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The ministers of the gospel are

CHAP. III.

only God's instruments.

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A. M. 408. another, I am of Apollos ; are ye not | any thing,

neither he that waterA. U.C. 809. carnal ?

eth; but God that giveth the in- A.U. C. 809. 5 Who then is Paul, and who is crease. Apollos, but “ministers by whom ye believed, 8 Now, he that planteth and he that waeven as the Lord

gave

to
every
man ?

tereth are one : 6 and every man shall re6 I have planted, « Apollos, watered; but ceive his own reward, according to his own God gave the increase.

labour. 7 So then, neither is he that planteth 9 For "we are labourers together with God:

• Ch. 4. 1. 2 Cor. 3. 3. Rom. 12. 3, 6. 1 Pet. 4. 11.- Acts 18. 4, 8, 11. ch. 4. 15. & 9. 1. & 15. 1. 2 Cor. 10. 14, 15.-Acts 18. 21, 27. & 19. 1.

e Ch. 1. 30. & 15. 10. 2 Cor. 3. 5.--UP 2 Cor. 12. 11. Gal. 6. 3.& Ps. 62. 12. Rom. 2.6. ch. 4. 5. Gal. 6. 4, 5. Rev. 2. 23. & 22. 12.

- Acts 15. 4. 2 Cor. 6. 1.

their senses and mere outward appearances, without being Both Paul and Apollos have received the same doctrine, under the guidance either of reason or grace. There are preach the same doctrine, and labour to promote the glory of thousands of such people in the Christian church, to the pre- God in the salvation of your souls. Why should you be sent day. See the Notes on chap. i. 10, &c.

divided with respect to Paul and Apollos, while these apostles Verse 5. Ministers by whom ye believed] The different are intimately one in spirit, design, and operation? apostles who have preached unto you the word of life, are According to his own labour.] God does not reward his the means which God has used to bring you to the know- servants according to the success of their labour, because ledge of Christ. No one of those has either preached or re that depends on himself: but he rewards them according to commended himself ; they all preach and recommend Christ the quantum of faithful labour which they bestow on his Jesus the Lord.

work. In this sense, none can say I have laboured in vain, Even as the Lord gave to every man?] Whatever dif- and spent my strength for nought. ference there may be in our talents, it is of God's making: Verse 9. For we are labourers together with God] We and he who knows best, what is best for his church, has dis- do nothing of ourselves, nor in reference to ourselves; we tributed both gifts and graces according to his own mind : | labour together in that work which God has given us to do, and, as his judgment is infallible, all these dispensations must expect all our success from him; and refer the whole to his be right. Paul, therefore, is as necessary to the perfecting glory. It would perhaps be more correct to translate sou of the church of Christ as Apollos : and Apollos as Paul. l yap soulev Ouvepyou, we are fellow-labourers of God; for as Both, but with various gifts, point out the same Christ; the preposition ouy may express the joint labour of the building on one and the same foundation.

teachers one with another, and not with God, I had rather, Verse 6. I have planted] I first sowed the seed of the with Bp. Pearce, translate as above : i. e. we labour together gospel in Corinth, and the region of Achaia.

in the work of God. Far from being divided among ourpollos watered] Apollos came after me, and, by his selves, we jointly labour as oxen in the same yoke, to propreachings and exhortations, watered the seed which I had mote the honour of our Master. sowed; but God gave the increase. The seed has taken Ye are God's husbandry, ye are God's building. EOD root, has sprung up and borne much fruit, but this was by peworlov, sou comodour, 85e The word zewogborg

which we the especial blessing of God. As in the natural, so in the translate husbandry, signifies properly an arable field: so spiritual world; it is by the especial blessing of God that Prov. xxiv. 30. I went by the FIELD, yaw pylov, of the sloththe grain which is sown in the ground, brings forth thirty, ful: and chap. xxxi. 16. The wise woman considereth a sixty, or a hundred-fold. It is neither the sower nor the FIELD YEwcylon, and buyeth it. It would be more literal to waterer that produces this strange and inexplicable multipli- translate it, Ye are God's farm: yeupaylov in Greek, answers eation ; it is God alone. So it is by the particular agency to now sudeh, in Hebrew, which signifies, properly a sown of the Spirit of God, that even good seed, sown in good field. ground, the purest doctrine conveyed to the honestest heart, Ye are God's building.--Ye are not only the field which produces the salvation of the soul.

