« הקודםהמשך »
TABLE exhibiting the manner in which the Propositions of the Government have been carried into effect.
BAHAMAS ...... 10,000
St.CHRISTOPHERS 18,500 ::-03::: JAMAICA I.....336,000 :>>>>>>: U :: TRINIDAD ...... 22,520?
: VIRGIN ISLANDS 5,400 ::::: ST. VINCENTS.. 23,500 :::::: NEVIS ......
The above Table will shew, that in at reform exhibit! The only really seven Crown Colonies (slaves 250,900) effective measure is that single clause of the A's are 38 and the P's 30, with the Grenada Act which, in questions of one I. The blanks are 71, two colonies slavery or freedom, throws the onus pronot reporting any progress.--In thirteen bandi on the claimant of the slave. The Chartered Colonies (slaves 578,100) the abolition of Sunday markets in BarbaA's are only 7, the P's 14, and the I's does and Tobago, however desirable a (blanks in fact) 16. The other blanks measure in itself, is rendered an act of are 224, including six colonies report- severity to the slave by the non-allowing no progress whatever. Many of the ance of time in lieu of Sunday; while P's are very partial indeed ; and even of all that is enacted about slave testimony, the A's most are nullified by the non- and marriage, and property, and the adoption of other measures essential to cartwhip, is mere evasion; the sound of their operation.
reform without a particle of its substance. It may possibly be alleged, that the Rev. Mr. Harte.- We stated in our blank exhibited under the first head is Number for September, in concluding unfair, as the recent appointment of our account of the persecution of the bishops and additional clergymen inva - Rev. Mr. Harte of Barbadoes, that we lidates the statement thus made on the should be curious to know what were subject of education and religious in- the “ certain charges ". which it was struction. These appointments, how- intended to exhibit against him at the ever, are the work, as far they go, of the ensuing sessions. Our curiosity has government at home; and to what a been in some degree gratified by a series small extent they have hitherto ope- of documents which have reached us, rated, may be seen in our former Num- and which afford another striking exhibers. In fact, no new legislative mea- bition of the injustice and oppression sures whatever have been taken either which characterize every proceeding for by the crown or by the colonial legis- the defence of slavery. The charges latures for promoting the education and are, in substance, that Mr. Harte had instruction of the slaves. The efforts of held certain inflammatory conversations Methodists and Moravians are not to be with the slaves ; and that he had also ascribed to the colonial authorities, by somewhat plainly told their masters that, whom indeed in Jamaica they have been if discontents occurred, they ought to impeded. And while Sunday continues blame themselves. These charges were to be legally desecrated by markets and attempted to be proved, before two malabour; and while children from the gistrates, by various witnessess. This age of five are kept in the field all day court would not allow Mr. Harte's own (see the Bishop of Jamaica's report, in witnesses to be heard ; but had they our volume for 1826, p. 405,) it is vain been heard, nothing they could have to talk of educating ihe young or in- said would have fumished a more triumstructing the old. Something appears phant refutation of the charges against to have been done at the Cape of Good him, than the statements of the very Hope alone, but what its amount is does witnesses adduced to support them. The not clearly appear.
evidence, if printed as it stands, would Under the other heads, it is only in shew, not merely the futility of the alle five of the colonies subject to the legis- gations against this persecuted minister, lation of the crown that any reforms of but the baneful spirit and tendency of an effective kind have been even com- the whole slave system. With respeet menced, and even there how large are still to the alleged inflammatory addresses to the blanks, and how partially and how the slaves, which took place as long inoperatively have many of the measures back as March 1826, what does the apparently adopted been carried into matter turn out to be? that Mr. Harte, effect ! In none even of the crown the rector of the parish, and also a colonies in the West Indies bave Sunday magistrate, and thus doubly bound to markets been abolished, or has the reli- maintain peace, hearing a rumour that gious observance of Sunday been se- an insurrection was apprehended, offered cured, or has uime been given to the to the overseers of several plantations slave in lieu of Sunday, to say nothing to address the slaves, and point out to of orber most essential points.
