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TABLE III. Continued.

41

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42

A.M.A.U.C. A. D. 4038

787 34 At Lydda, Peter cures Eneas of the palsy; and at Joppa restores Tabitha to life. 4039 788

35

Troubles and revolutions among the Parthians and Armenians.
4040 789 36 Commotions in Cappadocia, which are soon quelled by the Romans.

Fire at Rome, which destroyer part of the circus, and the quarter of Mount Aventine.
Tiberius declares himself friendly to the Christians, and wishes to enrol Christ among the gods;

but is opposed by the senate.
4041 790 37 Death of Tiberius Nero Cæsar, on the 16th or 26th of March, in the seventy-eighth year of his

age, after having reigned 22 years, six months, and 26 days, if we reckon from the death of
Augustus ; and 25 years, six months, and 15 days, from the time when he was first associated in

the empire with Augustus. He is succeeded by Caius Caligula.
Antiochus again put in possession of the kingdom of Commagena, which had been reduced into

a Roman province by Germanicus.

Disgrace and death of Pilate, governor of Judea. 4042 791 38 Vespasian, afterwards emperor, was ædile in this year, i. e. a magistrate, who had the care of the

public buildings of the city. 4043 792

Getulicus and Lepidus put to death upon suspicion of a conspiracy against the emperor. 4044 793

The conversion of Cornelius, the centurion, happened about this time. 4045 794 The emperor Caligula slain on the fourth day of the Palatine games. He is succeeded by his uncle

Claudius Cæsar.
Seneca banished to the island of Corsica.
War of the Romans against the Germans and Moors.

Mauritania reduced into a Roman province. 4046 795

The followers of Jesus first called CHRISTIANS at Antioch. 4047 796 43 Claudius vanquishes the Britons in several battles ; and at his return to Rome is honoured with a

triumph. Dearth in Rome, occasioned by Messalina and the freedmen monopolizing and raising the price of

the necessaries of life. 4048 797 44 Vespasian fought thirty battles with the Britons, took twenty of their towns, subdued two of the

British nations, and possessed himself of the Isle of Wight.

James, the brother of Johu, put to death by Herod. 4049 798 45 An eclipse of the sun on the birth-day of the emperor Claudius. To prevent the superstitious

drawing thence any inauspicious omens concerning him, he caused notice to be posted up some

time before it happened, giving a physical explanation of the phænomenon.

The dreadful famine foretold by Agabus, rages in Judea, Acts xi. 27, 28. 4050 799

46

Asinius Gallus, half-brother to Drusus, son of Tiberius, conspires against the emperor, and is

banished.
Thrace, which had hitherto its own kings, is made a Roman province.

About this time a new island makes its appearance in the Ægean sea. It is named Therasia by Seneca.
4051
800 47 The

emperor takes upon himself the title of Censor.
Secular games celebrated at Rome, in honour of the 800th year of Rome.
Claudius adds three new letters to the Roman alphabet, the names of two of which only remain;

the Æolic digamma, which answers to our v; and the Antisigma, which answers to a p and an s

joined together.
Many of the greatest men in Rome are put to death by Claudius, to gratify the revenge and cove-

tousness of Messalina, his wife.
Commotions in the East, and in Germany.
Incursions of the Cauci into Lower Germany. Corbulo reduces them to subjection.

Celebrated canal cut between tlie Rhine and the Maese.
4052 801 48 Claudius by a census is said to find 6,900,000 citizens in Rome.

The Gauls admitted into the senate, and to the dignities of the empire.

L. Salvius Otho, the emperor Otho's father, made patrician. 4053

49 Herod Agrippa, king of the Jews, eaten up of worms: Acts xii. 23.

Seneca recalled from bauishment, and made preceptor to Agrippa's son.

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802

TABLE IH. Continued.

A.M. A.U.C. A.D.
4054 803 50 Cologne founded by Agrippina.

The Catti defeated by Pomponius. 4055 801

51 Great dearth in the Roman empire.

The Britons making incursions into the Roman settlements, are vanquished by P. Ostorius

Scapula. 4056 805 52 The Jetas expelled Rome by Claudius.

Caractacus, the British king, is defeated, made prisoner, and carried to Rome.

The aqueduct at Rome begun by Caligula, fourteen years before; finished this year by Claudius. 4057 806

Nero's marriage with Octavia.

