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from the distribution of tracts. My sister, The same publication, in giving a review he says, sent me 1000 pages of tracts of of the proceedings of some of the chief of the American Tract Society, which I re- these societies, presents us with the folceived while making some of our earliest lowing remarks: preparations for the location of the college. “Of that noble institution, the American We had already collected about 70 chil. Bible Society, we are happy to state, that dren into a Sabbath school, whom we in- both the receipts into the treasury, and structed, for an hour or two, previous to the issues from the depository, continue the public service. While engaged with to be gradually on the increase. During these children, I found that a large number the last eight months, thirty new Auxiliaof young men had collected around us; ries have been recognised by the Society, but it was only to be spectators of our pro- making the whole number 536. The whole ceedings; for, though only a small part of number of Bibles and Testaments issued them could read, they seemed to feel above from the depository since the formation of being taught in a Sabbath school. At the Society in 1816, is 485,829. Who can length, on receiving the tracts from my tell how many desponding souls have been sister, I went out among them, and said, comforted by these messengers of mercy; “ Why do you stand gazing about here? how many sinners have been reclaimed Now just take some of these little books, from the error of their ways ?” and gather yourselves together in little “ The cause of injured Africa is taking circles of half a dozen or a dozen each, a stronger hold on the sympathies and and let those among you who can read, charities of the people, with each succeedread to the others. It is better than to ing year. Many a benevolent eye is dibe idling away your time in this manner. rected to the movements of the American The invitation was cheerfully complied Colonization Society, with the deepest with; and for successive Sabbaths, says interest. And although it is hoping too the Bishop, it was one of the most affecting much to expect the entire abolition of sights I ever witnessed, to see them col. Slavery throughout the land by the direct lected in little groups, and seriously listen- efforts of this institution, yet it is imposing to the words of life contained in these sible to say that its indirect and ultimate precious little tracts.

effects may not be of this gigantic cha

racter. Public opinion in this country is UNITED STATES RELIGIOUS the lever which moves every thing; and SOCIETIES.

by operating upon this, as the Colonization A late number of an American weekly Society is doing, the most efficient mepaper, entitled the “ New York Observer," thod is adopted of accomplishing the grand contains the following schedule of the re- design which is in view, and will never be ceipts 'of the principal benevolent socie- lost sight of, by thousands of American ties in the United States during the last citizens. Already are there established, in year. The amount is given in dollars.-- different parts of the land, more than a Amer. Education Society, 73,428; Amer. hundred Anti-Slavery Societies, seventyBoard of Missions, 67,401; Amer. Bible three of which are located in slave-holding Society, 64,76b; Amer. Sunday School states. Within about a year past, the Union, 42,000; Amer. Tract Society, Friends' Yearly Meeting in North Carolina 30,413; Amer. Home Mission Society, have removed to more favourable climes 18,140; Amer. Colonization Society, not less than 300 People of Colour, and are 15,963; Amer. Baptist Board of Missions, making arrangements for still further and 10,987; Amer. Tract Society, Boston, larger removals. In the month of January 10,301; Presbyterian Education Society, last, thirty-four Coloured emigrants sailed 8000; Methodist Missionary Society, from Boston for Liberia, under the pa6812, Missionary Society of Connecticut, tronage of the American Colonization So6215;

Reformed Dutch Missionary ciety; and in February, 154 from Norfolk, Society, 3528; West. Dom. Missionary Virginia, for the same destination. AnoSociety, 2577; Amer. Jews Society, 1266. ther expedition is fitting out at Baltimore, The total amount contributed to the above. and will sail in a few days. The populanamed fifteen societies during the year was tion of this flourishing colony is now 500 356,163 dollars; and the total increase or 600. In the latter part of 1825, two above the receipts of the same societies churches were built by the colonists; and the year preceding, was 142,536 dollars! in the spring of 1826, a Missionary So

