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however measured, and however respectable, were to tell them, “I prudently conducted, which never- assure you my heart is a very good theless, proceeds on the principles heart : my children are the sweetest. of unhesitatingly denouncing the creatures in the world, as innocent slavery that now exists in our co- as the dove, and full of the best lonies as a crime, and of anxiously affections ; my friends are all ex-" labouring to cleanse our beloved cellent religious people, so pious, country from its guilt.
and so charitable; I cannot disBut let us entreat these men, to cover in my happy circle any of whose solid and preeminent worth this depravity you speak of;" — we are no strangers; whose cause would they pay much attention to we have not been slow to advocate such a plea? when the tongue of slander has And yet in the case of slavery, preferred against them similar this very course of argument, absurd charges of enthusiasm and excess; and ridiculous as it is, is that which whom we revere as the messengers they will both tolerate in others, of the churches and the glory of and even themselves sometimes Christ: let us solemnly entreat and condescend to employ. But what adjure them, in the name of Christ, are ten thousand such assertions in to lay this matter to heart, and to the face of undeniable principles see to it, that they be found faithful and incontestible facts ? They witnesses for God and his truth, are of just as little value, as the and for those suffering multitudes ten thousand testimonies which are for whom their Saviour bled and borne every day to the purity and died, in the day when every refuge uprightness of human nature. Let of lies shall be swept away ;-and us consider one or two of these when it will form no palliation of principles and facts. the guilt of having trafficked “in Even the children of Israel mulslaves and souls of men,” or of tiplied in Egypt. They grew, from a having suffered others to dream that single family-from about seventy. they might do so with impunity, persons, to 600,000 men, besides that they have subscribed to a women and children. To the British Bible Society, or have talked reli- West Indies alone, (we exclude our giously, or have even preached evan- other slave colonies, there have gelically.
been carried from Africa, not fewer, But all this will by some be met on the most moderate calculation, with the stale argument, that the than two millions of human beings. evils of the system are exaggerated These have not only not increased, by men of sanguine minds; and that, but they have diminished to little on the whole, the slaves are well more than a third of that number. off and kindly treated : and some Even under the harsh laws of the very respectable name, lady or gen- United States, the slaves, because tlemen, is then quoted as having they are better fed, and more mo
This has been the course derately worked, increase rapidly; pursued for forty years. The state whereas in our colonies, with all of the slaves has always been a their boast, (alas, vain boast!) of lestate of happiness, and there never nity and improvement,-in colonies has been any present tense for where West Indians admit that food cruelty.
is procurable in abundance and Now what would the very men with little effort, and where they of whom we are speaking say, in assert though most falsely, that the reply to such an argument, 'if it slaves are well fed and moderately were advanced in confutation, for worked; hundreds of thousands of example, of the doctrine of the cor- lives have been wasted and worn ruption of human nature ? If a lady down by bitter bondage, and they or gentleman, however amiable or are still, even now, wasting rapidly,
while the free people, Black and no law thus far to restrain them) Coloured, on every side of them, are the evil tendencies of human nature increasing. Can any man believe, can be effectually counteracted? So that the tales of the happiness of far is this from being the case, that, our slaves, under such appalling even if we derive our estimate of circumstances, are not as absurd a their character from West-India tesfable as our lady's, or gentleman's timony alone, we shall be forced to self-complacent report of the purity admit that they have not the slighest of human nature; since these asser- claim to our confidence, no, not even tions, in the former as in the latter to our charitable hope, on any such case, are opposed to all sound ge- ground. Bryan Edwards, Pinckard, neral principles, and to all duly as- Williamson, Collins, Stewart, Bickell, certained fact and experience? When De la Beche, Cooper, all concur was it ever known, since the world with one voice in representing them began, that the human race, in a as open contemners of the Sabbath, congenial climate, with abundant as regardless of the ordinances of means of subsistence, and not op- religious worship, and as living in pressed with excessive labour, has the open, avowed, and unrestrained failed to increase ?