Claudius Felix made governor of Judea in the room of Ventidius Cumanus. 4058 807 54 Caius Tiberius Claudius Nero Cæsar, the Roman emperor, poisoned by the empress Agrippina,

after a reign of thirteen years, eight months, and twenty-one days; and is succeeded in the

empire by Nero Cæsar, his wife's son. Paul preaches at Athens.

Death of Azisus, king of the Emesenians. 4059 808 55 Britannicus, son of Claudius Cæsar by Messalina, poisoned by the emperor his brother.

War of the Romans against the Parthians. 4061

810 57 Apollos, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, preaches at Corinth, Acts wviii. 24. 4062 811 58 | Artaxata, the capital of Armenia, burnt by Corbulo.

Tigranocerta taken by Corbulo.
Armenia totally subdued by Corbulo, and given by Nero to Tigranes, great-grandson of Archelaus,

formerly king of Cappadocia.
4063 812 59 Nero puts his mother Agrippina to death.

Death of Domitius Afer, the orator.

Laodicea, one of the most famous cities in Asia, destroyed by an earthquake. 4064 813 60 The pantomimes recailed by Nero.

Appearance of a comet, with which the vulgar are greatly alarmed.

The city of Puteoli, or Pozzuola, obtains from Nero the title of August or Imperial Colony. 4065 814 61 The Britons form a league to recover their independence. They take advantage of the absence of

Suetonius Paulinus, their governor, to take up arms against the Romans.
Boadicea, the British queen, defeats the Romans, killing 70,000 in various places ; but the Britons

are at last defeated by Suetonius, the Roman general, with the loss of 80,000.
Pedanius Secundus, prefect of Rome, assassinated by one of his slaves.

King Agrippa confers the high priesthood on Israel, the son of Phabius. 4066 815

62

Death of Mark the evangelist. He is said to have been buried at Alexandria.
St. Paul sent in bonds to Rome. He is shipwrecked at Malta.
Nero puts his empress Octavia to death.

Aulus Persius Flaccus, the poet, dies in the thirtieth year of his age. 4067 816 63 On the fifth of February, a violent earthquake happened in Campania, which destroyed great part

of the city of Pompei, at the foot of mount Vesuvius, and did considerable damage to Hercu

laneum.
About this time Nero reduced the Cottian Alps into a Roman province, after the death of king

Cottius.
The Parthians vanquished by the Romans under Corbulo. Tiridates, king of Parthia, lays down

his crown at the foot of Nero's statue.
James, the brother of our Lord, is, according to Eusebius, thrown down from a pinnacle of the

temple, and stoned; and a fuller striking him on the head with a club, kills him. 4068 817 64 The emperor sends two centurions up the Nile, in order to explore its source; but the centurions

failed in their expedition, being stopped by the cataracts and marshy grounds. Great fire in Rome, by which upwards of two-thirds of this great city was consumed. Nero charging the late conflagration of the city upon the Christians, persecutes them with all man

ner of cruelti:s and torments.

TABLE III. Continued.

A. M. A.U.C. A.D. 4068 817 64 The Jews revolt from the Romans, and pelt their governor Florus with stones, which begins the

first Jewish war.
4069 818 65 Several great men conspire against the emperor; but the plot is discovered.

Death of Seneca and Lucan.
Campania wasted by an epidemical sickness, and great tempests.
Great fire at Lyons, which nearly consumed the whole city. Nero made the inhabitants of this

city a present of four millions of sesterces, (about thirty-two thousand pounds,) towards repair

ing their losses.
4070 819 66 Tiridates receives the crown of Armenia from the hands of Nero.

Vespasian sent by Nero to make war against the Jews.
Disturbances in Cæsarea, between the Jews and the idolaters who inhabited that city.
Sedition in Jerusalem, occasioned by Florus. This may be considered the proper commencement

of the Jewish war. It took place, according to Josephus, on the sixteenth day of the month

Artemisius, which, according to Scaliger's calculation, corresponds to our May.
The Jews of Cæsarea slain, to the number of twenty thousand.
All Syria filled with slaughter by the battles between the Jews and the Syrians.
Cypros and Macherontum taken by the Jews from the Romans.
Jerusalem besieged by Cæstius Gallus.

