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in a manner the most complimentary to“ wages are the barometer of crime, the magistracy of the country, who, he' and that when'men want food, as, with thinks, could not be induced to live on our vast increase of population, is too their estates, and undergo the labour of often the case, they resort, in his lordadministering justice to their neighbours, ship's curious phrase, to “ the law of if it were not for the pleasure of hunting nature”--that is, they pilfer, or rob, or and shooting; the connexion of which murder, as the occasion may require. with the office of a justice of the peace This delightful “ law of nature," by we cannot imagine, unless it be that which angry men fight and needy men poachers are a species of game which steal, is so contrary to all that is taught country gentlemen think they can harry in our Daily and Sunday Schools, that, the better by becoming magistrates. Nor notwithstanding his lordship's disparageare we surprised that Judge Best thinks ment of those institutions, we still think very lightly of Schools for the Poor, and they bid fair to do more towards setting seems to estimate the increase of crime aside that barbarous law, and putting by the increase of education; in direct the law of Christianity, of doing to others opposition, we may add, to the most clear as we would that others should do to us, and palpable facts on the subject; in in its place, than all the punishments opposition also to his own doctrine, that that laws can devise or judges enforce.

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J. D. L.; R: F. D.; and art' INTOLERANT ABOLITIONIST, are under considera

tion: ALBERT is mistaken in supposing that a self-murderer is now'interred with those bar

barous and disgusting ceremonies to which he alludes. We are as anxious as our correspondent to prevent the awful crime of suicide ; but we cannot think that the cross-road, the stake, and the mallet, which punished the mourning survivors only, and not the deceased, were the best instruments for that purpose. We are happy, however, to inform him, in reply to his Rubricat query, that, though the body of a *** felo-de-se" may now be privately deposited in a burial ground, the clergyman is legally' exempted from reading over it that solemn service which was intended for

those only who, in the judgment of charity, “die in the Lord." The paper alluded to by S. B. was inserted in consequence of the discussion to which

it referred having been renewed. We are much obliged to E. E. for his truly “courteous" and Christian commu

nication. He may be assured that we keep a strict'check over the advertisements on our covers, with a view, as he justly expresses it, "not to admit any thing 1. ineonsistent with religion or morality;” but Clerical advertisements are so much

matters of course, that onr Publisher never suspected that the one to which E. E. - alludes required a special sanction.-Had we seen that which contains so much of

questionable statement with respect to the Bible Society, before its publication, we should probably have greatly curtailed it. We are not willing to be made the vehicle of slander, either against individuals or societies.



No. 309.)

SEPTEMBER, 1827. [No. 9. Vol. XXVII.


Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. widely in operation, which has for

its object to free religion from all I SEND you a memoir of Martin alloy, and to restore it to that pri

Bos, the Protestant Catholic, mitive purity which it once enjoyed. which I think will greatly interest Numerous conversions to Protestmany of your readers. The life of antism have in some places attestBos has been written by Gossner, ed this spirit of religious inquiry ; who, like him, has suffered much but there are a much greater numpersecution for the cause of Christ. ber of places in which the necessity It contains a number of letters writ- of modifying external forms has not ten at different periods of his life ; been felt, and where the fruit of and it well merits to be translated true piety has been developed withinto English. Gossner has it also in out having burst the outward shell contemplation to publish a volume of in which it was concealed. External Bos's sermons. The following nar. forms are more or less favourable, rative is translated from an account

more or less contrary to truth and of Bos which has since appeared piety. The necessity of changing in a French Protestant publication, them, and of giving to interior senthe “ Archives du Christianisme.” timents or articles of faith a new There may possibly be in it a few visible expression, may in some expressions which may appear to instances be irresistible; yet it is some readers open to the charge also conceivable, that there may of mysticism, or at least of not be persons, and even many persons, being altogether clear or judicious; in a country where the dominion of but the whole narrative is replete the imagination is so extensive as in with interest, and every true Chris. Germany, who, though they be altian, every Protestant especially, ready arrived at the true liberty of must rejoice to find in the very the children of God, do nevertheless precincts of the Church of Rome consent to submit to ancient pracsuch powerful attestations to the tices and usages, which they have great Scripture doctrines of the learnt to spiritualize, and to make corruption and spiritual inability harmonize with their convictions and of man, of free justification solely religious temparament; in a word, by faith in Christ, and of the to restore them to that emblematinecessity of the converting and cal signification which they perhaps sanctifying influences of the Holy were in most instances intended to Spirit.