indulgence of the lowest sensual Again; no one who acknowledges appetites. They might have added, the fallen state of men by nature, that even their ordinary conversation and their proneness, when unrenewedł breathes profaneness and pollution. by Divine grace, to the indulgence And yet it is of such men that of their worst passions, will deny that persons professing the faith, and reto entrust such with arbitrary power ceiving as true the doctrines of the is to insure their abuse of it. Now, Gospel, can believe it possible, that that in our slave colonies the planters in their awful relations with the miare invested with arbitrary power serable slaves who are subjected to over their slaves, will hardly be de- their authority, (most of them too nied. Even by the latest improve- being the mere hirelings of absenment of the slave code of Jamaica, tees, and having no interest that passed at the close of the last year, can be alleged in the happiness of every owner or manager of slaves the slave), they are meek, humane, in that island may still inflict, on the forbearing, and compassionate. If bared bodies of every man, woman, this were possible, it might then or child under his charge, thirty-nine be true also that all we have been lashes of the cart-whip, without be. taught of the corruption of human ing required by the law to assign a nature, of the power of temptation, single reason for the infliction : and and of the necessity of Christian should he exceed that limit to almost principles to restrain the bad pasany extent, short of actual murder, sions of men, is no better than a what chance can there be of effec- cunningly devised fable. tually restraining or punishing the We could greatly enlarge on this act, while the state of the law of view of the subject; but we forbear evidence secures his impunity? We for the present, intending shortly to do not assert that this power is al- resume the consideration of it.' In ways in action, but it may be always the mean time, we would leave what in action. There is no check on we have ventured to urge to the individual discretion.--Now what candid meditation of those who have is the general character of the men called it forth, with an earnest ento whom this enormous power, this treaty that they may not be pretremendous discretion, is committed? vented by the apparent harshness Are they men who, it might be of the remonstance, from giving it hoped, would feel the constraining its due weight; and with an earnest influence of those Christian princi- prayer that they may be enabled to ples, by which alone (there being think and to act upon it, as they
shall wish they had done when they which have recently appeared; namecome to stand before him, who will ly, “ Outalissi, published by honour and reward the kindly feel- Hatchard, and “The System," pubings exercised, for his sake, to the lished by Westley, as well as a little ineanest and most abject of his crea- tract, entitled “An Evening at tures, as if they had been exercised Home," proceeding from the Birtowards AIMSELF.
i mingham press. Though these are If any, on reading these pages works of fiction, they nevertheless shall wish to satisfy themselves more exhibit a tolerably correct view of the fully on this whole subject, we beginveterate, and we may say inherent, them to turn to our various articles evils of slavery, the first by a genon slavery, which they will find re- tleman of piety and intelligence, corded in our different volumes from now holding
a high official situation, the commencement of our labours, which has given him an opportunity and especially to the following re- of seeing with his own eyes the cent insertions; namely, vol.for 1824, abominations he has denounced; and p. 290, p. 352, and p. 620; vol. the other two the productions of for 1825, p. 373; and vol. for ladies, who, though they may not 1826, pp. 1, 105, 405, and 677. have seen, have yet justly appre
We would beg also again to recom- ciated the real nature, and the mend to them, though they are works hideous effects, of those abominaof fiction, two 12mo publications tions.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,
Cambridge.- The Norrisian prize on PREPARING for publication :-A new “The Mosaic Dispensation not intended quarterly publication, price 7s. 6d. to be to be perpetual,” was adjudged to an exentitled, Museum Theologicum, or Gene. ercise without a name. ral Collection of Theological Literature; The Rev. Archdeacon Bonner has containing a Series of critical, dogmatical, placed a simple monument over the poet and exegetical Treatises on Divinity;- The Bloomfield's grave, in Campton churchFirst Number of a monthly Periodical, yard, Bedfordshire, with the following inunder the title of the Protestant Guar- scription :dian ;-Memoirs and Remains of Mr. Ur- “Here lie the remains of Robert Bloom quhart, of the University of St. Andrews; field: he was born at Honnington, in by the Rev. W. Orme ; — The Theologi- Suffolk, December 3d, 1761, and died at cal Encyclopædia, embracing every topic Shefford, Aug. 19, 1823, “Let his wild connected with Biblical Criticism and native wood-notes tell the rest.' Theology
St. David's College was opened on the In the press :- Part I., a Natural His- first of March ; but in consequence of the tory of the Bible; or, a descriptive Account absence of the bishop, the solemnities are of the Zoology, Botany, and Mineralogy postponed till the summer. Forty stuof the Holy Scriptures ; by W. Carpen- dents sat down to dinner in the college ter;--A Treatise on Writing and Speak- hall, after having been examined by the ing the Latin Language; by the Rey. Principal and Professor. G. Puttman ;— True Charity; a Tale of At the celebration of St. David's Day the Year 1800, to be embellished with a at Brecon, the Rev. T. Price stated, that highly finished copper-plate engraving; two or three years ago he had the honour The Sea-side ; a series of short Essays of setting on foot a collection, for the purand Poems, suggested by a temporary re- pose of translating the Scriptures into the sidence at a watering place; by the Rev. Armorican language. At that time there John East ;-Sermons, chiefly practical; were many who doubted the practicability by the Rev. Edward Bather.
