« הקודםהמשך »
The strong should bear
the infirmities of the weak,
commanded them to be done, we doubt not but they have Chap. xvi. ver. 25. Now, to him that is of power to stablish the nature of sin.” To this we may add, that without faith || you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, it is impossible to please God; every thing is wrong where (according to the revelation of the mystery which was kept this principle is wanting.
secret since the world began, There are few readers who have not remarked that the Verse 26. But now is made manifest, and by the scripthree last verses of this Epistle, (chap. xvi. 25, 26, 27.) ap tures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the pear to stand in their present place, without any obvious everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obediconnexion ; and apparently after the Epistle is concluded. ence of fuith;) And it is well known to critics that two MSS. in uncial leta Verse 27. To God only wise be glory through Jesus Christ ters, the Cod. A. and I. with upwards of 100 others, to- | for erer. Amen. Chap. xv. i. We then, that are strong, gether with the Sclavonic, the latter Syriac and Arabic, add ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, 8c. those verses at the end of the 14th chapter. The transposition These words certainly connect better with the close of is acknowledged by Cyril, Chrysostom, Theodoret, Ecu- the 14th chapter, and the beginning of the 15th, than they menius, Theophylact, Theodulus, Damascenus, and Tertul- do with the conclusion of the 16th, where they are now ge. liun, see Wetstein. Griesbach inserts them at the end of || nerally found ; but I shall defer
my observations upon
them this chapter as their proper place; and most learned men till I come to that place, with only this remark, that the approve of this transposition. It may be necessary to repeat stablishing mentioned chap. xvi. ver. 25, corresponds well the words here that the Reader may see with what propriety 1 with the doubting, chap. xiv. ver. 23. and indeed the whole they connect with the subject which terminates the fourteenth matter of these verses agrees so well with the subject so largely chapter as it now stands. Chap. xiv. ver. 23. And he that | handled in the preceding chap. that there can be very little doubteth is condemned if he eat, because he eateth not of doubt of their being in their proper place, if joined to the end faith : for whatsoever is not of fuith is sin.
of this chap, as they are in the preceding MSS. and Versions,
CIIAPTER XV. The strong should bear the infirmities of the wcak, and each strive to please, not himself, but his neighbour, after
the example of Christ, 1–3. Whatsoever was written in old times was written for our learning, 4. не should be of one mind, that we might, with one mouth, glorify God, 5, 6. We should accept each other as Christ has accepted us, 7. Scriptural proofs that Jesus Christ was not only the minister of the circumcision, but came also for the salvation of the Gentiles, 8–12. The God of hope can fill us with all peace and joy in believing, 13. Character of the church at Rome, 14. The reason why the apostle wrote so boldly to the church in that city—what God had wrought by him, and what he purposed to do, 15–21. He tells them of his intended journey to Jerusalem, with a contribution to the poor saints—a sketch of this journey, 25—29. He commends himself to their prayers, 30—33. E then that are strong ought
2 ° Let every one of us please his A.M.cit.4062 An. Olymp: to bear the "infirmities of the neighbour for his good to 'edificaA.U.C.cır.811. weak, and not to please ourselves. tion.
A. M. cir.4062.
A. D. cir. 38.
An. Olymp. cir. CCIX.. A.U.C.cir.811.
a Gal. 6. 1.-bch. 14. 1.
• 1 Cor. 9. 19, 22. & 10. 24, 33. & 13.5. Phil. 2. 4, 5.
ch. 14. 19.
NOTES ON CHAP. XV.
dently abstaining from such indifferent things as may offend Verse 1. We then, that are strong] The sense of this and trouble them; and not take advantage from our supeverse is supposed to be the following. We, Gentile Chris- rior knowledge to make them submit to our judgment. tians, who perfectly understand the nature of our gospel Verse 2. Let every one of us please his neighbour] For it liberty, not only lawfully may, but are bound in duty to should be a maxim with each of us to do all in our power to bear any inconveniences that may arise from the scruples of please our brethren ; and especially in those things in which the weaker brethren, and to ease their consciences by pru- ll their spiritual edification is concerned. Though we should
An. Olymp. cir. CCIX. 2.
3 For, even Christ pleased not him 5 “Now, the God of patience and con- A. M. cir.9062. An. Olymp; self; but, as it is written, The re- solation grant you to be like-minded A.U.C.cir.811. proaches of them that reproached one toward another
according to A.U.C.cir.81i. thee fell on me.
