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Prime and Ultimate Ratios, by every selfish notion, as it were, wholly which the immortal Newton was en- absorbed and lost, and God Him. abled to track his etherial course, self, his own inscrutable plans and and count the particles and calcu- Divine purposes, all in all? late the motions of the heavenly From such views and feelings as bodies. He investigated the ulti- these, of which we desire to be conmate relation of certain quantities, sidered as offering only the most apparently most dissimilar in mag- distant and imperfect hint, the idea nitude and shape; and laid down a seems to present itself to our minds, relation of ultimate equality, as that of a new creation, fair and large, to which such quantities were gra- branching forth in truly Divine produally tending But to no one has portions; and a new world arising, it ever been given, actually to view in which, for the first time, “ the such quantities on this ultimate envy of Ephraim shall cease, and footing of equality, freed from all, the adversaries of Judah shall be even the minutest, portions of incre- cut off: Ephraim shall not envy ment and change to which, in the Judah, and Judah shall not vex progress of generations, they be- Ephraim." We shall then have no come instinctly liable. Yet the as- further room left for intricate dis

ption of their equality, on the tinctions in matters far beyond our most legitimate principles, has open- knowledge: and with regard to the ed to us, as it were, the door of Divine decrees, it will be sufficient to the material heavens, and conducted be satisfied that “the Lord knoweth us through all those shining cham- them that are his;" and for ourbers on high, of the King of kings. selves, “ let every one that nameth Nor are we to be without hope, the name of Christ depart from ini. that some such, we say not com- quity.” We shall then hear no further promise, but gradual approximation ex parte inferences from detached towards equality, has been obtaining passages of Scripture; the exin apparently dissimilar and irrecon- perience of eighteen centuries bav. cileable hypotheses on higher sub- ing proved that such inferences have jects. There is a perpetual ac- been made so many weapons for knowledgment, amongst the pious expelling Christian love and charity of both sides, that they substantially from the heart. We shall get rid of mean the same thing ; though the that presuming dogmatism, on either very instant they begin to explain side, which only appears in its true themselves, the moment the small and hateful colours to the other side, est incremental additions of human thus keeping up interminable hatred prejudice and passion become ap- and war. And, above all, we shall parent, they instantly start forth in- get rid of those wretched extremes to dissension and misliking. The of Antimonianism and Pelagianism, more we contract our reasonings, which lead men either, on the one and reduce our systematic views, hand, to say, “we are delivered to the less we find of distance and dis- do those abominations," or, on the like on either side, between persons other, to satisfy themselves with the of true piety. As we find ourselves “ righteousness of the Scribes and approaching the ultimate limits of Pharisees,” by which they can never truth, where self dwindles, and God enter the kingdom of heaven. appears in something of the due “ O that we did but seriously emproportions of His own mysterious ploy our thoughts to the establishinfinity, discord dwindles also. ing peace in the church of Christ, And when we arrive at the point and the amending our lives ; that so where perhaps we lose sight of our we might once see an end of this respective dogmas altogether, which troublesome and dangerous war! are, after all, beyond our fully tracing We seem to have returned to the to their last limits, do we not find starting-place of our course, whilst

ers.

we thought we were arrived at the to us a matter of little consequence; goal, or at least not far from it. God's and we wish it to be so to our readwrath is, without doubt, kindled We quote them not for their against us. Hence is it, that our author, but for their worth. And implacable enemy has so much pre- we desire to leave them as a last levailed. I confess, we are not to gacy to such of our readers as have judge of the justice of a cause by followed us so far as to the death the success : and yet I cannot but of our two illustrious worthies, and think oftentimes, that possibly the their embalming in the memories of mistakes, or errors committed about posterity. The time is coming, when, several fundamental articles of faith, taught by all that is past, and more may have given occcasion to God to especially by the instructive events put a stop to the work of the Refors of the period we have embraced in mation ; besides the capital cause of our review, we must be left without it, namely, very corrupt manners and excuse, either for the ravings of dogvices, that have spread themselves far matism, or the actings of intolerance. and near : and it may be justly sus- The large proportion of Christian pected that these are fomented by forms and formularies, which have the errors, and disputes about reli- been expressed at least ambiguously gion. Certainly, that true and sin- on these high matters ; with the very cere charity which is so often re- discreditable company in which we quired of us, suffers no small damage too often find that which is not amby these disagreements ; since, whilst biguous, but equally on both sides ; we are quarrelling with each other, and, to say no more, the example of we cannot easily distinguish between our own great Ridley, who “did not the dictates of reason, and the tran- dare to proceed a single step further sports of passion,-nor reflect upon on this point, than he had Scripture that imagination which is born, in for his guide," must, we hope, at a manner, with all that differ from length conspire, with all other conone another, of the [supreme] ne- siderations, to incline us to hold our cessity of those articles that are in own opinions humbly, and to judge of dispute. There does not appear to others charitably; above all, to pray be any evil in the disputes concern- for the guidance of that Spirit who ing matters of religion, greater than can grant us to have a right judgment persuading ourselves that our own in all things; who alone can bestow salvation and the glory of God are the truly spiritual mind, that best lost, or impaired by every little dif- and only expositor of spiritual docference. As for me, I exhort, not trines; who, in short, alone can ef. only to distinguish between the true fectually remove from the hearts of and false according to Scripture, but pious men, varying in doctrine, those also between the more and less ne- ruinous antipathies, the instinctive cessary articles, by the same Scrip- birth of pride and prejudice; and