of the object and asked where a translator could be found? But while such persons matter of controversial divinity, or interwere doubting and hesitating, the work fere with the principles of religion. was commenced and actually accomplished; A work, just published in two volumes, and in the course of the last month the entitled SeripturalGeology, or Geological translation of the New Testament 'was Phenomena consistent only with the liteconcluded in the language of Armorica, rał Interpretation of the sacred Scriptures, and was in progress through the press. upon the subjects of the Creation and
The museum of the Zoological Society Deluge, in answer to Cuvier's Essay on of London is now open to the inspection the Theory of the Earth, and Professor of the members and their friends. The Buckland's Theory of the Caves,murdersociety's establishment in the Regent's takes to demonstrate, both upon scriptural Park is also in considerable forwardness. and physical principles, that there is not The gardens, laid out in promenades and a fossil bone or a' fossil shell in existence shrubberies, with aviaries, and enclosures that can be proved to be more ancient thân for various animals, and ponds for fish and the Noabic Deluge. wild fowl, are expected to be opened in
INDIA. the ensuing summer.
It is in contemplation to form a school, A young woman aged nineteen was attached to the Serampore College, for lately committed to Southwell House of the deaf and dumb. The children of naCorrection, for three months, for taking a tives will be instructed gratuitously, if nest of partridge eggs, which she alleged their friends wish it, and taught to read, she met with while weeding,“ not knowing write, and understand language, either what sort of eggs they were.” After one English or Bengalee. month's confinement, the young woman
CEYLON. has found friends, and has been liberated At a meeting of gentlemen of Colombo, on paying 125. costs, for fees: but can any it was resolved to erect a mural tablet to person read of such a commitment, and the memory of Bishop Heber. At anonot acknowledge that it is quite time to ther meeting of the subscribers for the reform our present absurd and tyrannical support and education of Cingalese youths system of game laws ?
at Bishop's College, Calcutta, it was reOur readers will remember the affecting solved, that the “ Colombo Exhibition" narrative of the loss by fire of the Kent shall henceforth be called “Bishop HeEast Indiaman, and the support and con- ber's Exhibition.” solation which true religion afforded to SANDWICH ISLANDS. some of the sufferers on that melancholy In the account, lately published, of the occasion, as exhibited in Major M'Gregor's voyage of Captain Lord Byron, to the deeply interesting and Christian recital. Sandwich Islands; after a statement that This statement is affectingly corroborated the greater part of the people have already by the following circumstance:-“Abottle,” professed, or will soon profess, the Chris says a Barbadoes Journal, “was picked up tian religion, the following incident is on the 30th September, at a bathing place recorded :-“Kapiolani, a female chjef, of to windward of this island, by a gentleman, the highest rank, had recently embraced who, on breaking it, found the following Christianity; and, desirous of propagating account of the fate of the ship Kent, con- it, and of undeceiving the natives as to tained in a folded paper, written with pen- their false gods, she resolved to climb the cil
, scarcily legible: The ship Kent, In. mountain (a volcanic mountain, with a diaman, is on fire; Elizabeth, Joanna, and burning crater of prodigious extent), demyself, commit our spirits into the hands scend into the crater, and by thus braving of our blessed Redeemer: his grace enables the volcanic deities in their very homes, us to be quite composed on the awful pro- (the prevailing belief was, that the gods spect of entering into eternity. J. W. R. of the islands resided in these fires,) conMGregor (in å cypher). 15th March, vince the inhabitants of the islands that 1825. Bay of Biscay.' 'On the back is God is God alone, and that the false subendorsed, "John M'Gregor, Esq. Coml. ordinate deities existed only in the fancies Bank, Edinburgh.""
of their weak adorers. Thus determined, A society has been formed for the Dif- and accompanied by a missionary, she, fusion of Useful Knowledge, chiefly of a with part of her family and a number of scientific kind, by the periodical publica- followers, ascended Peli (the mountain): tion of Treatises, under the direction of a at the edge of the first precipice that committee. As numerous societies already bounds the sunken plain, many of her exist for the dissemination of Religious followers and companions lost courage, Instruction, no treatise will contain any and turned back; at the second the rest
CHRIST. Observ. No. 304.
