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Study of Divinity, with them to forzy God in the holy Miniftry ; at which Time there happened to be a Vacancy in the College of Gialgow, by the Refgnation of Mr. James Dalrymple of. State, who had been. Mr. Binning's Mafter. This Gentleman was so great and so good.A Man that it is impossible to avoid giving an Account of fome of the re markable Things of his life. The first Imployment be bad, was in the Army, being a Captain ise William Earl of Glencairn's Regiment of Foot; but as he had made his Studies with great Application, at the earn:{t Request of the Profe lors of the University of Glalgow, he stood as Candidate for a Chair of Philosopby, in a comparative Trial, in Buff and "Scarlet, the Military Dress of those Days, to which he was with greatApplause preferr'd. In this Station he was greatly esteemid, for his un. common- Abilities

. in, Phildrophy and other Parts of Learning : But being resolu'd to follow the Study of the Law, he soon refigned his Office of Protelor, and entered Advocate upon the 7th of February 1648, and quickly distinguished himself by his Plendings before the Court of Sesion, avoiding always to take any Implo ment, either as. Advocate, or Judge in criminal Matters, tho' often respeively presi’d to accept of bosh, which proceeded from a Delicacy in his Opinion, pleast to wit, be might possibly be the Instrument, either of making the Innocent suffer, or to acquit the Guilty. In this Situation he continued till the Tender was imposed, when he, with many wher eminent Lawyers, withdrew from the Bar. An. June 26th 1657, he was by a Commision figli'd by General Monk, in Name of the Protector's, Council of Scotland appointed to be one of the Judges, which was soon confirmed by à Nomindtion diredly from the Prote&or himself, on the Month of July thereafter, which he had no Inclination to accept of, being himlelf no Favourer of the Usurpation ; for as he had been. Secretary to the Commission, which had been sent to the King to Breda, he had waited. upon his Majesty upon his landing in the North; however being importua mately prelled to accept by many eminent Men, and amongst them, by seve: ral Ministers, who all distinguished between bis serving as one of the Council under the Protetor, and exercising the Office of a Fudge. by ad. minisrating Justice to his fellow. Subjects, he did acceps; and his Ad of

Admilson only bears. This giving his Oathede fideli adminiftrationé. After the Restoration he was made by the King one of the ordinary Lords of Session by his Majesty's Nomination dated at Vhivehall February 13th 1661 2.. And in the 1671, he was created President of that Court, in the Boom.oj. Sir Juho Gimut of . Craig mulct. la the Parliament. 168.1,

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be made a great Appearance for securing the Protestant Religion; and by Reason of the Diffeculties of the Times, he defired Leave of his Majesty to retire from Bufness, and dive quietly in the Country; but in this he was prevented by a Commission, dated the 14th of O&ober 1681, which baving past the Great Seal was produced the if of November

thereafter, by which Commission he was sperseded as: Prefident of the Sefson, and in the Year 1682, was obliged for bis Safety to resire to Holland í for tho' be had the King's. Promise obide he should live undikurbed, yet he was let know that he could not be on Safety; and after his Retreat to Holland, leveral unjus bur. fruitless Attempts

. were made to have him tried for Treason, both before the Parliament and Justiciary, for no orber Reafor, than that he had always with Sincerity and Firmness, given bis Opinion to the King and bis Minifers, against the Measures that were then followed, and which in the following Reigx, as length brought about the glorious Revolution, at which Time Anno 1688, he attended King William in that Expedition, by the Success of which we were molt bappily delivered from Tyranny and Slavery. November 1st 1689, Sir James Dalrymple of Scair bis. Letter as President of the Sellion was produced and recorded, and he was accordingly admitted and restored to his office. In the Tear 3690, he was created a Vifcunt, upon Account of his great. Services and Merit