thus present us with a true and gloWhether the Calvinist would de- rious reformation indeed,--a reforsire rather to find his authority for mation without bigotry,--a reforthese sentiments in Joseph Hall, ormation without licentiousness,-a the Arminian in Jacob Harmens is, reformation without alloy.

ture."

CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 311.

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

GREAT BRITAIN.

than all other means whatsoever." The Preparing for publication :—Bibliogra- amount of the legacy is computed at bephica Cantabrigiensa; or Remarks upon the tween 20 and 30,0001.- The Rev. A. most valuable Book-rarities in the Uni- Johnson is elected Professor of Angla versity of Cambridge ;--Illustrations of Saxon.—The subject of the Norrisian India : by M. Thomas, and W. Daniell ;– prize-essay for the ensuing year is,

« The Memoirs of General Wolfe ; by R. Southey; nature and use of parables, as employed - The Life and Opinions of Wicliffe ; by by Christ.” R. Vaughan ;- The Life and Voyages of The Edinburgh Antiquarian Museum Columbus; by W. Irving ;-Fourth Voyage has been recently opened to the public. for the Discovery of a North-West Pas- It is rich in antiquities ; among which it sage ; by Captain Parry, R. N. ;-Second contains the identical “ maiden," or guilExpedition to explore the American lotine, invented by Morton, and by which Shores of the Polar Sea ; by Dr. Richard. he himself first suffered, the pulpit of son and Captain Franklin ;-Expedition John Knox, and the original address of to explore the Northern Coast of Africa, the highlands chiefs to George I. previous in 1821; by Captain F. W. Beechey; to the rebellion of 1715; containing all Journal of Travels over various parts of their autographs. India ; by the Right Rev. Bishop Heber ; Mr. Upcott has rescued from obli-Residence in Mexico, in the year 1826 ; vion a theatrical piece, written by, and in by Captain Lyon ;-Considerations on the hand-writing of, Chatterton the poet. Miracles, &c.; by the Rev. C. W. Le Mr. Upcott found the manuscript on the Bas ;-Elements of Rhetoric ; by R. counter of a cheese-monger's shop in the Whately, D. D.

city; and it now forms a valuable addition In the Press :- The Omnipresence of to the treasures of this indefatigable col. the Deity, a Poem; by R. Montgomery; lector of manuscripts and autographs. -Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Regulations have been recently issued Character, of the late J. M. Good, M. D.; by the Apothecaries' Company, requiring with Selections from his Papers; by that candidates for a licence to practise Olinthus Gregory, LL. D.;— Three Ad- shall have served an apprenticeship of dresses on Subjects connected with the five years, and have attained the age of Lord's Supper; by the Rev. C. Watson; twenty-one ; that they shall have attend-The Process of Historical Proof, with ed, during their studies, various courses Observations on the peculiar Points of of lectures, and also the medical praetice the Christian Evidence; by Isaac Taylor, of an Hospital or Dispensary. The canjun. ;-Sermons by the Rev. Richard didate for a licence is to be examined in Warner;—Memoirs, Correspondence, and Chemistry, the Materia Medica, Botany, Sermons of the late Rev. Samuel Gilfil- Anatomy, Physiology, and the Theory lan of Comrie ;--Narrative of a three- and Practice of Medicine ; and in some years' Residence in Italy, with Illustra- one of the easier Latin authors. tions of the present State of Religion in A Prospectus has been issued for pubthat Country;—The Lady's Monitor, ad- lishing an uniform edition of the Works dressed to young Ladies; from Lady Jane of the English and Scottish Reformers, Grey, Queen Katharine, &c.

