« הקודםהמשך »
Eutychus falls from the third loft ;
and is restored to life by Paul.
A. M.cir. 4064.
cir. CCIX. 4.
9- And there sat in a window a cer 13 [ And we went before to ship, A. M. cir. 4064. An. Olymp. tain young man, named Eutychus, be- and sailed unto Assos, there intend- An. Olymp.
ing fallen into a deep sleep: and asing to take in Paul: for so had he cir. ccix. 4. Paul was long preaching, he sunk down with appointed, minding himself to go afoot. sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and was 14 And when he met with us at Assos, we took taken up dead.
him in, and came to Mitylene. 10 And Paul went down, and fell on him ; 15 And we sailed thence, and came the next and embracing him said, Trouble not your-day over against Chios; and the next day we selves : for his life is in him.
arrived at Samos, and tarried at Trogyllium ; and 11. When he therefore was come up again, the next day we came to Miletus. and had broken bread, and caten, and talked 16 For Paul had determined to sail by Ephea long while, even till break of day, so he de- sus, because he would not spend the time parted.
in Asia : for "he hasted, if it were possible 12 And they brought the young man alive, for him, " to be at Jerusalem • the day of Penand were not a little comforted.
• 1 Kings 17. 21. 2 Kings 4.31.- Matt. 9. 24.
Ch.18. 21. & 19.21. & 21.4, 12.
. ch.24.17,-ch. 2.1. I Cor. 16. 8.
Quesnel supposes, that the smoke issuing from the many lamps place was much longer than by land; and therefore St. Paul in this upper chamber, was the cause of Eutychus falling chose to go by land, while the others went by sea. asleep; and this, he says, the apostle mentions, in charity, Intending to take in Paul] Avadau xvely, to take him in to excuse the young man's appearing negligent.
AGAIN; for it appears he had already been aboard that same Verse 9. There sat in a window] This was probably an vessel : probably the same that had carried them from Phi. opening in the wall, to let in light and air, for there was no lippi to Troas, ver. 6. glazing at that time: and it is likely that Eutychus fell back Verse 14. Came to Mitylenc.] This was a sea-port toma ward through it, down to the ground, on the outside ; there in the isle of Lesbos: see its place in the Map. being nothing to prevent his falling out, when he had once Verse 15. Over against Chios] This was a very cele. lost the power to take care of himself, by getting into a deep brated island between Lesbos and Samos, famous in antisleep.
quity for its extraordinary wines. At this island the apostle Verse 10. And Paul-fell on him) ETECEY QUTW, stretched did not touch. himself upon him, in the same manner as Elisha did on the Arrived at Samos] This was another island of the Shunamite's son, 2 Kings iv. 33–35. though the action of Ægean sea, or Archipelago. It does not appear that they lying on him, in order to communicate warmth to the flesh, landed at Samos: they passed close by it, and anchored at might not have been continued so long as in the above in- | Trogyllium. This was a promontory of Ionia, which gave stance; nor indeed was it necessary, as the natural warmth name to some small islands in the vicinity of Samos : Ty, de had not yet left the body of Eutychus; but the son of the Tcwyidou TPOXEITAI VY6lov O'LWVULLOY: before Trogylium, is Shunamite had been some time dead.
situated an island of the same name. Strabo lib. xiv. p. 636. Verse 11. lad broken bread] Had taken some refresh- Pliny also mentions- this place, list. Nat. lib. v. cap. 31. ment, in order to their journey.