, iHe published while 16 Holland bis Inititutions of the Law of Scotland (a more full Edition of which came out in the 1693,) and i wo Volumes in: Folio of Decifioks. from the 1661, to the 1981 i ciuûye. · He also published a Syftem Phyficks, valued greatly at the Time, and a Book intitled a Vindicatipa of the Divine Acribuces was also bis, in which there is discovered great Force of Argument and Knowledge. He was lookt upon before bis Death as the living Oracle of our Law, and at present his Inftitutions arelappealed to, as containing the true and solid Principles of isor Mr. Binning who tot acoly been his Sobitom was determined after much Entreaty fof which tot feath prefentlygiaverat Perennt so stand as a Candidate for that. Poft. The Mafters of the College, according to the usual laudable Cuftom, emitted a Programs and Seat # to all the Univerfiries in the Kingdom inviting such as bad a Mind to dispure for a Profession of Philosophy, to nie thedilelanomabofort thers und offer theinselves 78-compore for

that Preferment, giving Af jurance that without Partiality and Respe 7 of Persons, the Place should be.conjérred upon him, who should be found dignior & doccios.

The

The Ministers of the City of Glasgow confidering how much it was the Interest of the Church, that well qualified Perfons be put into the Profession of Pbilosophy, and th.lt Urizierficies by this Means become mifit ulejul Seminaries for the Church; pnd that such as had served as, Regents in the College, 'were ordinarily brought out to the Ministry, who, as the Divinity Chairs became vacant, puere advanced to that Honour, many Infances of which I am able to cobedofcend topon; And they knowing that Mr. Binning was eminently pious, and one of Å solid Judgment, as well as of a bright Genius, fet upon him to fif himself among the other Competitors, but. had great Difficulty to overcome his Modesty; however thay at last prevailed with him to declare before the Mafters his Willinge nefs to undertake the Dispute with others.

There were two Candidates mpre, one of ibem had the Advantage of great Interest with Doctor Strang, Principal of the College at that Time, and the other a Scholar of great Abilities, and of the Same Sexe timents with the Doctor in fome problematical Points of Divinity, which with great Subtility bad been debated in the Schools. Mr. Binning fo managed-the Dispute, and acqulsted himself in all the parts of Trial

, that to the Conviction of the Judge's he very much darkned his Rivals. And as to the precise Point of Qualification, in respect of Literature, cut off all Shadow of a Demur and Presence of Difficulty in the Decifion however the Doétor, and some of the Facelty who joined him, tho they could not pretend, that the Candidate they ppeared for had an Equality, much less a Superiority in the Dispute ; yet fihey argued a cæteris paribus, that the Perfon they inclined to prefer, being a Citizen's Son, having a good Competency of Learning,

and being a Person of more years, bad greater Ext: perience than Mr. Binning could be fupposed to have, and consequently was more fit to be a Teacher of Youth: Mr. Binning being but Yesterday a fellow Student with those, he was to seach, it was not to be expected, shat the Students would behave to him with that Respect and Regard, which fould be paid to a Master But to this it was replied, That Mr. Binning was such a pregnant Scholar, so wife and fedate as to be above. all she Follies and Vanities of Youth, shar be knew very well how to let no Mar despise his Twith ; bis Wit was neither vain nor light, and his Fancy was obedient to his Reason, and what was wanting in Tears, was Sufficiently made up by his fingular Indowments, and more than ordinary Qualifications. Member of the Faculty perceiving the Struggle among shem to be great (and indeed the Affair seemid to have been argued very

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zlaufibly on both sides) proposed a Difpute bet weer the two Candidates
extempore, upon any Subjetz_ they fhould be pleased to prescribe.

I his being confidered by the Faculty, did quickly put a Perivd 10
the Divifon among them; an these who had opposed bin 30being
willing to engage their Friend again in the Lists, with such an able
Antagonif, they yielded the Question, and Mr. Binoing was the Eted.

Mr. Binning was not full nineteen Tears of Age, when he commenced
Regent and Profelsor of Philofopby; and tho' he had not Time 10 prepare
a Sistem of any part of his Profession, being infrently after bit Elestion to
Yakeup-bois Chefs; yer such was the Quickness and Earriting of his Inveno
tion, i he Tenaciousness of his Memory, and the Solidity of his. Judgment,
thai bis Dillates to the Scholars had a Depth of Learning of the kinds
and Perfpicuity of Expression. And I am assured, That he was among
the forf in Scorland, that began to reform Philosophy from the barbarous
Terms and unintelligible Diftin&tions of the Schoolmen, and the many
vair Disputes and trifling Subtihties, which rather perplexed the Minds
of the Youth, than furnished them with solid and useful Knowledge..