Christ Jesus: 4 For, whatsoever things were written afore 6 That ye may, with one mind and one time were written for our learning; that we, mouth, glorify God, even the Father of our through patience and comfort of the scriptures, Lord Jesus Christ. might have hope.
7 Wherefore receive ye one another,
* Matt. 26. 39. John 5. 30. & 6. 38. Ps. 69. 9. - ch. 4. 23, 24.
1 Cor.9. 9, 10. & 10. 1. 2 Tim. 3. 16, 17.
d Ch. 12. 16. 1 Cor. 1. 10.
| Acts 4, 24, 32.
Phil. 3. 16. Le Or, after the example of.
s ch. 14. 1, 3.-ch. 5. 2.
not indulge men in mere whims and caprices, yet we should | the term, as the word comfort makes a regular and consistent bear with their ignorance and their weakuess; knowing that sense with the rest of the verse. others had much to bear with from us before we came to our Verse 5. Now, the God of patience and consolation] May present advanced state of religious knowledge.
that God who endued them with patience, and gave them the Verse 3. For, even Christ pleased not himself] Christ || consolation that supported them in all their trials and asħicnever acted as one who sought his own euse or profit; he nottions ; grant you to be like minded, give you the same mode only bore with the weakness, but with the insults, of his of thinking, and the saine power of acting towards each other, creatures ; as it is written in Psalm, Ixix. 9. The reproaches according to the example of Christ. of them that reproached thee fell upon me. I not only bore Verse 6. That ye, Jews and Gentiles, with one minu] their insults, but bore the punishment due to them for their | thinking the same things, and bearing with each other after ricious and abominable conduct. That this Psalm refers to the the example of Christ; and one mouth, in all your religious Messiah and his sufferings for mankind, is evident, not only assemblies, without jarring or contentions; glorify God, for from the quotation here, but also from John xix. 28, 29. calling you into such a state of salvation, and shewing himwhen our Lord's receiving the vinegar, during his expiatory self to be your loving compassionate Father, as he is the Fasuffering, is said to be a fulfilling of the Scripture, viz. ofther of our Lord Jesus Christ. verse 22. of this very Psalm : and his cleansing the temple, It is very likely that the apostle refers here to religious John ii. 15–17. is said to be a fulfilment of verse 9, For | acts in public worship, which might have been greatly interthe zeal of thy house hath eaten me up, the former part of rupted by the dissensions between the converted Jews and which verse the apostle quotes here.
the converted Gentiles; these differences he labours to com. Verse 4. For, whatsoever things were written aforetime] | pose ; and after having done all that was necessary in the This refers not only to the quotation from the 69th Psalm, I way of instruction and exhortation, he now pours out his but to all the Old Testament scriptures; for it can be to no soul to God, who alone could rule and manage the heart; that other scriptures that the apostle alludes. And from what he he would enable them to think the same things, to be of the says here of them, we learn that God had not intended them same judgment, and that all feeling their obligation to him, merely for those generations in which they were first deli- they might join in the sweetest harmony in every act of revered; but for the instruction of all the succeeding genera- | ligious worship. tions of mankind. That we through patience and comfort of Verse 7. Wherefore, receive ye one another] 1100ohausathe scriptures: That we, through those remarkable examples reche, have the most affectionate regard for each other; and of patience exhibited by the saints and followers of God, acknowledge each other as the servants and children of God whose history is given in those scriptures; and the comfort Almighty. which they derived from God in their patient endurance of As Christ also received us] Καθως και ο Χριςος προσελαsufferings brought upon them through their faithful attach- || BETO nu aç In the same manner, and with the same cordial ment to truth and righteousness, might have hope; that we affection as Christ has received us into communion with himshall be vpheld and blessed as they were; and our sufferings || self; and has made us partakers of such inestimable blessings, become the means of our greater advances in faith and holi- condescending to be present in all our assemblies. And as ness; and consequently our hope of eternal glory be the more Christ has received us thus to the glory of God; so should confirmed. Some think that the word trapaxar,cis, which we we, Jews and Gentiles, cordially receive each other, that translate comfort, should be rendered exhortation ; but there God's glory may be promoted by our harmony and brotherly is certainly no need here to leave the usual acceptation of Il love.
cir. CCIX.2. A.U.C.cir.811.
An.Olump: cir. CCIX.9.
The prophets predicted the calling ROMANS..
and salvation of the Gentiles. A. M.cir.4062. Christ also received us to the glory || 10 And again he saith, “Rejoice ye A. 17.07.2012 An. Olymp; of God.
