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sense of the services of Bishop Heber, he should be happy to use his exertions adverts, with feelings of the most painful to carry into effect the wishes expressed recollection, to the short interval which in the memorial to Government. has elapsed since it was called upon to pay the like tribute to the memory of his SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGAillustrious predecessor:
TION OF THE GOSPEL. “ That the society, therefore, on the In the Appendix to our last volume, we present occasion, while it acknowledges, have inserted, from the last Report of the with the deepest gratitude, the paternal society, some interesting notices relative care of his Majesty's Govenment, as well to the two North-American dioceses ; rein the formation of an Indian episcopate, serving to our present Number that part of as in the selection of the highly-gifted the Report which relates to the diocese of persons who successively devoted them- Calcutta, and the society's operations in selves to the charge, feels it a paramount Barbados. duty to repeat the earnest prayer of its We have frequently had occasion to memorial, presented in 1812, for the state, that the society is not happy as to erection of a see at each of the three the manner in which its Reports are drawn presidencies; and to declare its convic- up and printed. The subjects are highly tion, that no individual, however endowed interesting; the detail singularly the rewith bodily and mental vigour, can be
The style of printing savours sufficient for the exertions rendered ne- more of 1701, when the society was first cessary by the overwhelming magnitude incorporated, than of 1826. Thus we of the diocese of Calcutta :
have the list of preachers annually reprint“ That, in the opinion of the society, ed, and the same general notices about the fatally confirmed by the result of the incorporated Society, and Codrington colattempt to govern the Indian Church by lege, and the university of Debritzen, and a single prelate, nothing but a division of the Vaudois clergy. We might imagine this enormous diocese can prevent a con- that this part of the work has been stereotinued sacrifice of valuable lives, and a typed, so careful is the compiler to avoid perpetually recurring interruption of the conveying new intelligence. great work, for the accomplishment of In other institutions there are officers which that episcopal establishment was who manage the concerns, and committees formed:
to conduct the proceedings. Whether “ That the constitution of the govern- this is the case in the present instance, ment in India is constructed upon the does not appear from the Report there principle of a separate administration at being uo allusion either to officers, or each of the three presidencies; and that committee, or any thing connected with in the opinion of the society, it must, the management. The Report is made up necessarily, be inconvenient not to assi. of extracts from letters from the different milate the government of the church to missionaries, very ill arranged, and, as we that system which experience has proved have reason to suppose, not very judiso beneficial in the civil, judicial, and ciously selected. These letters certainly military departments :
contain much that is deeply interesting to “That the memorial now read, renewing every real friend of Christian missionsthe society's prayer for the erection of but they are not put in an interesting three sees in India, be adopted; and that light; and some of them, we grieve to state, his Grace, the President, be respectfully are not altogether marked by that spirit of requested to present the same, in the candour and charity, which the Gospel of name and on the behalf of the society, to our blessed Redeemer uniformly breathes. the First Lord of the Treasury, and the Why too is that pious prelate, for whom, President of the Board of Controul : at this day, all Christian lodia is in mourn
“That a memorial, to the like effect, being, mentioned without one word of apalso presented by his Grace the President, probation? Why is the name of Heber' to the Honourable Court of Directors of stripped of every epithet of praise ? That the East-India Company, expressing, at lamented bishop is indeed mentioned as he the same time, the gratitude of the society deserves in the address which was delivered for their continued protection and assist at the meeting of the society,at Freemasons' ance to its missions, and the satisfaction Hall,and which we are glad to see reprinted with which it contemplates the increased in the Report ; but that address breathes provision they have made for the spiritual a different spirit throughout, to the regular wants of the British inhabitants of India." Reports of the society, and is clearly com
The Archbishop of Canterbury said, that posed by a far more able hand.
