« הקודםהמשך »
That blinking Cupid gossips. Now shall he-
PAR. What one, i'faith?
Hel. That wishing well had not a body in’t,
Enter a Page.
Page. Monsieur Parolles, my lord calls for you.
[Exit Page. Par. Little Helen, farewell : if I can remember thee, I will think of thee at court. .
Hel. Monsieur Parolles, you were born under a charitable star.
PAR. Under Mars, I,
Hel, The wars have so kept you under, that you must needs be born under Mars.
PAR. When he was predominant.
5 And show what we alone must think ;] And how by realities what we now must only think. Johnson,
Par. That's for advantage.
Hel. So is running away, when fear proposes the safety: But the composition, that your valour and fear makes in you, is a virtue of a good wing, and I like the wear well.
PAR. I am so full of businesses, I cannot answer thee acutely: I will return perfect courtier; in the which, my instruction shall serve to naturalize thee,
6 is a virtue of a good wing,] Mr. Edwards is of opinion, that a virtue of a good wing refers to his nimbleness or fleetness in running away. The phrase, however, is taken from falconry, as may appear from the following passage in Marston's Fawne, 1606; " - I love my horse after a journeying easiness, as he is easy in journeying; my hawk, for the goodnefs of his wing, &c.” Or it may be taken from dress: So, in Every Man out of bis Humour: “ I would have mine such a suit without a difference; such stuff, such a wing, such a sleeve," &c. Mr. Tollet observes, that a good wing fignifies a Arong wing in Lord Bacon's Natural Hiftory, experiment 866: « Certainly many birds of a good wing (as kites and the like) would bear up a good weight as they fly.”
STEEVENS. The reading of the old copy (which Dr. Warburton changed to ming,) is supported by a passage in King Henry V. in which we meet with a similar expression: “ Though his affections are higher mounted than ours, yet when they stoop, they stoop with the like wing." Again, in K. Henry IV. P. I:
“ Yet let me wonder Harry,
“ Quite from the flight of all thy ancestors.” MALONE. The meaning of this passage appears to be this: “ If your valour will suffer you to go backward for advantage, and your fear for the same reason will make you run away, the composition that your valour and fear make in you, must be a virtue that will fly far and swiftly."--A bird of a good wing, is a bird of swift and strong flight.
Though the latter part of this sentence is fense as it stands, I cannot help thinking that there is an error in it, and that we ought to read~" And is like to wear well.”-Instead of " I like the wear well." M, Mason.
so thou wilt be capable of a courtier's counsel,' and understand what advice shall thrust upon thee; else thou diest in thine unthankfulness, and thine igno. rance makes thee away: farewell. When thou haft leisure, say thy prayers; when thou hast none, remember thy friends: get thee a good husband, and use him as he uses thee : so farewell. [Exit,
Hel. Our remedies oft in ourselves do lie, Which we ascribe to heaven: the fated sky Gives us free scope; only, doth backward pull Our Now designs, when we ourselves are dull. What power is it, which mounts my love so high; That makes me fee, and cannot feed mine eye? The mightiest space in fortune nature brings To join like likes, and kiss like native things.' Impossible be strange attempts, to those That weigh their pains in sense; and do suppose, What hath been cannot be: Who ever strove To show her merit, that did miss her love?
i f thou wilt be capable of a courtier's counfel,] i, c, thou wilt comprehend it. See a note in Hamlet on the words
" Whose form and cause conjoin'd, preaching to stones,
“ Would make them capable." MALONE. 8 What power is it, which mounts my love so high;
That makes me fee, and cannot feed mine eye??] She means, by what influence is my love directed to a person so much above me? why am I made to discern excellence, and left to long after it, without the food of hope? Johnson. 9 — native things.] Things formed by nature for each other.
M, MASON, • The mightieft space in fortune nature brings
To join like likes, and kiss like native thingsa
What hath been, &c.] All these four lines are obscure, and, I believe, corrupt; I shall propose an emendation, which those who can explain the present reading, are at liberty to reject:
Through mightiest space in fortune nature brings
The king's disease—my project may deceive me, But my intents are fix'd, and will not leave me.
That is, nature brings like qualities and difpofitions to meet through any distance that forlune may set between them; she joins them and makes them kiss like things born together. The next lines I read with Sir T. Hanmer:
Impossible be strange attempts to those
That weigh their pains in sense, and do fuppose
What ha'n't been, cannot be. New attempts seem impossible to those who estimate their labour or enterprises by sense, and believe that nothing can be but what they see before them. JOHNSON. .
I understand the meaning to be this—The affections given us by nature often unite persons between whom fortune or accident has placed the greatest distance or disparity; aud cause them to join, like likes, (inftar parium) like persons in the same situation or rank of life. Thus (as Mr. Steevens has observed) in Timon of Athens :
“ Thou soldereft close impossibilities,
“ And mak'st them kiss.". This interpretation is strongly confirmed by a subsequent speech of the countesses steward, who is supposed to have over heard this soliloquy of Helena: “ Fortune, she said, was no goddess, that had put such difference betwixt their two estates."
The mightiest space in fortune, for persons the most widely separated by fortune, is certainly a licenţious expression; but it is such a licence as Shakspeare often takes. Thus in Cymbeline, the diminution of Space is used for the diminution, of which space, or distance, is the cause. If he had written Spaces (as in Troilus and Crellida,
“ her whom we know well
« The world's large spaces cannot parallel,)”. the passage would have been more clear; but he was confined by the metre. We might, however, read
The mightief space in nature fortune brings
To join, &c. i. e. accident sometimes unites those whom inequality of rank has separated. But I believe the text is right, MALONE.
SCENE II. Paris. A Room in the King's Palace. Flourish of cornets. Enter the King of France, with
letters; Lords and others attending.
King. The Florentines and Senoys' are by the ears; Have fought with equal fortune, and continue A braving war.
i Lord. So 'tis reported, fir.
King. Nay, 'tis most credible; we here receive it
His love and wisdom,
He hath arm'd our answer,
It may well serve
What’s he comes here!
3 Senoys - The Sanes, as they are termed by Boccace. Painter, who translates him, calls them Senois. They were the people of a small republick, of which the capital was Sienna, The Florentines were ac perpetual variance with them.