F. C. convey, before they had become,

by gross errors, mournful and in

significant ceremonies, which reMEMOIR OF MARTIN BOS.

duce the service of God to exterior Germany is, perhaps, that country and corporeal observances, and in in which, of all others, Roman Ca- which those faculties of the soul tholic Christians are most engaged the most calculated to glorify the in religious discussion. There is Almighty have no part. It is not at present amongst them a spirit, the object of the present remarks CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 309.

3 X

to discuss whether it would not be eighteen centuries, and it is so in our better entirely and openly to re- own days; the same cause produces ject all this fabric of pretended acts martyrs in the visible churches of of devotion ; but merely to esta- all denominations. This is proved, blish one fact-namely, that there with regard to Protestantism, by exists in Germany a multitude of the deplorable events in a neigh. Christians, of the Roman Catholic bouring country [alluding to the persuasion, who are distinguished persecutions in Switzerland]. The from others of the same commu. whole life of Martin Bos has been nion, not only by this tendency to an exemplification of this, with respiritualize the ceremonies of their gard to Popery. Having been perchurch, but also by a profound secuted for more than forty years, acquaintance with the Gospel, and because, like St. Paul, he would a sincere attachment to the funda- not know any thing but Jesus mental doctrines of Christianity.

Christ, and bim crucified, he may It is more particularly in Bavaria be considered, in a religious view, that persons of his description are as one of the most remarkable men most numerous. This may perhaps of the present century. be caused by the circumstance, that

Martin Bos was born on the 25th a religious awakening has not only December 1762, at Huttenried, taken place amongst the members in Bavaria. He lost both his of the flocks, but also amongst their parents when he was but four years pastors. It was there, that, forty of age, at an interval of a fortnight years ago, Feneburg and Winkel- only from each other. They had hofer taught; it is there that Bishop had sixteen children, of whom Sailer teaches at present; and there, Martin was one of the youngest. in a less elevated station, many An uncle, who was an ecclesiaspriests, his disciples, preach, whom tical counsellor at Augsburg, rethe fear of being deprived of the ceived him, and took charge of his means of doing good sometimes education. At the expiration of forces to avoid great publicity, but a few years he would have had him who never depart in their instruc- learn some trade ; but the young tions from that truth which they man expressed a desire to devote desire to spread *. From Bavaria himself to the ministry; and as the sprang Lindl, Gossner, and Bos— tutor who had given him elementary those three faithful witnesses, who instructions declared him to be were driven by persecution from the best of his three hundred place to place; and who, wherever pupils, his guardian consented to they turned their steps, did not he- his pursuing his studies. He ensitate to proclaim that Gospel which tered first the college of St. Sahad caused them to be proscribed. viour, which was under the direcThey were not proscribed fortion of the ancient Jesuits, near having taught particular doctrines; the Lyceum at Augsburg : from but for having declared, in all their thence he was to have gone to force, the fundamental truths of Dillingen, in order to study theoChristianity,-- the natural corrup-logy exclusively; but when the tion of the heart of man, the im- professors of his college became possibility of salvation by works, acquainted with his plan, they enand the free grace obtained for deavoured to detain him; and it sinners by the expiatory death of was with extreme regret that they Jesus Christ. Nor let us be asto- furnished him with the certificates nished at this : it has been so for which he required. They were

opposed to the university of DillinIn 1824, there were thirty-seven priests who were persecuted in Bavaria gen, on account of the sentiments of on account of the testimony which they the professors. Sailer, Zimmer, and had given for the Gospel.

Weber, were amongst the most obnoxious, as their evangelical doc. his soul, thus prepared, was enatrines were in opposition to those bled to put in practice those leswhich they had endeavoured hitherto sons which he had received from to inculcate upon Bos. It does not the pious professors of his college appear that the lessons of these for the development of his faith new masters had any immediate and spiritual life. Thus was he influence on his mind. It is pos- initiated into that doctrine for sible that he became acquainted which he was afterwards so severely with the nature of true Christianity to suffer. through them, without having him Bos had been curate at Unterself practically adopted it. At the thingau for nearly two years, when end of six years he was ordained he was called to Kempten, and priest, and was shortly afterwards from thence to Groennbach, in the appointed curate at Unterthingau, office of a canon.