After the "qualifications of a mission. had come to this country for the benefit of ary," the “ notitia,” which however are education, and eagerly embraced the opvery imperfect, and various accounts of portunity of returning to the land of his receipts and expenditure in the different birth under the auspices of the society, to branches of the society, we have 200 devote himself to the diffusion of Christian pages eked out with a list of subscribers, knowledge among his heather countrywhich might with ease be comprised in men. The Bishop of London admitted 50. We have the various kinds of mem- him to holy orders for that special purpose, bers figuring in various types ; the char- and the happiest results are expected from tered members in pica, and the incorpo- the employment of his services. At the rated in primer-leaded and spaced; next same time, under the charge of the prothe associated subscribers; and to crown fessors, embarked for Bishop's College a the whole, a minion list, incorporating and youth from the Clergy Orphan's School, associating all who have before appeared, named T. C. Simpson. There are now with all who have given the minutest nine youths, born of European parents, sums. Here we have district committees, prosecuting their studies under the direcwhich do not exist, and district commit- tion of the professors, and there is no tees which do; dioceses without churches, doubt that within a short period the num. and associations without members. Some bers will only be limited by the accommo-' names appear twice in a page, and almost dation the building will afford. Instrucall are inserted twice in the work. In this tions have been given to complete the respect indeed, the archdeacons are singu- college-buildings and grounds without larly fortunate. One clergyman, whose delay, and to erect the necessary rooms name appears five times in the book, is for carrying on the printing department. inserted in the deanery of the arches, as The late Bishop of Calcutta, who, at the rector of St. Leonard's, Eastcheap, and date of his dispatches, was at Bombay, in the archdeaconry of London, as rector states that the Principal reports favourof St. Bene't, Gracechurch Street, when ably of the labours and conduct of Messrs. the churches of St. Leonard and St. Bene't Tweddle and Moreton, and that he has are the same: and one venerable arch- received a very gratifying account of the deacon has been resuscitated by the inde- estimation in which their excellent misfatigable compiler of this list, and appears sionary, Mr. Christian, is held at Bhagilin large and liberal proportion, although poor. The encouraging prospects which more than two years bave elapsed since already cheer his mission, and the neighbis death. The style also of the Report bouring mountains, his lordship regarded is most wretched, and in most places al- as the nucleus of future possible good on most unintelligible.
a more extended scale than any other disWe trust that matter so important as trict in India. The translation of the Old is given in this Report will never again be Testament into Persian, by the Rev. Mr. brought forward in so careless and yet so Robinson, chaplain of Poonah, was in expensive a form. We recommend that, progress. A specimen of the work had in future, a committee be appointed to su- been published from the college press. perintend the preparation and printing of The Bishop had noticed his hope of the Report ; and that the large body of establishing district committees throughincorporated members, who have a right to out his diocese, in aid of Bishop's College, attend every meeting and EVERY COMMITTEE, and the society's missions in India. This will take care that these annual publica- plan had been carried into effect in the archtions shall be prepared in a manner more deaconry of Bombay, under auspices the worthy of the very important institution, most favourable. An example has thus whose proceedings they are intended to been set to Ceylon, Madras, and Calcutta. record. But we proceed to those parts From no fewer than six European staof the Report not already abstracted in tions, within the presidency of Fort Wilour pages.
liam alone, his lordship had received pressCALCUTTA.
ing applications to assign them a resident In the course of the preceding year, missionary; and in each he had been asthe society were enabled to complete sured that every facility and encouragetheir establishment at Bishop's Col- ment would be given to the exercise of lege, by sending out two additional pro- his ministry, both among the natives and fexors, Mr. Craven and Mr. Holmes, his own countrymen. of St. John's college Cambridge, who Our readers are apprised that the Sowere accompanied by the Rev. Mr. Di ciety for promoting Christian Knowledge, Mello, a native Portuguese Indian, who considering that the charge of foreign mis" CHRIST. OBSERV. No, 30).
gions was more immediately within the his chapel at five o'clock on the Sunday province of this society, preferred a re- afternoon, with a view to the accommoquest that they would be pleased to un- dation of persons prevented from attenddertake the superintendence and manage- ing in the morning, as well as of Negroes ment of their establishments in southern from the neighbouring estates. The averIndia. This society readily undertook age attendance of adults in the morning, the charge, and have placed the mission during the crop season, had been from aries in immediate connexion with Bi- fifty to ninety. The Sunday scholars, shop's College. Measures have been a- out of the crop season, attend him one dopted for the enlargement of the mis- day in the week, as well as read a portion sionary establishment.
of the New Testament, and repeat the BARBADOS.
catechism in chapel on the Sunday. These The Report is not so explicit as we are tweaty-five in number. The children could wish respecting the nature of the in the daily school are stated to attend resociety's proceeding in Barbados. We gularly; but of their number we are not look in vain, either in the Report, or in informed. the accounts of the funds, for a state- Prefixed to the Report is a very intement of what money the society has re. resting and energetic discourse delivered ceived from the toil of its slaves, or what before the society by the present Bishop it has expended for their benefit. We of Chichester, from Rev. x. 6: “ That learn indeed that 21421. bave been re- there should be time no longer." We ceived from “Messrs. Daniel,” and 14001. lay before our readers the following ex. from “ Mr. Trattle;” but who these tracts. persons are, or whence these sums arise, “ In respect of the members of the we are not informed. We are not told church of Christ, individually considered. that the cart-whip has been laid aside there have been few who have passed on the society's plantations, or'that mar- through the world unmolested; they have riage has been instituted, or that one been wounded by the tongues of men, single step has been taken towards mak. where the hand of power has been tied ing their bondsmen free, or that any of up. Reproach is indeed a part of the them have become Christians. And, what cross, which their Master has told them is most singular, in the elaborate “ synop- must be taken up. Our blessed Lord sis of the society's missionaries, catechists, foretold that this would be the occasional and schoolmasters, with the dates of their issue of preaching his doctrine. And preappointments, their salaries, notitia, &c." dictions of the same kind are to be met the society's stations in Barbados are left with in the Book of Revelation, where the wholly unnoticed. We trust these “ church is described, as a woman fleeing titia," will not fail to be added in the next into the wilderness, and concealing herself Report.