edited by the Rev. T. Russell. First in

order of time, will be the works of TynOxford. — The late Colonel Boden has dal, Frith, and Barnes, which will make endowed, by bequest, a professorship of between three and four volumes. Then the Shanskrit language, in the University will follow the works of Cranmer, Latiof Oxford ; “ being of opinion,” says the mer, Hooper, Ridley, and Bradford; which testator, “ that a more general and critical it is expected will be comprised in five or knowledge of that language will be a six volumes. A selection will be made means of enabling my countrymen to from the writings of Nicholas, Ridley, proceed in the conversion of the natives Knox, Coverdale, Bale, Ponet, Becon, of India to the Christian religion, by Joye, Sampson, Lever, and other early disseminating a knowledge of the sacred Protestant divines, making four or five Scriptures amongst them more effectually additional volumes : two more may be allowed for extracts from Fox's Acts and “ treating" them as customary on such Monuments of the Memorials of Bilney, occasions, he should make a donation to Lambert, Hamilton, Rogers, Borthwick, the Sunday-School Society in that place, Wishart, Philpot, and their fellow-suf- to be appropriated for augmenting their ferers in the reigns of Henry and Mary. library. This proposition is stated to The work is expected to extend to about have been received with the warmest apsixteen volumes. Price 10s. 6d. each probation. The representative of a town volume.

called Poland has made a donation to the · Proposals have been issued for publish- town library under similar circumstances. ing a Newspaper, conducted on moral and The Medical Society of New York state, religious principles. It is to be entitled that it is with feelings of deep interest thai " the Record,” and to be published every they regard the efforts which benevolent Tuesday and Friday. Its politics will be individuals and associations are making to “decidedly favourable to government.” arrest the progress of intemperance; and The conductors conceive that " no in- they feel themselves called on by a sense considerable good will be effected, if they of duty to lend their co-operation to limit afford to all who desire it, a newspaper the prevalence of this destructive habit. free from every thing inconsistent with In the discharge of their professional propriety and true refinement--possess- duties, as physicians, they are daily called ing respectable claims to vigour and in- to witness the irremediable mischief which telligence-and, by the exclusion of what the use of intoxicating liquors produces on is reprehensible, rendered capable of ad- the constitution and health. Among these mitting a greater extent and variety of evils they enumerate impaired appetite for information upon subjects interesting to food, nausea, faintness and sinking at the the enlightened philanthropist."

stomach, weakness and tremor, head-ache, 5. The Sheffield subscribers to a fund for palpitation of the heart, mental depression,

presenting to Mr. Montgomery a piece of hypochondria, dyspepsia, inflammation of plate, as a mark of their affection and the stomach and bowels, of the liver often esteem, have remitted a surplus sum of terminating in suppuration or schirrus, in2001. to assist the United Brethren's flammation of the mesenteric glauds, gout, Mission in Tobago, of which the respect- jaundice, dropsy, diabetes, bleeding from ed poet's father was the founder. the lungs, consumption, inflammation of UNITED STATES.

the brain, epilepsy, palsy, apoplexy, and Our border American and British friends insanity. These appalling evils they state have been amusing themselves with the are not confined to the habitual drunkard, magnificent, but not very profitable, experi- but often affect those who suppose themment of turning adrift a schooner, the Mi- selves temperate in the use of spirits ; and chigan, the largest on Lake Erie, to make the foundation of fatal disease is frequently a descent over the Falls of Niagara. The laid, before the cause is even suspected by high grounds on both sides of the American the victim or his friends. To destroy the and British shores were lined with people, habit, nauseous drugs, or medicines of an having a full view of the rapids and of the emetic quality, have been frequently emapproach of the vessel ; an American en- ployed; and although the habit has for a sign iying from her bowsprit, and the season been thus interrupted, the desire British jack displayed at her stern. She for the inebriacing draught has usually repassed the first rapid uninjured : in her turned. This Society, therefore, think descent over the second, she exhibited a little can be done in reclaiming the habi. specimen of the sudden destruction of the tually intemperate; and that the great obspars of a ship at sea in a wreck; and ject should be to prevent the habit. They having passed to the third, she bilged, and therefore resolve, " that we will endeavour was hurled, stern foremost, into the abyss to impress upon the minds of our patients, below, and was dashed into innumerable the importance of abstaining from the use fragments. Of various animals which had, of strong liquors ; and that we will use not very humanely, been placed on board, our influence to correct the popular error, two geese only are stated to have survived that what is called a moderate use of them the wreck. It is intended, it seems, to is conducive to health, and increases the repeat the experiment with a larger vessel. strength of labouring people.” The So