them their duty and their interest; and Iurwo of the crown colonies, and in this he did, after leave obtained, and in six of use chartered, nothing whatever is the presence of the overseers and other as yet reported to have been done ; and White persons. In bis address, he cerin the remaining seven chartered colo- tainly went much farther than we should nies what a mockery do their attempts have done in the assertion of their masters' rights, and the slaves' obligations. The men, without distinction of clime or address indeed, as given by the witnesses, colour. was no more than a running commen- The evidence, which was protracted tary on the proclamations which the gover- from day to day, having been gone nor had issued, by order of Earl Bathurst, through, the magistrates differed in opiin order to prevent the Negroes from nion as to whether or not it contained supposing that his majesty's govern- any thing amounting to a charge, and ment, by its recent measures, intended agreed to refer the matter to the crown to give them freedom; but only to make lawyers. But this course did not satisfy them happier by making them good the vindictive feelings of the Barbadians. Christians. It is clear the overeeers and Three other magistrates, notoriously the other White persons present saw no
harsh and illiberal in their views of thing noxious in this address at the the slavery question, as well as of Mr. time; for it was not till twelve or eigh- Harte's conduct, immediately formed teen months afterwards, that Mr. Harte themselves into a tribunal, and sumhaving given the sacramental bread to moned him before them to answer again some persons of Colour at one extre- to the same charges, on the evidence mity of the altar, while some Whites of the same witnesses ! Mr. Harte, conwere receiving the cup at the other, its sidering this whole proceeding to be heinousness was discovered. Indeed, illegal, declined to plead; but the maone witness did not hesitate to own gistrates at once issued their warthat the charge was now “ trumped up, rant to commit him to prison, and a to his surprise, to answer a particular constable seized him and began to drag purpose." What now, as we under- him from the justice room. Under this stand, dwells on the minds of the Bar- duress, he pleaded not guilty ; and the badians as being Mr. Harte's inexpiable magistrates, on rehearing the former deoffence, is, that he should have dared to positions which their brother magistrates say a word to the slaves, which implied had deemed insufficient to sustain the that there was any power elsewhere, charge, have obliged him to find bail to whether king or people, which could con- take his trial at the next sessions. Mr. troul the absolute authority of the master Harte has in consequence petitioned the or manager. What have these slaves to governor of the island, to stay the prodo, they ask, with the king or the parlia- ceedings till the pleasure of his majesty's ment of England ?
government shall be known. And here, With respect to Mr. Harte's conver- for the present, the matter rests. But sations with the Whites themselves, in rest it will not, and cannot. A system which he pointed out to them the dangers which tramples on every right of human that might arise if they did not behave nature, which is as hostile to British towards their slaves with a reasonable liberty as it is to Christianity and comdegree of indulgence, it does seem mon humanity, cannot last long. The most extraordinary that any matter of bishops of Jamaica and Barbadoes, and crimination should be drawn from them, all their clergy, if they would not be as they are not merely innocuous, but high- maligned, and persecuted, and proly commendable. Slavery requires, it scribed, must submit to become slaves is true, strange and anomalous defences. themselves. They must not preach, or Poor Smith of Demerara, was doomed speak, or think as becomes freemen to death for an unproved" misprision of and the ministers of a religion which, treason " in not telling his White neigh- whether in its censures or its promises, bours, as was alleged, all that he suspected has no respect of persons. They must of the feelings of the slaves. Poor Mr. Harte not tell the master his duty, or look is placed at the criminal bar for having with an eye of compassion on the miseries been, as is alleged, too communicative of the slave. They must consent either to them on the subject. If he is silent, to take the popular tone of the society he abets treason; if he speaks, he abets in which they are placed, or to suffer it: above all, be abets it, if he preaches for conscience' sake in resisting it. Mr. the Gospel faithfully to his flock, either Harte has honourably chosen the latter reproving the master for his vices, or re- course; and whatever may be the imgarding the Christianized slave, or even mediate result as to his temporal forfreeman of Colour, at the table of his tunes, he will not regret bis choice on a Lord, as a brother beloved” in him death-bed, or in the presence of his eternal who made all men, and who died for all Redeemer and his Judge.
