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sin are ways of bitterness and folly; will and commandments, and to we must, in addition, learn what is walk in the same all the days of the way of understanding : we must our lives.” We must so forsake walk in the paths of righteousness; the way of the foolish as “ to have we must grow in grace, and in the no. fellowship with the unfruitful knowledge of our Lord and Saviour works of darkness we must Jesus Christ; we must press on

“come out, and be separate ; " not towards the mark for the prize of merely dreading the consequences our high calling ; our lives must be of sin, but ceasing to love it, and by increasingly devoted to the service prayer and diligence endeavouring of God; our thoughts must become to mortify its power over our hearts, more spiritual, our tempers more and its influence in our lives. subdued, our whole deportment There must, further, be an equal more holy. And infinitely impor- desire to go in the way of undertant is it that we should go in this standing; and this also implies acway of understanding ; for by no tive effort. It supposes that we other path can we arrive at the are anxious to learn what that way kingdom of heaven; but, walking in is, in order that we may not be this narrow way, utterly unworthy deceived, and perish by false noas we are of the mercy of God, we tions concerning it. It supposes may scripturally hope and confi- also, that we diligently use the dently believe, that, in virtue of means of instruction, that we study the merits of our Redeemer, and the word of God, and pray for the through faith in his blood, we shall guidance of his Holy Spirit to obtain pardon, and favour, and direct us aright for the discovery of everlasting life.

it. It supposes further, that, having Let us then, in conclusion, listen dicovered it, we carefully pursue it, to, and obey, the exhortation in our with an anxious care not to turn text. We have considered its na: aside either to the right hand or to ture and its importance; we have the left, and to avoid the numerous seen that sin is folly, and that in hindrances that may beset our path. spiritual understanding is life; but These hindrances arise from the to no saving purpose is our judg- corruption of our nature, and the ment convinced if our hearts are temptations of the world, the flesh, not also inclined practically tu fol and the devil; and can be surlow up what we have admitted to be mounted only by a true and living

The language of the text faith in Christ, through the strengthshews us that religion involves ac. ening influences of the Holy Spirit. tive and zealous exertion. There For if there be not this sacred prinis one path to be forsaken, and ciple grafted within us, however another to be discovered and pur- just may be our notions respecting sued. To forsake, means more the path of life, or however well we than careless indifference, or partial may speak of its excellence to reformation, or a temporary sus- others, we shall not actually walk in pension of our evil habits. It is it. We shall substitute the form of à fixed and determined resolution, religion for the power; a few.spesolemnly formed in the presence of culative opinions or languid resoGod, and, in some humble mea- lutions, for true conversion to God, sure, carried into practical effect a spiritual union to Christ, and the through the influence of his Holy sanctification of our hearts by the Spirit, “ to renounce the devil Holy Spirit. These are the objects and all his works, the pomps and we should aim at ; this is the path vanities of this wicked world, and in which we should go; and this all the sinful lusts of the flesh; to alone will bring us peace at the believe all the articles of the Chris- last. Let us then endeavour to tian faith ; and to keep God's holy walk therein, encouraged to do so

by the promises of Divine support clius half the body of the sun was by the way, and the hopes of eternal eclipsed; and this defect continued glory at the end." Be of good from the former Tisria to Haziran courage, and he shall strengthen (that is, from October to June), so your heart, all ye that hope in the that only a little of its light" apLord.” “ Even the youths shall peared. This seventeenth year of faint and be weary, and the young Heraclius coincides with the year men shall utterly fall; but they that of Christ 626, and with the fifth wait upon the Lord shall renew their year of the Hegira; and at this time strength; they shall mount up with Mohammed was training and exerwings as eagles, they shall run and cising his followers in depredations not be weary, they shall walk and at home, to fit and prepare them for not faint."

greater conquests abroad."

Paulus Diaconus (alleged by

Hospinian in his work de Origine Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. Imaginum, p. 178,) relates a cir

cumstance not less remarkable than I beg leave to offer, for the con- the one mentioned by Bishop Newsideration of your readers, the fol- ton. He says, “ Vapor, ut ex calowing remarks on the prophecies mino ignis, visus est ebullire inter of Scriptore relating to the Moham- Theram et Therasiam insulas ex promedans, as a sort of supplement to fundo maris, per aliquot dies ; quo a paper on the same subject in paulatim incrassato et dilatato, igthe Christian Observer for Decem- niti æstûs incendio, totus fumus ber 1802, signed Juvenis. The igneus monstrabatur. Porro crasevents which have recently taken situdine terrenæ substantiæ petrinos place in reference to Turkey, give pumices grandes, et cumulos quosnew interest to the prophecies re- dam transmisit

, per totam Minorem lating to the Mohammedan religion; Asiam," &c. and I cannot but hope that an at- This event happened precisely at tentive examination of them will the time when Mohammed began lead to instruction and edification. to preach, and Pope Boniface the

