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3 ing on the gem-adorned bench. He then called for the Grand- * wrotector Shih, the baron of Juy, the baron of T'ung, the duke of £ the prince of Wei, the duke of Maou, Sze, the master of the warders, the master of the guards, the Heads of the officers,—all

the superintendents of affairs.

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}k for # # # # #,—it is not worth while to try and settle the question of what particular cap or crown and robes the king wore on this occasion. His # or Crowns Were six, and for each there was the appropriate occasion. See on the duties of the Hil in the Chow Le, Bk. XXI. The present was an extraordinary occasion, and no doubt his attendants settled on their principle of court etiquette the proper habit in which he should receive his ministers. The text determining nothing, however, on the point, critics are left to decide the questions which they raise, according to their several views. See Lin Che-k'e and Kéang Shing, in loc. We must leave in the same way the question undetermined of who

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4 The king said, “Oh ! my illness has greatly increased, and it will

soon be over with me.

The malady comes on daily with more violence and without interruption. another opportunity to declare my wishes about m

I am afraid I may not find successor,

and therefore I now lay my charge on you with special instructions.

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5 The former sovereigns, king Wān and king Woo, displayed in succession their equal glory, making sure provision for the support

of the people, and setting forth their instructions.

The people

accorded a practical submission; they did so without any opposition, so that their influence extended to Yin, and the great appointment of Heaven was secured. After them, I, the stupid one,

received with reverence the dread

decree of Heaven, and continued

to keep the great instructions of Wän and Woo, not daring blindly

to transgress them.

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Kéang Shing, that Hi ź. is the light of the heavenly bodies combined together, and that #

3% is merely a figurative description of the virtue of Wän and Woo, as like the brightmess of the sun and moon. 'i (= XE) #, -comp. Bk. XVIII., p. 5. I take J# in the same way as there. The various views of its meaning taken by the critics all re-appear on this passage. H|}#####,—# is found with the meanings of #, “to practise,’ and of #, ‘to toil. Gan-kwó takes the latter meaning, and understands the characters of Wān and Woo, = ‘thus they toiled; and though they toiled, they did nothing contrary to what was right' (X ià #) #, # % If X # #í). So, Lin Che-ke, as far as regards the meaning of The other meaning, however, is preferable. It was approved by Choo He, and adopted by Ts'ae. Acc. to it, Bū, 'the

people, is understood as the subject of #.

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“Now Heaven has laid affliction on me, and it seems as if I should not again rise or be myself. Do you take clear note of my words, and in accordance with them watch reverently over my eldest son, Ch'aou, and greatly assist him in the difficulties of his

position.
are neal".
and encourage them to well-doing.

Be kind to those who are far off, and help those who
Promote the tranquillity of the States, small and great,

“I think how a man has to govern himself in dignity and with decorum:—do not you allow Ch'aou to proceed heedlessly on the

impulse of improper motives.”

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Immediately on receiving this charge, the officers retired. The tent was then carried out into the court; and on the next day,

being Yih-ch'ow, the king died.

II. The Grand-protector then ordered Chung Hwan and Nan

keung Maou to instruct Leu Keih, the prince of Tse, with two shield-and-spearmen and a hundred guards, to meet the prince Ch'aou outside the south gate, and conduct him to one of the wing apartments near to that where the king lay, there to be as chief

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