The Christians leave Jerusalem, and fly to Pella in Cælosyria. 4071 820 67 Vespasian invades Judea with an army of 60,000 men, and carries fire and sword wherever he

goes; immense numbers of Jews are slain in the various sieges.
St. Peter and St. Paul put to death about this time.
Jotapata taken by the Romans after a siege of forty-six days.
Japha taken by the Romans.
Eleven thousand six hundred Samaritans, that had assembled on the top of Mount Gerizim, slain

by order of Vespasian.
Joppa taken and destroyed by the Romans.
Tarichæa taken by the Romans, and nearly 40,000 persons, who had taken refuge in it, slain.

Death of Corbulo. 3072 821 68 Dreadful calamities in Jerusalem, occasioned by the zealots, who divide themselves into two differ

ent parties, and murder one another by thousands, committing the most horrid cruelties. The emperor Nero, on account of his great cruelty and injustice, is obliged to fly from Rome to

the house of Phaon, one of his freedmen, about four miles from Rome, where he kills him.

self; upon which the senate declares Galba emperor. 4073 822

On the kalends of January, the images of Galba, in Germany, are thrown down; and on the third

day Vitellius is saluted emperor by the army ; and on the fifteenth day of the same month Galba is slain by the partisans of Otho,, seven months after the death of Nero; upon which Otho is

proclaimed emperor. Civil war betwixt Vitellius and Otho. Engagement in an island in the Po, betwixt the troops of Otho and Vitellius, wherein the latter have

the advantage.
Battle of Bedriacum, in which Otho's army is defeated; upon which Otho kills himself, after a

reign of three months. He is succeeded by Vitellius.
Dolabella put to death by order of Vitellius.
Civil war betwixt Vitellius and Vespasian.
Cremona sacked by Primus.
Junjus Blæsus poisoned by order of Vitellius.
Vespasian acknowledged emperor by a great part of Italy, and all the western provinces
The capitol besieged and taken by Vitellius's soldiers.
The temple of Jupiter Capitolinus destroyed by fire.
Vitellius is killed, after a reign of eight months and a few days, and Vespasian succeeds him in the

empire.

69

TABLE III. Continued.

77

A.M.A.U.C.) A.D. 4073

822 69 The Batavians, under Civilis, revolt from the Romans, over whom they obtain two great victories. 4074 823 70 Vespasian orders the capitol to be rebuilt, the first stone of which was laid on the 21st of June.

Titus, son of Vespasian, sent by the emperor to besiege Jerusalem.
The Jewish temple burnt, notwithstanding the endeavours of Titus to preserve it.
Jerusalem taken Sept. 7, and destroyed by Titus, which ends the Jewish war. Josephus reckons

that not less than eleven hundred thousand persons perished in this siege, by fire, sword, misery,
and famine. If to this number be added all that were killed in the several battles fought out of
Jerusalem, and in the taking of the several towns which the Romans stormed, it will be found
that the Jews lost in the whole course of the war, one million three hundred and fifty-seven
thousand six hundred and sirty men. The number of prisoners during the war, according to the

same historian, amounted to ninety-seven thousand! See on Matt. xxiv. 31. 4075 821 71 Magnificent triumph of Vespasian for his victories over the Jews.

Peace being re-established in the world, the temple of Janus is shut. This is the sixth time of its

being shut according to Orosius. 4076 825 72

Commagena is made a Roman province.

Vologeses, king of Parthia, molested by the Alans, a Scythian people, who over-run Media and Armenia. 4077 826 73 Rhodes, Samos, and the neighbouring islands, formed into a province, under the name of the Cyclades,

or island province. 4078 827 74 Vespasian, who had made his son Titus his colleague in the censorship, celebrates with him the cere.

mony of closing the lustrum; and of numbering the Roman citizens. 4079 828

75

Dedication of the Temple of Peace. Vespasian places in it the golden vessels belonging to the tem

ple of Jerusalem, and a great number of the finest performances of the best painters and sculptors. Nero's colossus, erected by his order at the entrance of the golden palace, is dedicated to Apollo,

or the sun, by Vespasian. . 4080 829

Three cities in the island of Cyprus, destroyed by an earthquake. 4081 830

Dreadful plague in Rome, through which ten thousand persons are said to have died in one day! 4082 831 78 Agricola appointed governor of Britain. 4083 832

Vespasian dies, after a reign of nine years, eleven months, and twenty-four days, and is succeeded in

the Roman empire by his son Titus. Dreadful eruption of Mount Vesuvius, which devastated a considerable part of Campania. Death of the elder Pliny, who was suffocated by the smoke and ashes from the mountain, while em

ployed in examining this dreadful phænomenon. 4084 833 80 Dreadful pestilence.

Terrible fire at Rome, which raged with great violence for three days and three nights. Many of

the public buildings were destroyed, among which were the pantheon, the Octavian library, and

the capitol, which had not been long rebuilt.

Dedication of the amphitheatre begun by Vespasian, and finished by Titus. 4085 834 81 Titus dies on Sept. 13, after a reign of two years, two months and twenty days; and is succeeded

in the Roman empire by his brother Domitian. 4087 836 83 Domitian's expedition against the Catti, a people of Germany. The emperor returns without hav

ing seen the enemy, and causes triumphal honours to be decreed him. It is supposed that about

this time he received the surname of Germanicus. 4088 837 84 Sabinus is made colleague with Domitian in the consulate : his prænomen is not known; but he is

supposed to be the same with Oppius Sabinus, who lost his life soon after in the Dacian war. The Caledonians defeated by Agricola, with the loss of 10,000 men.

The ornaments of triumph are decreed the victor. The fleet of Agricola sailed round Great Britain : before this circumnavigation was made, the Ro

mans were not sure that Britain was an island. 4089 838 85 Domitian orders the nativity of all the great men in Rome to be cast ; and such as were said to be

born for empire, he destroyed.
Philosophers banished from Rome by Domitian.
The Nasamonians revolt from the Romans, but are subdued by Flaccus.

79

TABLE III. Concluded.

A.M. JA.U.C. A.D. 4089 838

85 Fulvius is made colleague with the emperor this year in the consulate: his prænomen is not known.

This Fulvius is supposed to be either T. Aurelius Fulvius, or Fulvius, the grand father of the

emperor Titus Antoninus.
4090 839 86 Institution of the Capitoline games.

The Dacian war began this year, according to Eusebius.
The Dacians enter the Roman provinces, and make great depredations; but are at last completely

overthrown by Julianus. 4092 841 88 The secular games celebrated at Rome this year, not because it was the termination of an even cen

tury, from the building of the city ; but through the mere caprice of the emperor. 4093 842 89 Domitian banished the astrologers from Rome. 4094 843 90 The Marcomans, &c. having defeated the emperor, the latter makes peace with Decebalus, king of

the Dacians, and allow him a yearly pension, which is never demanded. He assumes the sur

name of Dacicus. 4095 844 91 Domitian changes the names of the months of September and October, and calls them Germanicus

and Domitianus; which continued only during his life. About this time the temple of Janus is again shut.

Cornelia, chief of the vestals, accused by the emperor of incontinence, is buried alive. 4096 845 92 About this time happened the revolt of L. Antonius, who commanded on the Upper Rhine. He is

defeated and killed.

The kingdom of Chalcis united to the Roman empire. 4097 846 93 Death of Agricola, the governor of Britain, on the 23d of August, in the year when Collega and

Priscus were consuls.
The Sarmatians revolt, but are soon quelled by Domitian; in consequence of which he carries a

laurel crown to the capitol, and consecrates it to Jupiter. 4098 817 94 Philosophers and scientific men banished Rome by an order of the senate. Epictetus, the famous

stoic philosopher, was among the number of the exiles. 4099 848 95 Commencement of the second persecution against the Christians.

About this time, St. John was thrown into a cauldron of boiling oil, near the Latin gate at Rome;

but, being miraculously preserved, is afterwards banished to Patmos, where he is supposed to

have written his Revelation some time in the course of this or the following year.

Acilius Glabrio, who had been consul A.U.C. 844, is put to death by order of the emperor. 4100 849 .96 Domitian killed in his palace by some of his freedmen, after a tyrannical reign of fifteen years and five

days. He was the last of the twelve Cæsars, and is succeeded in the empire by Nerva. 4101 850 97 Death of Virginius, the consul, in the 83d year of his age. Tacitus, who was at this time consul by

subrogation, pronounces his funeral oration.

Trajan, who commanded the army in Lower Germany, adopted by Nerva. 4102 851 98 Nerva dies, Jan. 21, after having reigned one year, four months, and eight days, and is succeeded in

the empire by Trajan, a Spaniard.

The Chamavians and Angrivarians defeat the Bructerians, with the loss of 60,000 men. 4103 852 99 Trajan, who was in Germany when he was proclaimed emperor, enters Rome without the least parade. 4104 853 100 Adrian, afterwards emperor, married to Sabina, daughter of Trajan's nephew.

The death of St.John, the apostle and evangelist, is generally supposed to have happened about this time.

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