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ink, etc., and loaned him money to the extent broils or alienation, and when a sister once of over two hundred pounds to buy types and appealed to him to espouse her side of a a stock of books and stationery. That the disagreement, he replied.
old grudge was forgotten is proved, too, by If I were to set myself up as a judge ... between Franklin's will, in which he left as much to you and your brother's widow and children, how the descendants of James Franklin as to the unqualified must I be, at this distance, to deterdescendants of his other brothers and sis- mine rightly, especially having heard but one side. ters. He seems, indeed, to have hated family They always treated me with friendly and affec
tionate regard; you have done the same. What the Washing of Scarlets, or any other bright and can I say between you, but that I wish you were curious Colours, that are apt to change by the Use reconciled, and that I will love that side best that of common Soap. The Sweetness of the Flavor is most ready to forgive and oblige the other? and the fine Lather it immediately produces, renYou will be angry with me here, for putting you ders it pleasant for the Use of Barbers. It is cut and them too much upon a footing; but I shall in exact and equal Cakes neatly put up, and sold nevertheless be, dear sister, your truly affection- at the New Printing Office, at ls. per Cake. ate brother.
Neither brother, however, seems to have More direct aid was afforded his two own prospered in the business, for when Franklin brothers, John and Peter, both of whom set became Deputy Postmaster-General he made
WILLIAM TEMPLE FRANKLIN, GRANDSON OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, 1790. FROM THE ORIGINAL PAINTING IN THE TRUMBULL COLLECTION OF THE YALE SCHOOL OF ART, NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT.
out in life in their father's trade of soap- John postmaster of Boston, and Peter postand candle-making. Although Benjamin ob- master of Philadelphia. Of the former Frankjected to their stamping the Franklin arms lin says, in his autobiography, that he always on their cakes of soap, he ordered quantities lov'd me”; and though there was some family of their wares from them both, which his joking about Peter's perpetual doctoring of wife retailed in his book-shop in Philadel- himself, so that he cures himself many times phia, and increased the sale by recurrent a day," Benjamin seems to have been fond advertisements in Franklin's paper, which of him also, showing evident grief when “it announced with each consignment:
pleased God at length to take from us my Just imported, another Parcel of
only remaining brother." He aided the two
widows, establishing one in business, and SUPER FINE CROWN SOAP. continuing the other as postmistress, thus It cleanses fine Linens, Muslins, Laces, Chinces, making her, so far as is known, the first Cambricks &c. with Ease and Expedition, which woman to hold public office in America. often suffer more from the long and hard Rubbing
He that has neither fools nor beggars of the Washer, through the ill Qualities of the Soap among his kindred, is the son of thunderthey use, than the Wearing. It is excellent for gust,” remarked Poor Richard; and Frank
lin's sisters were no more prosperous in life children. Several of these drifted to Lonthan were his brothers. The eldest, Eliza- don before the Revolution, and appealed to beth, when over eighty years old, came to their uncle, when he came to France, for extreme poverty, and her relatives consulted various kinds of assistance. One was“ Obliged the only successful member of the family to Worke very hard and Can But just git the as to whether her house and “fine things” common necessarys of life,” and therefore should be sold.
has “thoughts of going into a family as
housekeeper As having their own way is one of the greatest station for several years and gave grate
having lived in that comforts of life to old people (Benjamin replied], I think their friends should endeavour to accom
satisfaction.” She sought his aid in securmodate them in that, as well as in any thing else. ing the promotion of her son, then in the When they have long lived in a house, it becomes British navy-a peculiar request, considernatural to them; they are almost as closely con- ing Franklin's relations, or lack of relations, nected with it as the tortoise with his shell; they at the moment, with the British government.
die, if you tear them out of it; old folks and old Toward another, Jonathan Williams, the trees, if you remove them, it is ten to one that uncle seems to have been well disposed. He you kill them; so let our good old sister be no more took charge of his education while in Lonimportuned on that head. We are growing old don, made the young fellow his secretary for fast ourselves, and shall expect the same kind of indulgences; if we give them, we shall have a
a time, and finally was instrumental in havright to receive them in our turn. And as to her ing him made commercial agent of the few fine things, I think she is in the right not to United States in France during the Revosell them, and for the reason she gives, that they lution, an appointment that caused first will fetch but little; when that little is spent, they "oblique Censures," and ultimately outwould be of no further use to her; but perhaps the spoken denunciations. Williams was accused expectation of possessing them at her death may of dishonesty, and his uncle promptly wrote: make that person tender and careful of her, and helpful to her to the amount of ten times their
I have no desire to screen Mr. Williams on acvalue. If so, they are put to the best use they count of his being my nephew; if he is guilty of possibly can be.
what you charge him with, I care not how soon he
is deservedly punished and the family purged of A small bequest was made in Franklin's him; for I take it that a rogue living in a family will to his sister Ann's children and grand- is a greater disgrace to it than one hanged out of it.
Fortunately, the nephew was able to clear Franklin's sister Sarah died shortly after himself; but the appointment had caused marriage-"a loss without doubt regretted scandal, and had been one source of the by all who knew her, for she was a good American divisions in Paris, as well as in woman.”
MRS. RICHARD BACHE (SARAH FRANKLIN), DAUGHTER OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. AFTER THE HOPPNER PORTRAIT
PAINTED IN 1792, IN POSSESSION OF MRS. DUNCAN S. WALKER, WASHINGTON, D. C.
the Continental Congress. Another unfor Her husband, Josiah Davenport, encourtunate result was that Williams later be- aged by his brother-in-law, removed to Philacame embarrassed in some private ventures delphia, and opened a bakery, where he sold in France, and Franklin unjustifiably used “Choice middling bisket," varied by occathe influence of his position to secure from sional offerings of "Boston loaf sugar” the French government a surséance as re- and “choice pickled and spiced Oisters in garded his creditors.
One of her sons, on the death of Peter the girl was married at fifteen, the brother Franklin, was appointed by his uncle post- writing her, upon the event, that he had master of Philadelphia; but he does not ap- “almost determined" to send her “a tea pear to have been competent, and was soon table, but when I considered the character
WILLIAM FRANKLIN, ELDER SON OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN. AFTER A PENCIL DRAWING BY ALBERT
ROSENTHAL FROM THE ORIGINAL PAINTING, THE PROPERTY OF DR. THOMAS HEWSON BACHE.
superseded by another appointee, and given of a good house wife was far preferable to a smaller office under the government. that of being only a pretty gentlewoman, I
Of all his sisters, the youngest, Jane, was, concluded to send you a spinning wheel, so Franklin told her, “ever my peculiar fa- which I hope you will accept as a small vorite"; and he took pride in the news that token of my sincere love and affection." she had “grown a celebrated beauty.” Evi- And in this monitory strain the aged brother dently it was not merely a fraternal view, for of twenty continued: