« הקודםהמשך »
prosecution of this most valuable since the profession of Christianity. branch of industry is most true. The number of the inhabitants, But they are only such difficulties as small as it is, was on the very eve might be expected to occur in such of engaging in war; which was prea state of society, and which, there vented by the arrival of a missionis no doubt, wisdom and perse ary the day before an engagement verance will finally overcome. Every was to have taken place, who perthing practicable has been done by suaded them to live in peace, Yet the Missionary Society, to introduce these are the men whose efforts are the arts of civilized life, as well as represented as tending to desolation Christianity; and the effects even in and blood. That the conversion of this respect, resulting from the ex- the natives should increase indo. ertions of the missionaries, satisfac- lence, and this indolence depopulatorily prove, that the labour be- tion, is so extravagant an assertion stowed has not been altogether in as to need no refutation. vain.
“ Not less extraordinary is Cap1“ From the connexion in which tain Beechey's account of one of the the remarks on the youth of the causes of the mortality. He justly king, the alleged profligacy of his observes, it will scarcely be believed mother, and the jealousy of the that this mortality has been occachiefs, are introduced, it would sioned by their being too lazy to seem as if, according to Captain cook their food oftener than once a Beechey, the missionaries should be week; in consequence of which it accountable for these things as well becomes sour and unwholesome, as for the indolence of the natives. and produces complaints of the On the last topic, namely, the di- stomach, which carry them off.' vided state of the chiefs, and their This custom does not, as is in. jealousy of each other, -it is only sinuated, result from their embracnecessary to remark, that there have ing Christianity. It existed before been no wars in the islands since its introduction. It was found to be their conversion to Christianity, a the practice when the missionaries period of eleven years ; whereas, first visited them. They, instead of according to Mr. Nott, there were encouraging it, expostulated with not less than eight or ten wars, be the people, and reproved them; but tween 1797 and 1816. No equal were told it was the custom of the period of peace is known to have country. Whatever injurious effects, occurred prior to the reception of therefore, result from the practice, the Gospel. The natives themselves let them not be charged to Chrisoften express their surprise at its tianity, or to the missionaries. The long continuance, and declare their practice must be hurtful, but cannot conviction, that, but for Christianity, have produced more of disease or they would have had
battles. death since the introduction of the “One of the most extraordinary Gospel than before it. parts of Captain Beechey's state- “ Captain Beechey, the reviewer ment relates to Tobuai. There,' says, gives many other details of the he says, “the indolence of the na- same nature. What a pity he has tives, since their conversion, has not furnished hisreader with them all! been such, that out of the whole No doubt can be entertained that he population, but 200 remain. Will would have done so, had they been Captain Beechey inform us what unfavourable to the missionaries. was the number of the inhabitants Captain Beechey admits, that they before their conversion ? Is he pre- deserve ' every credit for having pared to prove that it is smaller now succeeded in abolishing human sathan it was then? The belief of the crifices and infanticide, which had missionaries is, that the population so extensively devastated the islands. has increased, and not diminished, Thus the men who by one process endeavour to save human life, and to lowing specimen from the New-York promote happiness, by another teach Advertiser :the inhabitants to be indolent, en- “ The missionaries are charged by courage civil commotion, and coun- the Quarterly Review with creattenance the most senseless mum. ing much mischief among the mery! I leave it to the Quarterly islanders;' with being destitute of Reviewer and his readers to recon- common sense; with very
little judgcile these things if they can." ment, and little acquaintance with
The defence of the South-Sea the human heart; not able from missians goes on to adduce the their education to handle the docstriking testimonies of various of trinal subjects of the Bible;' with ficers who had visited the islands attempting to force the darkest relative to the beneficial effects which and most dreary points of Puritan bad ensued in consequence of the discipline upon the simple-minded introduction of Christianity among islanders, whose character and habits the islanders. We shall not detain made it so clear that an exactly opour readers with these; but will posite course ought to be adopted.' just give a single illustration of the The subjects of their discourses are rash manner in which charges are of the most abstruse kind, which the so often urged by the press daily, hearers cannot understand, and the monthly, and quarterly, against preachers are unable by education Christian missionaries and missions. to explain.
to explain. "They hold out to Our readers may remember the their disciples, little or no encouragevolcanic mountain in Owyhee, con- ment, either by precept or example, nected with which the natives had to industrious habits. The shoenumerous idolatrous superstitions, maker who may have left his stall, from which the missionaries used and the tailor who has escaped from their utmost efforts to wean them. his shop-board, to commence evanBut, says the Quarterly Reviewer, gelical preaching, wouid think it « it never seems to have occurred degradation to instruct those poor to these worthy men, that a simple islanders in the use of the awl or practical explanation of the power the neeelle. They force the natives of steam might have done more to to spend all their time in preaching, weaken the belief of her votaries, praying, and singing. The naked, than five hundred sermons.” Now, or half-naked converts of Owyhee the very book which the Quarterly are required to attend church' five critic was professing to review con- times every day. tains the following passage : “ As “ Had the writer in the Review far as their language and mental taken the trouble to inform himself capability admitted, we endeavour. at all, of the character, talents, ed to explain some of the causes of learning, and other qualifications volcanic fire; and illustrated them of the American missionaries, he by the force of gunpowder, with the could not have summoned hardi. effects of which the natives are fa- hood enongh to slander them as he miliar, and assuring them that the has done in these respeets. We say expansive power of steam is much emphatically, that not one of the asgreater than that of gunpowder.” sertions we have above quoted is true.
