תמונות בעמוד




As an active verb-to cultivate the abi. means petty officers, but in Ft lity of, w lielp. V. xvi. 3 : xxii. 8: xxviii.

V. xii. 24, the phrase is merely used in 4. To be able to manage, to can. V. ix.

the self-depreciating style of conversa18: xvi. 23. Ability. II. ii. 14: IV. viii. Pt. ii. 7: V. iv, 13 (obs. Â).

tion. Ev. xxix. 4, = camp-folmen of ability. IV. viii. Pt. ii. 5: V. iii. lowers, male and female. E, the 9: xx. 20.

master of the guards. V.xxii.3. XE #forte vechpressed one To be pressed, forced. III. iv. 6. To

ministers away from court. V. xix. 9. heě

To be good, admirable. V. x. 5: xxvi. hsieh

2. Good condition, = prosperity. IV. vii. E The leg-bone. V. i. Pt. iii. 3.

isang Pt. i. 16. To approve, declare to be good. hing

IV. ii. 3. lk E, to show approval hsing

of what is good, V. xxiv. 4. A# To cut up meat small. 14

To present one's-self to, and deal with,

in the character of the sovereign. II. ii. ts'o to mean a collection of things small and lin

12: III. iii. 5; V. xxii. 24. It is spoken trifling, vexatious. II. iv. 11,

of the sun, as seeing and visiting all with (1) To be prosperous. V. vii. 4. (2) To make strong, --spoken of spirits. V.

his light. V. i, Pt. iii. t'ëen

X. 6. (3) To go to excess,-foll. by F.

X. 8. 11.
The kidneys, IV. vii. Pt. iii. 3 (n. 6.)


(1) As a preposition, from, -used

with reference to time, place, and person. Rank odour. V. x. 11: xxvii, 4.

Passim. according as. II. ii. 7: V. sing

i. Pt. ji. 7; et al. (2) Self, of all persons, hsing

-myself, yourself, himself. Of one's. 腸 The bowels. IV. vii. Pt. iii. 3.

self. V. ix. 8; et al. The meaning some

times approaches to-then, as a matter of ch'ang

course. E. g. V.x. 6,7: xxx. 2. Its most 腹 The belly. IV, vii, Pt. iii. 3.

frequent use in this signification is as Juh


joined to verbs in a reflex sense. fu

have É , to count one's-self posThe back-bone, V, xxv. 3.

sessed of talents and worth; Aina leu

TELÉ up at: N
The skin. shallow-skin-deep-
speeches. IV. vii. Pt. i. 7. But the mean-

臭;有酒,自鞠自苦自 foo ing here may be different, and

- puncturfu

安自廣,自底自覆,自 ing, irritating, speeches. Compare. Ana. XII. vi.

ÉÉ # MIL, 膺

= to receive. V. iii. 5: xxi. 14: xxiv. 13.

É ÉLEY) ying

Laws. V. ix. 11, 13. , to be

пеё THE 13187 RADICAL. E.

able to observe the laws. V. xviii. 25. nieh

A fetid odour. Used as a verb, = to

make one's-self aboninable, to ruin. IV. E A minister, the correlate of . Pas- chow vii. Pt. ii. 6, 8. ch'in ch*êu sim. We have , III. iv. 2: V.

14), Shun's minister of Crime. II. xxi. 6; and T, v. i. Pt. ii. 3, both kaon i. 17, 20: ii. 10, 11, 12: iii. 1, 2, 3, 8: iv. denoting ministers. But # 11. ii. kao

, 1,8, 11. The diet. gives from Ø,
11,-ministers and multitudes. Ministry, as the more correct form of the character.
the duties of being minister. II. ii. 2. To
act the part of ministers to,—to serve. V.
iv. 21 (n. b.), 22: xviii, 24. Eis

generally to be taken of the great min-
isters of a government; when it is other-

(1) To come, to arrive. V. xvi. 20. It wise, this is indicated. Ek is spoken

che is everywhere followed by F, and 2

chih of limself hy a great minister, IV. xi. 8;

于一 to come to, to reach to. See but X E, V. xxvi. 6 (comp. pp. 2, 4)

everywhere in the Tribute of Yu,' et al.