God cultivates, but ye are the house which God builds, and Verse 7. So then, neither is he that planteth any thing] in which he intends to dwell. As no man, in viewing a fine God alone should have all the glory, as the seed is his, the building, extols the quurry man, that dug up the stones, the ground is his, the labourers are his, and the produce all comes | hewer that cut and squared them, the mason that placed them from himself.

in the wall, the woodman that hewed down the timber, the Verse 8. He that planteth and he that watereth are one I carpenter that squared and jointed it, &c. but the architect

The very imperfect state

I. CORINTHIANS.

of the church at Corinthi.

CHAPTER III. Because of the carnal, divided state, of the people at Corinth, the apostle was obliged to treat them as children, in

the knowledge of sacred things, 1—3. Some were for setting up Paul, others Apollos, as their sole teachers, 4. The apostle shews that himself, and fellow-apostles, were only instruments which God used to bring them to the knowledge of the truth; and even their sowing and watering the seed, was of no use, unless God gaire

the increase, 5-8. The church represented as God's husbandry; und as God's building, the foundation of which is Christ Jesus, 9-11. Ministers must beware how and what they build on this foundation, 12–15. The church of God is his temple, and he that defiles it shall be destroyed, 16, 17. No man should depend on his own wisdom ; for the wisdom of the world is foolishness with God, 18—20. None should glory in man as his teacher ; God gives his followers every good, both for time and eternity, 21--23. ND I, brethren, could not it, neither yet now ye

able. A. M. 4050. sneak unto you as unto aspiAnno Imp. Ne

3 For ye are yet carnal: for where- A. U.C.89

Anno Imp. Ne roms Cæs. 3. ritual, but as unto carnal, even as as there is among you envying, and ronis Cas

. 5. unto Wabes in Christ.

strife, and divisions, are ye not carnal, and 2 I have fed you with a milk, and not with walk "as men ? meat: €for hitherto ye were not able to bear 4 For while one saith 'I am of Paul ; and

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are

b

a Ch.2. 15. ch. 2. 14. Heb, 5. 13. d Heb. 5. 19, 13. 1 Pet.

2. 2.- John 16. 12.

i Ch. 1. 11. & 11. 18. Gal. 5. 20, 21. Jam. 3. 16. Or, factions. —

bi Gr. according to man.- ch. 1. 12.

in

NOTES ON CHAP. III.

visions] Ζηλος και ερις και διχοςασιαι· There are three Verse 1. I, brethren, could not speak unto you as unto things here worthy of note; these people were wrong spiritual] This is a continuation of the preceding discourse. I thought, word, and deeil. Zaos enrying, refers to the state See the Notes there.

of their souls; they had inward grudgings and disaffection Bui us unto carnal] Eapuixols, persons under the in- | towards each other. E,25 strife, or contention, refers to fluence of fleshly appetites ; coveting and living for the things their words, they were continually disputing and contending of this life.

whose party was the best; each endeavouring to prove that he Babes in Christ.] Just beginning to acquire some notion and his party were alone in the right. Ainosacizi dirisions, of the Christian religion ; but, as yet, very incapable of refers to their conduct; as they could not agree, they conjudging what is most suitable to yourselves; and, conse tended till they separated from each other; and thus rent the quently, utterly unqualified to discern between one teacher church of Christ. Thus the envying and grudging led to and another : so that your making the distinctions which you strife and evil SPEAKING; and this led to divisions and fixed do make, so far from being a proof of mature judgment, is, l parties. In this state well might the apostle say, Are ye on the contrary, a proof that you have no right judgment | not carnal, and walk as men? Ye act just as the people at all: and this springs from your want of knowledge in l of the world, and have no more of the spirit of religioa divine things.