It is a singular circumstance, IVth dedicated the Pantheon to the that Mohammed himself said that images of the saints and martyrs, the prevalence of his doctrines as may be seen in Hospinian : so should continue for twelve centu- that the event and coincidence ries. As Mohammed was not an confirm, that the Mohammedan inspired prophet, no stress must apostasy, like the empire of ancient be laid upon his declaration. It Persia, was permitted to prevail for however so happens, that ifwededuct the special purpose of punishing twelve centuries from the year 1826, those who worshipped the works of we recur to the year of our Lord their own hands, and demons, and 626. Bishop Newton, commenting idols of gold and silver and brass on Rev. ix. 1-12, observes cou. and stone and wood, as expressly cerning that very year (626) as fol. declared in Rev. ix. 20, 21. lows :-“ As the natural locusts are In respect to the star which falls bred in pits and holes of the earth, from heaven, Mr. Brightman, an so these mystical locusts are truly old commentator, who published on infernal, and proceed with the smoke the Revelation in 1618, is of opinion from the bottomless pit.” “ It is that by it is signified both the Moalso a remarkable coincidence," hammedan and Papal arch-aposcontinues the Bishop, “ that at this tates: the latter especially, in the time the sun and the air were lite- character of the usurper of the key rally darkened. For we learn from of Hades : to which opinion I most an eminent Arabian historian, that cordially assent, though I do not in the seventeenth year of Hera- undertake the defence of it; but only of Bishop Newton's application of 710. The Saracens conquered the fifth and sixth trumpets to the Spain. Mohammedans.

772. The Saracen empire at its The time allotted to the first woe, height. which is the effect of the fifth trum- 1322. It comes to its end. pet, is five months. I am not aware Bishop Newton further notes, that that before Lord Napier, the in- “ Their commission is to hurt only ventor of Logarithms, discovered those men who have not the seal of that a day prophetically signifies à God in their foreheads—that is, who year, any person suspected that it are not the true servants of God, did so. He published in 1588, and but are corrupt and idolatrous his calculation of the times of Popery Christians. Now, from history it terminated in 1697 or 1700 (Floyer's appears evidently, that in those Appendix to the Sibylline Oracles, countries of Asia, Africa, and p. 327; and Napier on Rev. xiv. 20.) Europe, where the Saracens exFive months, according to this ac- tended their conquests, the Chriscount, amount to 150 years; but as tians were generally guilty of idola. this period is twice mentioned, try, in the worshipping of saints, if some have supposed that the entire not of images; and it was the prenumber is 300


But what is tence of Mohammed and his fol. most important is, to notice that all lowers to chastise them for it, and admit that the period of time allot- to re-establish the unity of the ted to the sixth trumpet and its Godhead. The parts which reeffects is declared to be finished, mained the most free from the gein the words “ The second woe is neral infection were Savoy, Piedpast," long before the ruin of the mont, and the south of France, Saracen empire.

which were afterwards the nurseries Sir John Floyer gives us the fol- and habitations of the Waldenses lowing chronological series of events and Albigenses: and it is very rein that empire.

markable, that when the Saracens A. D. 622. Mohammed was the approached those parts they were first commander of the Saracens. defeated with great slaughter, by He fled from Mecca in 622, when the famous Charles Martel, in sevehis Hegira begins.

ral engagements.” 637. Omar conquered Syria, Per- If, then, there be a prophecy of the sia, Palestine, and Egypt.

latter times more exactly and strik638. Jerusalem was taken, after ingly proved to have been fulfilled two years' siege; and it was then than another, it is the ninth chapter agreed that the Christians should of the Apocalypse, as explained by not wear turbans, nor part their hair, Bishop Newton. I am aware that as they did; but should wear girdles, many persons fix their attention on and shave the fore-part of their head. the difficulties which attend every

639. All Syria conquered by the question of this kind; asserting that Saraceps.

the true explanation must answer in 640. Persia conquered.

all points. But what religious or 641. Antioch destroyed, Damas- moral principle is free from difficulcus taken, Phenicia invaded, and ties? The truth is, that prophecy is Egypt subdued.

“ a light shining more and more 648. Osman conquered Barbary. unto perfect day;" and when the

655. Muhavias conquers Rhodes perfect day shall arrive, prophecy and Cyprus.

shall then cease, as does the dawn 663. He conquers Asia Minor, when the sun is risen. If, then, we and invades Sicily.