Generally the point of departure is inis different. fV. ix. 17, 18, dicated; but sometiines it is not, and has

to be gathered from the context. E. g. IV. vii. Pt. i. 7; but the old ministers, V. x. 8: xi. 3, 6: xv. 5: xviii. 7, 12, 23.

in V. viii, 10. alone = the old (2). The most, perfect, entire,—that which has reached the utmost degree. II.

course, in V. iii. 8. It is often abverbial,

- of old, at first. III. iv. 6: IV. viii. Pt. ii. 21: V. xxi. 3. E, to push to ii. 1: xi. 5, 8: V. viii. 3: xv. 5, 6. the utmost extent. V. xxiii. 5.

for long. V. xxiv. 10. To carry out fully. IV. i. 4: V. xiv. 2,

21, 24: xviii. 29. It is thus used for the che

most part with reference to the infliction THE 135TH RADICAL. 5. chih of punishment. Before verbs it indicates the doing to the utmost what the verb

(1) To neglect, to abandon. II. ii. 3 intimates. IV. vii. Pt. i. 17: V.x.6. Ek


E, to give up one's own views he to pu: to death. V. xvii. 1; but she and wishes): IV. i. 2. (2) To let loose, , v. xiv. 6, = extreme punish

--spoken of cattle. V. xxix. 3. AF

To deal gently or kindly with. V xviii. ment. 1 z 14, the things produced


5 (foll, by F).
by virtue. V. v. 3. In I. 5, Ek is under-shu
stood to mean the extreme limit of the
sun's shadow.

THE 1865. RADICAL. bt.
Towers. V. i. Pt. i. 5. Menthe
Stag tower, a structure of the tyrant

The ancient emperor, so denominated. t'ai Show, V. iii. 9.

shun , To arrive, to come on. V, xxii, 4.

17, 18: IV. viii. Pt. iii. 10. tsin

To make postures. Spoken of birds ubin

and beasts = to gambol in a regular way.

II. i. 24: iv, 10. to dance. II. ii. 21: THE 134TH RADICAL. E.

IV. iv. 7. * £, dancing habits. V. xxii. 19.




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thil with. . THE 137TH RADICAL. ff.

v. Pt. iii. 2: V. viii. 1. And sometimes yu answers better in translation than with. yü V. vi. 8, 16, 17; The with is sometimes it

A boat. II. iv. 8: IV. vii. Pt. ii. 6: viii. nearly for. II. ii. 17: IV. vi. 1. For,

Pt. i. 6.

on belialf of. IV. iii. 4. (2) To give to.

V. ix. 16. So, in IV. vii. Pt. ii. 12, which
is peculiar. To grant, or concede to.
III. iv. 6: IV. iv. 5 (n. 6.) (3) Than,

forming a comparative with P. II. ii.

To be good ; good; the good. II. iv. 11 : 12. (4) ? – im. IV. v. Pt. i. 9.

IV. ii. 7: viii. Pt. i. 2 ; Pt. iii. 9: V. i. Pt. 3d tone. To be present at, to share in. leang i. 5; P't. iii. 6: xxi. 13 : xxvi. 3. Excel. IV. vii. Pt. i. 14.

liang lent, skilful. IV. Pt. ii. 12: V. xxi. 6. yu

TU , greatly good. IV. v. Pt. iii, 8: 1st tone. 18 61, an officer at the

V. i. Pt. ii. 5. goodness. V. xxv. 2.

To be difficult or toilsome; difficulty,

yu court of Shun. II. i. 21.

hardships. IV. iv. 5: v. Pt. iii. 1 ; Pt. ii. yü

13: V. vii. 3, 7, 8, 11: xvi. 17 : xxiv. 10: 典 To arise, rise or get up,—with varied chien application, = to get better, to rise from

xxv.5: xxviii. 3: XXX. 3. R , painhing bed, &c. IV. xi. 2, 8: V. iv. 3: xxii. 7, hsing 25: xxvi. 1: xxix. 1. In xxvii. 4, the

ful toil. V. xv. 2, 3, 7: xxii. 7. meaning of J. is no more than thereon. , food of toil,—that procured by agriTo rise, = to flourish. IV. v. Pt. iii. 2:

culture. II. iv. l. To realize the difficulty V. xiv, 25. To make to rise or pros.

or pain of. II. ii. 2: V. xxi. 5.
per. V. vii, 9. Obs. #
V. xxi. 5. To give rise to, to originate. THE 139TH RADICAL.
II. ii. 17: iv, 11: V. xi. 4.
To lift up, = to advance to office. II.