At New Gloucester a gentleman, who ciety include the habitual use of strong has been elected to represent that town wines in their prohibition, on account of in the State Legislature, informed his their containing large quantities of alcohol. constituents, that he considered intem- _We bave noticed the subject more parperance so great an evil, that, instead of ticularly because the use of ardent spirits

66

“ that,

among the poor and labouring classes, in

INDIA. our own country, has greatly increased A sketch has been drawn up, in excel. since the diminution of the duties. Our lent English, of the state of education spirit shops are crowded with unhappy amongst the natives of Bangalore, by wretches reeking from their deadly pota- Ram Raz, the native secretary of the tions.

Madras School-Book Society, it is said RUSSIA.

without the assistance of any European. The Emperor has ordered that all He states, that in the Mysore country Jews settled in the Russian Empire shall education is confined to a very small henceforth be liable to military service. portion of the people, who are considered · We consider it just,” he says,

as the higher class, and, except in a few for the relief of our beloved subjects, instances, it never reaches beyond inthe duty of serving in the army

shall be struction in reading and writing, and the enforced equally on all who are liable to simple rules of arithmetic; and even the it.” And he adds, “ We are convinced few who may be desirous of extending that the improvement and the knowledge their knowledge farther, labour under which the Jews will acquire by their great difficulties from want of competent military service, will, on their return teachers, suitable books of instruction, home after their legal time is expired, and a systematic method of education. be communicated to their families, and The lower classes, who form the greater greatly tend to accelerate the progress of part of the population, are lamentably their civil establishment and domestic sunk in ignorance. The richer class of life."-Another cruel and impolitic ukase merchants, artificers, and shopkeepers, bas been issued, prohibiting Jews from usually possess some knowledge in the trading in the interior of Russia. They are rudiments of learning, by means of which not to offer for sale any articles, either in they are capable of keeping their acshops or in the street, nor to employ fore. counts and transacting business. Among men, apprentices, or labourers, whether the Brahmins, the Laucicás, or the laity, Christians or otherwise, in any depart- who fill almost the whole of the civil ment whatsoever. We had hoped that offices, are well versed in reading letters the persecutions inflicted, by professed and keeping accounts in one, and freChristians, on this long injured race of quently in two, of the vernacular lanmen had for ever ceased.

guages; and most of the Vaydícas, or The culture of the vine has been intro- priests, unite to a knowledge of reading and duced into the Crimer with success. The writing the ability of reciting a part of their manufacture of wine has already reached Védás, a qualification which is considered the quantity of about 13,000 hogsheads indispensably necessary to maintain their annually. The late Count Nicolas Rou. sacerdotal dignity; but their learning selmianzotf gave 1000 roubles for the pur- dom extends so far as to enable them to pose of introducing the culture of the understand the import of the Védás in cochineal insect, which has succeeded. the Sanscrit language.

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
THEOLOGY.

Portions of the New Version of the
The Resurrection of Believers, and Psalms, with an_Appendix of Select
Christ the Author of it ; a Funeral Sermon Hymns. By W. D. Snooke. 12mo.
on the Rev. Sir H. Moncrieff Wellwood,

MISCELLANEOUS. Bart. D.D. By the Rev. A. Thomson, Virgil's Æneid, Book I. with an Inter. D. D. 14. 6d.

linear Translation, on Mr. Locke's Plan. Jesus Christ the True God and Eternal 25. 60.Also, on the same plan; Life. By T. F. Churchill, M. D. 8vo. 6s., Cæsar's Invasion of Britain 2s. 6d. royal 8vo. 8s.

Homer's Iliad, Book I. 2s. 6d. An Apology for the Modern Theology The Odes of Anacreon. 2s. 6d. of Protestant Germany. In reply to the A Treatise on the Art of Music. By the Rev. H. J. Rose. By Dr. Bretschnider. Rev. W. Jones. Folio. ll. ls. Translated from the German, by Rev. W. A Collection of the Treaties between A. Evanson.

Great Britain and Foreign Powers. By The Forms of Morning and Evening L, Hertslet. Prayer; with the Psalms and Lessons, Original, Serious, and Religious Poetry. with Notes; in 2 vols. 12mo.

By the Rev. R. Cobbold. 12mo. Sermons on the Truth of the Christian Fitful Fancies. ByW. Kennedy. 8vo. 6s. Religion. By the Rev. W. Malkin. 8vo.

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