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SOCIETY FOR THE PROPOGA- is cast into the ground, and springeth
and groweth up, men know not how. We mentioned in our Number for Febru- bent on a Christian country, been ade
Has either part of the obligation, incumary, that the Society for the Propagation quately fulfilled; the providing for the of the Gospel had requested the Bishop of spiritual nurture and stedfastness of those Chester to permit the immediate publica- who are already believers, or the bringing tion of his excellent sermon, preached be- of the heathen into the fold of Christi fore the Society, in consequence of its “con- “ It is only of late, that the rulers of that taining observations which have a direct re. prodigious empire have opened their eyes ference to the present state of the church in
to the necessity of planting in those reIndia, during the vacancy of the see of dispense with none of her means or aids,
gions, where Christianity can afford to Calcutta.” This discourse has been ac
a religious establishment, formed after cordingly published, and we may have that model which the Apostles themselves occasion again to advert to it in a future stationed in the midst of an unbelieving Number; our limits, in the present, allow- world. From that moment it may be ing only of our extracting the chief of his said of our Indiaa possessions, that the lordship's remarks on the extension of Lord hath planted a vineyard there, and Christianity in India. His description of built a tower, and let it out to husband
men, and at the season he will send his the two bishops who have filled the see
servants to receive the fruit; and, we are of Calcutta, is as just as it is eloquent. persuaded, not in vain.” May their newly appointed successor “ Regarding, as I do, with deep and tread in their steps; especially in those heartfelt veneration, the disinterested zeal (we may say it without invidiousness, as and pious resolution of those holy men the plans laid down, and partly acted upon whose praise is in all the churches, who by Bishop Middleton, gave Bishop Heber laboured in the missionary field so many great advantages over his respected pre- hope believing in hope; enduring all
years under every disadvantage, “against and works will long be remembered with things, that they might by all means save
some;? and knowing, as I do, that in the deep affection and veneration in every church which they founded, and the flock part of India.
which is fed by their successors, is still to “I would direct this inquiry, with pe- be found in the words of Bishop Heber) culiar carriestness of application, to our the strength of the Christian cause in relations with that vast empire which has India;' I may yet venture to say, that sprung up in the east, like the seed which Christianity was not likely to make a
decided and powerful impression upon the And how have both their hopes and their people of that country, till it appeared apprehensions been realized! amongst them in the perfectness and lus- “How has the Christian Church in India tre of an Apostolical Church, revered and rejoiced, and put forth its infant strength obeyed by the conquerors of the eastern under his fostering care! How have the world,
great designs of its founder been develop* It was the peculiar felicity of that ed and executed, as far as time and means Church,-rather, I should say, it was of permitted, by his successor! How were God's providential appointment,—that its the beauty and simplicity of the Gospel first rulers and nursing fathers were two enforced by his eloquence, and exemplified men singularly gifted and qualified for the in his life! How have the sanctity and work which it fell to their lot to perform. the usefulness of his sacred office been To the enlarged wisdom, the sagacious demonstrated by many proofs and marks "discernment, the sound discretion, the of an apostolical ministry; 'in much pasteady perseverance through evil report tience, in afflictions, in necessities—in laand good report,' the uncompromising bours, in watchings, in fastings-by purefirmness, the calm and steady piety of him ness, by knowledge, by long-sufferingwho laid its foundations, and planned its by love unfeigned by the word of truthoutworks, and delineated, with the eye by the armour of righteousness on the and the hand of a master, the provinces of right hand and on the left ! How lively its officers, a just and well remembered an interest did he excite amongst those tribute has been rendered from this place. who were before indifferent, in the success How little did we think, while listening of that great object which was his own with mournful interest to that eloquent heart's desire, the conversion of the heaexpression of deep regret and cheering then! How did he bend the eyes and anticipation, that within four short years hearts of men towards himself as the chief the melancholy theme was to be resumed, missionary of the East; a high and veneraand the second Indian Bishop spoken of ble designation, which he deserved, and in as one called to his account. Yet it is which he delighted! But as he counted doubtless within the recollection of some not his life dear unto himself, so that he who now hear me, that when that lament- might finish his course with joy, and the ed servant of God addressed his parting ministry which he had received of the words of promise and encouragement to Lord Jesus, to testify the Gospel of the the venerable society which had long grace of God;' so under the labours of watched over and fostered the Protestant that ministry did he sink, and in the disMissions in India, a sentiment of forebrd. charge of its most solemn and affecting ing mingled itself in the minds of many duties was suddenly called to his Lord. with