than they Verse 2. I have fed you with milk] I have instructed Verse 4. For while one saith, I am of Paul, &c.] It you in the elements of Christianity ; in its simplest and was notorious that both Paul and Apollos held the same easiest truths: because, from the low state of your minds in creed ; bet ween then there was not the slightest difference : religious knowledge, you were incapable of comprehending when, therefore, the dissentients began to prefer the one to the higher truths of the gospel : and in this state you still the other, it was the fullest proof of their curnalily; becontinue. The apostle thus exposes to them the absurdity of cause, in the doctrines of these apostles there was no diftheir conduct, in pretending to judge between preacher and | ference; so that what the people were captivated by, must be preacher; while they had but a very partial acquaintance something in their outward manner, Apollos being probably even with the first principles of Christianity.

more cloquent than Paul. Their preferring one to another, Verse 3. There is among you envying, and strife, and di- ll on such an account, proved that they were carnal, led by

The ministers of the gospel are

CHAP. III.

only God's instruments.

A. M. 4060.

A. D. 56.

A. U. (.809. Anno Imp. Ne monis Calls. 3.

rouis Cæs. 3.

4. M. 4051. another, I am of Apollos ; are ye not | any thing,

thing, neither he that watercarnal ? eth; but God that giveth the in- A.U. C. 80%.

Anno Imp. Ne 5 Who then is Paul, and who is crease. Apollos, but “ministers by whom ye believed, 8 Now, he that planteth and he that wa'even a s the Lord gave to every man ?

tereth are one : and every man shall re6 ° I have planted, Apollos, watered; but ceive his own reward, according to his own God gave the increase.

labour. 7 So then, 'neither is he that planteth 9 For we are labourers together with God :

• Ch. 4. 1. 2 Cor. 3. 3. Rom. 12. 3, 6. 1 Pet. 4. 11.o Acts 18. 4, 8, 11. ch. 4. 15. & 9. 1. & 15. 1. 2 Cor. 10. 14, 15. — Acts 18. 24, 27. & 19. 1.

e Ch. 1. 30. & 15. 10. 2 Cor. 3. 5.- 2 Cor. 12. 11. Gal. 6.3.& Ps. 62. 12. Rom. 2.6. ch. 4. 5. Gal. 6. 4, 5. Rev. 2. 23. & 22. 12. - Acts 15. 4. 2 Cor. 6.1.

their senses and mere outward appearances, without being Both Paul and Apollos have received the same doctrine, under the guidance either of reason or grace. There are preach the same doctrine, and labour to promote the glory of thousands of such people in the Christian church, to the pre- God in the salvation of your souls. Why should you be sent day. See the Notes on chap. i. 10, &c.

divided with respect to Paul and Apollos, while these apostles Verse 5. Ministers by whom ye believed] The different are intimately one in spirit, design, and operation? apostles who have preached unto you the word of life, are According to his own labour.] God does not reward his the means which God has used to bring you to the know- servants according to the success of their labour, because ledge of Christ. No one of those has either preached or re- that depends on himself: but he rewards them according to commended himself; they all preach and recommend Christ the quantum of faithful labour which they bestow on his Jesus the Lord.

work. In this sense, none can say I have laboured in vain, Even as the Lord gave to every man?] Whatever dif- and spent my strength for nought. ference there may be in our talents, it is of God's making: Verse 9. For we are labourers together with God] We and he who knows best, what is best for his church, has dis- do nothing of ourselves, nor in reference to ourselves; we tributed both gifts and graces according to his own mind : | labour together in that work which God has given us to do, and, as his judgment is infallible, all these dispensations must expect all our success from him; and refer the whole to his be right. Paul, therefore, is as necessary to the perfecting glory. It would perhaps be more correct to translate 203 of the church of Christ as Apollos : and Apollos as Paul. Yap ELEV GOVEPYob, we are fellow-labourers of God; for as Both, but with various gifts, point out the same Christ ; | the preposition ouy may express the joint labour of the building on one and the same foundation.