(1) The countenance, the looks; the iv. 7: V. xx. 20. keu

deportment. II. iii. 2: V. xxiv. 5: xxvi.

sih chü

5 5. Observe in illis. V. iv. 舊

What is old; old. IV. ii. 2, 6: V. Pt. iii. 9: vii. Pt. i. 5, 13: V. xvii. 6: xxv. 3,

11. (2) Colours, III. i, Pt. i. 35.

Ti ker chiu

7. 70 =men of old families, in to the five colours. II. iv. t. (3)

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Licentious pleasure. III. iii. 6: IV. 11.5 Dried grass., forage. V. xxix.
(m): iv. 7: V. i. Pt. i, 5.

keaou 5.


. # To thatch. V. xi. 4.
I of
The name of a principality, the chief

This, these. Passim. It stands some-
juy king Ching. V. xxii. 3 : xxiii. 2.

times, especially at the beginning of clau-

ses, with adverbial force, and = here;
ht Grass. - forage. V. xxix, 5. now; thus; therefore. E. g. IV. ii. 2:

vii. Pt. i. 3, 14; Pt. ii. 14: V. vii. 2 : x. 7:

xvi. 9, 13: xix. 19: xxii. 4.

# (1) WN one of Yu's nine pro-
(1) Growing grain. IV. ii, 4. (2)

king vinces. (2) There are two mountains
mënou , the name of the original seat of the ching called King, mentioned in the Shoo ;-the

Meaou, a tribe which occasioned much southern King, one of the boundaries of
trouble in the times of Yaou, Shun, and

King-chow, III, i. Pt. i. 46, 54 ; Pt. ii. 3;
Yu. They are called = # and and the northern, in Yung-chow, Pt. i.

76 ; Pt. ii. 1.
E. II. i. 19, 27: ii. 20, 21: iii. 2: iv.

8: III. i. Pt. i. 78: V. xxvii. 3, 5, 7, 12.

Grass --vegetation generally, distinct

from trees. II. i. 22: III. i. Pt. i. 17, 23,
(1) To be as; as, as if; if. I. 1, 9, 10:
II. 1. 1, 21, 22 : ii. 1, 19, 21! ii

. 1: iv. 6, 8; tsao 42: IV. iii. 5: V. iv. 32 (# ): xxi.
et passim. From to be as comes the signi 4. to steal among the grass,
fication of—to conform to, to follow, to
act in accordance with. We have other

probably = = to commit highway robbery.

IV. xi. 3.
verbs associated with # in this usage;

(1) Uncultivated, overgrown with
- 1. 3; et al. ; , IV. ii. hwang grass and weeds. , 1V. viii.
2; et al.; Ti #, 1v. viii. Pt. i. 11; huang i. Pt. iii, 1. So it alone, in xi. 3, —
V. xii. 18. To cause to conform

the wilds. (2) The name of the last of

Yu's domains. III. i. Pt. ii. 22. (3) Af-
to. IV. iii. 2. To be as should be, in
accordance with the natural condition,

ter nouns, it=to be wildly addicted to.
IV. iv. 2; et al. To be regulated gently. We have in 11I. iv.1; Ét
V.xii. 21. When, in the case that. IV.
vii. Pt. i. 9; Pt. ii, 5; et al. #

sht, iii. 6. Perhaps it may be con-

strued in these cases as a noun. (4) As
before phrases, and adverbs of time, when
we cannot translate it. V. vii. 4: xii. 4:

a verb,—to neglect, IV. vii. Pt. i. 8; to
XX. 2: xxvii. 2. To approve. V. x. 7: waste, to ruin. IV. xi. 4: V. xx. 16. (3)
xv. 13; et al. Observe especially #s,

Used adverbially,-wildly; neglectfully.

III. iii. 8: IV. vii. Pt. ii, 2: V. i. Pt. iii.
in IV. vii. Pt. iii. 11. Such as,-in
enumerations of famous men, but not

2:x. 11 : xv. 4, 5: xviii. 4. Greatly. II.

iv. 8: V. xxvii. 1.
always. V. xvi. 7, 12: xxviii 3 (th).
In the frequently recurring phrases

A bitter herb. Used metaphorically,

as we use wormwood. IV. iii. 3.
若時,若兹,若是,the 若
simply=as. Comp. * Z Top, IV. xi. He Nearly synonymous with B.
3; and
#V. vii, 10.