OBITU A R Y.
THE REV. ABDOOL MESSEEH. willingness to grant his Holy Spirit to inWe have been so long accustomed, year cline us to love and obey them. Sheikh after year, to introduce to our readers Salih was deeply affected, and deterthe name of that truly Christian and ex- mined to investigate the truth of Chrisamplary man, Abdool Messeeh, that in tianity. He inquired of some nativerecording his departure to his heavenly Christian youths, then under the inreward, we seem to have lost a personal struction of a friend of Mr. Martyn, refriend ; one whose character, whose very specting the nature of their lessons and features we might almost say, appeared catechisms ; and we remember it being to be familiar to us; who had taught us stated, that he particularly studied the to feel through the holy sympathies of manuscript copy of Martyn's New TesChristian affection, that “ the com- tament in Hindoostanee, which had been munion of saints, separated as they given him to bind. The result of his may be by distance of time or place, conviction was, that he embraced Chris and unknown to each other in the flesh, tianity, and was baptized, after a long is not only an article of our creed, but probation, in the old church at Calcutta, an actual bond of attachment formed by the late Rev. David Brown, on upon earth, to be, doubtless, cemented Whitsunday 1811, by the name of Abañew in a brighter world." He was dool Messeeh—servant of Christ. among the first fruits of Christian exer- Some friends, with whom he had be tion in India; and amidst many temp- come acquainted, wished him immeditations to return to the superstitions of ately to become a missionary among his Mohammed, he“ was kept by the power countrymen. To this however he ob of God through faith unto salvation," jected, saying, that as yet he was but till he was presented by his Saviour little acquainted with the contents of the “faultless before the presence of his Bible as a whole, and should perhaps in glory with exceeding joy.” It might be ignorance assert things not in agreement sufficient to refer our readers to the with the analogy of faith. He suffered numerous notices respecting him, which much from the persecutions of his counabound in our volumes ; but we shall trymen, but was enabled to endure all with also avail ourselves of a recapitulation truly Christian patience : and his exof some of the chief details drawn up emplary conduct produced a most besince his death by Archdeacon Corrie, neficial effect on many who witnessed it. and published by the Calcutta Church He was, after due probation, appointed Missionary Committee.
a catechist under the Church Missionary In our volume for 1813, p. 841, will Society; and Archdeacon Corrie spoke be found an interesting account of his at the time of the success which had, by birth, education, and conversion to the blessing of God, attended his labours Christianity. He was born at Delhi in at Agra, as “rapid, extraordinary, and the year 1772. He was a Musul- beyond all hope.” Our readers will find man descended from
a respectable ample extracts from his first journals, in family, though fallen to decay, in the our volume for 1814, pp. 674-678 and Doab. His family name was Sheikh 736—740, and 801-806. They exhibit Salih. His father instructed him in the same zeal, and piety, and Christian Arabic and Persian, in both which he simplicity, which marked all his subst made great advances. In the year 1810 quent communications. By devout and he was led from domestic circumstances diligent study of the Scriptures, assisted to visit Cawnpore. At that period the by the invaluable counsels and instruclate Rev. Henry Martyn was chaplain tions of Mr. Corrie, he rapidly attained of the station, and was accustomed to a considerable insight into Christian docpreach every Sunday to the natives who trine; so that, aided by unusual soundness assembled on the lawn before his house. of understanding, and a self-possession Sheikh Salih was among them, as he ex- that never forsook him, he became “a pressed it,“ to see the sport. Martyn workman that needed not to beashamed;" was explaining the Commandments, and and his answers to the adversaries of the the duty of man to obey them, and ex- Cross of Christ appeared at all times hibiting also the grace and mercy of the to be dictated by the wisdom which is Saviour in offering himself a sacrifice for from above.”. the transgressions of mankind, and his In the latter end of 1814, Mr. Corrie
was obliged to seek recovery of his kindness of the bishop made a deep imhealth in a cooler climate; and Abdool pression on Abdool Messeeh; and the Messeeh was left in a great measure to characteristic benevolence of that excelhis own resources. His continued pru- lent prelate appeared, in not formally dence and meekness ; his zeal, his inde- putting the aged disciple upon an exfatigable labours, and the increased suc- amination, but only asking him how he cess with which it pleased God to crown would answer to certain questions, asthem ; are too fresh in the minds of the certaining from his replies the correctfriends of missions in India to require ness of his religious opinions. that we should recapitulate them. Our After this solemn service, Abdool readers may turn to our volumes passim. Messeeh returned up the country, and His devoted affection and respect for it was intended that he should reside his kind friend and instructor, Mr.Corrie, permanently at Lucknow, in the characwere not the least pleasing exhibitions of ter of a minister of Christ. But his Dihis character. We may refer for illus- vine Master had other designs respecttration of them to one of his letters quot- ing his tried and faithful servant." He ed in our vol. for 1816, p. 843.
