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jointly for the public good. This mutual understanding among the year the necessity of a new and en missionaries, the opportunity was larged church was again pressed embraced of instructing the people upon their attention. A simul- on that day in the nature and duty taneous desire was expressed to of Christian charity; and a mode proceed: without delay they began was pointed out by which they also to quarry stones, fell timber, and might exemplify their gratitude to prepare
the materials for the build. God for his unmerited mercies toing. The foundation was laid with wards them, and extend their commuch solemnity. The missionaries passion to their ignorant countryhad to build the walls themselves men. The people of Lovedale imtill they were above ground, for the mediately made a collection of what Caffres know nothing of masonry. they had to give, corn, which far Above ground however, the walls are exceeded the expectations of the not of stone. They are built of missionaries. It amounted to about layers of clay, well kneaded and four bolls of millet. Mr. Thomson wrought, and mixed with chopped did not intend calling upon his straw. The same mode of building people, as they were engaged in is often employed in different parts gratuitously building his new church. of this country, and makes a very He was unwilling to press upon them substantial house. In rotation, the too heavily. They were apprised Caffres labour at this part of the however of the transaction at Lovework. Ten are daily called out dale; and to his surprise the whole from a list of the whole population. body of the people presented them. They receive no remuneration ex- selves one morning at his door, each cept one meal during the day. The one with an offering of corn. The most wealthy have even contributed blind, the lame, and the aged came to this by sending each in his turn with their gift. Little children a cow for food.
borne upon the shoulders of their “ Last spring, the missionaries parents, if they had strength to hold lent every agricultural implement it, had a little basket full of corn in which they had to the people for their hands. Upwards of twelve digging and tilling the ground. The bolls were received from them as crop was more than an average one. their free-will offering. The whole A day of thanksgiving for the abund- is to be sold, and the money sent, ant harvest was appointed, and ob- as they express it, to their friends served at both places with much beyond the sea, that they may send apparent gratitude. According to a out more teachers among them."
PROGRESS OF EDUCATION IN EUROPE. The following is the substance of ing the system into Egypt, through the intelligence collected by the the medium of a number of youths, correspondents of the British and who have been placed under the Foreign School Society, relative to direction of M. Jomard, the secrethe progress of education in various tary of the society at Paris. These parts of Europe under the system youths have been confided to his of mutual instruction.
care by the governor of Egypt, is France. There are now in France order to be instructed in European between 500 and 600 schools on the arts and sciences. The committee system of mutual instruction: the state, that those parts of France, reports from the provinces are where the people have received the generally of a favourable kind, and greatest assistance in forming pri. the schools in Paris are said to be mary schools, are generally those in prosperous. The committee have which the country is best improved, received the gratifying information, where industry displays its greatest that there is a prospect of introduc- activity and obtains the greatest success, where happiness is more occupied in the publication and abundant, and where good, morals distribution of cheap school-books are more general. In forty-three in the French language. Infant departments, comprising those where schools are about to be established instruction has made the smallest at Brussels; and the king has enprogress, and in which the schools couraged the attempt by a liberal provide for only 177,420 scholars, donation. the number of illegitimate children, Germany and Prussia. The accompared with the adults, is con- counts of the progress of popular siderably greater than in forty-three education, in the greater part of other departments, where instruc- Germany, are most gratifying. In tion is more extended, and where the Prussian dominions especially, 885,589 children are taught. We re- the greatest efforts are made, both gret to learn, that, out of 31,600,000 on the part of the government and inhabitants of France, from fifteen by private individuals and com-, to sixteen millions can neither read munities, to extend the benefits of nor write. Three-fourths of those early instruction, and to prevent any who are of age to be admitted into class of society from being excluded the schools, are deprived of every from them. In most of the large kind of education. This deplorable towns the schools have, within these want is however very unequally felt. few years, been re-organised and In some departments of the north the number increased; and since and the east, the number of children the king has placed considerable who attend the schools may be one- sums at the disposal of committees, tenth of the population; while, in selected and appointed by the comothers, it is not more than the two- munities themselves, a public spirit hundred-and-twenty-ninth part.
has been excited, and a general inThe committee strongly recom- terest called forth, which promise mend the system of mutual instruc- the best results. Some of the smaller tion, by which, with the same sum States of Germany follow the exwhich is annually devoted to the ample of Prussia; and have, of late, support of about 27,000 existing much enlarged and improved the schools, they could extend the be establishments for the education of nefits of education fourfold. It is schoolmasters. The system of mutual therefore the more distressing to instruction is in many schools parlearn, that the number of schools on tiallyadopted, and dailygains ground, this system has progressively dimi- In all these schools the holy Scripnished. The cause we fear, is obvious tures are daily read, and the formain the political and religious bigotry tion of pious habits in the youthful which has taken such deep root in mind is considered as the primary some of the most influential quarters. object of education.