* This result," says the editor, “ will ciety was formed. Five or six schools are probably surprise others, as it has our. in operation; in which not only the chil. selves. It indicates an advance in the dren of emigrants are instructed, but also cause of Christian charity, such as perhaps sixty children of natives. An earnest dewas not anticipated, even by those best sire has been expressed by all the Leeward acquainted with the religious movements Tribes except one, that schools may be of the age. Yet we have no hesitation in immediately established among them, for saying, that thousands who have contri. the instruction of their children. More buted to these objects, and whose dona- than 150 Africans, who had been seized for tions are considered liberal, have not done transportation as slaves, have been restheir whole duty."

cued by the colonists; and by the same ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS. Dr. B.Jenkinson, to be Dean of Durham. Rev. Horne, Hotham R. co. York.

instrumentality, in connection with that churches organized at the stations is twenof the British colony at Sierra Leone, the ty-five ; containing an aggregate of more Slave Trade has been banished, almost than 200 members. The whole number entirely, from a line of coast three hundred of schools is about 200; in which are inmiles in extent.”

structed not less than 20,000 scholars; The interests of the Jews are not for- and, in general, such books are made use gotten : yet we regret to say, that, so far of as are fitted to instil into their minds as respects the American Society for me the first principles and duties of Chrisliorating their condition, almost nothing tianity. The last year's intelligence,' say has been done the past year. While a the Executive of the Board, was more part of the Board of Managers are in favour interesting than that of any previous year, of the colonizing system, and would adopt and the last three years embrace more measures accordingly, the other part main. proofs of successful operation than did the tain that all the habits and inclinations of iwelve which preceded. If we look to the Jews are averse to such a course of life; Sandwich Islands, we behold 20,000 peothat the scheme is chimerical, and would ple under instruction, 12,000 of whom only be attended with a waste of funds. are able to read the Scriptures-ten or Instead of this, they would have the so- twelve churches built by the natives for ciety direct its attention to the support of the worship of Jehovah, some of which missionaries among the Jews, in the coun- are attended by 4000 people-nine printries where they are now located.

cipal chiefs, and many of the common “ In the month of January last an in- people, professing their faith in Christstitution was established in New York, 2000 families where morning and evening entitled the American Seaman's Friend devotions are offered-revivals of religion, Society. The objects contemplated by or their fruits, in two or three places on its constitution are excellent, and worthy the islands intoxication, theft, and every of encouragement from every friend of re. vice, retiring before the influence of true ligion, and every lover of his country.". religion. By the press attached to this

“ The United Foreign Missionary So- mission, and those at Malta and Bombay, ciety and the American Board have four it is estimated that in a little more than a stations among the Osage Indians, three year past three millions and half of pages among the Indians in New York, one at have been printed, and sent forth, or preMackinaw in Michigan territory; md, if pared for circulation, rich with the blessnecessary, one on the Maumee river in ings of the Gospel. Ohio, and one in Hayti among the Colour- “ Among the Indians of our own couned emigrants from the United States, have try, particularly the Cherokees, are many been transferred to the Board. These, fruits of missionary labour. The view with two others at Bombay, six in Ceylon, we have taken of the operations of the seven among the Cherokees, nine among Board, is but a glance: it reveals but a the Choctaws, one among the Cherokees- glimpse of its animating prospects. Alof-the-Arkansas, six at the Sandwich ready 1000 Missionary Associations are Islands, one at Malta, and one at Beyroot pouring their offerings into its treasury, in Syria, make a total of forty-three sta- through forty-five Auxiliaries; and every tions, under the care of a Society whose day adds strength to the cause. Yet we first mission was established in 1813. trust it will never be forgotten, that this The whole number of missionaries and work is to be accomplished, not by might, assistants is 201. The whole number of nor by power,' but by the Spirit of God.” VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.

Rev. J. Russell, D.D. Preb. of the Me- Rev. J. Hughes, St. Michael P. C. tropolitan Church, Canterbury.

Aberystwith, Wales. Rev. J. H. Seymour, Preb. of Lincoln Rev. J. Leach, Tweedmouth R. co. Cathedra).

Durham. Rev. Dr. Wellesley, to the Golden Rev. R. Lucas, Edith Weston R. RutPreb. of Durham.

land. Rev. L. Vernon, Chanc. of York Cath, Rev. J. C. Matchett, Catton V. Norfolk. Rev. J. Blanchard, Lund V. Beverley, Rev. H. Roberts, Baxterley R. co.

