« הקודםהמשך »
OF OCCURRENCES IN THE EAST,
Jan, to June, 1828.
MISCELLANEOUS ASIATIC INTELLIGENCE.
Account of two Men rescued from two men were distinctly seen stand.
a desert Island, in the Southern ing on a little eminence near it. A Ocean,
immediately lowered On Sunday, the 4th of November, down, and Mr. Addison, the Chief 1827, the Palmira made the desert Officer, proceeded to ascertain the island of Amsterdam, or as it is condition 'of the men, and afford sometimes called, St. Paul, the such assistance as might be requirtwo islands, situated in the same ed. In less than an hour, the boat longitude, 77° 53' East, and in 37° returned with the two strangers. 52' and 37° 0'South latitude, being Their appearance at the first often described by either name, in glance, was truly squalid and misdifferent maps and charts. Ac- erable; they had long beards ; their cording to Horsburgh, the Dutch old ragged clothes were patched with Navigator Vlaming, examined these seal skin, with the fur on. The islands in 1697, and called the nor- bristly hide of a wild hog, fastened thernmost Amsterdam, and the together, served for the breeches of southernmost, or largest island, one of them ; their shoes were also St. Paulo, which is more accessi- made of hog's skin, of the form ble than the other and better known, called Moccasin, which consists of “ They are nearly,” he says, a circular piece, with the hair outthe same meridan, and distant from side, and when the foot is placed each other, about seventeen lea- in the middle of it, a cord, rove gues, and may be seen at twenty through the edges, draws the lealeagues distance, in clear weather. ther together round the ankle and St. Paul, sometimes called Ams- instep. The name of one was terdam by the English, is about James Paine, about twenty-two eight or ten miles long, and five in years of age, and of the other Ros breadth.”
bert Proudfoot, about forty, both The island which the Palmira sailors, and natives of Edinburgh. approached, was the northernmost; They had been fourteen months on and, passing to Jeeward, at a dis- the island. tance of about five miles, a quanti- It appeared, from their own ac. ty of smoke was distinguishable on count of themselves, that they the north side, which induced the joined the Governor Hunter, a Captain to run in as close as pos. Schooner of about sixty tons, besible, supposing, that some suffer. longing to Van Dieman's Land, at ers from shipwreck might have lit the Isle of France, that vessel bethe fire by way of signal ;-and, ing engaged on a sealing voyage ; when within a mile of the shore, and in September, 1826, they ar
rived off the northernmost island, last they saw was the Hope bound above mentioned. It is customary to Hobart's Town, Van Dieman's for these ships to land a number of Land, which, in November, 1826, their crew at the different islands, approached within a few miles of where seals and sea-lions are pro- the shore, and sent out a boat, to curable, and to take them up again fish. Paine and Proudfoot ran a few months afterwards, with the with alacrity to the beach, and, oil and skins they may have been hailing the boat, communicated able to obtain. Accordingly, a their situation to the Officer, who, boat was sent off from the Schoo- in reply, told them, that when be ner, with a bag of biscuit, a few returned to the ship, he would inpounds of flour, and other provi- form the Captain of the circum.
sions—also a kettle, a frying pan, stance, and act according to his · and a considerable quantity of orders. He did return to the ship
salt, for the purpose of curing the -and the unhappy men bad soon seal skins, It happened to be in the mortification to see the boat the evening, Paine and Proudfoot, hoisted up, and the vessel making and the provisions, were landed at all sail in prosecution of her voy. a convenient point, were two com- age. They had then, however, fortable huts were discovered, roof- been but a short time on the island, ed with grass-the habitants doubt- and their provisions not being exJess of some former adventurers. hausted, they had not yet felt the The boat had to return again to the utter desolateness of their condiSchooner to take off more provi. tion. From that period to the apsions, and four other men, but pearance of the Palmira, twelve after getting on board, a smart months afterwards, they bad not breeze sprung up, the vessel was seen a single ship. driven to leeward, and nothing It was suspected, that the master more was seen or beard of her at of the Schooner must bave comthe island. The two sufferers were mitted a mistake, and that the thus left to themselves, and, in the men were intended to be landed morning, examining the extent and on the southernmost island, which quality of their resources, they we shall call St. Paul, where found that almost all the stock of seals are to be met with in abussalt had been destroyed by the dance, whilst at the other, during surf ; and that neither of them, a the whole fourteen months, Paide most extraordinary circumstance and Proudfoot were only able to for sailors, had even a knife; obtain seven. It is certain, that Paine's being in his jacket pocket, they thought themselves on the is. accidentally left in the boat, and land of St. Paul, for they kept Proudfoot had lent his to a mess- continually looking to the north in mate. Their only clothing was on search of Amsterdam, the islands, their backs. They seem to have being in sight of each other on 2 husbanded their little store of clear day, and wondered, why it bread and provisions with great could not be seen. It was in other care, having made thein last five respects a great misfortune to months. After that, they were them for there are bot springs of thrown entirely on their own inge. the other island, of temperature nuity and exertions for every meal high enough to boil fish, which they had.
