History of Civilization in England, כרך 1

כריכה קדמית
D. Appleton and Company, 1858

מתוך הספר

מה אומרים אנשים - כתיבת ביקורת

לא מצאנו ביקורות במקומות הרגילים

תוכן

Illustration of these principles from Ireland
47
From Egypt 5966
59
From Central America
67
And from Mexico and Peru 68
74
Influence of the general aspects of nature upon the imagination
85
Also by an unhealthy climate making life precarious 9193
91
Further illustration from Central America
105
The historical method of studying mental laws is superior to
113
Examination of the two metaphysical methods of generalizing men
118
The progress of society is twofold moral and intellectual
125
Intellectual truths are the cause of progress
131
The diminution of the warlike spirit is owing to the same cause 137139
137
The invention of gunpowder 146150
146
The application of steam to purposes of travelling 158160
158
CHAPTER V
164
1
209
But the most active cause of all was the influence of the clergy 222223
222
The first improvement in writing history began in the fourteenth
235
The spirit of doubt was a necessary precursor of improvement
242
Great advantage of this 254259
254
Under Charles II it takes a frivolous form at court
261
It causes the establishment of the Royal Society
269
These improvements were due to the sceptical and inquiring spirit 279280
279
This alliance was dissolved by the Declaration of Indulgence 286287
286
Hostility between them and William III
293
After the Revolution the ablest men confined themselves to secular
299
Theology separated from morals and from politics 306307
306
But discouraged by George III under whom began a dangerous
319
Ability and accomplishments of Burke 325329
325
Burkes subsequent hallucinations and violence 334339
334
The king now favoured him 341342
341
This also reacted upon England
348
But owing to the progress of knowledge a counter reaction
357
The nobles displace the clergy and celibacy is opposed by the prin
360
But notwithstanding all this there was a great difference between
438
In England the nobles were less powerful than in France
444
This state contrasted with that of England
450
Illustration from the history of chivalry
456
Analogy between the Reformation and the revolutions of the seven
462
and Charles I vainly attempted to restore their power
468
But in France the energy of the protective spirit and the power
477
As such men were the leaders of the Fronde the rebellion naturally
483
CHAPTER XI
490
Servility in the reign of Louis XIV 491498
491
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
499
Also in zoology and in chemistry
505
Illustrations from the history of French art 511512
511
CHAPTER XII
517
Admiration of England expressed by Frenchmen
528
In France literature was the last resource of liberty
541
Hence they were led to assail Christianity 547550
547
CHAPTER XIII
553
Still further progress early in the seventeenth century 557560
557
Illustration of this from the work of Audigier 566568
566
Immense improvements introduced by Voltaire
575
His views adopted by Mallet Mably Velly Villaret Duclos
582
He weakened the authority of mere scholars and theologians
588
The discourses of Turgot and their influence
596
The intellect of France began to attack the state about 1750 602603
602
Abolition of the Jesuits
608
Jansenism being allied to Calvinism its revival in France aided
614
But was averted for a time by the most eminent Frenchmen direct
618
And in Condillac
627
In England during the same period there was a dearth of great
636
Relation between inventions discoveries and method and immense
645
Great and successful efforts made by the French in botany 652654
652
All these vast results were part of the causes of the French Revolu
658
Summary of the causes of the French Revolution 668670
668

מהדורות אחרות - הצג הכל

מונחים וביטויים נפוצים

קטעים בולטים

עמוד 174 - In no country perhaps in the world is the law so general a study. The profession itself is numerous and powerful ; and in most provinces it takes the lead. The greater number of the deputies sent to the congress were lawyers. But all who read, and most do read, endeavor to obtain some smattering in that science.
עמוד 594 - Il ya des causes générales, soit morales, soit physiques, qui agissent dans chaque monarchie, l'élèvent, la maintiennent, ou la précipitent; tous les accidents sont soumis à ces causes; et, si le hasard d'une bataille, c'està-dire une cause particulière, a ruiné un État, il y avait une cause générale qui faisait que cet État devait périr par une seule bataille. En un mot, l'allure principale entraîne avec elle tous les accidents particuliers.
עמוד 20 - In a given state of society, a certain number of persons must put an end to their own life. This is the general law; and the special question as to who shall commit the crime depends of course upon special laws; which, however, in their total action, must obey the large social law to which they are subordinate.
עמוד 335 - The storm has gone over me; and I lie like one of those old oaks which the late hurricane has scattered about me. I am stripped of all my honours, I am torn up by the roots, and lie prostrate on the earth!
עמוד 622 - Si la nature, au lieu de mains et de doigts flexibles, eût terminé nos poignets par un pied de cheval, qui doute que les hommes sans arts, sans habitations, sans défense contre les animaux, tout occupés du soin de pourvoir à leur nourriture et d'éviter les bêtes féroces, ne fussent encore errants dans les forêts comme des troupeaux fugitifs (i)?
עמוד 329 - In effect, to follow not to force the public inclination, to give a direction, a form, a technical dress, and a specific sanction to the general sense of the community, is the true end of legislature.
עמוד 128 - Here, then, lies the gist of the whole matter. The progress is one, not of internal power, but of external advantage. The child born in a civilized land, is not likely, as such, to be superior to one born among barbarians ; and the difference which ensues between the acts of the two children will be caused, so far as we know, .solely by the pressure of external circumstances ; by which I mean the surrounding opinions, knowledge, associations, in a word, the entire mental atmosphere in which the two...
עמוד 333 - ... necessary to consider distinctly the true nature and the peculiar circumstances of the object which we have before us: because, after all our struggle, whether we will or not, we must govern America according to that nature and to those circumstances, and not according to our own imaginations...
עמוד 129 - For there is, unquestionably, nothing to be found in the world which has undergone so little change as those great dogmas of which moral systems are composed. To do good to others; to sacrifice for their benefit your own wishes ; to love your neighbor as yourself; to forgive your enemies; to restrain your passions; to honor your parents; to respect those who are set over you ; these, and a few others, are the sole essentials of morals; but they have been known for thousands of years...
עמוד 247 - Religion; it were unnatural not to think the Pastors and Bishops of our souls a great deal more fit, than men of secular trades and callings: howbeit, when all which the wisdom of all sorts can do is done for the devising of Laws in the Church, it is the general consent of all that giveth them the form and vigour of Laws, without which they could be no more unto us than the counsels of Physicians to the sick...

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