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And as mine eye doth his effigies witness
I find the verse “ Nor shrink before the wintry wind,” is altered to “ Nor shrink before the warping wind.” Holt White.
The meaning is this: Though the very waters, by thy agency, are forced, against the law of their nature, to bend from their ftated level, yet thy fting occasions less anguish to man, than the ingratitude of those he befriended. HenLEY.
Wood is faid to warp when its surface, from being level, becomes bent and uneven; from warpan, Sax. to cast. So, in this play, Act III. sc. iii: “- then one of you will prove a shrunk pannel, and, like green timber, warp, warp.” I doubt whether the poet here alludes to any operation of frost. The meaning may be only, Thou bitter wintry sky, though thou curleft the waters, thy fting, &c. Thou in the line before us refers only to-bitter sky. The influence of the winter's sky or season may, with sufficient propriety, be said to warp the surface of the ocean, by agitation of its waves alone.
That this passage refers to the turbulence of the sky, and the consequent agitation of the ocean, and not to the operation of froft, may be collected from our author's having in King John described ice as uncommonly smooth :
“ To throw a perfume on the violet,
“ To smooth the ice," &c. Malone. 6 As friend remember'd not.] Remember'd for remembering. So, afterwards, A&t III. sc. laft:
“ And now I am remember'd”_ i. e. and now that I bethink me, &c. MALONE.
7 - as thy master is: ] The old copy has—masters, Corrected by the editor of the second folio. MALONE.
ACT III. SCENE 1.
A Room in the Palace.
Enler Duke Frederick, Oliver, Lords, and
Duke F. Not see him since? Sir, sir, that can
not be: But were I not the better part made mercy, I should not seek an absent argument 8 Of my revenge, thou presenti But look to it; Find out thy brother, wheresoc’er he is; Seek him with candle ;' bring him dead or living, Within this twelvemonth, or turn thou no more To seek a living in our territory. Thy lands, and all things that thou dost call
thine, Worth seizure, do we seize into our hands; Till thou canst quit thee by thy brother's mouth, Of what we think against thee. Oli. O, that your highness knew my heart in
this! I never lov'd my brother in my life. Duke F. More villain thou.-Well, push him out
3 an absent argument ] An argument is used for the contents of a book, thence Shakspeare considered it as meaning the Jubjcct, and then used it for subjeet in yet another sense.
JOHNSON. 9 Seek him with candle ;] Alluding, probably, to St. Luke's Gospel, ch. xv. v. 8: “ If she lose one piece, doth the not light a candle,-and seck diligently till she find it?” STEEVENS.
And let my officers of such a nature
The Forest. Enter Orlando, with a Paper. Orl. Hang there, my verse, in witness of my love: And, thou, thrice-crowned queen of night, sur
With thy chaste eye, from thy pale sphere above,
Thy huntress' name, that my full life doth sway.*
9 And let my officers of such a nature
Make an extent upon his house and lands: ] “ To make an extent of lands,” is a legal phrase, from the words of a writ, (extendi facias) whereby the iheriff is directed to cause certain lands to be appraised to their full extended value, before he delivers them to the person entitled under a recognizance, &c. in order that it may be certainly known how soon the debt will be paid.
MALONE. ? — expediently,] That is, expeditiously. Johnson.
Expedient, throughout our author's plays, fignifies--expeditious. So, in King John:
“ His marches are expedient to this town.” Again, in King Richard 11:
“ Are making hither with all due expedience.” STEEVENS. 3 — thrice-crowned queen of night,] Alluding to the triple character of Proserpine, Cynthia, and Diana, given by some my. thologists to the fame goddess, and comprised in these memorial
Terret, luftrat, agit, Proserpina, Luna, Diana,
that my full life doth sway.] So, in Twelfth Night: “ M. O. A. I. doth fway my life." STEEVENS.
O Rosalind! these trees shall be my books,
And in their barks my thoughts I'll character; That every eye, which in this forest looks,
Shall see thy virtue witness'd every where. Run, run, Orlando; carve, on every tree, The fair, the chaste, and unexpressive 5 she. [Exit.
Enter Corin and TouchSTONE. Cor. And how like you this shepherd's life, malter Touchstone?
TOUCH. Truly, shepherd, in respect of itself, it is a good life; but in respect that it is a shepherd's life, it is naught. In respect that it is solitary, I like it very well ; but in respect that it is private, it is a very vile life. Now in respect it is in the fields, it pleaseth me well; but in respect it is not in the court, it is tedious. As it is a spare life, look you, it fits my humour well; but as there is no more plenty in it, it goes much against my stomach. Hast any philosophy in thee, shepherd ?
Cor. No more, but that I know, the more one fickens, the worse at ease he is; and that he that wants money, means, and content, is without three good friends :--That the property of rain is to wet, and fire to burn: That good pasture makes fat sheep; and that a great cause of the night, is lack of the sun: That he, that hath learned no wit by
4 -- Unexpressive-] For inexpressible. JOHNSON. Milton also, in his Hymn on the Nativity, uses unexpreshive for
“ Harping with loud and solemn quire,
nature nor art, may complain of good breeding, or comes of a very dull kindreds
Touch. Such a one is a natural philosopher. Wast ever in court, shepherd ?
Cor. No, truly,
Touch. Truly, thou art damn'd; like an illroasted egg, all on one side.
s- he, that hath learned no wit hy nature nor art, may complain of good breeding, or comes of a very dull kindred.] I am in doubt whether the cultom of the language in Shakspeare's time did not authorise this mode of speech, and make complain of good breeding the same with complain of the want of good breeding. In the last line of The Merchant of Venice we find that to fear the keeping is to fear the not keeping. Johnson.
I think, he means rather—may complain of a good education, for being so inefficient, of so little use to him. MALONE.
6 Such a one is a natural philosopher.] The shepherd had said all the philofophy he knew was the property of things, that rain wetted, fire burnt, &c. And the Clown's reply, in a satire on phyficks or natural philosophy, though introduced with a quibble, is extremely juft. For the natural philosopher is indeed as ignorant (notwithstanding all his parade of knowledge) of the efficient cause of things, as the rustic. It appears, from a thousand instances, that our poet was well acquainted with the phyfics of his time; and his great penetration enabled him to fee this remediless defect of it. WARBURTON
Shakspeare is responsible for the quibble only, let the commen. tator answer for the refinement. STEEVENS.
The Clown calls Corin a natural philospher, because he reasons from his observations on nature. M. Mason.
A natural being a common term for a fool, Touchstone, perhaps, means to quibble on the word. He may however only mean, that Corin is a self-taught philosopher; the disciple of nature.
MALONE. 7 like an ill-roasted egg,] Of this jeft I do not fully com. prehend the meaning. Johnson.
There is a proverb, that a fool is the best roaster of an egg, be. caufe he is alquays turning it. This will explain how an egg may