are to be caught with the greatest Circumstanced as they were, it facility in a lagoon, or bason, close was natural for them to keep a by. it may be worth while to constant look out for ships, and quote the particulars of this curi. they saw several, but at a great ous and amusing fact, distance, during the first month of their residence on the island. The ed off the southernmost island, in
“ Mr. John Henry Cox, anchor 1789.-“ May 31st, proceeded in hard, and most of them bear the the boats towards the shore abreast mark of fusion, some of them are the vessel, which is here a sort of burnt to a cinder." cause way, formed of large pebbles 1793, the Hindoostan anchored appearing as if raised by art; in at this island, and on examination the middle of this we saw an open- found the bason to be the crater of ing, about a pistol shot wide, into a volcano. In the hot springs, the a bason or lagoon, where a great Thermometer stood at 212°, the gemany seals were playing. A strong neral standard of heat at all the tide running out of the entrance, springs round the water's edge, at at least two and a half knots, it be- which the men boiled some fish. ing nearly half ebb, with some dif. The hot springs at Reikhalt and ficulty got the catter over the bar, Tungahoer, in Iceland, are exactly which is formed of loose pebbles ; of the same temperature. we were then in deep water, and
To keep an account of time, smooth as a mill-pond, though the Paine and Proudfoot, notched the sea ran very high without. We stave of a cask every morning : landed on the north side of the en- but they had committed an error trance, where we found seals in- of two days — their calculation numerable.
bringing the date up to the 2d of “ The bason is between two and November, instead of the 4th, when three miles in circuit, having twen. the Palmira arived at the island. ty-nine fathoms in the middle. Destitute, in a remarkable deAround it is table land. In row- gree, of the means of assisting ing round, saw smoke rising themselves — without tool or inamongst the stones in several places strument,
fortune, after a short close to the bason; we landed, and time, contributed a little to their found the water so hot that we aid. They found on the rocks, at could not bear our hands in it. different times, a needle, an old I had a pocket thermometer with knife, and a spike-nail : with the me, which, in the open air, stood latter they made a hook and a at 62o., but when put in the water, piece of coir rope supplied them at 190°, and then, in about a minute with a line. With this they confell to 185°. I tried it in several trived to catch fish, but there being other of the hot springs, in differ- no barb at the point of the hook, ent parts of the bason, and it never they had often the misfortune to rose above 190°; and after being lose their prey. The only kind of immersed a short time fell to 1850. fish, they could obtain, was, what Our people who were on shore the sailors call the Trumpeter, and sealing, constantly bojled their the only shellfish, Limpets. They dinner of fish in some of these were frequently much distressed springs ; which are in all parts for want of fresh water. The rocky close to the bason, and in some surface of the ground, not being parts mix with, and heat it to a covered with more than two or considerable extent ; and as all three feet of earth, digging for a parts of the bason abound with in- spring was out of the question, credible numbers of fish, and no even if they had been furnished art is requisite to catch them, one with the means. They had, thereof the boys would, in five minutes, fore, to search for pools of rain catch as many as the whole party water, and sometimes they bad to could eat, so that, as Vlaming says go several miles for a draught to you may really throw the fish fast- quench their thirst, The island ened on the book, out of the cold was well furnished with wild hogs, into the hot water, and boil them." but all the time they were on it, “ The stones around the bason they could not manage to catch are of a dark blue colour, very above five. These they ran down,
and felled with a stick, torn from differencc between them. The a stunted tree, only two or three youngest was a heavy sleeper, so inches in diameter. “ You must that upon Proudfoot more frehave run very fast, for your din- quently fell the imperative and in. ner !” said the Captain. Certain- dispensable duty of watching. Jy we ran fast for a dinner," was the And if they went together any disreply,“ but the pig had to run for tance from the hut, it was usual his life !” The flesh of the Amster- with them to heap the fire with peat dam wild hog was very dry and and moss; and sometimes, for bethard, without an atom of fat. ter security, they carried a piece of Once they caught a few young ignited peat along with them. ones, which could not, in running In Horsburgh, the island is said away, keep up with the old sow. to be about twelve miles in cir. These, of course, afforded the two cumference, but they reckon it Robinson Crusoes a sumptuous much more, having been a whole banquet.
day in going round it, and they Soon after their arrival, they therefore think it cannot be less were under the necessity of clear- than about twenty. One day, they ing the ground, by setting fire to succeeded in ascending to the the impenetrable tufts of tusak and highest peak, where they discover: long grass, wbich obstructed their ed the crater of a volcano, more proceedings, and the conflagration, than a hundred yards in diameter, spreading over the greater part of and so deep, that no bottom could the island, is said to have lasted be seen. The island produces no. several months.