will not attend to the warnings of 685. Abdimelech began the con- prophecy, which accompany, and quest of Mesopotamia and Armenia are attested by, the fulfilment of prophetical miracle connected with prophecy fulfilled, that as many as them, till every difficulty be re- will take pains in this study may moved, we shall lose the entire be- see sufficient instances of God's nefit which prophecy was intended providence; but then, the signal reto bestow-namely, that, “ seeing volutions, predicted by all the holy we know these things before, we prophets, will at once both turn beware lost we also, being led men's eyes upon considering the away with the error of the wicked, predictions, and plainly interpret falt from our own stedfastness." them. Till then we must content 2 Pet. iii. 17. If we seriously re, ourselves with interpreting what hath fect upon the consequences of in. been already fulfilled. Amongst attention to any part of the word of the interpreters of the last age God, we shall not be deterred from there is scarce one of note who hath attention to it, because all the diffi. not made some discovery worth culties in the entire subject neither knowing; and thence I seem to have been, nor can now be removed; gather that God is about opening for, the light, which is to shine more these mysteries. The success of and more unto perfect day, must in others put me upon considering the mean time shine merely in part. it; and if I have done any thing But it is urged, that interpreters so which may be useful to following widely differ that it is clear the time writers, I have my design."-(Sir I. is not come for understanding the Newton on Daniel and the Apocaprophecies. In reply, I can bear lypse, p. 252.) my testimony that I have examined Whiston is the most exact commany works on this subject, and mentator on the ninth chapter of that the charge is not true. That the Apocalypse, which is our immeall expositors agree in all things, is diate subject; and he says: “ The not maintained; but that many agree reader must give me leave to say in many, and those most essential somewhat about that grand rule of points, is undeniably true.

interpretation, which is of so great In proof of this position I shall importance to the understanding of make a few references to high au- the Apocalypse; and the neglect thorities.

whereof I look upon to have been “ The event" (says Sir I. Newton) the general occasion of almost all “will prove the Apocalypse; and this the errors of expositors, one way or prophecy, thus proved and under- other. I mean, that the order of stood, will open the old prophets; all the visions is to be wholly taken and all together will make known from intrinsic characters in the book the true religion, and establish it. itself, and not at all to be conformed For he that will understand the old to any particular hypotheses or exprophets, must begin with this; but planations ; and that from such an the time is not yet come for under order, first established, all the cerstanding them perfectly, because tainty and evidence of future applithe main revolution predicted in cations is to be derived ; and withthem is not yet accomplished. In out such order so established, all the days of the voice of the seventh expositions must be precarious and angel, when he shall begin to sound, uncertain, and only depend on the the mystery of God shall be finished, fancy of every commentator. This as he hath declared to his servants was the great Mr. Mede's settled the prophets; and then, the king- and constant judgment in this matdoms of this world shall become the ter; and his attempt, being built kingdoms of our Lord and his Christ, on this method, had such vast and and he shall reign for ever.' Apoc. unexpected success, that the body x. 7; xi. 15.

of the Protestant churches have “There is already so much of the generally declared themselves satisfied in the greatest part of his foun- On this principle (the common dations, and of his superstructure. ground, as we say, of the ReforThe learned Dr. H. More and mation), the several Protestant Monsieur Jurieu generally follow churches, how different soever in Mr. Mede, and so are certainly their various models, were all erectsome of our best commentators on ed, though, in course of time, some this book."—(Whiston's Essay on of the less stable have slipped bethe Revelation, p. 107.)

side their foundation," - (Bishop My third testimony is that of Warburton's Works, vol. v., p. 448.) Bishop Warburton.

" How extra- All these writers agree, that the vagant soever,” says the Bishop, Papacy is Antichrist, and that the 4 some Protestant interpreters have ninth chapter of the Apocalypse preboen, when they gave a loose to dicts the pest of Mohammedanism. their imaginations, yet the soberest A notioribus ad minus nota is the of them have universally concurred method of all sensible inquirers ; with the wildest, that the man of and in the use of this method, sin, this Antichrist, could be no Jurieu has in a few pages shewn the other than the man that fills the agreements of Protestants and Ropapal chair ; whose usurpation in manists respecting the meaning of Christ's kingdom, and tyranny over the prophecies relating to Anticonscience, by intoxicating the christ; discovered the point where kings of the earth with the cup of their two systems diverge; shewn bis enchantments and himself with the error of the Romanists in dithe blood of the saints, so eminently verging at this point, and completedistinguisbes bim from all the other ly refuted them: and most cordially unjust powers, that the various do I subscribe to the closing rechurches who broke loose from his mark of his admirable work, the Conenchantments, agreed in supporting tinuation of the Accomplishment the vindication of their liberty on of the Prophecies:-“ We know of this common principle, that the no Christian church in the West, Pope, or Church of Rome, was the except the Church of Rome, that very Antichrist foretold. On this doth not discern the papacy to be was the Reformation begun and the anti-Christianism that is procarried on : on this the great sepa- phetically described in the New ration from the Church of Rome Testament. The most famous lights was conceived and perfected: for, of the Church of England have though persecution for opinion would taught us almost every thing that acquit those of schism whom the we know concerning that subject. the Church of Rome had driven Bishop Usher, Mr. Mede, and Dr. from her communion; yet, on the Bedle, and an hundred such as they, principle that she is Antichrist, will easily carry the day above a they had not only a right, but lay thousand late writers, if there be so under the obligation of a command, many." to come out of the spiritual Babylon.



The last Number of the “ Anti- which we shall lay before our Slavery Monthly Reporter" con- readers. tains some very important facts and A bold attempt having been arguments, under the head of West- made of late to refute the positions Indian Statistics; the substance of that the slave population of the CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 308.


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