Switzerland.-In Switzerland the It is to be lamented, that, in some system has been introduced with districts of Germany, especially in happy effects. At Geneva, Fribourg, the dominion of Austria, a very Lausanne, and other places, schools different spirit actuates the ruling have been established, and are re- powers; but some of the Catholic ported to be prosperous.
States, and especially the GovernNetherlands. In the kingdom of ment of the kingdom of Bavaria, the Netherlands, education enjoys promote the cause of universal eduthe royal favour. The model schools cation. at Brussels are reported to be suc- Denmark. In no country has the cessful and well attended. Societies British system made such rapid profor the promotion of elementary gress as in Denmark. The system instruction have been formed in the of mutual instruction had been intro provinces of Luxemburg, Namur, duced into upwards of 2000 schools, and Liege: the two latter are chiefly probablycontaining 100,000scholars, CHRIST. OBSERV. APP.
This success is chiefly owing to the the provinces. In the whole king. effective patronage of the king. His dom of Sweden there are at present majesty's support is connected with 110 schools on the system of mutual no compulsory measures whatever; instruction, in which 7728 children but is solely expressed by recom- are educated, besides various schools mendation, encouragement, and be- of a higher class in which the system nevolent aid. In many of the schools has been introduced. the system is applied, not only to the Russia.—The schools instituted elementary branches of learning, but at Petersburgh for foreign children also to linear drawing, music, gym- are thriving, and afford education nastics, and the Latin and French to 300 boys and 200 girls. Among Janguages.
these children are the offspring of Sweden.-Education in Sweden is Germans, English, Flemish, Swedes, proceeding with no lingering steps; and Jews. and is warmly patronised by the king, Italy. - The schools established whose generous views are zealously in Italy and Sicily, though strugseconded by the council of state. gling with difficulties incident to
Sixty-six individuals have studied their situation, enjoy considerable the system, during the last twelve prosperity. The societies at Naples months, in the schools of the society and Florence were proceeding sucat Stockholm, and received certifi- cessfully, at the date of the last incates of their ability to teach it in telligence, in their benevolent career.
KENYON COLLEGE, GAMBIER TOWN, OHIO. Bishop Chase, in making his re. cerning the collections from our port to the trustees of Kenyon friends in the Atlantic States, to aid College, gave the following anong in the erection of our college build. many other interesting statements. ings, I cannot speak in terms of
“I have requested your present sufficient respect and thankfulness. meeting, that I might lay before you The hearts of thousands were open my proceedings during the past to us; and of all classes many were year, in relation to the institution found willing to assist us.” of which, under Divine Providence, The bishop then goes on to relate you are the guardians; and also to many interesting particulars respectspeak something of the prospects ing these benefactions; and to men. which God has most mercifully tion his intended ordination of Mr. opened to our view. This done, we West, who had been sent out to him shall lay the corner-stone of Kenyon from his friends in England, and College, to be erected on these fa- whom he has sent back, as he says, voured grounds, to the glory of God to expedite the sailing of such famiand the good of millions yet unborn. lies as were prepared to emigrate to Subsequently to the meeting of the Gambier, “and in the character of convention at which it was deter- a clergyman of Ohio, in full orders, mined to fix our seminary on these to plead the cause of religion and lands, six weeks were passed in learning' now so evidently suffering clearing and surveying the grounds, in the west, before those who, to the and in fixing the site and boundaries honour of mankind, and of our comof our habitation; and at the end of mon Christianity, have hitherto so that period my health was impaired generously sympathised with us." by sickness: yet I had strength to At a meeting of the citizens of proceed to the Atlantic States, and Mount Vernon, in the state of Ohio, commence the subscription to raise some resolutions were passed, in a fund for the erection of our build. which it is stated," Whereas, ings, which our own inability, and through the generosity and benevothe increasing number of our stu- lence of the people of England and dents, so imperiously demand. Con- these United States, a college and theological Seminary have been by the tomahawk of the murderous established at Gambier, in this savage, we are now blessed with county,—we, the citizens of Mount every possible degree of personal seVernon and its vicinity, deen it a curity, which can be expected where duty incumbent on us to make justice is regularly and faithfully adknown our sentiments of gratitude ministered. In less than half the towards those who have taken such period allotted to man's existence, lively interest in our welfare. To the territory now forming the State establish an extensive literary insti- of Ohio has emerged from a dreary tution, in a new country, with funds wilderness, where no trace of human drawn (in a great measure) from the existence could be seen (except here benevolence of a distant nation, was and there a roaming Indian hunter) an undertaking new in itself, and to a state of improvement and civisurrounded with many difficulties. Jization, which has seldom, if ever, We were, therefore, in the first in- been equalled in so short a time in stance, disposed to look upon the any other country. But still much project of our venerable bishop as remains to be done. Through great wholly impracticable; but, under toil and suffering the immense the auspices of a bountiful Provi. forests of the west have been redence, the good work is going on deemed from their native wildness, in such a manner as warrants the by the hardihood and industry of most sanguine hope of its ultimate the emigrant; and comfort and accomplishment and success. The plenty now prevail, where, but a site which has been selected for short time ago, desolation alone held Kenyon College we consider one of her unlimited sway. The first great the best which could be found in work being accomplished, the period any country. It is situated on the has now arrived when a larger porbank of one of the most delightful tion of the people of the country streams of water which can be met can find employment in intellectual with, between the Alleghany and the pursuits. Although we are blest Rocky Mountains; and, though not with an abundance of the necessayet rendered classic by the pen of ries of life, still we are as a people genius, the transparency and cool. in want of that monied capital which ness of its waters, and the richness is required to found such literary inand variety of its natural scenery, stitutions as are called for by the 'would seem to entitle it to equal necessities of the people.
