wonderful event.
* Alicah iv, 13. Zech. iv, 14, and ri. 5.
CIRCUMCISION RENEWED-MANNA CEASETII.
From Joshua, Chap. v. And it came to pass when all the kings of the Amorites, which were on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which were by the Sea, heard that the Lord had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel.
And the Lord said unto Joshua, Circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.
For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till all the people that were men of war which came out of Egypt were consumed, because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: unto whom the LORD sware, that he would not shew them the land which the LORD sware unto their fathers, that he would give us, a land that floweth with milk and honey.
And their children whom he raised up in their stead, them Joshua circumcised.
And the LORD said unto Joshua, This day have I rolled away the reproach of Egypt from off you. Wherefore the name of the place is called Gilgal unto
And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even, in the plains of Jericho.
And they did eat of the old corn of the land on the morrow after the passover, unleavened cakes, and parched corn in the self-same day.
And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the chil.