that of rejoicing and hope, 'lest they "Blessed is that servant whom his Lord, should see his face no more. They be when he cometh, shall find so doing.' held in him an ardent zeal for God's glory “And others, no doubt, may be found, and the salvation of men; a spirit of un- to run the same career of usefulness and qualified self-devotion ; an unreserved de- bazard. But is it not the duty of those, dication of himself to the holy cause which in whose hands Providence has placed he had taken in hand; a willing and de- the means, at once to increase the usefulliberate sacrifice of personal ease and com- ness, and to diminish the hazard of the fort, both in possession and in prospect; episcopal office in India, by sending forth a singleness and fixedness of determination more labourers into a harvest, the ga. to spend and be spent for the Gospel; thering in of which exhausted the vital the concentration upon that single object energies of a Middleton and a Heber? of all the powers and resources of a mind Shall the advocate of Christian missions umusually gifted by nature, and perfected suffer this opportunity to pass, without by education ; an apostolical simplicity of expressing an earnest hope, that the heart and manner and an almost apostoli, spiritual claims of millions of benighted cal eloquence : all this they saw, and re- subjects, the sacred interests of the Gospel joiced in the abundance of those graces canse, the loud and deep expression of which bespoke "the man of God thorough- opinion from a Christian people, may at ly furnished unto all good works.' length and for ever preponderate against « But when they considered that this trea- the sordid calculations of a secular policy, sure was in earthen vessels, and that the and the deadening influence of that worldfull and satisfactory discharge of the duties ly wisdom which careth for none of these which he had undertaken was beyond and things,' but regards all modes of religion above the scope of individual strength and with equal indifference; and that, as far as opportunity, yet not above the enterprise human means can be effectual, the word of a spirit like his; and when they remem- of the Lord may have free course and be bered how fatal a proof bad just been glorified in that country to which so vast given of the utter disproportion between a debt is due ? the labours of the Indian episcopate and " In the mean time, whatever efforts the provision nade for their discharge ; may result from an awakened zeal or an they felt an irresistible presage of evil. enlightened wisdom, in the government of
India, enough, and more than enough, will thrown into the Bagnio, where they still remain to be attempted in that country by remain in irons. Two or three more, I the united endeavours of Christian asso- am told, were also taken up, but released ciations.
after a short imprisonment. Three others, " It is not, indeed, in that quarter of the who were afterwards baptized, found globe alone, that the work of propagating means to secrete themselves; the first, a the Gospel must go on; but there, at the bookbinder ; the second, the Rabbi abovepresent juncture, is the field, to which mentioned the third, a youth about sixProvidence appears powerfully to direct teen years of age, of respectable family our labours, by the almost daily enlarge- and good expectations. All my preparament of its boundaries, and by multiplying tions having been made for my tour in in all directions the means and opportu- Romelia, I was obliged to leave Constannities of conversion.”
tinople, and to commit the superintendo We inform our readers with much
ance of this affair to Mr. Hartley; having pleasure, that a public meeting of the previously visited the men in their place Society is to be held, in Freemasons' Hall
, of concealment, and found them stedfast on Friday, the 25th of May; when the in their resolution, and anxious to receive Archbishop of Canterbury is to take the baptism. Chair, at one o'clock. We doubt not « The pursuit after the missing Jews from the largely increased measure of pub- being hot, and the danger of their disco. lic attention and regard which the society very great, Mr. Hartley resolved to comhas of late received, that the meeting will ply with their earnest request for baptism. be largely and most respectably attended. The bookbinder was baptized by the name It is not announced that ladies will be of John Baptist; the Rabbi, of Peter ; admitted; but many of the female sub- and the young man, of John. They bescribers, and the wives and daughters of haved with great devotion; and, when the friends and members of the society, their critical situation was set before would feel much pleasure in being allowed them by Mr. Hartley, declared themselves to be present on the occasion : and we ready, if necessary, to meet every suffer. are sure, that it would be a wise and ing, even that of death itself, for the name Christian policy in its conductors to in- of Christ. Being subsequently removed terest their female relatives and friends to another house from the one in which as much as possible in the cause of their they were first secreted, they were desociety, by allowing them to listen to the nounced to the Jews through the treachery details of its achievements. The good of an Armenian barber, who had shaved effect of this measure has been ex
them, and was tempted by a bribe; and perienced at the annual meetings of the Turkish guard, being called in, seized ibe Clergy Orphan Society, and of all them, together with the Armenian in other institutions in which it has been whose house they were, and conducted adopted.
them to the prison of the Porte. This
happened on the 1st of December. CONVERTED JEWS IN CONSTAN
Having thrown off their Jewish dress TINOPLE.