Gentiles, with his people. 8 Now I say that ^ Jesus Christ 11 And again, ‘Praise the Lord, all A.U.C.cir.Sli
. was a minister of the circumcision for the truth ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people. of God, "to confirm the promises made unto 12 And again Esaias saith, 5 There shall be the fathers :
a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to 9 And that the Gentiles might glorify God reign over the Gentiles ; in him shall the Genfor his mercy; as it is written, “For this cause tiles trust. I will confess to thee among the Gentiles, and 13 Now, the God of hope fill you with all 'joy sing unto thy name.
and peace in believing, that ye may abound in
4 Matt. 15. 21. John 1. 11. Arts 3. 25, 26. & 13. 46.-bch. 3. 3.
2 Cor. 1. 20.- John 10. 16. ch. 9. 23.
d Ps. 18. 19.
Le Deut. 52. 43.
5. & 22. 16.
Ps. 117. 1. - Isai. 11.1, 10. Rev.5. b ch. 12. 12. & 14. 17.
And if, says
Verse 8. Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision] to God. But after that the Israelites were led into capTo shew the Gentiles the propriety of bearing with the scru- tivity, then the Gentiles began to have a right to glorify pulous Jews, he shews them here, that they were under the God.” Thus the Jews themselves confess that the Gentiles greatest obligations to this people; to whom, in the days of have a right to glorify God: and this, on account of being his flesh, Jesus Christ confined his ministry ; giving the world made partakers of his grace and mercy. to see, that he allowed the claim of the Jews as having the Schoetigen, we have a right to glorify God; then it follows first right to the blessings of the gospel. And he confined that our worship must be pleasing to him: and, if it be his ministry thus to the Jews, to confirm the truth of God, pleasing to him, then it follows, that this worship must be contained in the promises made unto the Patriarchs; for good; otherwise God could not be pleased with it. God had declared that thus it should be; and Jesus Christ, Dr. Taylor gives a good paraphrase of this and the three by coming according to the promise, has fulfilled this truth, following verses. As you Jews glorify God for his truth, so by making good the promises : therefore, salvation is of the the Gentiles have a right to join with you in glorifying God Jews, as a kind of right conveyed to them through the pro- for his mercy. And you have scripture authority for admises made to their fathers. But this salvation was not ex mitting them to such fellowship : for instance, David says, clusively designed for the Jewish people ; as God by his Psal. xviii. 49. Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, prophets had repeatedly declared.
O Lord, among the Gentiles; and sing praises unto thy name. Verse 9. And that the Gentiles might glorify God for his | And again, Moses himself says, in Deuter. chap. xxxii. 43. mercy] As the Jews were to glorify God for his truth; so Rejoice, Oye Gentiles, with his people. And again, it is the Gentiles were to glorify God for his mercy. The Jews evident, from Psal. cxvii. that praise to God is not to be received the blessings of the gospel by right of promise ; confined to the Jews only; but that all people, as they all which promise God had most punctually and circumstantially share in his goodness, should also join in thanks to their fulfilled. The Gentiles had received the same gospel, as an common benefactor; O praise the Lord all ye nations, effect of God's mere mercy, having no right, in consequence (Gentiles,) praise him all ye people ; for his merciful kindof any promise or engagement made with any of their an ness is great towards us; and the truth of the Lord endureth cestors ; though they were originally included in the cove-for ever. Again, the prophet Isaiah expressly and clearly nant made with Abraham : and the prophets had repeatedly declares, chap. xi. ver. 10. There shall be a root of Jessen declared that they should be made equal partakers of those (that is, the Messiah,) and he shall rise to reign over the blessings with the Jews themselves; as the apostle proceeds Gentiles, and in him shall the Gentiles hope : 2THOUSIV: And to prove.
thus the apostle proves both to the Jews and to the Gentiles, I will confess to thee among the Gentiles] This quotation | who were probably unwilling to join with each other in reliis taken from Psalm xviii. 49. and shews that the Gentiles had l gious fellowship; that they had both an equal right to glorify a right to glorify God for his mercy to them; and we shall | God; being equally interested in his mercy, goodness and see the strength of this saying further, when we consider a truth : and that, from the evidence of the above scriptures, maxim of the Jews delivered in Megillah, fol. 14. “ From the Gentiles had as much right to hope in Christ, for the full the time that the children of Israel entered into the pro- enjoyment of his kingdom, as the Jews had; and taking oomised land, no Gentile had any right to sing a hymn of praise || casion from the last word hope, EiTLOU51, which we impro
High character of the
church at Rome.