teachers one with another, and not with God, I had rather, Verse 6. I have planted] I first sowed the seed of the with Bp. Pearce, translate as above: i. e. we labour together gospel in Corinth, and the region of Achaia.

in the work of God. Far from being divided among ourApollos watered] Apollos came after me, and, by his selves, we jointly labour as oxen in the same yoke, to propreachings and exhortations, watered the seed which I had mote the honour of our Master. sowed; but God gave the increase. The seed has taken Ye are God's husbandry, ye are God's building.] OEDU root, has sprung up and borne much fruit, but this was by l yeupylon, OEOV Cixo d'oper, 85€* The word yw gyroy, which we the especial blessing of God. As in the natural, so in the translate husbandry, signifies properly an urable field : so spiritual world ; it is by the especial blessing of God that Prov. xxiv. 30. I went by the field, yzwpylove of the sloththe grain which is sown in the ground, brings forth thirty, Il fil : and chap. xxxi. 16. The wise woman considereth a sixty, or a hundred-fold. It is neither the sower nor the FIELD Yewsylon, and buyeth it. It would be more literal to waterer that produces this strange and inexplicable multipli- translate it, Ye are God's farm : yeupaylov in Greek, answers calion ; it is God alone. So it is by the particular agency to 170 sudeh, in Hebrew, which signifies, properly a sown of the Spirit of God, that even good sced, sown in good field. ground, the purest doctrine conveyed to the honestest heart, Ye are God's building.--Ye are not only the field which produces the salvation of the soul

God cultivates, but ye are the house which God builds, and Verse 7. So then, neither is he that planteth any thing] in which he intends to dwell. As no man, in viewing a fine God alone should have all the glory, as the seed is his, the building, extols the quarry man, that dug up the stones, the ground is bis, the labourers are his, and the produce all comes | newer that cut and squared them, the mason that placed them from himself.

in the wall, the woodman that hewed down the timber, the Verse 8. He that planteth and he that watereth are one carpenter that squared and jointed it, &c. but the architect

Christ is the true foundation ; men

I. CORINTHIANS. should be careful how they build on this.

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ye are God's husbandry, ye are A. D. 56.

12 Now if any man build upon this A. M. 4060, Ą.U. C. 809.

God's building Anno Imp. Ne

foundation gold, silver, precious stones,

Apno imp. Ne ronis Cies. 3.

10 · According to the grace of God wood, hay, stubble ; which is given unto me, as a wise master-builder, 13 "Every man's work shall be made manifest; I have laid “the foundation, and another build- | for the day 'shall declare it, because it'shall eth thereon. But let every man take heed how be revealed by fire ; and the fire shall try every he buildeth thereupon.

man's work of what sort it is. 11 For, other foundation can no man lay than 14 If any man's work abide which he hath *that is laid, which is Jesus Christ.

built thereupon," he shall receive a reward.

a Or, tillage. Eph. 2. 20. Col. 2.7. Heb. 3. 3, 4. 1 Pet. 2. 5.€ Rom. 1. 5. & 12. - Roin. 15. 20. ver. 6. ch. 4. 15. Rev. 21. 11.

- 1 Pet. 4. 11.

* Isai. 28. 16. Matt. 16. 18. 2 Cor. 11. 4. Gal. 1.7.6 Eph. 2. 20. ci.

