« הקודםהמשך »
TABLE III. Continued.
A.M.A.U.C. A. D. 4038
787 34 At Lydda, Peter cures Eneas of the palsy; and at Joppa restores Tabitha to life. 4039 788
Troubles and revolutions among the Parthians and Armenians.
Fire at Rome, which destroyer part of the circus, and the quarter of Mount Aventine.
but is opposed by the senate.
age, after having reigned 22 years, six months, and 26 days, if we reckon from the death of
the empire with Augustus. He is succeeded by Caius Caligula.
a Roman province by Germanicus.
Disgrace and death of Pilate, governor of Judea. 4042 791 38 Vespasian, afterwards emperor, was ædile in this year, i. e. a magistrate, who had the care of the
public buildings of the city. 4043 792
Getulicus and Lepidus put to death upon suspicion of a conspiracy against the emperor. 4044 793
The conversion of Cornelius, the centurion, happened about this time. 4045 794 The emperor Caligula slain on the fourth day of the Palatine games. He is succeeded by his uncle
Mauritania reduced into a Roman province. 4046 795
The followers of Jesus first called CHRISTIANS at Antioch. 4047 796 43 Claudius vanquishes the Britons in several battles ; and at his return to Rome is honoured with a
triumph. Dearth in Rome, occasioned by Messalina and the freedmen monopolizing and raising the price of
the necessaries of life. 4048 797 44 Vespasian fought thirty battles with the Britons, took twenty of their towns, subdued two of the
British nations, and possessed himself of the Isle of Wight.
James, the brother of Johu, put to death by Herod. 4049 798 45 An eclipse of the sun on the birth-day of the emperor Claudius. To prevent the superstitious
drawing thence any inauspicious omens concerning him, he caused notice to be posted up some
time before it happened, giving a physical explanation of the phænomenon.
The dreadful famine foretold by Agabus, rages in Judea, Acts xi. 27, 28. 4050 799
Asinius Gallus, half-brother to Drusus, son of Tiberius, conspires against the emperor, and is
About this time a new island makes its appearance in the Ægean sea. It is named Therasia by Seneca.
emperor takes upon himself the title of Censor.
the Æolic digamma, which answers to our v; and the Antisigma, which answers to a p and an s
tousness of Messalina, his wife.
Celebrated canal cut between tlie Rhine and the Maese.
The Gauls admitted into the senate, and to the dignities of the empire.
L. Salvius Otho, the emperor Otho's father, made patrician. 4053
49 Herod Agrippa, king of the Jews, eaten up of worms: Acts xii. 23.
Seneca recalled from bauishment, and made preceptor to Agrippa's son.
TABLE IH. Continued.
A.M. A.U.C. A.D.
The Catti defeated by Pomponius. 4055 801
51 Great dearth in the Roman empire.
The Britons making incursions into the Roman settlements, are vanquished by P. Ostorius
Scapula. 4056 805 52 The Jetas expelled Rome by Claudius.
Caractacus, the British king, is defeated, made prisoner, and carried to Rome.
The aqueduct at Rome begun by Caligula, fourteen years before; finished this year by Claudius. 4057 806
Nero's marriage with Octavia.
Claudius Felix made governor of Judea in the room of Ventidius Cumanus. 4058 807 54 Caius Tiberius Claudius Nero Cæsar, the Roman emperor, poisoned by the empress Agrippina,
after a reign of thirteen years, eight months, and twenty-one days; and is succeeded in the
empire by Nero Cæsar, his wife's son. Paul preaches at Athens.
Death of Azisus, king of the Emesenians. 4059 808 55 Britannicus, son of Claudius Cæsar by Messalina, poisoned by the emperor his brother.
War of the Romans against the Parthians. 4061
810 57 Apollos, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, preaches at Corinth, Acts wviii. 24. 4062 811 58 | Artaxata, the capital of Armenia, burnt by Corbulo.
Tigranocerta taken by Corbulo.
formerly king of Cappadocia.
Death of Domitius Afer, the orator.
Laodicea, one of the most famous cities in Asia, destroyed by an earthquake. 4064 813 60 The pantomimes recailed by Nero.
Appearance of a comet, with which the vulgar are greatly alarmed.
The city of Puteoli, or Pozzuola, obtains from Nero the title of August or Imperial Colony. 4065 814 61 The Britons form a league to recover their independence. They take advantage of the absence of
Suetonius Paulinus, their governor, to take up arms against the Romans.
are at last defeated by Suetonius, the Roman general, with the loss of 80,000.