He continued in this Profession for the space of three Tears, and diso charged bis Truf so well, that he gained the general Applause of the Univerfity for his Accademiesh Exercifor: And this was the more wonderful, That þaving turned his Thoughes towards the Ministry, be carried on his Theological Studies at the same time, and made vaft Improvements therein; to which he was enabled by his deep Penetration, and a Memory forea tentive, that he scarcely forgot any Thing he had read or heard. It was Brify and ordinary for bim te transcribe any Sermon, after he returned to his Chamber, at such a full Length, as that the intelligent tint judicibus Reader who heard it preached, Thould not find one Sentence to be wanting.

During this period of his Lifef be gave a Proof and Evidence of the
great Progress be bad made in the Knowledge of Divinity, by a Compo.
furre on that choice Pasage of the holy Scripture, 2 Çor. v. 142. For the
Love of God constraineth us, because we thus judge, that if one
died for all, then were all dead.

This Performance be sent to a certain Gentlewoman for ber private
Edification, wbo bad been detained at Edinburgh for a long Time with
Business of Importance, and having perused the same, sbe judged it was a
Sermon of some eminent Minister in the West of Scotland, and put it
into the Hands of the then Provost of Edinburgh for bis

Opinion, who
was so well

fatisfied witb it, tbay Supposing it to be taken from the Mouth

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of one, wbom tbe City bad formerly resolved to call, was reflejs
till a Call was brought about t bim, to be one of the Minißers of
the City; but pben tbe Lady returned back to Glasgow, the fuand ber
Mipake, by Mr Binning's asking tbe Discourse .from ber.

7 bis was
zbe foolDiscovery he bad given of his great Dexterity and Ability in
explaining of Scripture. At the Expiration of bis ibird Year as a Pro-
fessor of Philosopby, the Paris of Govan, wtieb ties adjacent to the City
of Glasgow, and is wisbintbe Bounds of iba Presbytery, bappened to be
vacant. Before this Fime, whoever toas Principal of the College of Glaf-
gow, was also Minister of Govan, for dir. Röreri Boyd of 1 rochrig
(a Perfon of very great Learning, as bis Commentary on ibe Epistle to the
Ephesians, and bis Hecatombe Christiana testify, after he bad been

Minister at Vertal in France, and Professor of Divinity in Saumur, re. | turned to Scotland, and was settled Principal of the College, and Mini.

Ster of Govan; but this being attended with Inconveniencies, an Altera-
tion was made, and the Presbytery býving a View of supplying that Va-
Cancy with Mr. Binning, did take þim upon Trials, in order to bis being
licensed as a Preacher ; and after bd was licensed, be did preach at Go-
van, to the great satisfaâion of the People. Mr. Binning was some-
rime after called and invited to be Minister of tbe said Parish, which
Gallibe Presbytay beartily approved of, and entered tim-uponFriats for
Oratination, about the 22d Year of bis Ages and itt Rist of Trial,
they prescribed to bim a common Head, De concursu & influxu di.
uno cum actionibus creaturarum. The Occasion of which was, that
Dr. Strang Principal of the College, and d Member of the Presbytery,
bad vented some peculiar Notions upon that profound Subject, and baving
delivered a very elaborate Discourse, viva foce, to the Admiration of all
who beard it, he gave in according to Custor, bis Thesis to be impugned by
ibe Members of tbe Presbytery, which was the direct Antithesis of Doctor
Strang's Opinion in bis Didates to the Students on that Controverjy.
The Doctor being pitched upon to be one of bis Opponents, found bis
Credit and Reputation mucb engaged, and exerted bis metapbyfical and
fubtile Talent on that Occafion : But Hr. Binning maintained bis
Ground by the Weight and Solidity of bis Defence, to the great Satis-

faction of all that were present; so that fome were pleased to say, That
zoung Mr. Binning appeared to be the old learned Do&or: Nay, the
Do&or himself after the Rencounter, admiring Mr. Binning's Abilities
and Parts Jaid, bere bath this young Man got all this. Learning and
Reading ? W ben be bad finished bis Trials be bad tbe unanimous Appro-

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