Warwick. Rev. E. T. Bidwell, Orcheston St. Rev. J. H. Robertson, Church and Mary R. Wilts.

Parish of Caldingham, Presbytery of Rev.T.H.Elwin,East Barnet R. Herts. Churnside, co. Berwick.

Rev. G. Evans, Potterspury V. co. Rev. J. Blanchard, Chap. to the Earl Northampton.

Ferrers. Rev. J. Harries, Newcastle Emlyn P.C. Rev. J. Griffith, Chaplain to the Lord Carmar.

Chancellor. Rev. G. Harris, Letterston R. co. Pem- Rev. J. Morris, Chap. to Ld. Lynedoch. broke.

Rev. T. Symonds, Chaplain to Lord Rev. W. Hewitt, Ancroft R.co.Durham. Colnbrook.

co. York.

FOREIGN.

punishing the Greeks as rebels and traiFRANCE.—It is afflicting; to every friend tors. The only argument of any weight of an enlightened freedom, to witness the is, that some of the remonstrating powers enslaved state of the French press. The themselves sided at the commencement tyranny of the censorship is exercised in of the struggle with Turkey, and offerthe most rigorous, and sometimes appa- ed to assist that power in coercing the rently capricious, manner. The metro- Greeks. Our own conduct in this matter, politan journals may not copy articles we fear, was not at that period altogether from provincial papers without a new unexceptionable, for the chains of the exercise of censorship, though those ar- Holy Alliance were suffered by Lord ticles had already passed the local ordeal. Londonderry to press somewhat tightly What is permitted in one place may be around us; but, now that we are fairly rejected in another. But it is evidently emancipated from them, we cordially the purpose that in no journal should hope that nothing will prevent our purany thing appear which is seriously of- suing towards Greece and her oppressors fensive to the executive government or that wise and liberal policy which the the Catholic priesthood. The censors principles of Christianity, the dictates of have even forbidden the publication of humanity, and our best feelings as mema list of the subscribers for a medal to'bers of a free and enlightened empire, be struck in Paris in memory of Mr. equally demand. Whatever may be the Canning, on account of that statesman's' merits or the faults of the departed statesname being associated in France with man, whose sudden decease has astoundthe obnoxious maxim of “ Civil and reli- ed the whole nation, not less his foes gious liberty all over the world." than his friends, we trust that the import

SPAIN AND PORTUGAL.-There are no ant benefits which he was so anxious to facts of a very tangible nature to adduce secure for Greece, for Portugal, and for as illustrative of the state of affairs in South America, will never be lost sight these two countries; but it is clear, from of by his successors, his fellow-countrythe whole complexion of events, that they men, or the world at large. are both far from being in a state of poli- UNITED STATES.-The law for the tical repose. In Portugal, the enemies extinction of the last traces of slavery of the Charter, as far as they dare venture, in the state of New York, came into are fomenting the public animosities; operation on the fourth of last July, the while' in Spain a' counter party appears anniversary of American independence. to be 'actively at work to bring back a A meeting of the People of Colour was constitutional government. The struggle previously held at New York, at' which in these countries is the more important, it was determined that the day should be on account of the opposite line of policy celebrated as a holy festival of gratitude pursued by France and England; but we to God. Thus, to use Mr. Buxton's exstill hope, that, by the wisdom and firm- pressive allusion, is slavery dying away ness of our government, the affairs of in the socket, in one part of the world both nations will be eventually placed after another, without any of those fearupon a just and salutary footing, without fulconsequences which someWest-Indian either bloodshed or undue foreign inter- gentlemen predict from its abolition in ference,

our own dominions. Yet still it exists, GREECE AND TURKEY.—The Turkish and widely too; holding in its iron grasp government has peremptorily refused to two millions of victims, even within the acquiese in the propositions made to it by boasted ring-fence of the United States ; the European cabinets, for the repose of among a people so jealous for their own Greece. It pleads that Turkey conquer- liberty, that the very terms master and ed Greece by force of arms, but that it servant are odious. But, happily, a betexercised its power with mildness, con- ter spirit on the subject of slavery is very sidering the Greeks as subjects, not as widely spreading among ourTransatlantic slaves; and it adds,

that nothing shall brethren, many honourable proofs of induce the Sublime Porte to change its which have been already noticed in our present course of policy, or prevent its pages. Even in the slave states beneCHRIST. OBSERV. No. 308.

