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that they have derived the high satisfac- are now in a course of instruction thirty tion of perceiving that the institution has more, at whose admission to orders, this justified the expectation of its most san
convention will have the delightful recol. guine friends, and promises to return, in
lection, and will deem it a cause of fresh
gratitude to God, that it has encouraged usefulness to the church, all, and more
and assisted the academical education of than all, that its most liberal patrons have one-fifth of her ministers, within the contributed to it.
space of about nine years. An institution “ It never was a question,” say they, thus intimately united with the church, among reflecting men, whether it con- enjoying, it is humbly hoped, the smiles cerned the interests of the church to of its Divine Protector, and promising to possess a body of clergymen, thoroughly more than repay. the donations of its educated in all that regards their sacred friends, will, it is expected, grow daily in calling, and trained by academical in- favour with churchmen; and will receive, struction to those methods of investi. without hesitation, what it will be the gating and explaining the sacred Scrip- duty of the committee to recommend, a tures, by which her doctrines and her further aid to place her capital above the admirable liturgy, have been as firmly es- reach of invasion, and to enable her trustablished in the judgment of the acute tees to proceed confidently in a scheme and inquiring scholar, as they have been which will give lustre to our country, and in the affections and faith of her humblest security to our church.” member. The utility of such a body at
It is calculated that 20,000 dollars will all times, and its indispensable necessity, secure this most desirable object ; and we in times of learned impiety and scepticism, shall rejoice to learn that it has been fully has always been self-evident. It is the effected. We trust that the blessing of glory of the Church of England, that God will attend the efforts of those who among her prelates and ministers have conduct or superintend this important inlong been counted, and are now to be stitution, and that the young men who found, the greatest names in every branch are trained in it will be faithful and useof learning, by which the sacred volume ful ministers of Jesus Christ. can be explained, illustrated, or defended; and it has been by their intimate acquain- SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING tance with the language, antiquities, his- CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. tory, connexion, and exposition, of the At a recent meeting of this society, the Old and New Testament, and with the Bishop of Gloucester delivered an interestfaith and practice of the primitive church, ing valedictory address to the new Bishop and also by their constant preparation for of Calcutta ; in reply to which, that prelate defence, that whenever the enemies of Christianity or the church have invaded gave the following important pledge. May either, they have been defeated and put he be largely endued with strength from to open shame. It was a debt of the above to fulfil it ! Protestant Episcopal Church in the Uni- “ Having put 'my hand to the plough,' I ted States, to these fathers of her liturgy, turn not back : I look forward, not indeed and defenders of the Christian faith, to to higher duties (for none can be higher endeavour to raise up worthy successors than those arising out of the relation of a and assistants to them in this western parochial minister to his flock), but to a world; and by the blessing of God upon wider and more extensive field of usefulthe efforts heretofore made in this behalf, ness, and hope to claim a larger share of it is now, as the committee bumbly, hope, confidence from my mother church than no longer doubtful, that the Theological that with which I have been hitherto enSeminary will educate for the work of the trusted. I feel a firm affection, a deep and ministry a succession of persons, to all pious veneration for that church, for that future time, who shall be accomplished visible and Apostolic church, and I look expositors and defenders of the sacred to its welfare with the utmost interest and canon, champions of the church, and at the
attention. But while I regard with the same time humble, pious, and faithful fol- warmest love that branch of our establishlowers and servants of its Divine Master ment which has been committed to my and Head. It is with feelings both of gra- charge, I must not lose sight of that which titude and joy, that the committee are our admirable Liturgy styles the Catholic, able to state, that of about 440, the sup- the universal church of Christ militant posed number of the clergymen of this here on earth :' and while I uphold, as far church, within the bounds of the United as I can, that which my manifest duty in a States, one-seventh part, sixty-two in more especial manner requires me to do; number, have been students of the Gene
none that come in the name of Christ ral Theological Seminary, who have been shall ever be considered as a stranger by admitted to holy orders; and that there
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
authorities chosen by itself subject to FRANCE.—The legislative chambers have the approval of the Porte. This measure closed, after a session of very little pub- is stated in the treaty to be necessary for lic interest. Since their close, an ordi- the repose of the whole family of Euronance has been issued by the king pean states; and in case either Turkey or establishing a censorship of the press, of Greece declines the offered mediation, a most rigorous character. The ministry all further collision between them.