King Agrippa confers the high priesthood on Israel, the son of Phabius. 4066 815
Death of Mark the evangelist. He is said to have been buried at Alexandria.
Aulus Persius Flaccus, the poet, dies in the thirtieth year of his age. 4067 816 63 On the fifth of February, a violent earthquake happened in Campania, which destroyed great part
of the city of Pompei, at the foot of mount Vesuvius, and did considerable damage to Hercu
his crown at the foot of Nero's statue.
temple, and stoned; and a fuller striking him on the head with a club, kills him. 4068 817 64 The emperor sends two centurions up the Nile, in order to explore its source; but the centurions
failed in their expedition, being stopped by the cataracts and marshy grounds. Great fire in Rome, by which upwards of two-thirds of this great city was consumed. Nero charging the late conflagration of the city upon the Christians, persecutes them with all man
ner of cruelti:s and torments.
TABLE III. Continued.
A. M. A.U.C. A.D. 4068 817 64 The Jews revolt from the Romans, and pelt their governor Florus with stones, which begins the
first Jewish war.
Death of Seneca and Lucan.
city a present of four millions of sesterces, (about thirty-two thousand pounds,) towards repair
ing their losses.
Vespasian sent by Nero to make war against the Jews.
of the Jewish war. It took place, according to Josephus, on the sixteenth day of the month
Artemisius, which, according to Scaliger's calculation, corresponds to our May.
The Christians leave Jerusalem, and fly to Pella in Cælosyria. 4071 820 67 Vespasian invades Judea with an army of 60,000 men, and carries fire and sword wherever he
goes; immense numbers of Jews are slain in the various sieges.
by order of Vespasian.
Death of Corbulo. 3072 821 68 Dreadful calamities in Jerusalem, occasioned by the zealots, who divide themselves into two differ
ent parties, and murder one another by thousands, committing the most horrid cruelties. The emperor Nero, on account of his great cruelty and injustice, is obliged to fly from Rome to
the house of Phaon, one of his freedmen, about four miles from Rome, where he kills him.
self; upon which the senate declares Galba emperor. 4073 822
On the kalends of January, the images of Galba, in Germany, are thrown down; and on the third
day Vitellius is saluted emperor by the army ; and on the fifteenth day of the same month Galba is slain by the partisans of Otho,, seven months after the death of Nero; upon which Otho is
proclaimed emperor. Civil war betwixt Vitellius and Otho. Engagement in an island in the Po, betwixt the troops of Otho and Vitellius, wherein the latter have
reign of three months. He is succeeded by Vitellius.
TABLE III. Continued.
A.M.A.U.C.) A.D. 4073
822 69 The Batavians, under Civilis, revolt from the Romans, over whom they obtain two great victories. 4074 823 70 Vespasian orders the capitol to be rebuilt, the first stone of which was laid on the 21st of June.
Titus, son of Vespasian, sent by the emperor to besiege Jerusalem.
that not less than eleven hundred thousand persons perished in this siege, by fire, sword, misery,
same historian, amounted to ninety-seven thousand! See on Matt. xxiv. 31. 4075 821 71 Magnificent triumph of Vespasian for his victories over the Jews.
Peace being re-established in the world, the temple of Janus is shut. This is the sixth time of its
being shut according to Orosius. 4076 825 72
Commagena is made a Roman province.
Vologeses, king of Parthia, molested by the Alans, a Scythian people, who over-run Media and Armenia. 4077 826 73 Rhodes, Samos, and the neighbouring islands, formed into a province, under the name of the Cyclades,
or island province. 4078 827 74 Vespasian, who had made his son Titus his colleague in the censorship, celebrates with him the cere.
mony of closing the lustrum; and of numbering the Roman citizens. 4079 828
Dedication of the Temple of Peace. Vespasian places in it the golden vessels belonging to the tem
ple of Jerusalem, and a great number of the finest performances of the best painters and sculptors. Nero's colossus, erected by his order at the entrance of the golden palace, is dedicated to Apollo,
or the sun, by Vespasian. . 4080 829
Three cities in the island of Cyprus, destroyed by an earthquake. 4081 830
Dreadful plague in Rome, through which ten thousand persons are said to have died in one day! 4082 831 78 Agricola appointed governor of Britain. 4083 832
Vespasian dies, after a reign of nine years, eleven months, and twenty-four days, and is succeeded in
the Roman empire by his son Titus. Dreadful eruption of Mount Vesuvius, which devastated a considerable part of Campania. Death of the elder Pliny, who was suffocated by the smoke and ashes from the mountain, while em
ployed in examining this dreadful phænomenon. 4084 833 80 Dreadful pestilence.