became ill; and Dr. Luxmore, finding After having been employed about him in a dying condition from mortificaeight years as a catechist, it became de- tion, had him conveyed to his own. sirable that he should receive ordination; house, where he was supplied with suitand Bishop Middleton expressed his re- able medicine, nourishment, and atgret that his letters-patent did not, as tendance to the last. He expressed his he considered, allow of his conferring deep gratitude for this change of resiit upon him. He was therefore admitted dence; for he said, that had he died at to Lutheran ordination, in correspon- home among his own relations, they dence with the practice of the Society perhaps would have interred his remains for promoting Christian Knowledge in according to the ceremonies of their own its Indian missions. After his ordination erroneous faith : “ But now," said he, he returned to Agra, and visited, from “ Christian brethren will bury me.”. time to time, the chief cities in the Up- He expressed himself as perfectly reper Provinces; and everywhere, by the signed; and said that death had no simplicity and uprightness of his con- terrors for him, for that his Saviour had. duct, and the lively and interesting man- deprived it of its sting. He expressed ner in which he on every occasion intro- to a friend who attended on him, his duced the subject of religion, excited gratitude for the kind attention of Mr. much attention. At Delhi, the king ex- Ricketts, the Resident, saying, “ See the pressed a wish to see him; at Lucknow fruits of Christian love!" The day before the king of Oude bestowed upon him his death, he requested his friend to write particular notice; the Begum Sumroo, his will. A house which the Resident a professed Roman Catholic, honoured had enabled him to purchase, he left to him with a seat at her own table, and his mother; his books to the Bible Soreceived a copy of part of the Scriptures ciety; and his clothes to a nephew. Affrom his hands; and some of the prin- ter concluding these formalities, he said, cipal British residents at Agra, in the “Thanks be to God, I have done with absence of a chaplain, attended Divine this world! and with regard to my mom's service in Hindoostanee, and received ther," putting his hands in a supplicat- 1 from him the Lord's Supper with the ing posture, “I commend her to God;" + native Christians. Frequent attacks of then, laying his hand upon his nephew, 1 illness prevented, however, his exerting he said to his friend,"“ Speak to the himself as much as he wished to do, Resident, that no one be allowed to inbut he continued to reside at Agra, and jure him:" then desiring his friend to u to officiate on the church-mission pre- come near him, and putting his hands "I mises there, till July 1825.
in an attitude of. prayer, he said, “O ; Þuring the previous cold season, Bi- Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, be: shop Heber having visited Agra, and gracious to being satisfied from what he saw and On one occasion he inquired after a ! heard of Abdool Messeeh, that he was a. man who had been with him for some suitable subject for Episcopal Orders, time for religious instruction; and, being and, being free from the restraints under told he was at hand, desired he might be which Bishop Middleton laboured on called. On his approach he questioned that'head, consented to admit him to the him on some points of religion, and ministry of the Established Church. The explained to him the Lord's Prayer offices of the church were translated into throughout: he spoke of his intention to Hindostanee, for the occasion. The baptize him, should he recover; and.de..