Thus, le

to manage, the management of. V. xx. 16.

nearly to this effect,-in the formulas

A useless plant, resembling growing
I or # , 1V. vii, Pt. i.6: *

corn in the statk and leaf. IV. ii. 4,

xi. 1, 4: V. iii. 5; et sæpe. After adject-

our like or ly. V. iv. 34. Observe
time I # , v.xii. 8; 越若來,莫

Not; not to be; do not. II. ii. 24: IV.
V. xii. 2: Wik & V. xix. 16: xxiii. 6;

iv. 2 ( 7): II. 8 (E
A# # xx. 4; *# xxiii, 2.

#): V. xxi. 5.

Probably the name of a mountain in
Bitter. V. iv. 5. To embitter. Él Pae

the present Tăng-chow, Shan-tung. *
IV. vii. Pt. ii, 6.


it, III. i. Pt. i. 26.
* 菁茅 * 6, a kind of three-ribbed rush, 菁茅 *i, see *
maou used in straiving the spirits for the tsing
imperial sacrifices. III. i. 52.




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tsóuy cate).


i. 8: ii. 8: xix. 5; # #3, the myriad #

To turn up the ground, -take the first

. .

To accumulate. V. xx. 16.
xi. 4.


The name of a marsh. JII. i. Pt. i. 57; To covor. V. xvii. 3. To be covered,
Pt. ii. 10.

= to be disregarded. V. xxvii. 6.

1st tone. Variegated, of different co kai
hra lours. V. xxii, 16. the varie A Not, to be without. V. xvi. 13.
hua gated bird, -the emblematic pheasant mee

einbroidered on the upper robe of the mieh
emperor. II. iv. 4. #T, flowery and

(1) Criminals undergoing a lesser

banishment. III. i. Pt. ii. 21. It is que.
great, a name of the empire. V. ii. 6. ts'ai ried whether we should not read the cha-
# perhaps the name of Shun. II. i. 1. racter shă in this meaning. (2) The
3d tone. The name of a niountain ;-

name of a mountain, which is not well
the western mountain of Shun's pro-

ascertained. III. i. Pt. i. 65. (3) The

gresses. III. i. Pt. i. 62 ; Pt. iv. ii. 3 (called name of the appanage, in the present
#W), 7: V. iii. 2

Ho-nan, of Too, known as tal, a
To collect, to be assembled. V. iii. 6

younger brother of the duke of Chow. V.
(observe the construction, which is intri.

xvii. 1, His son is fifa, -in the

same par.
is used generally in a vague manner, Hike

(1) To determine, decide firmly; to
and all of what is spoken of. We

be determined. II. ii. 18: V. ix. 12. (obs.

have t, the myriad surnames, - pi THIE, 13, 22. (2) To conceal. IV.

iii. 8.
the people, III. iii. 9: IV. vi. 9: V. i. Pt.

(1) To be luxuriant. v.
countries, the empire, 1. 3: II. ii. 3: fun iv. 32. (2) 1.9. to be a fence or
V. xxvi. 2 ; et sæpe ; $, all matters, bulwark to. V. viii. 4: xvii. 6.
II. iv, 11;

, 蕩 (1) , vast. I. 11. = broad

t'ang and long. V. iv. 14. (2) To be scatter.
myriad ages, for ever, and , II.

ed. "T, IV. vii. Pt. iii. 6. (3)
ii. 8: IV. v. Pt. i. 7; Pt. ii. 2: V. xiii. 4,

To be dissolute. V. xxiv. 9.
27, 28 ; et al.; E, IV. vii. Pt. ii


(1) To reach to, extend over. II. iv.
12 ; Pt. iii. 5; et al.; # # seems to

8.(2) To press on,

to deal sternly

po with. V.x. 13.-Ought we not to read
the myriad heads of families, another po the character in the first of these mean-
name for the people, in IV. vi, 10; # ings-po?
ty, the myriad regions, IV. ii. 2, 8 : iii.

To be hidden, kept in obscurity. V.

xii. 10.

1, 2, 3, 8: et sepe; # *, all things, the

(1) An art, arts. V. vi. 6.
V. i. Pt. i. 3 ; #
萬國 occurs only once,

III. iv. 3. W 1, in V. xix. 9, are
-in V. xx. 3.

certain officers so denominated. (2) I.
In the phrase 狙落 to decease. II.

9. to cultivate, to bring under cul-
i. 13.

tivation. III. i. Pt. i. 30, 63: V. x. 1.

The name of a State, not far from the the Medicine. IV. vii, Pt. i. 8,

original seat of T'ang, who punished its yo
chief. V. ii. 6.



A large jungly marsh, to which beasts

To correct. II. ii. 7. Before another

will resort. V. iii, 6.
strictly. V. xx. 1.
蒙 (1) Young, youthful. * , v.