Terrible fire at Rome, which raged with great violence for three days and three nights. Many of
the public buildings were destroyed, among which were the pantheon, the Octavian library, and
the capitol, which had not been long rebuilt.
Dedication of the amphitheatre begun by Vespasian, and finished by Titus. 4085 834 81 Titus dies on Sept. 13, after a reign of two years, two months and twenty days; and is succeeded
in the Roman empire by his brother Domitian. 4087 836 83 Domitian's expedition against the Catti, a people of Germany. The emperor returns without hav
ing seen the enemy, and causes triumphal honours to be decreed him. It is supposed that about
this time he received the surname of Germanicus. 4088 837 84 Sabinus is made colleague with Domitian in the consulate : his prænomen is not known; but he is
supposed to be the same with Oppius Sabinus, who lost his life soon after in the Dacian war. The Caledonians defeated by Agricola, with the loss of 10,000 men.
The ornaments of triumph are decreed the victor. The fleet of Agricola sailed round Great Britain : before this circumnavigation was made, the Ro
mans were not sure that Britain was an island. 4089 838 85 Domitian orders the nativity of all the great men in Rome to be cast ; and such as were said to be
born for empire, he destroyed.
TABLE III. Concluded.
A.M. JA.U.C. A.D. 4089 838
85 Fulvius is made colleague with the emperor this year in the consulate: his prænomen is not known.
This Fulvius is supposed to be either T. Aurelius Fulvius, or Fulvius, the grand father of the
emperor Titus Antoninus.
The Dacian war began this year, according to Eusebius.
overthrown by Julianus. 4092 841 88 The secular games celebrated at Rome this year, not because it was the termination of an even cen
tury, from the building of the city ; but through the mere caprice of the emperor. 4093 842 89 Domitian banished the astrologers from Rome. 4094 843 90 The Marcomans, &c. having defeated the emperor, the latter makes peace with Decebalus, king of
the Dacians, and allow him a yearly pension, which is never demanded. He assumes the sur
name of Dacicus. 4095 844 91 Domitian changes the names of the months of September and October, and calls them Germanicus
and Domitianus; which continued only during his life. About this time the temple of Janus is again shut.
Cornelia, chief of the vestals, accused by the emperor of incontinence, is buried alive. 4096 845 92 About this time happened the revolt of L. Antonius, who commanded on the Upper Rhine. He is
defeated and killed.
The kingdom of Chalcis united to the Roman empire. 4097 846 93 Death of Agricola, the governor of Britain, on the 23d of August, in the year when Collega and
Priscus were consuls.
laurel crown to the capitol, and consecrates it to Jupiter. 4098 817 94 Philosophers and scientific men banished Rome by an order of the senate. Epictetus, the famous
stoic philosopher, was among the number of the exiles. 4099 848 95 Commencement of the second persecution against the Christians.
About this time, St. John was thrown into a cauldron of boiling oil, near the Latin gate at Rome;
but, being miraculously preserved, is afterwards banished to Patmos, where he is supposed to
have written his Revelation some time in the course of this or the following year.
Acilius Glabrio, who had been consul A.U.C. 844, is put to death by order of the emperor. 4100 849 .96 Domitian killed in his palace by some of his freedmen, after a tyrannical reign of fifteen years and five
days. He was the last of the twelve Cæsars, and is succeeded in the empire by Nerva. 4101 850 97 Death of Virginius, the consul, in the 83d year of his age. Tacitus, who was at this time consul by
subrogation, pronounces his funeral oration.
Trajan, who commanded the army in Lower Germany, adopted by Nerva. 4102 851 98 Nerva dies, Jan. 21, after having reigned one year, four months, and eight days, and is succeeded in
the empire by Trajan, a Spaniard.
The Chamavians and Angrivarians defeat the Bructerians, with the loss of 60,000 men. 4103 852 99 Trajan, who was in Germany when he was proclaimed emperor, enters Rome without the least parade. 4104 853 100 Adrian, afterwards emperor, married to Sabina, daughter of Trajan's nephew.
The death of St.John, the apostle and evangelist, is generally supposed to have happened about this time.