and put on the European, this circumThe Rer. H. D. Leeves has written to stance went against them in their trial the British and Foreign Bible Society, a before the Turkish authorities. It was letter, dated Constantinople, Jan. 5, 1827, indeed, their design to escape from Conin which he gives the following interesting stantinople, and the very next day was account of the events connected with the fixed for their departure ; but Providence, Jews, which have recently occurred in doubtless for wise and good purposes, that city.
ordered it otherwise. When brought be“A Jewish Rabbi and another Jew, fore the Grand Vesir, the Seraskier Pasha, both believers in Christ, came to me; and the Reiss Effendi, and other great officers I believe them sincere. I was much of the Porte, they boldly declared thempleased with the Rabbi, who said, that for selves to be Christians: they said, that three years he had read the New Testam the only reason why they were persecuted ment, and believed ; that his wife was of by their fellow-countrymen was, because the same sentiments with himself; that they believed that the Messiah was come; he read the New Testament to her, and and they asked the Turks whether they instructed her; and that they conversed also did not believe that this was true. much together on the subject. All he They presented their Haratch papers, saydoes at present is in secret; but I think ing they were faithful subjects of the he is almost ready to confess Christ before Sultan, and that their humble desire was men, and to suffer death for His name. to be allowed to live as such, protected On the following day the search began by the government from the persecution for all those who had been denounced to of the Jews. After their seizure, the the Jewish Rabbis as having visited Mr. Jews had used all their efforts to obtain Hartley and myself, and as desiring to the execution of one of their number. become Christians. Two of them were Sentence of death was passed upon the seized, one of them bastinadoed, and both bookbinder by the grand Rabbi and his
[APRIL three assistants; and a petition was pre- and he has ever since, by his ex
example, sented to the dragoman of the Porte been the main support and encouragement (himself formerly a Jew), offering him a of the little band. On one occasion, large reward if he would obtain for them especially, their fortitude was put to the its being put into effect. We demand,' test : for the Jews, seeing that they could they said, the death of this accursed not work upon them by promises, had it man, whose blood be on us.' This cir- finally announced to them, that their fate cumstance is the more remarkable, as the was sealed, and that the next morning Jews never allow, if it be possible to pre- they would be led to execution. Thus, vent it, any one of their nation, whoever for a whole night, they had the view of he may be, or whatever crime he may death before their eyes; and they spent have been guilty of, to be put to death it in reading the New Testament with by the Turks. To prevent this, their na- weeping and prayer. Two other Jews tional purse is always open, and thousands were left in prison with them, whom the and thousands of piastres are given on such bookbinder (or, as I should now say, occasions. Here, however, was a crime John Baptist) reproved for their unbelief similar to that which our Saviour and his in the Messiah, exhorting them to follow Apostles had committed; and they were their example, and become martyrs for prepared to avenge it with a similar blind the name of Christ. These Jews, unness and obduracy. May the veil, ere moved by their behaviour and exhortations, long, be taken from their hearts ! and I wrote to the Rabbis, to inform them that trust in God the time is rapidly ap- there was no hope of their ever returning proaching!
to the Jewish religion, and that the only “ The dragoman of the Porte, to his course to be pursued with them was to honour, refused to dip his hands in inno- put them to death. cent blood, and, in a conversation with “ The punishment of prisoners in the Mr. Hartley, compared their conduct to Bagnio consists in being chained, two and that of their forefathers before Pilate: and two, with heavy chains, and employed in all that their interest and money could the laborious works of the Arsenal, under effect, was to obtain a sentence that they the superintendance of Turkish guards, should be sent to the Bagnio, the prison who beat them if they do not perform the of the Arsenal, for a term of six months. task to their liking. There are about 700
“During this critical interval between persons in this prison; of whom about the 1st of December, the day of their ap- 300 are Greek slaves, the greater part prehension, and the 7th, when they were prisoners taken in the Greek war. The committed to the Bagnio, which they circumstances of this affair having propassed at the prison of the Porte, they duced a general sensation and sympathy were cut off as much as possible from all throughout the city, had penetrated withintercourse with their friends, and were in the walls of the Arsenal; and the assajled by the Jews with every kind of prisoners, when brought there were temptation to renounce their faith. A full kindly welcomed by the poor Christian pardon and immediate deliverance were slaves, who went in a body to the Agha promised them if they returned to their and officers, to beg they might be kindly old religion ; and death was held out to treated, and not put to severe labour. In them as the consequence of their perse- consequence of this mediation, they passed
