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kuels, to look upon the Law of God as Law, and to the Will of God his only true de Creatures Bondage, as most of us do Liberty, yea the very Beauty of the Soul in our walking ; a Chriftian in, whom and never is a Soul adyanced in Contorbat Image of God is renewed according mity to God, till this be its Deligly, not a to Righteousness and Holiness, should Burden or Task. esteem Subjection and Conformity to a
Gal. j. iz. The Law is not of Faith; but the Man ibat dotb thene
tall live in them, Gea ii. 17. But of the Tree of the knowledge of Good and Evil, thou
balt not eat of it ; for in the Day that thou cateft xbereof, thou wale
furely die. THE *HE Lord made all Things for him. | Lord in his infinite Goodness and Love, to
felt, to thew forth the Glory of his add a., Promife and Threarning to that Name, and Man in a more eminent and Law and.Command, and fo turns it to the fpecial Manner, for more eminent Ma Nature of a voluntary Covenant and A. nifeftations of himself; theretare all his greement, whereby he doth mitigate and Dealings towards Men, whether tighte-fweeten his Authority and Power, and ous or finful, do declare the Glory of condescer :'s fo low to Man, as to take on God. Particularly, in Reference to the himself a greater Obligation than he puts. prefent Purpose, he refolved to manifest upon Man, Do this and thou shalt live.' two shining Properties. His Sovereign- He might then out of his Abfolutegels and ty and Goodness; his Sovereignty is thew Power, have required at the Creatures ed, in giving our a Law and Command Hand any Terms. he pleased, even the to the Creature, and his Goodness is ma hardest could be imagined, and yet no nifefted in making a Covenant with his Ir jaftice in him; he might have put Laws Creature; As here you see the Terms of on Men to reftrain all their gatural Liberty,. a Covenant, a Duty required, and a Pro- and in every Thing, to proclaim nothing. nie made, and in catë of failing, a buc his own: Supremacy. But O! what Threating conformed to the Promise. Goodness and Condefcenfion is even in He might have required Obedience Gimply, the very Matter of the Law; and then in as the Lord and fovereign Owner of the the Manner of prescribing it with a ProBeing and Operations of the Creatures, mile. In the Matter fo juft and equitable and that was enough of Obligation to to convince alt Men's Consciences, yea, , bind all Flesh, that the Creator is Laws even engraven on their Hearts, chat he piyer, that he who gives a Being doch-fet lays not many Burdens on,, but what Bounds and Limits to the Exercise and Mens Consciences mut lay on them, USE of tháBeing? But it pleged the felves; that there is nosaing in it ait when
fummed up harder than this, love God, monarchial Power, by such a Commixture . moft of all, and thy Neighbour as they of Gentleness and Goodness, in requiring self
, which all Men must proclaim to be nothing but what Man behooved to call due, though it had not been required : reasonable and due ; and in promising fo And but one Precept added by' his meer much, as no Creature could challenge any Will, which yet was so easy a Thing, as 1 Title to it. When the Law was pro. it was a Wonder the Lord of all put mulgate, Bo this, eat not of this Tree; no other Conditions on the Creature : And Adam's Conscience behooved to say. then for the Manner that is propounded Amen Lord, all is due, all the Reason in Covenant-wise, with a Promise (not to in the World for it: But when the Pro expect the Creatures Consent, for it did mise is added, and the Trumpet sounds not depend on his Acceptation, he being longer, thou shall live, O more than Rea bound to accept any Terins his Lord profon, more than is due, must his Conscipounded) but because the Matter and allence fay. It was Reason, that the most was so equitable, and the Conditions fo high Lord should use his Foot-stool as his ample, that if it had been propounded to Foot-ftool, and set his Servant in the any rational Man, he would have consent. Place of a Servant, and so keep Distance ed with an Admiration at God's Good from him. But how strange is it, that he nels. Indeed if we speak ftrictly, there humbles himself to make Friendship with cannot be a proper Covenant between Man, to affume him in a kind of FamiliaGold and Man, there is such an infinite rity and Equality? And this Christ is not Dittance between such unequal Parties, forgetful of; when he restores Men, he our Obedience and Performance being ab- puts them in all their former Dignities, solutely in his Power; we cannot proinise I call you not Servants but Friends: it as our own, and it being but our Duty Next, his Wisdom doth appear in this, we cannot crave or expect a Reward in that when he had made a