the contracting parties agree to prevent and the ultra papal party seem alike to dread the effects of free discussion upon
DOMESTIC. the public. PORTUGAL and SPAIN. The late
The session of parliament has conchanges in the Portuguese ministry are
cluded with the following speech deconsidered as favourable to the consti
livered by commission.
“ My Lords and Gentlemen, tutional system. The Government have
“ We are commanded by his Majesty published a proclamation, in which they
to express to you the satisfaction which state that the rumours of the organiza- his Majesty feels in being enabled, by the tion of fresh bands of discontented per- state of the public business, to release you sons upon the frontiers are without foun- from further attendance in parliament, dation. They have however thought it “ His Majesty directs us to inform you, necessary, for the protection of the infant that he continues to receive from all foreign liberties of the country, to issue a pro- powers assurances of their earnest desire visional decree, forbidding the printing to cultivate relations of friendship with of any discussion on subjects, " the in- his Majesty's government ; and that his terpretation of which belongs exclusively Majesty's best efforts, as well as his Mato the legislative power ;' and also of jesty's.communications with his allies, are any paper impugning the leading doc- unceasingly directed to the termination of trines laid down in the constitutional existing hostilities, and to the maintenance
of general peace charter. It is reported that a conven- “ Gentlemen of the House of Commons, tion has been entered into between
“ His Majesty commands us to thank Great Britain and France, by which you for the supplies which you have are guaranteed the stability of the Portu- granted for the service of the present year, guese Constitution, and the evacuation and to assure you that his Majesty has of Spain and Portugal by the armies of given directions for a careful revision of the respective powers, with the excep- the financial state of the country, with a tion of a few British troops to be re- view to every diminution of expenditure tained in Lisbon, and a French garrison which may be found consistent with the at Pampeluna and Figueras. No such necessary demands of the public service, convention has however been officially faith, and honour of the nation.
and with the permanent interests, good published. The king of Spain appears “ My Lords and Gentlemen, to be much displeased at the conduct
“ His Majesty is confident that you of the pope in nominating bishops for participate with his Majesty in the pleathe new states of South America; ano- sure which his Majesty derives from the ther proof that in every country the indications of a gradual revival of employmost rigid spirit of Popery will succumb ment in the manufacturing districts. to self-interest and a supposed political “ His Majesty trusts, that although expediency.
your deliberations on the corn laws have GREECE. The affairs of Greece ap
not led, during the present session, to a peared a few weeks since in the darkest permanent settlement of that important aspect ; but a cheering beam of light resumed by you early in the ensuing ses.
question, the consideration of it will be has at length opened upon that country. sion, and that such an arrangement of it The intelligence of the capture of Athens, may finally be adopted as shall satisfy the and the probable political extermination reasonable wishes, and reconcile the subof the Greeks as a nation, has been stantial interests of all classes of his Mafollowed by the publication of a treaty jesty's subjects." between Great Britain, France, and The speech furnishes no new intelliRussia, interposing their mediation with gence; but we are happy to find a pledge the Ottoman Porte for a reconciliation given in it for a retrenchment of the between the contending parties, on the public expenditure, and an early re-conbasis of Greece becoming tributary to sideration of the corn laws, with a view Turkey, but under the government of to their final settlement. The interest
of the landowner, no less than of the away the useless, and often worse than public at large, demands this; for the useless, custom of making a prisoner present unsettled state of the question plead guilty or not guilty, and puts him is injurious to all parties.
