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Yin, for indeed it would not strengthen its misrule.

THE NUMEROUS OFFICERS.

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It therefore

helped us;—did we dare to seek the throne of ourselves? God was

not for Yin, as appeared from the

conduct of our inferior people, in

which there is the brilliant dreadfulness of Heaven.

II.

‘I have heard the saying—“God leads men to tranquil securi

ty;” but the sovereign of Hea would not move to such security, whereupon God sent down corrections, indicating His mind to

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him. Kää, however, would not be warned by God, but proceeded

to greater dissoluteness and sloth and excuses for himself.

Then

Heaven no longer regarded nor heard him, but disallowed his

6 great appointment, and inflicted extreme punishment.

Hereupon it

charged your founder, T'ang the Successful, to set Hea aside, and by

7 means of able men to rule the empire.

From T'ang the Successful

down to the emperor Yih, every sovereign sought to make his virtue

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left in obscurity, meaning that Heaven wishes sovereigns to employ the worthy. The second clause=“but Këé would not conform to this rule of employing the worthy. Woo Ch'ing struck out a new path for himself, supposing that down to # it is the great Yu and other good kings of Hea who are spoken of —“When sovereigns love idleness and pleasure. God leads and puts them away. But the kings of Hea, like Yu, K‘e, and Shaou-k'äng, by their anxious diligence accorded with this mind of Heaven, and went not on to any idle ways, so that God sent down

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a reference, than to take it, with Woo Ch'ing

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Pp. 7-12. How the dynasty of Yin long continued, and how it finally perished. 7. Com

the uttermost.”

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8 illustrious, and duly attended to the sacrifices. And thus it was that while Heaven exerted a great establishing influence, preserving and regulating the house of Yin, its sovereigns on their part were humbly careful not to lose the favour of God, and strove to manifest a good9 doing corresponding to that of Heaven. But in these times, their successor showed himself greatly ignorant of the ways of Heaven, and much less could it be expected of him that he would be regardful of the earnest labours of his fathers for the country. Greatly abandoned to dissolute idleness, he paid no regard to the bright principles

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10 of Heaven, nor the awfulness of the people. On this account God no

11 witnessed.

longer protected him, but sent down the great ruin which we have Heaven was not with him because he did not seek to illus

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Observe how the JR in the two parts of the
R: in the par. of the 10th Bk. just referred to

par. correspond to each other.
'iti,- did not dare to lose God, i.e., the favour .
of God. The critics all say #

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dare to neglect the pattern set them by God, or

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might suggest a
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here, whereas it

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nother version of the text; but

that we must take # actively

was passive in the other passage.

—comp, the same phrase in Bk. *-*-*

# #-%

j' |: %, ‘the earnest

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virtuous beneficial influence to reach the people in a manner corresponding to the vastness and greatness of Heaven.' Kéang Shing most unwar

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on this account.” 11. Gan

rantably changes and enervates the sentiment,

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WOL. III,

kwó and Këang Shing take this par. as one long | clause, assigning the reason of the ruin just meil

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12

13 14 15

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great goodness were charged with

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Indeed, with regard to the overthrow of all States,

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four quarters of the empire, in alleged for their punishment.”

—‘Ye numerous officers of Yin, ereigns of our Chow, from their the work of God. There was the

charge to them, “Cut off Yin.” They proceeded to perform it, and announced the correcting work to God. In our affairs we have followed no double aims:—ye of the royal house of Yin must follow us.

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16 III. ‘May I not say that you were very lawless? I did not want 17 to remove you. The thing came from your own city. When I consider also how Heaven has drawn near to Yin with so great tribulations, it must be that there was there what was not right.” “The king says, “Ho! I declare to you, ye numerous officers, it is simply on account of these things that I have removed and settled you in the west;—it was not that I, the one man, considered it a part of my virtue to make you untranquil. The thing was from

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18

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