As he was a large town in the province of younger than his colleagues, his Kempten.

functions were nearly the same as Before he was appointed to those he had hitherto fulfilled ; this office, he had begun to feel they consisted in preaching, and the within him the germ of that seed other duties of the ministry. The of eternal life which he was to zeal which he manifested in the plant and to water in others. The pulpit and in the confessional, the following is an account of the man- seriousness with which he sought ner in which he was first led to his own salvation and that of his observe the influence of faith upon hearers, soon_gained him general the heart. He went, in 1788 or confidence. To him resorted, in 1789, to visit a woman distin- preference, those who wanted conguished by her humility and piety, solation, or who desired instruction. who was dangerously ill

. “I do This popularity excited the jeanot doubt,” said he, endeavouring lousy of the other canons; and to prepare her for death, “ that you matters arrived at such a point that die calmly and happily.” “ And they would no longer admit him why?" said the woman. “ Be- among them, and arbitrarily decause,” replied he, “ your life has prived him of his office: but they been a continued chain of good could not take from him his stipend, actions." The woman smiled, and which they were obliged to pay to said; “ If I were to die rely- the period when he emigrated. ing for my salvation on the works Driven away from Groennbach, which you mention, I am certain he left it, without knowing which that I should be condemned ; but way he should direct his steps. that which makes me calm at this Being arrived at some distance from awful moment is, that I rely on the town, he stopped to take some Jesus Christ my Saviour.” “ These repose, and was led to pray with few words," says Bos, “ in the mouth more fervour than he had ever done of a dying woman, who was looked before : and the Lord was pleased upon as a saint, opened my eyes to answer him, by manifesting himfor the first time. I understood self to his spirit with great clearthe meaning of Christ for us : ness as his Mediator and Saviour. like Abraham, I saw his day. From He felt himself consoled, and again that time I announced to others in the possession of peace and joy. that Saviour whom I had learned to Taking into consideration what he know, and there were many who should do, he resolved upon going rejoiced with me.” Thus did this to Saeg, to the pastor Feneburg, woman, whom he wished to prepare who received him as his curate. In for death, prepare him for life eter- the society of this friend his ideas nal. The impressions which he had on the importance of the ministry received, were never effaced ; and became infinitely more serious. He felt that his whole conduct should shewed their faith by their works be consistent with his sacred office; and the amendment of their lives ; and he acquired habits of retire- and the world, as it generally hapment and meditation. He was ac- pens, instead of rejoicing at their customed to say, “ that a priest conversion, viewed it with alarm. ought to shew himself to the people But the word of God produces only in the exercise of his func- fruits even by means of those who tions : an envoy of the Lord ought have themselves but recently reto be seen only when he comes ceived it. They communicated to with a message from the Lord.” others their sentiments, which

The injustice of the proceedings were embraced also by a priest, against him at Groenbach did not who till that time had been only remain long undiscovered, and the remarkable for his scepticism and Prince-Abbot of Kempten, in unedifying conduct. After having order in some measure to afford a embraced the truth, he became the remedy, recalled him, and appoint- instrument of a revival of relied him, in 1795, curate of the gion, which spread with astonishing church of Wiggensbach. In this rapidity. We might name several parish his labours began to be other ecclesiastics, who, being blessed in an extraordinary man- placed in connexion with Bos ner. He felt deeply his own in- about this period, through circumsufficiency, and sought, in con- stances apparently indifferent, owed tinual prayer to God and the assi- to him a knowledge of the Gospel, duous perusal of the Holy Scrip- and openly confessed that there is tures, the assistance which he need- salvation in Jesus Christ alone. One ed. As often as he was to enter may conceive the spiritual benefit it the pulpit, to visit a sick person, must have been of to the country, or to instruct a sinner, he poured where these blessed tidings resoundout his soul before God, to ask of ed in almost every direction. Bos him that which he was afterwards to acted principally through preachcommunicate to others. The year ing; and his sermons made an in which he entered into his office astonishing impression. He knew was the year of the Catholic jubi- how difficult is the office of an lee;"and, accordingly, many persons evangelist.“ We must dig very from the neighbourhood came to deeply,” said he,“ to discover the him to make general confessions. treasure ; and it is when we feel our Bos shewed them the true source weakness and misery most, that we of justification, and the only road to dig the best ; for those are not the life, in teaching them the manner best sermons which we have lain which absolution and the pardon boured over with difficulty, but of sins are granted to faith. Great those which we have, as it were, numbers were converted with their supplicated from the Lord with whole heart to the Lord ; and these tears and prayers.” The sermon were mostly from among those just which he preached at Wiggensand pious men, according to the bach on the 1st of January 1797, opinion of the world, who, after was no doubt . one of this latter having in vain sought repose in the kind. He was doubtful whether observance of religious forms, in a he should deliver it or not; he even multiplicity of confessions and pil- endeavoured to compose another ; grimages, felt themselves relieved but the feeling of duty prevailed, from a heavy burden, when they and he frankly proclaimed to his found the pardon of their sins through parishioners the whole counsel of Him who freely gives it to those God. His sermon comprehended who will receive it at his hands. the four following divisions : First, These men, thus renewed in the Repent, for the kingdom of God is spirit of their minds, iinmediately at hand; Second, Believe that Jesus

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