This cacelebrity with the vale of Arno, the pital has, in a good degree, been Avon, or Wye. The face of the furnished by the piety, benevolence, country, in the neighbourhood, is , and liberality of another country; beautifully undulating : it contains a and so far as it has been furnished, vast number of pure springs of water, has been faithfully invested, acand is eminently calculated for a cording to the intention of the dense agricultural settlement. In donors.” addition to these advantages, it is A traveller who was present at situated near the centre of the state the laying of the corner-stone of the of Ohio, surrounded by a hardy, in- college, gives the following among dustrious, and enterprising popula- other particulars :-“ A park of tion, who, even within the memory lofty trees completely surrounds the of our young men, have witnessed college, except at the north, and the fulfilment of an ancient pro- covers all the descending grounds, phecy, in seeing the desert and the consisting of twelve or fourteen solitary place made glad, and the acres. Here, in this smooth and wilderness budding and blossoming well-adapted area, seemingly by the as the rose. Where, but thirty years hand of God prepared for the purago, the poor emigrant was every pose, on this site, raised above, and moment in danger of being assailed for ever secluded from the noise and
busy scenes of life, we saw the pre- the occasion, after which the writer parations for the commencement of continues :-" The day following this great, and good, and benevolent was Sunday,--and I shall never work. As I approached it, after forget it; for on it I saw, for the having attended Divine service, and first time of my life, an ordination heard an excellent sermon under the to the Christian ministry in the spreading trees, by the Rev. Mr. woods. A congregation of ChrisMorse, I could not but feel as sel- tian people, not a small one, was dom I ever before have felt. I gathered together under the spreadblessed God for baving permitted ing trees growing on the green banks me to see the commencement of a of Vernon river, which glides in Christian institution, the fountain of such purity and plenty in view of so many blessings to the present the college heights. Here the and to future generations. Filled Christian altar was raised; here the with these thoughts, which the pulpit, and here the chancel; and scene, of itself, was calculated si- here I saw Mr. West ordained to lently to inspire, I was called to the holy ministry of Christ's church: witness a most appropriate service, and when I saw him meekly kneel. the solemnity of which will be, I ing on the green turf, to receive the trust, imprinted on my memory so Jaying-on of hands, I blessed God long as life shall last."
that so much talent was consecrated Then follows an account of the to the service of the Redeemer of religious services offered up upon mankind."
DUSSELTHAL JEWISH PROSELYTE SOCIETY. The Rev. P. Treschow, who visited add my testimony to Count Von this institution last year, gives the der Recke's, with regard to the following account of it: -“ Mr. soundness and clearness of his docBormann lives among the proselytes trine, and the good progress the as a father among his children, and proselytes have made through him in is beloved and revered by them. the knowledge of Christian truth.” The proselytes live in a separate On Whitsunday last year eight house; but under the same roof are converts were received into the some workshops, and a school-room Christian church, by baptism, in a for boys. The Jews, under many very solemn manner. Thirty proinconveniences, have been brought selytes live in the house by theminto good order and cleanliness, and selves, of whom sixteen are baphave lived peaceably together. The tized, and the others are receiving workshops are in full activity, and I Christian instruction. Every Jew was delighted, not only to see the who promises to work, and to submit proselytes cheerfully employed, but to the laws of the institution, is realso to hear from their lips expres- ceived. Some leave it after a short sions of gratitude for the happy trial; but others, it is added, remain change they have experienced from to the saving of their souls. Several a wandering life to regular and use- of the eight proselytes, who were ful industry.”
baptized on Whitsunday, came ori“A clergyman, the Rev. Mr. ginally to Dusselthal with no other Schmidt, lately arrived to labour in intention than that of working for this field. His whole time is de- a short time as journeymen, and voted to the work of the ministry, were far from intending to become and the proselytes have their full Christians. A few of these still reshare in it. Besides the regular main in the institution: others of services, and morning and evening them have left it to exercise their prayers, he catechises them four trade in other places; and all of evenings in the week; and from them have continued to do honour what I have seen and heard myself to their profession by their Christian of his instructions to them, I can conduct.