A.M.cir.4062. 4;. . 352. hope, through the power of the Holy! you in mind, because of the grace
A. D. cir.58. An. Olymp; Ghost.
that is given to me of God,
1.1. Olympe air. CCII. 2.
cir. CCIX. 2. A.C.C.Cr.811.
It And :I myself also am per 16 That "I should be the minister A.U.C.cir.811. suaded of you, my brethren, that ye also are of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, gospel of God, that the offering' up of the able also to admonish one another.
Gentiles miglit be acceptable, being sanctified by 15 Nevertheless, brethren, I have written the the Holy Ghost. more boldly unto you in some sort, as putting 17 I have therefore, whereof I may glory
• 2 Pet. 1. 12. 1 John 2.21. - 1 Cor. 8. 1, 7, 10.-€ ch. 1. 5. &
12. 3. Gal. 1. 15. Eph. 3. 7, 8.
d Ch. 11. 13. Gal. 9. 7, 8, 9. 1 Tim. 2. 7. 2 Tim. 1. 11. Phil. 2. 17.
* Or, sacrificing. - Isai. Co. 20. Phil. 2. 17.
perly translate trust, he pours out his heart in the following that they were well qualified to give one another suitable exaffectionate prayer.
hortations on every important point. Verse 13. Now, the God of hope, &c.] 0 de 0395 775 Instead of anayious, one another, several MSS. have E1T1dos, may the God of this hope, that God who caused anmous, others ; which gives a clearer sense: for, if they both Jews and Gentiles to hope that the gracious promises were all filled with knowledge, there was little occasion for which he made to them should be fulfilled ; and who, ac them to admonish one another; but by this they were well quacordingly, has fulfilled them in the most punctual and cir- lified to admonish others; to impart the wisdom they had, to cumstantial manner :
those who were less instructed. Fill you with all joy] Give you true spiritual happiness ; Verse 15. Nevertheless, I have written] Notwithstandpeace in your own hearts, and unity among yourselves; in ing I have this conviction of your extensive knowledge in the believing, not only the promises which he has given you, but things of God, I have made bold to write to you in some believing in Christ Jesus, in whom all the promises are yea sort, aTTO Hepous, to a party among you, as some learned
men translate the words, who stand more in need of such That ye may abound in hope] That ye may be excited to instructions than the others : and I do this, because of the take more enlarged views of the salvation which God has grace, dok trv gasiv, because of the office which I have reprovided for you, and have all your expectations fulfilled by ceived from God; namely, to be the apostle of the Gentiles. the power of the Holy Ghost, enabling you to hope and be. This authority gave him full right to say, advise, or enjoin lieve; and then sealing the fulfilment of the promises upon any thing which he judged to be of importance to their spiyour hearts.
ritual interests. This subject he pursues farther in the fol. Verse 14. And I-am persuaded of you] This is sup- lowing verse. posed to be an address to the Gentiles; and it is managed Verse 16. Ministering the gospel of God] lepou yOUYTC., with great delicacy; he seems to apologize for the freedom acting as a priest. Here is a plain allusion, says Dr. Whitby, he had used in writing to them; which he gives them to the Jewish sacrifices offered by the priest, and sanctified, to understand proceeded from the authority he had re-or made acceptable by the libamen offered with them. For, ceived by his apostolical office : the exercise of which of the compares himself in preaching the gospel, to the priest fice respected them particularly. So they could not be performing his sacred functions, preparing his sacrifice to be offended, when they found themselves so particularly dis- ! offered. The Gentiles converted by him, and dedicated to tinguished.
the service of God, are his sacrifices and oblation. The Ye-are full of goodness] Instead of a72900vns, good-i Holy Spirit is the libamen poured upon this sacrifice, by ness: some MSS. of good repute, have aya.tv,5, love. In which it was sanctified, and rendered acceptable to God. this connection both words seem to mean nearly the same The words of Isaiah, lxvi. 20. And they shall bring all thing. They were so full of goodness and love, that they your brethren for an offering unto the Lord, out of all were disposed, of themselves, to follow any plan that NATIONS, might have suggested the above idea to the mind might be devised, in order to bring about the most per- of the apostle. fect understauding between them and their Jewish bre Verse 17. I have therefore, whereof I may glory] Being thren.
sent of God on this most honourable and important errand, Filled with all knowledge] So completely instructed in I have matter of great exultation, not only in the honour the mind and design of God, relative to their calling, and which he has conferred upon me; but in the great success the fruit which they were to bring forth to the glory of God; t, with which he has crowned my ministry.
The apostle's ambition
to found new churches,
cir. ccix: 2. A.U.C.cir.811.