4 5.-il Pet. 1. 7. & 4. 12.- Luke 2. 35.- Gr. is revealed. _m ch. 4. 5.

who planned it; and under whose direction the whole work to incorporate much of the Mosaic law with the gospel; and was accomplished: so, no man should consider Paul, or perhaps other matters, equally exceptionable, relative to Apollos, or Kephas, any thing, but as persons employed by marriage, concubinage, fornication, frequentig heathen festithe great Architect to form a building which is to become a vals, and partaking of the flesh which had been offered in habitation of himself through the Spirit; and the design of sacrifice to an idol, with many other things ; which, with the which is entirely his own.

above, are, more or less, hinted at by the apostle in these Verse 10. As a wise master-builder] 225 topos APXITEX- | two letters. WrThe design or plan of the building is from God; all Verse 13. The day shall declare it, because it shall be rethings must be done according to the pattern which he has vealed by fire] There is much difference of opinion relative exhibited : but the execution of this plan was entrusted to the meaning of the terms in this and the two following chiefly to St. Paul; he was the wise or experienced architect, verses. That the apostle refers to the approaching destrucwhich God used in order to lay the foundation; to ascertain tion of Jerusalem, I think very probable ; and when this is the essential and immutable doctrines of the gospel :-those considered, all the terms and metaphors will appear clear alone which came from God, and which alone he would bless and consistent. to the salvation of mankind.

The day, is the time of punishment coming on this disLet every man tuke heed how he buildeth thereupon.] Let obedient and rebellious people. And this day being revealed him take care that the doctrines which he preaches be by fire, points out the extreme rigour, and totally destructive answerable to those which I have preached : let him also | nature, of that judgment :take heed that he enjoin no other practice than that And the fire shull try every man's work] If the apostle which is suitable to the doctrine ; and in every sense accords refers to the Judaizing teachers, and their insinuations that with it.

the law, especially circumcision, was of eternal obligation; Verse 11. Other foundation can no man lay] I do not then the day of fire, the time of vengeance, which was at speak particularly concerning the foundation of this spiritual hand, would sufficiently disprove such assertions; as, in the building ; it can have no other foundation than Jesus Christ : 1 judgment of God, the whole temple-service should be dethere cannot be two opinions on this subject among the truestroyed; and the people who fondly presumed on their per apostles of our Lord. The only fear is, lest au impropermanence and stability, should be dispossessed of their land, use should be made of this heavenly doctrine ; lest a bad || and scattered over the face of the whole earth. The difsuperstructure should be raised on this foundation.

ference of the Christian and the Jewish systems should then Verse 12. If any mun build-gold, silver, &c.] Without be seen : the latter should be destroyed in that fiery day, entering into curious criticisms relative to these different ex and the former prevail more than ever. pressions, it may be quite enough for the purpose of edifica Verse 14. If any man's work abide] Perhaps there is here tion, to say, that by gold, silver, and precious stones, the an allusion to the purifying of different sorts of vessels unapostle certainly means pure and wholesome doctrines; by | der the law. All that could stand the fire, were to be puriwood, hay, and stubble, false doctrines; such as at that time pre- || fied by the fire; and those which could not resist the action tailed in the Corinthian church: for instance, that there should of the fire, were to be purified by water, Numb. xxxi. 23. be no resurrection of the body; that a man may, on his father's || The gold, silver, and precious stones, could stand the fire ; death, lawfully marry his step-mother ; that it was necessary || but the wood, hay, and stubble, must be necessarily col•

Christians are the temple of God.

CHAP. III.

This temple must be kept holy.

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3

15 If any man's work shall be 17 If any man defile the temple of A. M4060. 4,0,0.80 burned, he shall suffer loss : but he God, him shall God destroy ; for Auc.80% ronis Cæs. S. himself shall be saved ; yet so as the temple of God is holy, whici ronis Cæs. S.

temple ye are. 16 Know ye not that ye are the temple 18 " Let no man deceive himself. If any man of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let

him become a fool, that he may be wise.

by fire.

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in you.

* Jude 23.—ch. 6. 19. 2 Cor. 6. 16. Eph. 2. 21, 22. Hleb. 3. 6.