reasonable CreaJustice, neither can he owe any Thing to cure, he takes a Way of Dealing, suitable the Creature ; yet it pleased his Majesty to to his Nature, to bring forth willing and propound it in these Terms, and to stoop free Obedience by the Perswalion of such fo low. uato Mens Capacities, and as it a Reward, and the Terror of such a Auto were come off the Throne of his Sove nishment. He moft wisely did inclore reignty, both to require such Duties of the Will of Man as it were on both sides, Men, and to promise unto them such a with Hedges of Punishment and Reward, free Reward, and the Reasons of this which might have been a fufficient De may be plain upon God's Part, and upon fence or Guard againft all the Irruptions ours : In fuch Dealing, he consulted his of contrary Perswalions, that Man might own Glory, and Man's Good. His own continue in Obedience, and that when he Glory, I say, is manifefted in it, and went to the right Hand or left, he might chiefly the Glory of his Goodness and be kept in, by the Hope of such an ample Love, that the moft High comes down Promise, and the Fear of such a dreadful fo low, as to article with his own Foot-Threatning. But then the Righteousness fool, that he changes his absolute Right, of God doch appear in this, for there is into a moderate and temperate Govern- nothing doth more illustrate the Justice ment, and tempers his lordly and truly of the Judge, chan when the Malefactor,
hath before consented to such a Punish- challenge him upon his Faithfulness to ment in case of Transgreffion; when the perform it. And then Laftly. There was Law is confirmed by the Consent and Ap- no Way so fit to commend God, and probation of Man, now he has Man sub- sweeten him unto his Sout as this.
Adam Icribing already to his Judgment, and so knew that his Goodness could not extend all the World muft stop their Mouth and to God, that his Righteousness could not become guilty in case of Transgression of help him, nor his Wickedness hurt him, fuch a righteous Command after such and so could expect nothing from his exWarning.
act Obedience; but now when God's But in the next Place, 'tis no less for Goodness doth fo overflow upon the Man's Good: What a Honour and Dig. Creature, and the Lord takes Pleasure to nity was put upun Man, when he was communicate Himself to make others taken into Friendship with God? To be happy, tho' he had need of
none ; 0, in Covenant of Friendship with a King, how muft it engage the Heart of Man O what a Dignity is it accounted? And to a delightful Remembrance, and Con fome do account it a great Privilege to verse with that God? As his Authority be in Company and Converse with some hould imprint Reverence, so his Good. eminent and great Person. But may not ness thus manifested Nould engrave ConMan fay with the Pfalmift, Lord what fidence. And thus the Life of Man was is Man that thou art so mindful of bim, not only a Life of Obedience, but a Life or tbe Son of Man that thou visiteji bim, of Pleasure and Delight ; not only a ho Pfal. viji. ? Again, what Way more fit ly, but a happy Life, yea, happy in Hoand suitable to ftir up, and constrain liness. Adam unto a willing and constant. Qbe Nuw as it was Paul's great Business dience, when he had the Encourage in preaching, to ride Marches between ment of fuch a gracious Reward, and the the Covenant of Grace, and the Covenant Determent of such a fearful Punishment? of Works, to take Men off that old bro. Between these cwo Banks might the Sil. ken Ship to this sure Plank of Grace that ver-ftreams of Obedience have run for is offered by Jesus Christ to drowning ever without breaking over. He was Souls ; So it would be our great Work bound to all, though nothing had been to Mew unto you the Nature of this Covepromised : But then to have such a Hope, nant, and the Terms thereof, that you may what Spirits migbe it add to him ?. The henceforth find and know that Salvation Lord had been free upon Man's Obedi- to be now impossible by the Law, which ence either to continue him his happy so many seek in it? We have no Errand to Eftate, or, to denude him of it, or to speak of the first Adam, but the better to annihilate him, there was no Obligation lead you to the second : Our Life was once lying on him; but now, what Confirma in the first, but he loft himself and us both; tion might Man have by looking upon the but the second by losing himself faves Cercain Recompence of Reward? When both. We have nothing to do to speak of God brings himself freely under an Obli- the firft Covenant, but that we may lead gation of a Promise, and so ascertains it you, or pursue you rather to the fecond, to his Soul, which he could never have established upon better Terms and bers dreamed of, and gives him Liberty so ter Promises.