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yolent individuals are springing up on by means of the sidews-and traffic. of every side, to bear their testimony against slaves, and now finding their craft in this enormity. The state of Maryland danger, resolved, in the true spirit of has just repealed an odious law, which Governor Troup, to set up a governauthorised selling out of the state Colour- ment of their own, which they cailed the ed Persons convicted of petty offences. Republic of Fredonia. Now it hapThe legislature of Alabama has also just pened, that the neighbouring Indians, passed an act to prohibit the importation on whose aid they had mainly relied for

slaves into that state for sale or hire;, the accomplishment of their purposes, though, by the way, they may still be nearly all took sides with the Mexicans. 'imported for the use of the importers, Being thus left to their own resources, and may be sold after a period of two and unable to cope with the troops * years, We might mention other enact- sent against them by the Mexican go

ments; all of which, though of little or vernment, these advocates for the liberty doubtful individual value, shew at least of enslaving others, found plenty of buthat a spirit of inquiry is awake, which, siness upon their hands, and are at

we are persuaded, will ultimately be length either captured or dispersed. No satisfied with nothing short of the entire other result could have been reasonably abolition of slavery itself.

anticipated ; and if the cause of the reMexico.—The following memoranda volt is such as has been suggested, no throw light upon the circumstances of other could be desired by the friends of rathis new republic. The arrivals of vessels genuine freedom. The truth is, the new in the port of Mexico during last year republics of North and South America

were 1267; of which 49 were from have set us an example, on the subject of France, 55 from England, 399 from the slavery, which we should do well to imiUnited States, and the remainder native tate, under such modifications as our peproperty. The receipts of the public culiar circumstances render necessary. If treasury, which four years since were but we remember right, the last slave in 5,000,000 dollars, had increased last year Columbia is to be emancipated within to 14,000,000. The army contains, nomi- the present year. Peru has essentially nally, 58,000 men, of whom 32,000 are lightened the burdens which for centuunder arms. The navy is almost in its ries had oppressed the poor Indians; infancy. There are ten bishopricks in and Mexico evinces, by her decision in Mexico, of which seven are vacant; the enforcing the law in behalf of enslaved envoy, who was sent to Europe to arrange Africans, that she is determined not to matters with the Pope on the subject, not be behind her sister republics in this yet having received his final instructions cause of justice, humanity, and religion. from the Mexican congress for settling Meanwhile the United States, where the a concordat. There are 1194 parishes, torch of liberty was first kindled-the and 3677 secular priests, of whom only United States, who claim to be the freest one third are actually engaged in pas- and happiest people on the face of the toral concerns. There are five orders earth—are cherishing in their bosom of monks, which include nearly 2000 nearly 2,000,000 of wretched slaves, and, individuals : they have one hundred and as a nation, are doing nothing to mitififty monasteries, and an income of about gate the evil!”. 600,000 dollars. There are fifty-seven convents, containing nearly 2000 nuns,

GREAT BRITAIN. with an annual rental of 800,000 dollars. We need not announce to our readers

The late disturbance in the Province the death of that highly gifted individual 'of Texas, which has been noticed in our on whom for several months past the journals, is stated in the American pa- eyes of his countrymen and the world pers to have originated in the following have been intensely fixed, and on whose circumstances. For obvious reasons, we measures seemed in no slight degree copy the account verbatim from a New to depend the destinies of the commonYork journal.--" The revolt in the wealth of nations. Neither shall we Mexican province of Texas appears to embark at present upon a survey of his have been occasioned by the new law political plans or personal character; prohibiting the importation of slaves into which have been the subjects alternately the Mexican dominions; or, as some ac- . of censures and of panegyrics the most counts say, abolishing slavery altogether. strong and unqualified. Would that we Certain slave-holders from the United could allay that wild uproar of partyStates, who had gone thither with the spirit which has made the very mention expectation of amassing great fortunes of his name a signal for warfare ! a war