1 Pet. 2. 5. Or, destroy.__Prov. 5. 7. Isai. 5. 21.

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ver. 8.

sumed. So, in that great and terrible day of the Lord, all and inveterate prejudice, connected with much sincerity, be false doctrine, as well as the system that was to pass away, found in his case. should be made sufficiently manifest; and God, would then The popish writers have applied what is here spoken to the shew that the gospel, and that alone, was that system of doc- fire of purgatory; and they might, with equal propriety, trine which he would bless and protect, and none other. have applied it to the discovery of the longitude, the perpe

He shall receive a reward.] He has not only preached tuul motion, or the philosopher's stone ; because it speaks just the truth, but he has laboured in the word and doctrine. | as much of the former as it does of any of the latter. The fire And the reward is to be according to the labour. See on mentioned here is to try the man's work, not to purify his

soul; but the dream of purgatory refers to the purging in Verse 15. If any man's work shall be burned, he shall suf- || another state, what left this impure ; not the work of the fer loss] If he have preached the necessity of incorporating the man, but the man himself : but here the fire is said to try the laze with the gospel, or proclaimed as a doctrine of God, work; ergo, purgatory is not meant, even if such a place as any thing which did not proceed from heaven, he shall suffer || purgatory could be proved to exist; which remains yet to be loss; all his time and labour will be found to be uselessly demonstrated. employed and spent. Some refer the loss to the work, not Verse 16. Ye are the temple of God] The apostle reto the man; and understand the passage thus : If any man's sumes here what he had asserted in ver. 9.-Ye are God's work be burned, it shall suffer loss; much shall be taken | building. As the whole congregation of Israel were foraway from it, nothing shall be left but the measure of truth | merly considered as the temple and habitation of God, beand uprightness which it may have contained.

cause God dzelt among them; so here, the whole church at But he himself shall be saved] If he sincerely and con. Corinth is called the temple of God, because all genuine scientiously have believed what he preached, and yet preached believers have the Spirit of God to dwell in them; and what was wrong, not through malice or opposition to the Christ has promised to be always in the midst even of two or gospel, but through mere ignorance, he shall be saved ; God three, who are gathered together in his name. Therefore, in his mercy, will pass by his errors : and he shall not suffer where God is, there is his temple. punishment because he was mistaken. Yet, as in most erro Verse 17. If any man de file the temple] This clause is neous teachings, there is generally a portion of wilful and not consistently translated ei tos tor yaou tou Ozou ÇOespeig obstinate ignorance, the salvation of such erroneous teachers | EipeL TOUTON Eos" If any man destroy the temple of God, is very rare; and is expressed here, yet so as by fire, i. e. with him will God destroy. The verb is the same in both clauses. great difficulty; a mere escape; a huir's breadth deliverance ; || If any man injure, corrupt, or destroy the church of God he shall be like a brund plucked out of the fire.

by false doctrine, God will destroy him; will take away his The apostle obviously refers to the case of a man, who, part out of the book of life. This refers to him who wil. having builded a house, and begun to dwell in it, the house fully opposes the truth; the erring mistaken man shall happens to be set on fire, and he has warning of it, just in barely escape ; but the obstinate opposer shall be destroyed. time to escape with his life; losing at the same time, his The former shall be treated leniently; the latter shall have house, his goods, his la bour, and almost his own life. So he, judgment without mercy. who, while he holds the doctrine of Christ crucified, as the Verse 18. If any man among you seemeth to be wise] only foundation on which a soul can rest its hopes of salva. Es TIS COZEL 00005 Elvau, if any pretend, or affect to be wise. tion; builds at the same time, on that foundation, antino- This seems to refer to some individual in the church of Comiunism, or any other erroneous or destructive doctrine, | rinth, who had been very troublesome to its peace and unity : he shall lose all his labour, and his own soul scarcely escape probably Diotrephes ; see on chap. i. 14. or some one of a sicrerlasting perdition; nor even this, unless sheer ignorance || milar spirit, who wished to have the pre-eminence, and

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