A kind of water-plant, -duckweed, one

of the emblematic figures on the lower
mûng iv.7. (2) Stupidity. IV.iv. 34. Cloudi-
mêng ness. IV. iv. 29. (3) Two mountains


sacrificial robe of the emperor. II. iv. 4.
were thus named, -

,-one in Ts'eu-chow, (1) To revive. IV. ii. 6. (2) Appa-
III. i. Pt. i. 30 ; the other in Lëang-clow,

rently the name of a principality or State.

V. xix. 24.
Grass-green. ##, 11, iv. 7. 臺 To exert one's-self, V, xiii. 13.






p. 65.

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A tiger, tigers. V. ii. 9 (comp. for
soldiers): xxv. ii. (2) , life- hway of T'ang. IV. ii. 2.

T 10 Te, one of the principal ministers
hu guards. V. xxii. 11. The officer com hui

manding them is called in p. 3. and at appears in V. xxvii, 2, as the
He and other officers under him are call che first troubler of the empire, a wicked and

, in xix. 1,8. (3) The name seditious prince of the most ancient

of an officer in the court of Shun. II. i.

A tribe, whose seat was in the pres.

dep. of Shing-too, Sze-ch'uen, confederate
To oppress, tyrannize over. II. 1, 24: shuh with Chow against Shang. V. ii. 3.

ii. 3: IV. vi. 3 ; et serpe. Foll. by F, in

An insect ;-but used for animals
yao V. ii. 6: xviii. 6. Oppressive, dangerous,

--used of sickness. V. vi. 5. Oppression thung generally. the emblematic phea-
sometimes oppressors. II. iv. 8: IV. iii.

sant depicted on the emperor's robe. II.
3: iv. 3: V. i. Pt. i. 5: et sæpe.

iv. 6.
lamities. IV. vii, Pt. ii. 4. Observe Ti

An ant. ant-coloured. V. xxii, 22.
Ź PiJ, V. xxvii. 3.
To kill,
oppressors. V. xxvii. 2.

Et, pearls. III. i. Pt. i. 35.- The

dict. says that this character is the

name of a kind of pearl.' This is a mis-
The name of a star. I. 6.

take, I apprehend. It should rather be

taken as the oyster, in which pearls are

(1) To consider, think about. V. x. 3:

the name of a lake, the
xxi. 5. FE, nothing to think about,

le modern Po-yang. III. i. Pt. i. 38.


a time of freedom from all anxiety. II. ii.
6:V. xxiv. 3. (2) A forester, the designa-

Insects moving about.-Used for to be
tion of the warden of woods and forests

stupid, II. ii. 20; and for stupid, sense-

under Shun. II. i. 22. = a forester,

less, agitation. V. vii. 3, 5, 8.
generally. IV. v. Pt. i. 7. (3) The nanie

To be clean or pure. V. xviii. 16. To
of the principality which had belonged keuen to be clean or guiltless. xxvii. 12.

make clean, to cleanse. x. 16. To hold
to the family of Shun, who is thence chüan
called, 1. 12; and alone, V. More

The wild tribes of the south. But we

find it used, where it must mean such
xx. 3. Obs. 11. iv. 9.

wild tribes generally. III. i. Pt. ii. 22.

As distinct from the tribes of other quar-
號 Ist tone. To cry out. XL, 11.

ters, they are spoken of as the time
haou ii. 21.

V. v. 1. We have , in II. i. 16,

A warning order or command. V.xxvi.

20; and , in V. iii. 6.

The silk worm, to be made fit
Name of the appanage of a younger

for silkworms. III. i. Pt. i. 16.

brother of king Wan, called 7 , V.
ko xvi. 12.

To be wanting. V. v. 9.—The dic.
k'wci tionary gives this character under 1,
k'uci - but incorrectly. In the pat w

Blood, V. iii. 9.

find it under 7, the appearance of the hsieh
breath slowly ascending and stopped.

To be pained, to feel the pain of. V. x.

is the phonetic element in the char- heih

? hei
acter, and the ideographic ; and it
ought to have its place in the dict. under

the latter. But 7, is no longer used for
duce the number of radicals

(as they TT To make to go. II. iv. 8. Used of the
lexical purposes, being thrown out to re-

(1go, to .
are termed) as much as possible. This


course of the sun and moon. V. iv. 38.
practice has given rise to not a few ano-

malies in the arrangement of characters. TTK to go away and escape. IV. xi,




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