The Sandwich-Island missionaries, These « no doubt well-intentioned our readers are aware, are Ameri- men,' as they are sneeringly denomicans; and their countrymen have not nated by the reviewer, instead of been backward in defending them creating much mischief among the against the attacks of the cis-Atlan- islanders,' are daily averting and tic critic. And they are fully ca- banishing mischief, and reforming pable of so doing by the adduction the islanders to their great satisfac. of simple facts. We give the fol- tion. So far from preaching from
difficult and abstruse texts, they se- unnecessary to quote further in relect the most simple and compre- futation of charges so utterly grahensible subjects.
The mission- tuitous. The more we examine aries did not go there to teach them into the character and effects of handicraft employments ; but there these missions, the more we feel were mechanics in their train who persuaded that they have been of have not been idle. The mission- inestimable benefit to the natives in aries teach them all that is consis. all their moral, domestic, social, and tent with their duties, while their political relations, and, above all, as wives teach the native women to responsible beings, heirs to a neversew and make dresses. Instead of ending duration, and needing to be compelling the natives to go to pardoned and cleansed through the church five times every day, they blood of that atoning Sacrifice which have regularly but three services a these despised missionaries have week, two on the Sabbath, and a been the honoured instruments in lecture on Wednesdays."
the bands of God of making known Other documents on the subject to them. abound to satiety ; but it is surely
SOCIETY FOR THE CONVERSION OF THE JEWS. The society commence their Nine- girls have been admitted during the teenth Annual Report with an ex- past year : one boy bas been put pression of their humble and sincere out apprentice, and two girls have thanks to the Author of all good, for been placed as servants in Christian that measure of success with which families. he has blessed their efforts to spread The society's publications, chiefly the knowledge of his salvation the Old and New Testaments, or amongst the scattered remnant of parts of them, in Hebrew, have been Israel.
very numerous. The society bad The interest taken in the cause of also undertaken the publication of the society, they state, continues to an edition of the Old Testament increase amongst Christians in ge- Scriptures in the Judæo-Polish dianeral. During the past year six lect. new auxiliary societies have been The society have removed their formed, at York, Wellington in So- seminary to the immediate vicinity mersetsbire, Hackney and its vici- of the metropolis. Among the stu. nity, Oxford, Reading, and Wantage. dents, who are about eight in numThe total amount of contributions ber, is a converted Jew, who was to the society, during the year, is for some years connected with the 14,4571., which exhibits an increase American society. of 1,2641. above the preceding year. In reference to Mr. Wolff, the
The committee testify, that a committee state, that his mission was spirit of religious inquiry is increas- so intimately in unison with the great ing amongst the Jewish people. Se- designs of the society, that they had veral individuals continue to give repaid the expenses of it, and taken occasional attendance at the so- him into immediate and exclusive ciety's chapel ; the secretaries have connexion with the society. There also received the visits of Jews, and are thirty-three missionaries, catehave been requested to see others at chists, or missionary agents, in contheir own dwellings, and in a few nexion with the society, of whom ten instances to visit them on a bed of are of the Jewish nation, sickness.
In reporting their foreign operaThere are in the schools of the tions, the committee first direct society, forty-one boys and forty their attention to the Jewish mission nine girls. Four boys and three at Hamburgh, where the society has
to tell tries,”
established a school for Jewish chil- political condition of the Jewish dren, the number of whom has been population. gradually on the increase ; and the
At Frankfort there is an auxiliary improvement made by many of them society for promoting Christianity has been as great as could reason
among the Jews.
At Dresden, ably be expected. The missionaries there is a society established lament the avowed infidelity of many for promoting biblical knowledge of the Jews, who not only refuse to amongst them. They have a school believe the New Testament, but re- for Jewish children, under the care ject Moses and the Prophets. A of the society. weekly meeting of Jews has com- In directing their attention to the menced for prayer and exposition efforts which are making in Prussia of the Scriptures.