An. Olymp. cir. CCIX. 2. A.U.C.cir.811.
4.M1.07.1962 through Jesus Christ in those things || pel, not where Christ was named, olest A.M.1.1962 An. Olymp; which pertain to God.
I should build upon another man's 18 For I will not dare to speak of foundation : any of those things which Christ hath not 21 But as it is written, 'To whom he was not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, spoken of, they shall see: and they that have by word and deed,
not heard, shall understand. 19 « Through mighty signs and wonders, by 22 For which cause also s I have been much the power of the Spirit of God; so that from hindered from coming to you. Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, I 23 But now having no more place in these have fully preached the gospel of Christ. parts, and 'having a great desire these many 20 Yea, so have I strived to preach the gos- years to come unto you;
· Heb. 5. 1.- Acts 21. 19. Gal. 2. 8. ch. 1. 5. & 16. 26.
• Acts 19. 11. 2 Cor. 12. 12.- 2 Cor. 10. 13, 15, 16.
! Isai. 52. 15.sch. 1. 13. 1 Thes. 2. 17, 18. Or, many ways, or
oflentimes.--Acts 19. 21. ver. 32. ch. 1. 11.
Verse 18. For I will not dare to speak] If the thing Arabia, Cilicia, Pamphylia, Pisidia, Lycaonia, Galatia, were not as I have stated it, I would not dare to arrogate to Pontus, Paphlagonia, Phrygia, Troas, Asia, Caria, Lymyself honours which did not belong to me. But God hascia, Ionia, Lydia, Thrace, Macedonia, Thessaly, and made me the apostle of the Gentiles; and the conversion of Achaia ; besides the isles of Cyprus and Crete. And, no the Gentiles is the fruit of my ministry; Christ having doubt, he visited many other places which are not mentioned wrought by me, for this purpose.
in the New Testament. By word and deed] soyu xau cynuo These words may I have fully preached the gospel] Πεπληρωκεναι το ευαγγεrefer to the doctrines which he taught; and to the miracles 1007, I have successfully preached: I have not only prowhich he wrought among them. So they became obedient to claimed the word, but made conderis, and founded churches. the doctrines, on the evidence of the miracles with which they See the Note on Matt. v. 17. where this sense of the word were accompanied.
Thy pour is noticed; for it signifies not only fully or perfectly, Verse 19. Through mighty signs and wonders] This but also to teach with prosperity and success. more fully explains the preceding clause; through the power Verse 20. So have I strived to preach the gospel] OUTW of the Holy Ghost, he was evabled to work among the Gen- de pião Tipoulevov, for I have considered it my honour to tiles mighty signs and wonders; so that they were fully con- | preach the gospel where that gospel was before unknown. vinced that both his doctrine and mission were divine; and, | This is the proper import of the word podotiueig Bal, from therefore, they cheerfully received the gospel of the Lord içinos a friend, and tour honour. As I am not ashamed of Jesus.
the gospel of Christ, so I esteem it an honour to preach it; Round about unto Illyricum] Among ancient writers, and especially to proclaim it among the heathen; not building this place has gone by a great variety of names, Illyria, on another man's foundation; not watering what another Illyrica, Illyricum, Illyris, and Illyrium. It is a country apostle had planted; but cheerfully exposing myself to all of Europe, extending from the Adriatic gulph to Pannonia ; || kinds of dangers and hardships, in order to found new according to Pliny, it extended from the river Arsia to the churches. river Drinius, thus including Liburnia on the west, and Verse 21. But as it is written] These words, quoted Dalmatia on the east. Its precise limits have not been de- from Isai. lii. 15. the apostle applies to his own conduct; termined by either ancient or modern geographers. It seems, not that the words themselves predicted what Paul had done, according to an inscription in Gruter, to have been divided || but that he endeavoured to fulfil such a declaration by his by Augustus into two provinces, the upper and lower. It manner of preaching the gospel to the heathen. now forms part of Croatia, Bosnia, Istria, and Sclavonia. Verse 22. For which cause, &c.] My considering it a When the apostle says that he preached the gospel from Jeru- | point of honour to build on no other man's foundation; and salem round about to Nlyricum, he intends his land journies finding that the gospel has been long ago planted at Rome, I chiefly; and by looking at the Map annexed to the Acts have been prevented from going thither, purposing rather to of the Apostles, the Reader will see that from Jeru- spend my time and strength in preaching where Christ has salem, the apostle went round the eastern coast of the Me- | not, as yet, been proclaimed. diterranean sea, and that he passed through Syria, Phænicia, Verse 23. But-having no more place in these parts]