nothing edible, except parsley, To improve their resources, they which is found in great quantity ; attempted to make a bow and ar. -it is covered with thick underrows, but the branches of under. wood and tusak, and dried grass wood, and the shoots of stunted was the only thing they had to trees, were found too brittle for the supply the place of a bed, or to purpose. They could only subsist keep them in any degree warm, indeed from hand to mouth as the during the night. salt failed them, which prevented No snow fell in the winter months their laying up a stock of fish- —but hail and sleet continually, and for many months they were and it was extremely cold at that accustomed to eat their casually season of the year. Their health procured victuals without any salt continued good without interrupat all. On more occasions than tion-and the only accident that one they were three days without occurred, was a fall, which Proudan opportunity of obtaining a mor- foot experienced, from a precipice, sel of food.
and which confined him with a They had a tinder-box when they violent sprain in his shoulder, for landed, but the tinder was soon four months. expended, and there was nothing The only birds they could get to be found of a vegetable nature, hold of were the Snowy Pettrell, dry enough to supply its place. and these they caught in holes Keeping up the fire in the hut, the flesh, of course, dry and fishy therefore, during the latter part of --but the eggs were good. The their residence, became a subject of Albatrosses laid their eggs, and most painful anxiety, especially continued themselves, in the most in the night, for if it happened to precipitous and inaccessible parts go out, there was no chance of of the rocks-defying the exer. lighting it again ; and the preser- tions of man to disturb their revation of the “ vestal flame," seems pose. to have been the only, at least the On the 4th of November, when chief cause of any quarrelling, or the Palmira was first seen by them,
Paine was sanguine enough to again been supplied with the copies anticipate their deliverance, and of the Holy Scriptures required by offered a wager that his notion was them, so that the Society has conright. Proudfoot, less confident tinued to prove a valuable auxiliathan his young companion, derid- ry to the establishments, fornued in ed the idea. But seeing the ves. this city, for the propagation of the sel come nearer, they both rushed Gospel and education of Christian down from the height upon which and Native youth. The teachers they stood, and instantly lighted of the Philanthropic Academy have as large a fire as they could, to continued to act as the agents of give intimation of the presence of the Society, in circulating the human beings on the spot. Near- Scriptures in the Armenian laning the island, the ship hoisted her guage. The Committee have been colours, and then their bappiness more particularly gratified by an was complete, for they then felt application from the Rev. Dr, certain of their sufferings being at Price at Ava for a supply of Scripan end. The surf, though, on the tures in the English language for lee side of the island was very the use of a number of young high, and threatened destruction Burmese noblemen, whom he into the boat. Mr. Addison hailed structs in European science and the men, and the moment his voice the English language. • It must was heard, Paine said to his com- • afford great satisfaction to all panion ; “ I am sure that is my sincere Christians, they observe old chief-mate," and so it was, for ' to hear that those who are likely three or four years before, they ' in course of time to become men had belonged to the same Ship, of influence in the Burmese emthe Regalia, and had been at Mac- pire, are in their early youth quarrie island together. As the " imbued with a knowledge of the surf ran so high, it was fortunate • records of divine revelation, and that they had left a sufficient length' inay thus by the blessing of God of coir-rope to throw into the boat, be brought to believe that he is, and hold on by, which enabled and that he is the rewarder of them to get on board without much them that diligently seek him.' difficulty.-Govt. Guz. Jan. 3.
The Report having been read,
it was, on the motion of Paul JorCALCUTTA Bible ASSOCIATION.
dan, Esq. seconded by the Rev.
Dr. Brown, unanimously resolved: Pursuant to advertisement, the 6th Annual Meeting of the Calcut
1.-Tbat the Report now read ta Bible Association was held in be adopted, printed, and circulatthe Town Hall, on Friday evening ed among the friends of the Assolast, the 4th Jan. In the absence
On the motion of the Rev. Mr. of the President, the Venerable Archdeacon Corrie, on account of Pearson, of Chinsurah, seconded indisposition, M. Gisborne, Esq. by the Rev. G. Pearce, it was furone of the Vice-Presidents, was
ther unanimously resolved : called to the chair.
II.-That this Society, with unThe Chairman opened the Meet. feigned gratitude towards God, ing by requesting the Rev. E. Ray acknowledges it as a great privi. one of the Secretaries, to read the lege, to be still permitted to proReport of the Committee, from mote, in connection with the Briwhich it appeared that the Society tish and Foreign Bible Society, still continues to fill, with effect and its Calcutta Auxiliary, tho its appropriate sphere of useful. circulation of the Holy Scriptures.
Most of the institutions, Hereupon it was, on the motion mentioned in the last Report have of the Rev. Mr. Lacroix, of Chin