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* TAMING OF THE Shrew.) We have hitherto fupposed Shakspeare the authour of The Taming of the Shrew, but his property in it is extremely difputable. I will give my opinion, and the reasons on which it is founded. I suppose then the present play not originally the work of Shakspeare, but restored by him to the stage, with the whole Induction of the Tinker; and some other occasional improvements; especially in the character of Petruchio. It is very obvious that the Induction and the Play were either the works of different hands, or written at a great interval of time. The former is in our author's best manner, and a great part of the latter in his worst, or even below it. Dr. Warburton declares it to be certainly spurious ; and without doubt, fuppofing it to have been written by Shakspeare, it must have been one of his earliest productions. Yet it is not mentioned in the list of his works by Meres in 1598.
I have met with a facetious piece of Sir John Harrington, printed in 1596, (and possibly there may be an earlier edition, called The Metamorphosis of Ajax, where I suspect an allusion to the old play : “ Read the Booke of Taming a Shrew, which hath made a number of us so perfect, that now every one can rule a shrew in our countrey, save he that hath hir.” I am aware a modern linguist may object that the word book does not at present feem dramatick, but it was once technically fo: Gosson, in his Schoole of Abuse, containing a pleafaunt Invective against Poets, Pipers, Players, Fefters, and such like Caterpillars of a Commonwealth, 1979, mentions“ twoo prose bookes played at the Bell-Sauage :" and Hearne tells us, in a note at the end of William of Worcester, that he had seen a MS. in the nature of a Play or Interlude, intitled The Booke of Sir Thomas Moore.
And in fact there is such an old anonymous play in Mr. Pope's lift : “A pleasant conceited history, called, The Taming of a Shrew-fundry times acted by the earl of Pembroke his servants." Which seems to have been republished by the remains of that company in 1607, when Shakspeare's copy appeared at the BlackFriars or the Globe. Nor let this seem derogatory from the character of our poet. There is no reason to believe that he wanted to claim the play as his own; for it was not even printed till some years after his death ; but he merely revived it on his stage as a manager
In Tupport of what I have said relative to this play, let me only observe further at present, that the author of Hamlet speaks of Gonzago, and his wife Baptifta ; but the author of The Taming of the Shrew knew Baptista to be the name of a man. Mr. Capell indeed made me doubt, by declaring the authenticity of it to be confirmed by the testimony of Sir Aston Cockayn. I knew Sir Afton was much acquainted with the writers immediately subsequent to Shakspeare; and I was not inclined to dispute his authority : but how was I surprised, when I found that Cockayn ascribes nothing more to Shakspeare, than the Induction-Wincot-Ale and the Beggar! I hope this was only a Nip of Mr. Capell's memory.
FARMER. The following is Sir Aston's Epigram :
To Mr. Clement Fisher, or Wincot.
Sir A. Cockayn's Poems, 1659, p. 124. In spite of the great deference which is due from every commentator to Dr. Farmer's judgement, I own I cannot concur with him on the present occasion. I know not to whom I could impute this comedy, if Shakspeare was not its author. I think his hand is visible in almoft every scene, though perhaps not so evi. dently as in those which pass between Katharine and Petruchio.
I once thought that the name of this play might have been taken from an old Atory, entitled, The Wyf lapped in Morells Skin, or The Taming of a Shrew; but I have since discovered among the entries in the books of the Stationers' Company the following: “ Peter Shorte) May 2, 1594, a pleasaunt conceyted hystorie, called, The Tayminge of a Shrowe." It is likewise entered to Nich. Ling, Jan. 22, 1606; and to John Smythwicke, Nov. 19, 1607.
It was no uncommon practice among the authors of the age of Shakspeare, to avail themselves of the titles of ancient performances. Thus, as Mr. Warton has observed, Spenser sent out his Pastorals under the title of The Shepherd's Kalendar, a work which had been printed by Wynken de Worde, and reprinted about twenty years before these poems of Spenser appeared, viz. 1559.
Dr. Percy, in the first volume of his Reliques of Ancient Engliß Poetry, is of opinion, that The Frolick fome Duke, or the Tinker's Good Fortune, an ancient ballad in the Pepys' Collection, might have suggested to Shakspeare the Induction for this comedy.
Chance, however, has at last furnished me with the original to which Shakspeare was indebted for his fable; nor does this discovery at all dispose me to retract my former opinion, which the reader may find at the conclusion of the play. Such parts of the dialogue as our author had immediately imitated, I have occa