תמונות בעמוד
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I. The time was the grey dawn of the day kéâ-tsze.

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On

that morning the king came to the open country of Muh in the

borders of Shang, and addressed his army.

carried a battle-axe, white ensign, which

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of the great Yu, p. 20, and other places. It would have been well if the term ‘Declaration’ had not been used instead of it in the last Book. The Speech at Muh is found in both texts. There is more of the martial spirit in it than in any other of the speeches of the Shoo. CoNTENTs. It is the morning of the day of battle, for which the king had prepared his host in the three speeches of the last Book. Once more he addresses the confederate princes, his officers, and his men. He sets forth, much as before, but more briefly, the intolerable wickedness of Show, and then instructs and warns the troops on how they should behave them

In his left hand he

£ with gold, and in his right he held a e brandished, saying, “Far are ye come, ye

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2 men of the western regions!”

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He added, “Ah! ye hereditary

rulers of my friendly States; ye managers of affairs, the ministers of instruction, of war, and of public works: the many officers subordinate to them: the master of my body-guards: the captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds; and ye, O men of Yung, Shuh, Keang, Maou, Wei, Loo, Pang, and Pö;—lift up your lances, join your shields, raise your spears:—I have a speech to make."

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II. The king said, “The ancients have said, ‘The hen does not

announce the morning.

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The crowing of a hen in the morning

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6 indicates the subversion of the family.’ Shang, follows only the words of his wife.

HE SPEECH AT MUH.

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Now Show, the king of
He has blindly thrown

away the sacrifices which he should present, and makes no response for the favours which he has received; he has blindly thrown away his

paternal and maternal relatives, not treating

them properly. They

o

are only the vagabonds of the empire, loaded with crimes, whom he honours and exalts, whom he employs and trusts, making them great officers and nobles, so that they can tyrannize over the people, exercising their villainies in the city of Shang.

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“Now I, Fä, am simply executing respectfully the punishment appointed by Heaven. In to-day's business do not advance more than six or seven steps; and then stop and adjust your ranks!—my brave men, be energetic | Do not exceed four blows, five blows, six blows, or seven blows; and then stop and adjust your ranks:— my brave men, be energetic | Display a martial bearing. Be like tigers and panthers, like bears, and grisly bears;—here in the border of Shang. Do not rush on those who fly to us in submission, but receive them to serve our western land:—my brave men, be energetic! If you are not thus energetic, you will bring destruction on yourselves.”

Pp. 7–10. Directions about the rules to w

be observed in the impending battle. 7. The #. É|| {# IE #, J% $ # # ffi, first part of this par. had better be joined to # # 4; # If 4% Ž. “In advancing the one preceding. King Woo speaks in it of # meet the enemy, take no more than six or himself in contrast with Show;—of himself as r- *

engaged on behalf of Heaven to punish one who seven steps. Then stop and adjust your ranks, was an enemy to both Heaven and men. Ts'ae and go forward again to smite them.' and others, prefixing it to this and the succeed- —see the last Book, Pt. ii., p. 9. ing parr., make a milder spirit breathe in them #. See the last 1500K, 1. P than the reader will easily perceive. The stop-|8. 4%- # $). ‘to strike and thrust.” Ping at every seven steps and seven blows ' | They are thus admonished, it is said, lest they they think, that as few of the enemy as possible should be hurried on in their rage by a desire might be killed. In this way the tyrant would ed on in their rage by

be overthrown and Heaven's justice would be for slaughter. 9. #H #H=}: iß #

satisfied with the sacrifice of comparatively few ‘the appearance of martial prowess. The Ét lives! The cautions were evidently given that tes th ith 3H instead the order of battle might be preserved unbroken. quotes the passage with

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do-run. The meaning is as in the translation. phrase of the ‘Daily Explanation’ is:- H. Kéang Shing, however, edits #instead of #,

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