therein from the rage of her enemies for We learn, that a collegiate “ establish- a long season. ment exists there, which is supported [by “ But shall opposition to the all-gracious the labour of the slaves) with the produce designs of Heaven for ever continue ? of the estates, consisting of a principal and Shall the spouse of our Redeemer be altwelve (of course, White) scholars; sti- ways insulted and trampled on? No! pends being allowed to those who may The angel declares with an oath, that in be desirous of prosecuting their studies in this respect, there shall be time no longer. England, either in divinity, law, or phy. A period shall be put to the rage of the sic." “ A minister has also been pro- enemy: how great soever the tyranny is, vided for the Negroes, whose whole it is yet limited, nor shall it be executed a attention is to be directed to their im- moment beyond the bounds which God provement in moral and religious know. hath set to it. ledge :" and that “ schools upon the Na. “ In respect of the distresses of the tional system have been formed, under church, that there shall be time no longer, the superintendence of the chaplain, and that Christ will interpose for its relief, * code of regulations has been prepared, many and great are the promises of holy with the sanction of the attorneys, by Scripture, wbich sufficient time it is not stated how “ The church of our Redeemer shall much) will be allowed the Negroes, during not be in that obscure state, or confined the week, for the cultivation of their own to so small a part of the world as it is at provision-grounds, to enable them to at- present. The Gospel of Christ shall be tend to the religious observance of the propagated in every nation of the earth; Sabbath without interruption."
from the rising of the sun unto the going Mr. Pinder states, that he has opened down of the same, it shall run and be
glorified. Then, the descendants of Israel sent itself of advancing his kingdom upon shall look on Him whom they pierced, earth. Let us transport into all the deand mourn. Then, the deluded worship- pendencies of the empire, the model of pers of false gods shall remember them that church which our Saviour founded, selves, and rurn to the true Lord of hea- as the means of bringing all men, in due ven and earth. Then, the votaries of the course of time, to the knowledge of the eastern impostor shall become the dis- truth. Let us be the heralds of his reciples of Christ; and those who, though deeming love to all the nations of the they are called Christians, idolatrously earth. It may not much import us whejoin other mediators to the name of Christ, ther we ourselves live to see the mighty shall relinquish their superstition, and consummation; but it very highly concerns make mention of that name by which us, that we should use our utmost enalone they can be saved.
deavours, and offer up our earnest prayers, “At what particular period these words that the many promises concerning it may of the angel shall have their final accom- be fulfilled; that the kingdom of God plishment, is a question on which it be- should come with power; and that all comes not us to hazard even a conjecture, blindness being done away, and every obIt is not for us to know the times, and stacle removed, which yet prevents the the seasons, which the Father bath put name of Christ from being great among into his own power. Sufficient is it for the heathen, all the ends of the earth may us to be assured, that He who can no see the salvation of their God. And, he, wore deceive than be deceived, has pro- which testifieth these things, saith, Surely mised; and we know, that the eye and I come quickly. Amen Even so, come, the heart of our Lord Jesus are upon this Lord Jesus.' time. To what has it been owing, that the violences hitberto offered, the endea- CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. Fours used to extirpate the church, have A special and open meeting of the comproved thus far ineffectual ? Surely to the mittee took place on the 15th of December, strength of him, to wbom the care of the the president in the chair. The commitBoek is committed. The government is tee being anxious to record their deep feellaid on the shoulder of One who is as ings of regret and grief occasioned by the mighty as he is vigilant; to whom all death of the late Bishop of Caleutta, it was power is committed ; and who has dis- resolved, played that power in every age in the sup- “That while this committee would bow port of his church, in the midst of sur- with submission to the will of Almighty rounding enemies.
God, they cannot but deeply deplore the * In the literal use and sense of this loss which this society and the Christian prophecy, let us keep our eye steadily on church at large have sustained by the death the assurance of the angel, that there shall of the late Right Rev. Reginald Heber, be time no longer. The world itself, the lord Bishop of Calcutta : and, whilst they great scene of human action, shall, when contemplate with gratitude to the Giver it has answered its purpose, like the of all goodness,' the strong faith, ardent scaffolding to a building when the edifice zeal, unaffected humility, universal love, is erected, be taken down; the world and and incessant labours, of this distinguished all that therein is, shall be consumed, and prelate, terminating only with his life, they no trace remain of it any more, for ever. feel themselves peculiarly bound to comThe triumph of the wicked in the mean memorate his attachment to the cause of time, can be but short; his mirth will missions, and more especially his wise and soon be converted into mourning. For parental superintendence of the missionawhat else can they expect, who will notries of this society labouring within his stoop to the sceptre of God's grace, but diocese, by whom they trust, no less than that they sbould be broken by the rod of by themselves, he will ever be remembered his wrath ? Be wise now then in time, if as a bright example of those graces which ye would be holy in eternity. This is most eminently adorn a Christian prelaté." your wisdom and your happiness ; make It appearing to the committee that the it then the concern and business of your establishment of the English episcopacy in lives.