fare which has separated chief friends, intends to punish, according to their

deand plunged the public into those bitter serts, all professional pugilists, and their political animosities to which for the last abettors, who may come before him; but ihree or four years we have been almost he is far, he says, from wishing to put utter strangers. But we forbear entering down the practice of fighting, even thougħ upon the subject. Personally, the de- it should lead to manslaughter, where parted statesman is beyond the reach it arises out of anger or provocation. His either of human censure or applause. lordship thinks, that “where an EnglishBut his measures are public property; man feels himself offended” he may and the public have naturally looked “fairly vindicate himself” by a pugiliswith intense anxiety to the appointment tic contest! Boxing, says his lordship, of the successor to his office, to determine "keeps up the spirit of Englishmen! whether they are likely to be pursued or Thus anger and revenge are judicially revoked. The King has virtually de- canonized ; and to be an Englishman cided the question, by commanding Lord is to be exactly what" a Christian" Goderich, whose political views coincide ought not to be! But brute bull-dog generally with those of the late premier, spirit surely needs nothing to keep it to all up the blanks in the ministry; up;” and as for any better spirit, boxing himself, of course, succeeding to the va- neither produces nor fosters it. We cant post of prime minister. Some of should not blame a Judge, where a case the appointments are understood not to of death by fighting comes before him, for be finally arranged, particularly the deciding as favourably as justice allows reChancellorship of the Exchequer : we specting the surviving delinquent, and for therefore defer the list till our next making every lenient allowance for sudden number. May the choice fall on men provocation and anger; but to go delifitted, both by their talents and their berately out of his way, in two solemn virtues, for their high functions! The de- charges, besides some incidental remarks cease of the late premier, almost imme- in his summings-up, to vindicate, and, diately after attaining the high summit we may say, to incite men to give full of his ambition, shews us“what shadows scope to their revengeful and maligwe are and what shadows we pursue !” nant passions, is, to say the least, a most May the solemo warning lead all who indecorous and reprehensible use of the are in authority to make the revealed high influence and authority with which will of God the guide of their ac- he is armed, for a very different and ditions; assured that they best promote rectly contrary purpose. We should not the happiness of mankind when they be surprised if settling disputes by the begin, continue, and end all their de- brutal method which Judge Best pasigns under a solemn view of their re-tronizes, should, under favour of his sponsibility to their Creator !

lordship's authority, become more comThe Duke of Wellington has returned mon than ever, and lead eventually to to the post of Commander in Chief; and the sacrifice of many lives; for two Lord William Bentinck is appointed Go- powerful men fighting, under the influvernor-General of India.

ence of revenge and passion, are more A very important cause is before the likely to receive or infict dangerous or Court of Admiralty, the result of which mortal wounds, than professional boxers, will decide, whether a slave, rendered accustomed to all the rules and precaufree by coming to England, reverts to a tions of their diabolical art. Should such state of slavery on returning to the West cases occur, the public will at least know Indies. Lord Stowell is to pronounce to whose account to lay the blood of their judgment upon the question ; and we countrymen, and the widow and orphan cannot allow ourselves to doubt that his on whom to vent their bitterest redecision will be that which reason, and proaches for their slaughtered relative. It law, and humanity, and Christianity ap- does not require the sagacity of a Judge pear to us equally to require.

to know, that, if only time were given for We have perused with extreme pain the parties to cool, by prohibiting their the reports of two Charges delivered at proceeding summarily to settle their the late assizes by Judge Best, in which quarrel at once by blows, many a dispute his lordship has taken especial pains to would be amicably adjusted, which in the vindicate and encourage the unchristian, impetuosity of the inoment might lead to illegal, and disgraceful practice of set- the most fåtal results. We are not surtling disputes by blows. His lordship prised, after the above, that Judge Best indeed strongly discountenances prize- goes on in his charge to panegyrize the fighting; and we are glad to find that he Game Laws; though, by the way, not

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