The young man was the prin- the two first days unmolested; but after cipal object of these assaults, whose father this, several Jews came, and among them and intended father-in-law (for, though the father and intended father-in-law of so young, he was already affianced in the young man, who, after another fruitmarriage, and the money of the dowry less attempt to bring them back to Judaism, paid), left no means untried to reclaim went and gave a considerable sum of him. He has however shewn, through- money to the officers of the prison to put out, 'an admirable firmness, and a lively them to hard work, and to beat and torfaith and zeal; nor does he appear to have ment them. They suffered severely under had more than one moment of weakness this persecution for five or six days, until during the whole course of his severe the matter coming to our knowledge, our trials: this was shortly after his appre- ambassador was so kind as to send his hension, when he was assured, that, if he dragoman, and by his representations to returned to his parents and old religion, procure the cessation of this wanton and he would not only secure himself from cruel treatment, and the weight of their punishment, but that this would be the chains was diminished one half; although, only means of saving the lives of the Ar- being still in the class of chained prisonmenian and his two friends ;---turning to ers, they have continued to labour with whom, he said, ' For your sakes I must the rest. A few days ago, two of them yield.'. They, however, exhorted him were thrown down and bruised in worknot to be deceived by the professions of ing at a large wheel used for raising the the Jews, but to stand firm; and that, if masts and fixing them in the vessels of necessary, they would all die together. war, by a similar accident to which two His courage was immediately restored; men had been before killed before their
eyes. They are now, however, recovered God, of their exertions in the circulation from their bruises, and will not, I believe, of the Scriptures. I have no doubt, at be henceforth employed in similar works. the same time, that they derived great The father of the young man has been in- benefit from the instructions of Mr. Hartdefatigably persevering in his endeavours ley, both before and during their concealto recover his son, and has repeatedly ment, who, a few days after their sentence come to the prison with his mother and was passed, took his departure for Malta relations, persuading and entreating him in consequence of a letter he' received with tears to return to them, and pro- from England, and left them to my care. mising him every thing he could desire: They look up to me indeed as their probut he has constantly repulsed them; tector; and I have done and shall do every telling them to lay aside all hope of chang- thing that lies in my power to alleviate ing his resolution, that Jesus Christ was their sufferings, and to procure, if possible, now his father and mother; that he pre- the shortening of their term of imprison ferred his chains with Christ to all they ment, I am at the same time incurring could offer him; and that when they re- considerable expense: for the expenses of nounced their errors and became Chris- persons confined in a Turkish prison, tians, he would then acknowledge them where there is much extortion, are very as his relations. Among other encourage- considerable; and although I have rements they have had in their trials, have ceived some assistance from friends here, been messages from some of their Jewish I am already about 1000 piastres out of friends from without, who partake in their pocket, and 'I expect I shall have still to sentiments, exhorting them to stand firm, disburse treble that sum before I see them that they gloried in their fortitude, and clear of their trials. I should think mythat their own hope was in their perse. self, however, criminal in not doing what verance. I trust, indeed, I may say with I can; and I trust my friends in England truth, that they have conducted them- will not think me unreasonable in asking selves like true Christians; and it has them to assist me in fostering this little been remarked, that the faith and love to spark, which may hereafter become a Christ shewn by these new converts may flame*.” put to shame those who have long borne the Christian name, When in the height * The Bible Society cannot subscribe to of their sufferings, they professed them- this object : but any money sent to Mr. selves ready to die for the love of Christ; Tarn, at the Bible Society's House, will and said, that their Saviour taught them, be forwarded to the Rev. Mr. Leeves. It that if their enemies took away their life, would be superfluous for us to add how this was all they could do, and that they powerfully the affecting circumstances of hoped their souls would be happy with the case call for the sympathy and prompt him for ever. Their Christianity is indeed assistance of those to whom God has the work of the New Testament; and the given the ability to administer to the remembers of the Bible Society may rejoice lief of those suffering converts to the faith over their conversion, as the fruit, under of Christ.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
the favour shewn to Jesuitism and ultraFRANCE.—The government have been Montanism, have hailed the elevation of compelled, by the voice of public opinion, Mr. Canning as a prelude to a general to withdraw the obnoxious law for the change in the whole system of European restriction of the press, which had al- politics. The ultra party, on the other ready undergone such numerous mo- hand, seem perplexed to decide between difications in its progress through the their approval of Mr. Canning's wish for chamber of peers as to be of compara- Catholic emancipation in Ireland, and tively little avail for its intended pur- his supposed liberalism in matters of poses. Great public rejoicings have continental policy. All parties, however, taken place on the occasion.
seem to think that Great Britain at this still more popular subject of interest in moment holds in her hands the keys of France, seems to be the change of the Europe, the present anomalous condition administration in this country. That of several parts of which cannot, it is Jarge portion of the public who opposed concluded, long remain under the inthe invasion of Spain, the restrictions fluence of such a man as Mr. Canning, thrown in the way of general education, whose zealous promptitude in the affair