on his trial without question. It also Considerable strength has been added abolishes the absurd practice of asking to the ministry by the accession of Lord the prisoner how he will be tried, and Lansdowne to the office of Secretary of making him reply, “ By God and my State for the Home Department. His country.” It makes provision for the lordship's powerful talents, his high per- trial of persons mute, either through sonal character, and his known zeal in the obstinacy or calamity. It purposes that promotion of every enlightened scheme of challenges of jurymen beyond what the policy, have been warmly acknowledged law allows in cases of treason, should even by his political opponents; and not expose the party to be sentenced as though his lordship differs widely in opi- guilty, but should only be void. And nion from his predecessor Mr. Peel on the lastly, and principally, it abolishes the subject of Catholic emancipation, he is preposterous plea of benefit of clergy; known to be among the most ardent à relic of ignorance and injustice, the friends to those measures of domestic actual effect of which it has been necesimprovement which that statesman had sary to guard against by an express clause so auspiciously commenced, and which in every criminal statute. These alterahave earned him a well deserved popu- tions, though of minor importance, as larity throughout the country.
compared with some other meliorations
Rev. G. Hall, Tenbury V. Worcester-
Easton R. Essex. Rev. R. Holberton, St. Mary's R. Rev. T. Shepherd, Cruxeaston R. Hants. Bridgetown, Barbadoes.
Rev. C. R. Smith, Withiel-Florey P.C. Rev. J. F. Hone, Tirby V.co.Gloucester, co. Somerset.
Rev. W. Hutchinson, Ubley R. Som. Rev. T. Stacy, Gelligaer R. Glamorgans. Rev.J. Hemipthorne, Wedmore V. Som.
Rev. G. F. Tavel, Great Fakenham R. Rev. S. Lane, Holme V. Devon. Suffolk.
Rev. W. Mayd, Wethersfield R. Suff.
Rev. W. Harrison, Minor Canon of Hants.
Rev. W.P.Spencer, Starston R. Norfolk. Rev. Mr. Keene, Preb. in Wells Cath. Rev. G. S. Weidemann, St. Paul's
Rev. J. Allgood, Felton V. co. Nor- P. C. Preston. thumberland.
Rev. G. Wilkins, Wing R. co. Rutland.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
been received, and are under consideration.
offering a douceur of from 500 to 1000 guineas to any person who will procure some church preferment for a clergyman, which appeared, wholly without our knowledge, on the cover of the Christian Observer, we think it our duty to state, that to our minds such transactions are utterly indefensible. That they will not bear the light, seems proved by the advertiser's own intimation, that "the utmost confidence may be depended upon." -Our Correspondent's threat might have been spared. He cannot suppose it could have the very slightest influence on our conduet, if other considerations did not weigh with us.
IN REFERENCE TO
For the Christian Observer. ment, if it did not begin in the
struggle of the United States of ON THE ASPECT OF
America for their independence, yet
certainly acquired sensible strength MISSIONS.
in that struggle; in which struggle, a recent meeting of a sub- as I well remember, with all the
urban Church Missionary As- ardour of an English school-boy, sociation, the Rev. Josiah Pratt, concerned for the honour and supthan whom no man has more closely posed interests of my country, I observed the present circumstances most fervently wished that they of the world in reference to mis might not succeed. The French, sionary labours, or more maturely who assisted the States, had soon weighed the practical conclusions occasion bitterly to repent their unwhich result from this aspect of just interference: they carried back society, delivered his sentiments on to their own country principles, these subjects in a very interesting which soon inflamed the combusand impressive address, with a copy tible materials that had been long of which he has obligingly favoured collecting there. The effects and the Committee. His statements, it consequences of the Revolution is conceived, deserve a wider circula- which followed, are now felt in tion than among the members of a every part of the civilized world. local association, and, it is trusted, But this is also a day of religious will prove acceptable to the readers excitement. This excitement beof the Christian Observer. His in- gan powerfully to display itself soon ferences, in particular, merit the after the commencement of the earnest attention of all who feel political struggle. Its more immeanxious for the glory of God, and diate development may be traced the temporal and eternal welfare of to the suggestion and establishment mankind.