• The Terms of this Covenant are, Do inftead of that poffeffed and expected
be an Equality
that Men dream noi of escaping Faith? I anfwer, Chrift distinguishes a. Wrath, when they break but in one, fup- twofold Faith You believe in God, believe pose they did abide in all the rest. Cur- alfo in me. No Question he was called to Led is every Man from the highest to the believe in God the Creator of the World, lowest, the Lord Almighty is engaged a. and that in a threefold Confideration. gainst him, his Countenance, bis Power First, To depend on God the Selfis against him to destroy him and make being and Fountain-good: His own Goodhim miserable; whoever doth fail but in ness was but a Flux and Emanation from one Jot of the Commands, he hall not that Sun of Righteousness, and so was to only fail from that blessed Condition free be perpetuated by conftant abiding in his by promised, but lose all that he already Sight; the Interpofition of Man's self bepoffeffed, fall from that Image of God, tween him and God did foon bring on Dominion over the Creatures, and incur,chais eternal Night of Darkness. Nature
Gight bave taught him to live in him in it speaks of no Pardon, it declares no whom he had Life, and Being, and Mo- Cautioner or Redeemer ; there is nothing tion, and to forget and look over his own to be expected, according to the Tenor Perfections as evanithing Shadows; But of that Covenant, but Wrath from Heathis quickly extinguished his Life when he ven; eiiler personal Obedience in all, or began to live in himself.
Personal Punithment for ever, that is the Next, he was obliged to believe God's very Terms of it, and it knows no other Word, both Threatning and Promise, and Thing. Either bring compleat Righteoul to have these constantly in his View ; and ness and Holiness to the Promise of Life, certainly, if he had kept, in his serious or expect nothing but Death. Consideration, the inestimable Blelling This may be a sad Meditation to us, of Life promised, and the fearful Curse to stand and look back to our former Eof Death threatned, if he had not been, Atate, and compare it with that into which induced first to doubt, and then to deny we are fallen ; that Image we spoke of is the Truth and Reality of these, he had defaced and blotted out, which was the BQt autempted such a desperate Rebellion Glory of the Creation, and now there is againft the Lord.
nothing so monstrous, so deformed in the Then T birdly, He was to believe World as Man ; the Corruption of the and perswade himself of the Lord's father bef Things is always worst, the Ruins of ly Love, and that the Lord was well pleaf che most noble Greature are moft ruined with his Obedience, and this Faith ous, the Spot of the Soul most abomiwould certainly beger much Peace and nable ; we are nothing but a Mass of DarkQuietness in his Mind, and also constrain ness; Ignorance, Error, inordinate Luft; hiin to love him, and live to him who nothing but Confusion, Disorder, and loved him, and gave him Lite and Hap- Diftempers in the Soul, and in the Conpines out of Love; yet this holds crue versation of Men, and in Sum, that blef that the Apostle faith, the Law is not sed Bond of Friendship with God broken, of Faith, to wit, in a Mediator and Re-Discord and Enmity entered upon our Side deemer; it was a Bond of immediate and separated us from God, and so we Friendship, there needed none to mediate can expect nothing from that first Covebetween God and Man, there needed no, nant, but the Curse and Wrath threatned : Reconciler where there was no odds nor By one Man's Disobedience Sin entered Distance: But the Gospel is of faith in a upon all, and Death by Sin; because in Mediator; it's the Soul plighting its Hope that Agreement Adam was a common upon Jesus Christ in its desperate Necer. Person representing us, and thus are all Aty, and so fupposes Man sinful and miser. Men once subject to God's Judgment, and able in himself, and in his own Sense too,' come mort of the Glory of God, fallen and so putting over his Weight and Bur from Life into a State of Death, and, for den upon one whom God hath made any Thing could be expected, irrevocamighty to save : The Law is not of Faith, bly. But it hath pleased the Lord in his but of perfect Works, a Watch-word infinite Mercy, to make a better Covebrought ia of Purpose to bring Men off nant in Chrift his Son, that, what was their hankering after a broken and despe impossible to the Law, by Reason of our gate Covenant ;,it admits no Repentance, Weakness and Wickedness, his Son, sene