earnestly entreated her to desist from her charm of superstition was at that moment dangerous enterprise, and forbear to tempt broken. Those who had expected to see the powerful gods of the fires. But she the goddess armed with flame and sulproceeded, and on the very verge of the phureous smoke, burst forth and destroy crater caused the hut we were now shel- the daring heroine, who thus braved her tered in to be constructed for herself and in her very sanctuary, were awe-struck people. Here she was assailed anew by when they saw the fire remain innocuous, their entreaties to return home, and their and the flames roll harmless, as though assurances, that if she persisted in vio- none were present. They acknowledged lating the houses of the goddess, she the greatness of the God of Kapiolani; would draw down on herself and those and from that time few indeed have been with her, certain destruction! I will the offerings, and little the reverence, descend into the crater,' said she,' and offered to the fires of Peli." if I do not return safe, then continue to NEW SOUTH WALES. worship Peli; but if I come back unhurt, Two gentlemen are about to set out you must learn to adore the God who from Sydney, on a scientific expedition, created Peli.' She accordingly went down to measure one or more degrees of the the steep and difficult side of the crater, meridian in the latitude of Liverpool accompanied by a missionary, and by Plains. There have not been as yet made some whom love or duty induced to fol- public any observations of this nature, in low her. Arrived at the bottom, she a higher southern latitude than from 88 pushed a stick into the liquid lava, and degrees. stirred the ashes of the burning lake. The
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Sixteen Sermons, Doctrinal and PractiSermons preached at Christ Church, cal, elucidating the Study of Prophecy. Bath, before the National Schools. By By the Rev. J. N. Coleman. 1 vol. 8vo. the Rev. F. Kilvert. 5s. 6d.
10s. 6d. Thoughts on Propagating Christianity Three Sermons preached before the more effectually among the Heathen. By Judges at the Assizes of Surrey. By the the Rev. J. Marshman, of Serampore. Rev. H. M'Neile.
The Glory of the Church in its Exten- An Endeavour to recommend Primision to Heathen Lands; a Sermon preached tive Christianity. By a Priest of the at Madras, for the Society for the Propa- Catholic Church of England. gation of the Gospel. By the Rev. T. The Christian's Obligation to obey the Robinson.
Civil Magistrate, a Sermon. By a PresbyA Sermon preached before the Society ter of the Church of England. for the Propagation of the Gospel, at Bow The Impossibility of Righteousness by Church. By the Bishop of Chester. the Law, à Sermon before the University
The Apocalypse of St. John, or Pro. of Oxford. By the Rev. R. Dillon. phecy of the Church of Rome, the Inqui- A Charge to the Clergy of Calcutta. By sition, the great Revolution, the Univer the late Bishop Heber. sal War, and the final Triumph of Chris- The Sacred Preceptor, or Questions and tianity, being a new Interpretation. By Answers, illustrative of Scripture. 2s. 6d. the Rev. G. Croly. 12s.
Meditations on the Sufferings of Christ, The Duty of Public Worship, and set- from the German of Rambach, abridged ting apart proper Places for it; a Sermon by the Rev. S. Benson. I vol. 8vo. preached at the Consecration of St. Paul's, los. 6d. Shipley. By the Rev. H. Heap.
The Authenticity and Inspiration of A Sermon on the Death of Mr. Win- the Holy Scriptures considered, in oppo. mill, twenty-four years Clerk of St. sition to the erroneous opinions circulated Swithin's. By the Rev. H. Watkins. on the subject. By R. Haldane.
Thoughts on Public Worship. By J. The Duty of Bearing one another's Morrison. 4s. 6d.
Burdens; a Sermon on behalf of the DisA Memoir of Miss Bell, with specimens tressed Manufacturers. By the Rev. W. of her composition. By the Rev. J. Grant. Mandell, (the profits to be devoted to the 3s. 6d.
Fund for their Relief.) Practical Sermons. By the Rev. T. The Obligations of Professed Christians Howard.
to a decidedly Religious Conduct ; a SerA Vindication of the Sentiments con- mon before the Lord Mayor and Cor. tained in a “ Letter to a Clergyman,” in poration of London. By the Rev. H. G, answer to the Rev. Mr. Whish. By Watkins. R. B. Cooper, Esq. M. P.
Strictures on Mr. Frere's Pamphlet Sermons. By the Rev. J. E. Jones. on the Apocalypse. By W. Cuninghame. 1 yol.
The Moral and Spiritual Claims of the