on behalf of the Jewish people, the From Hollandand the Netherlands committee notice that the attempt the society have received several let. to evangelize the Jews begins, in ters, stating various insulated but en- this and other parts of the world, to couraging facts. “We have but little prove a blessing to the Christian
you of the Jews in these coun- church. The Berlin society, with
say the missionaries; “ for its three auxiliaries at Konigsberg, it is only seed time, and not the sea. Posen, and Detmold, still continues son for fruit. But it is our duty to to enjoy the protection and support
ow with patience the good seed in of the king and royal family of faith and hope, trusting in the Lord, Prussia, who are very liberal contriin his own time, to give increase to butors to its funds. The words of it, that it may produce fruit." eternal life have been spoken in the
In Germany the committee notice ears of great numbers of Jews. The the services rendered to the cause Rev. Professor Tholuck continues of the society by the Rev. P. Tres- to render very important services chow, now resident at Nieuwied, to the cause in which the society is who has made a missionary tour engaged. He had lately been apthrough Switzerland, the kingdom pointed by the king of Prussia to an of Wurtemberg, and the Grand important and responsible situation Duchy of Baden. At Darmstadt, at the university of Halle. A large he met with Dr. Van Ess, through number of Jews had embraced the whom he learned that in the Hes- Christian faith in the city of Berlin, sian provinces, the Jews, who are and Professor Tholuck continues to numerous, are bound by law to send speak very favourably of many of their children either to a Jewish or them. He adds, that in Berlin Christian school, and that many pa. there is not so much want of Israelrents prefer sending their children to ites desirous of instruction, as of Christian masters. In the prince- Christian ministers and friends, who dom of Neuwied, the prince pays have inclination and ability to inthe school-money for such poor struct them, and to watch over their Jewish children as wish to attend spiritual welfare. Christian schools, and the number At Posen a school has been estaof them is considerable. Dr. Van blished, in which thirty-nine Jewish Ess related, that applications to him children have received instruction. from Jews for New Testaments are At Konigsberg there is an auxiliary still very frequent, and that recently to the Berlin Society for promoting he sold twelve copies to a rich Jew Christianity among the Jews. There for distribution among his own chil- are from 1200 to 1500 Jews, besides dren and others. In the Grand a number of Jewish proselytes, who Duchy of Baden, and other states, require instruction. he was informed that the attention The committee have always reof the government had here been garded Poland as a most important engaged in improving the moral and missionary station, on account of the
number of Jews who are settled in for the use of a Jewish school, and that country. The Book of Genesis, were thankfully received for that in the Judæo-Polish tongue, had been purpose. The missionaries are gain: printed and sent for distribution in ing the confidence of the Jews, and Poland. A very general desire to hope that they will in future be able read this version appears to have to obtain a more free access to them. prevailed amongst Jews of all classes. They have already extended their The committee have long felt the sphere of usefulness; they have obimportance of a general circulation tained much accurate and important of the Old Testament Scriptures, in information respecting the moral and the original Hebrew, and in conse- temporal condition of the Jews in quence have forwarded large sup- the south of Europe. Christian plies to the various missionary sta- friends have been found to cotions, especially to Poland, where operate with them in districts which the J
Jewish population is so numerous. they themselves bave not visited; The copies in use amongst them are copies of the Sacred Volume and of so few, and so expensive, as not to scriptural tracts have, through their be within the reach of the great mass means, found their way amongst the of the Jewish nation; and the sense Jews of the Barbary States on the of Scripture is so obscured and per- opposite shores of the Mediterranean; verted by the manifold commentaries and thus the committee hope that the with which the text is encompassed, seed of eternal life has been sown, that it serves as a means of perpe. which will one day spring up in the tuating error, and of strengthening full measure ot' a bounteous harvest. the national prejudice against the Many instances have come to the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Great num- knowledge of the committee, of the bers of Jews have gladly received, oppressive treatment to which the or purchased at very low prices, Jews are still exposed in countries copies of the Bible ; and the Sa- professedly Christian. These facts cred Volume, thus distributed, was ought to be taken into the account, very generally read, and became when any reference is made to the the subject of most interesting con- opposition of the Jews to Christiversations. In place of the conten- anity. Their prejudices against the tious disputations too common in a Christian name have been but too missionary's intercourse with the well founded to be treated with conJews, a spirit of friendly discussion tempt. They have grown up under was promoted. The committee have the oppression of centuries; and it satisfactory evidence that their mis- is not surprising that they do not at sionaries in Poland are prosecuting once give way under the occasional their work in faith and patience; kindnesses of a few late years. and they have not been left without The society at Malta still conencouragements to prosecute their tinues to render very efficient serlabours.
vices to the cause in which it is emThe missionaries on the European barked by the publication of tracts shores of the Mediterranean con- in Italian and other languages, for tinued their labours under many dis- distribution amongst the Jews of couraging circumstances, but not that part of the world. There has without hope. Besides visiting been a great demand for copies Jewish schools, and holding daily of the Old Testament, especially intercourse with the Jews in private, amongst the Jews of the Levant. they have been much engaged in An unusual number of copies of the the translation and preparation of entire Scriptures have likewise been suitable tracts which they have cir- purchased. The committee having culated to a great extent. On one received many representations of the occasion fifty copies of a Catechism importance of publishing the Scrip of Jewish History were presented, tures and tracts in the Spanish He