India has been attended with the most be“ In the mean time, let us look and pray neficial consequences in reference to both for that happy period spoken of in the Europeans and natives, but that its intext. And as God condescends to effect creasing cares will press too heavily on any his purposes by human instruments, let one prclate, it was further resolved, as watch every opportunity that may pre- * That while the committee beg to ex
Press, on behalf of the society, their re- and Basseen in the north Concan; in the spectful and grateful acknowledgments to island of Ceylon, at Cotta, Candy, Badbis majesty's government and to the court dagame, and Nellore : of directors of the Hon. the East India That, in these stations, there are now Company for the support which they have twenty-eight missionaries, who have regiven to the establishment of episcopacy ceived episcopal orders in the united in India, they unite their humble request church, and who are labouring to bring with those of the venerable societies for the heathen to embrace the Christian propagating the Gospel and for promoting faith: Christian Knowledge, for the appointment « That these missionaries were licensed of such a number of prelates as may be by the late Bishop of Calcutta, were recompetent to the discharge of the weighty ceived under his episcopal jurisdiction, and and increased duties of the episcopate in were summoned by the Bishop to the visiIndia.”
tation of his clergy : It was also resolved, that the following “ That very great and valuable benefits memorial should be presented to the Earlof resulted from the visits which the Bishop Liverpool, to the President of the Board made to the stations of the society; his of Controul, and to the Chairman of the paternal counsels and exhortations, and his Court of Directors of the Hon. the East judicious instruction in various difficulties India Company.
which had occurred, eminently tending to “That your memorialists have now, for promote the objects of your memorialists, nearly twenty years, been engaged in pro- and to strengthen and confirm the missionmoting the knowledge of the Christian re- aries in their arduous labours : ligion in India :
“That the Bishop was on his way to visit “ That they have ever been anxious to the mission of the society in Travancore, conduct their proceedings in conformity when it pleased Almighty God to call this with the doctrines and discipline of the revered and beloved prelate to his heavenly united Church of England and Ireland : reward :
“ That, before the last renewal of the “That there is sufficient reason to believe charter of the East-India Company, they that both Bishop Middleton and Bishop requested the late Rev. Dr. Claudius Bu- Heber, oppressed by the overwbelming chanan to urge on the public and the legis- duties of their responsible situation, sacrilature the expediency and necessity of a ficed their lives in the performance of dugeneral colonial establishment; in conse- ties which they were anxious conscienquence of which he published his work tiously to discharge : entitled “Colonial Ecclesiastical Establish- “That your memorialists, persuaded that ment,' the first editior of which was print- it is impracticable for any one bishop duly ed and distributed, by means of your me- to superintend so vast a charge, and deeply morialists, among the members of both sensible of the great advantages which their houses of parliament:
own missionaries have received from the “ That your memorialists regarded, with personal visit of the lamented Heber, cangratitude and joy, the provision made in not refrain from joining the incorporated the new charter granted to the East-India Society for propagating the Gospel in FoCompany, for enabling the crown to con- reign Parts, and the venerable Society for stitute a bishopric in India :
promoting Christian Knowledge, in hum• That, with similar feelings, they re- bly representing the importance of apjoiced in the formation of Bishop's College pointing more than one bishop to so imat Calcutta, for the education of inissiona. mense a diocese : ries to the natives of India, and contri- “That your memorialists, in making this buted 50001. toward its erection, having representation, feel it to be their duty at made also successive annual grants, the same time respectfully and gratefully announting in the whole to 50001. more, to acknowledge the support already given in support of the college:
to the establishment of episcopacy in India, “That theyhave now established mission. by his majesty's government and by the ary stations, in the presidency of Bengal, court of directors of the Hon. the East-Inat Calcutta, Burdwan, Buxar, Gorruck- dia Company." pore, Benares, Chunar, Allahabad, Cawn- In a circular issued by the committee, pore, Agra, Meerut, and Delhi; in the containing the above resolutions relative presidency of Madras, at Madras, Poon- to the late Bishop Heber and the increase amallee, Mayaveram, Palamcottah, Cotym, of bishops in India, the committee state Allepie, Cochin, Tellicherry, and Nellore; that the society's connexion with Bishop's in the presidency of Bombay, at Bombay College, and through the college with the