תמונות בעמוד
PDF
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

Now that Yin has lost its appointment, ought we not to look much to it as our glass, and learn how to secure the repose of our time?

13 -
the princes in the How, the Teen,
still more, your friends, the great

“I say to you,—Strenuously warn the worthy ministers of Yin, and

the Nan, and Wei domains; and Recorder and the Recorder of the

interior, and all your worthy ministers, the Heads of great Houses; and still more, those whom you serve–with whom you calmly converse, and who carry out your measures; and still more, those

[merged small][merged small][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[graphic]

14

[ocr errors]

*%/, E/E NIH >/, XN 9%N & # -F # # ### ŽR 2' 3% who are, as it were, your mates,—your minister of War, who deals with the rebellious, your minister of Agriculture, who is like a protector to the people, and your minister of Works, who settles the boundaries; and above all, do you sternly keep yourself from drink. “If you are told that there are companies who drink together, do

not fail to apprehend them all, and send them here to Chow, where I may put them to death.

every individual in the empire is supposed to leisure, and those who are near at audiences and

[ocr errors]

view of Ts'ae. He supports his explanation of opinion serves to show how uncertain the meanH. by “to serve, from the passage of Mencius, ing is. #f % \, ‘the controller of bound

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

bout principles, and A=+H belonging to the court of one of the princes. about principles, an }# # it. If] {# They were the highest in authority, and might

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

* vince, he is thus denominated. The minister who serve you,-your great officers; fk

[ocr errors]

i.e., the decider of all questions about the settlewere comparatively easy, and allowed of leisure; ments and tenements of the people. Këang

[ocr errors]

offices were more bustling and troublesome. does not seem at all applicable here Gan-kwó took a difft. view which is quite in- pp

[ocr errors]

s .* - im- Pp. 14-16. By what rules obedience to the # #. H: H. # Hé. making Fung him king's injunctions against the use of spirits were to self, in the discharge of his duties, the subject. - NH, J, This cannot be right. K'ang-shing had still be enforced. 14. # W] --£k-jë, another view, in which he is followed by Kéang ‘to fail. The punishment here threatened is so Shing, acc. to which the whole = ‘the employés, far beyond the crime, that the critics fall upon -those who are near to you in festivals and various devices to explain it, or to initigate the

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors][graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

‘As to the ministers and officers of Yin, who have been led to it, and been addicted to drink, it is not necessary to put them to death;

16 —let them be taught for a time.

If they keep these lessons, I will

ive them bright distinction. If you disregard my lessons, then

, the one man, will show you no pity. As you cannot cleanse your way, you shall be classed with those who are to be put to death.”

“The king says, “O Fung, give constant heed to my admoni

tions.
continue lost in drink.”

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

If you do not manage right your officers, the people will

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

------------

[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

I. “The king says, “O Fung, to have a good understanding with the multitudes of his people, and his ministers on the one hand, and with the great families on the other; and again to have the same with all the subjects under his charge and with the sovereign —is

the part of the prince of a State.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

making articles of furniture, and for the carver's art. The phrase,—‘the timber, or materials, of the Tsze, occurs in par. 4, and was thence assumed to designate the Book, intimating apparently that the administrator of government ought to give himself to his duties skilfully and thoroughly, as the cabinet-maker deals with his materials. The cultivation of a field and the building of a house are spoken of in the same paragraph; and either of these things might have been used as the name instead of the phrase which it pleased the fancy of the compiler to adopt. The Book is found in both the texts.

CoNTENTs. The Book is sadly wanting in unity. The 1st par, is directly addressed to Fung, and we may suppose that the three which follow were so also. He is admonished of his duty to promote a good understanding between the various classes in his State, and between them all and the sovereign; and that, in order to this, his rule must be gentle, eschewing the use

of punishments. The interpretation, however, is anything but certain. The remaining paragraphs are of a difft. character. They are not the charges of the emperor, insisting with a prince upon his duties, but the admonitions of a minister loyally and affectionately cautioning his sovereign, and praying for the prosperity of his reign. They would be appropriate as addressed to king Ching by the duke of Chow, or the duke of Shaou. We might also suppose them the response of Fung; but the text gives no intimation of a new speaker being introduced. The whole Book is very unsatisfactory, and it is a translator's greatest comfort that it is short. Ch. I. Pp. 1–4. How the prince of a State is a connecting link between all the classes of his people, and between his people and the emperor.

[ocr errors]

intercommunication. By % # we are to understand what Mencius, IV., Bk. I, vi., calls E. #, ‘the great Houses,’ saying that “the

administration of govt. is not difficult, but lies in not offending the great Families, for whom they affect will be affected by all the State. It is observed in the ‘Complete Digest, that the

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Fi

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

“If you regularly in giving out your orders say, “My instruct

ors whom I am to follow, ''

of War, and my minister of Works

minister of Instruction, my minister ; my Heads of departments, and all

ye, my officers, I will on no account with oppressions put men to

[ocr errors]

Let the prince also set the example of respecting

and encouraging the people, and these will proceed to respect and

encourage them. Let him

go on in dealing with those who have

been traitors and villains, murderers and harbourers of criminals,

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]
« הקודםהמשך »