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the myriad people.
He has ripped up pregnant women.
He has burned and roasted the loyal and good.
Great Heaven was moved
with indignation, and charged my deceased father Wän reverently to display its majesty; but he died before the work was completed. “On this account I, Fä, who am but a little child, have by
means of you, the hereditary rulers of m templated the government of Shang; but
friendly States, conhow has no repentant
J% #......+ #j—# E is explained by a reference to the same phrase in the “Both possessed pure Virtue, p. 10. The princes of the States were to Woo an index of the govt. of Chow. Had they remained loyal to him, that would have shown that his govt. was good. As they were now in the mass revolted from him, and following Woo's banner, it was clear that he was no longer fit to be emperor. Such is the explanation of this passage by Ts'ae, and what is now commonly received; and I see no better course than to acquiesce in it. Gan-kw8 and the earlier scholars explained it with reference to an assembly, which they imagined, of Woo and the princes at the ford of Tsin, two years before the period of this ‘Declaration.’ Then he had thoughts of attacking Chow, but on contemplating his govt, concluded that the time was not yet come, and withdrew his troops.
He abides squatting on his heels, not serving God or the
spirits of heaven and earth, neglecting also the temple of his
ancestors, and not sacrificing in it. of wicked robbers; and still he says,
millet all become the '.
The victims and the vessels of
‘The people are mine: the decree is mine, never trying to correct his contemptuous mind. Now Heaven, to protect the inferior people, made for them rulers, and made for them instructors, that they might be able to be aiding to God, and secure the tranquillity of the four quarters of the empire. In regard to who are criminals and who are not, how dare I give any allowance to my own wishes?
Żff # #
Užn ** =\
P. 7. He returns to the principles declared in par. 3, and shows that he was constrained by them to attack Chow. See this par. as it is quoted by Mencius, I., Bk. II., iii., 7. The difference between the text here, and that which he gives is very considerable. We cannot suppose that the present text of the Shoo was forged from Mencius. A plagiarist, attempting such an imposition as is ascribed to ‘the false K'ung,” would have taken the language exactly from his copy. We can only believe that Mencius had a copy of the ‘Great Declaration’ before him, differing not a little from the present, or that he quoted from memory, and allowed himself great license in altering the classic.
9 ministers, but they have one mind. Heaven gives command to destroy it.
“‘Where the strength is the same, measure the virtue of the parties;
where the virtue is the same, measure their righteousness.'
has hundreds of thousands and myriads of ministers, but they have hundreds of thousands and myriads of minds; I have three thousand
Heaven, my iniquity would be as
f “I, who am a little child, early and late am filled with ap
The iniquity of Shang is full. If I did not comply with great.
I have received charge from my deceased father Wän; I
have offered special sacrifice to God; I have performed the due services to the great Earth;—and I lead the multitude of you to
sionates the people.
11 execute the punishment appointed by Heaven.
What the people desire, Heaven will be found Do you aid me, the one man, to cleanse for ever Now is the time!—it may not be lost.”
When all the chiefs with their hosts were assembled, the king re-
ye multitudes of the West, listen
CONTENTS OF THE SECOND PART. Since the
Pp. 1, 2. The time, place, and occasion of the