W. of Sunday schools: the teachers
in these schools, and the youth The world now presents to the taught in them, soon awakened Christian's eye a noble and ani. new zeal in various quarters of the mating prospect; yet it is one which kingdom. I can speak of this from furnishes abundant ground of warn. experience: when a youth, I being and caution, and of deep humi- came a teacher in the Sunday lity before God our Saviour. It is schools of my birth-place, and obvious, to all who look around, both felt in myself and witnessed that this is, in the first place, a day in others the powerful influence of of great excitement.
this system in the increase of reliThis excitement is of wide extent. gious feelings and zeal. A revival of It is not a religious excitement only religion, both in and out of the Esta-it is political, and it is intellectual. blished Church, had then been for
The flame burst forth either in years in progress, and now received this country, or in connexion with a sudden and rapid extension. The this country. A political excite- spiritual wants of our own country,
Christ. OBSERV, No. 308. 3 M
and of the whole world, began to be Christians must be on their guard felt as they were never felt before. against these evils. They must The Established Church and the consider this state of excitement United Brethren had long laboured with a religious mind. It is a state in a few parts of the heathen world, of things ordained of God. It is in and the Wesleyan Society had been the natural order of the fulfilment the instrument, in co-operation with of his purposes of mercy to the the United Brethren, of great good world. to our West-India slaves. But now It is the duty of every Christian we began to witness an enlarged to rise with the leadings and calls regard to the glory of God and of Providence, and to awake to his the salvation of mankind. One com- share in the right feelings of the munity of Christians excited ano- church of Christ. To sleep among ther. Then sprung up that noble sleepers is evil: but it is aggravated institution the London Missionary criminality to sleep when multitudes Society, and the Baptist Missionary are awake and active. It is not, Society, and the Church Missionary however, enough to participate in Society; and these were followed the excitement of the day in which by the British and Foreign Bible we live. It is our duty to see that Society, the Wesleyan Missionary the excitement of our mind is the Society, and by other institutions genuine zeal of a Christian. Reliadapted to the relief of the most ur- gious excitement in a servant of gent wants of man. The flame cross- God must be regulated by his word: ed the Atlantic, and was soon felt and we must never forget, that among Protestants all over the world. whenever good is in progress, the
An intellectual excitement ac- enemy watches to pervert it to evil. companies these great political and In a day of excitement like our's, religious movements of men's minds. evil principles will be busy and Knowledge begins to be felt and active. Vanity, ostentation, selfdesired as power. Men find that complacency, party-spirit, self-righit has pleased God to distribute in- teousness, all low and selfish motellectual capacities pretty equally tives and mere natural passionsamong all classes; and, urged by these are temptations and snares doubtful and evil motives, as well as to the real Christian; but they are by good, there is a general grasp- a worm at the root of a mere pro. ing after that knowledge which gives fession. every strong mind the power of The genuine exciting cause of rule and controul over others. every Christian movement of our
But what are the duties of such minds in the work of God, is, zeal a day?
for his glory in the salvation of a In this political excitement here lost world. All must spring from is a tendency to lead men who are his Spirit; all must be directed to under its influence to idolize the his praise ! And ever must wę world ; and in this intellectual ex- watch and pray against the secret citement there is a tendency to working of self, in mingling its own idolize intellect. The world is, feelings and ends with humble and however, of no sort of value but as holy zeal for Christ and the salvait is made subservient to Christ; tion of souls. and it is utterly false that knowledge But the day in which we live is will, of itself, render men virtuous : not only a day of great excitement it will arm the unrenewed man with it is a day of enlarged exertions. more power to be mischievous; but The excitement of mind which it is the grace of God alone which we have witnessed has put itself can sanctify knowledge, and direct forth in varied and vigorous action. it to those ends which
are worthy of With the political movements of an immortal and accountable being. the world, we, as a religious society,