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10 The duke said, “Prince Shih, Heaven gives long life to the just and the intelligent;—it was thus that those ministers maintained and

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regulated the dynasty of Yin.

was extinguished by the majesty of Heaven.

He who at last came to the throne

Think you of the

distant future, and we shall have the decree in favour of Chow made

sure, and its good new-founded State.’

government will be brilliantly displayed in our

III. The duke said, “Prince Shih, aforetime when God was afflicting Yin, he encouraged anew the virtue of the Tranquillizing

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king, till at last the great favouring decree was concentrated in his

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person. portion of the great empire which

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But that king Wän was able to conciliate and unite the

we came to possess, was owing to

his having such ministers as his brother of Kih, Hwang Yaou, San

E-sång, Tae Teen, and Nan-kung He repeated this sentiment, “

Kwö.”
But for the ability of these men

to go and come in his affairs, developing his constant lessons, there would have been no benefits descending from king Wän on the

people.

And it also was from the determinate favour of Heaven,

that there were these men of firm virtue, and acting according to their knowledge of the dread majesty of Heaven, to give themselves

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to enlighten king Wān, and lead him forward to his high distinction and universal over-rule, till his fame reached the ears of God, and he received the decree of Yin, There were still four of these men who led on king Woo to the possession of that decree with all its emoluments. Afterwards, along with him, in great reverence of the majesty of Heaven, they slew all his enemies; and then these four men made king Woo distinguished all over the empire, till the people universally and greatly proclaimed his virtue. Now, with me Tan, who am but a little child, it is as if I were floating

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on a great stream; let me from O Shih. Our young sovereign

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this time cross it along with you, is powerless as if he had not yet

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_* > You must by no means lay the whole burden

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on me; and if we draw ourselves up without an effort to supply

his deficiencies, no experience.

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good will flow to the people from our age and We shall not hear the voices of the singing birds,

and much less can it be thought that we shall make his virtue equal

to Heaven.”
The duke said, “Oh ! consider

well, O prince, these things. We

have received the favouring decree of Heaven, to which belongs an unlimited amount of what is desirable, but having great difficulties attached to it. What I announce to you are counsels of a generous largeness. I cannot allow the successor of our kings to go astray."

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IV. The duke said, “The former king laid bare his heart, and gave full charge to you, constituting you one of the guides of the people, and saying, “Do you with intelligence and energy prove a helper to the king; do you with sincerity support and carry on this great decree. Think of the virtue of king Wān, and enter greatly into his boundless anxieties.”

The duke said, “What I tell you, O prince, are my sincere thoughts. ... O Shih, the Grand-protector, if you can but reverently survey with me the decay and great disorders of Yin, and thence consider the dread majesty of Heaven which warns us!

“Am I not to be believed that I must thus speak? I simply say, “The establishment of our dynasty rests with us two. Do you agree

Ch. IV. Pp. 18–23. 18. The duke of , appointment was placed and carried on.

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be understood of king Woo. On his deathbed ####1. Bk. XII., p. 9. 19. Thedule he had given the charge, of which a portion is of Chow eqrnestly begs Shih to enter into his anhere adduced, to the dukes of Chow and Shaou. . " and learn from the fate of Yin to labor #% 7% R^,—the J% here would seem for the establishment of their dynasty. # ,-this is hortatory, and the meaning seems to be best brought out by giving the trans

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# HE =# # # +, to by them, and guarded against through a diligent Jir, discharge of their duties. 20. So much was

dependent on the two dukes that they ought to be exerting themselves to the utmost, and especially to be to the king. In # % fift, we have the looking out for men who might hereafter supply their

metaphor of a carriage in which the sovereign places. +. X. jt. # # #% # is

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help the heir king. Two, joined in any way, are called #. Shih was to prove as a help-meet

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