Near this place was the mouth of the famous river leander. And talked a long while] Ouinas, having familiarly Came to Miletus.] A celebrated city in the province of Conversed, for this is the import of the word, which is Caria, about twelve or fifteen leagues from Ephesus, accord. very different from the cle 7.8/ET0, of the seventh verse, anding to Calmet. Miletus is famous for being the birth-place the 6sa7.syouevcu, of the ninth; which imply solemn, grave of Thales, one of the seven wise men of Greece, and founder discourse.
of the Ionic sect of philosophers. Anaximander was also born Verse 13. Sailed unto Assos] Assos, according to Pau-here, and several other eminent men. The Turks, who noir sanias, Eliac. ii. 4. and Pliny, Hist. Nat. xxxvi. 27. was a possess it, call it Melus. maritime town of Asia, in the Troud. Strabo and Stc. Verse 16. To sail by Ephesus] Not to touch there at phanus, place it in Mysia. It was also called Apollonia, ac this time. cording to Pliny, Ib. lib. v. 30. The passage by sea to this To be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost.] That he might
Paul's discourse to the elders of.
the church of Miļetus and Ephesus.
A. D. cir. 60.
An. Olymp. cir. CCIX. 4.
cir. CCIX. 4.
17 I And from Miletus he sent to befel me by the lying in wait of the A.M.cir. 4064. An. Olymp. Ephesus, and called the elders of the Jews: church.
20 And how I kept back nothing 18 And when they were come to him, he said that was profitable unto you, but have shewed unto them, Ye know, from the first day that I you, and have taught you publickly, and from came into Asia, after what manner I have been house to house, with you at all seasons,
21'4 Testifying both to the Jews, and also to 19 Serving the Lord with all humility of mind, the Greeks, 'repentance toward God, and faith and with many tears, and temptations, which toward our Lord Jesus Christ.
a Ch. 18. 19. & 19. 1, 10.
_b ver. 3.
c Ver. 27.
_d ch. 18. 5.- Mark 1. 15. Luke 24. 47. ch. 2.38.
have the opportunity of preaching the kingdom of God to Christian ; and shews with what carefulness this apostle multitudes of Jews from different places, who would come himself was obliged to walk, in order to have his calling and up to Jerusalem at that feast : and then he no doubt ex- election, as a Christian, ratified and made firm.' pected to see there a renewal of that day of Pentecost, in Verse 20. I kept back nothing] Notwithstanding the which the Spirit was poured out on the disciples ; and in dangers to which he was exposed, and the temptations he consequence of which so many were converted to God. must have had to suppress those truths that were less accept
Verse 17. He sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of able to the unrenewed nature of man, or to the particular the church.] These are called ET1CMCT01, bishops, ver. 28. prejudices of the Jews and the Gentiles; he fully and faith. By the TIDEO CUTEFOI, Presbyters or Elders ; here, we are to fully, at all hazards, declared what he terms, ver. 27. understand, all that were in authority in the church, whether the whole counsel of God. “Behold here,” says the judithey were ETIOXOT01, Bishops or Overseers ; or seniors in cious and pious Calmet, “the model of a good shepherd ycars, knowledge, and experience. The CUTE pod, or full of doctrine and zeal : he communicates with profusion, Elders, were probably the first order in the church; an or- and yet with discretion, without jealousy and without fear, der which was not so properly constituted; but which rose out what God had put in his heart, and what charity inspires. of the state of things. From these Presbuteroi, the Epis- | A good shepherd, says St. Bernard, should always have copoi, overseers or superintendents, were selected. Those abundance of bread in his scrip, and his dog under command. who were eldest in years, Christian knowledge and expe- His dog is his zeal, which he must lead, order, and moderate; rience, would naturally be preferred to all others, as over his scrip full of bread, is his mind full of useful knowledge : seers of the church of Christ. From the Greek word and he should ever be in readiness to give nourishment to * PE O CUTE pos, comes the Latin Presbyterus ; the English his flock.” He who will quarrel with this sentiment, be. Presbyter, the French Prestre, and our own term Priest : cause of the uncouthness of the simile, needs pity, and deand all, when traced up to their original, signify merely an elderly or aged person ; though it soon became the name of Verse 21. Testifying both to-Jews and-Greeks] He an office, rather than of a state of years. Now, as these always began with the Jews ; and, in this case, he had Elders are called ETLOXCTION, Bishops, in ver. 28. we may preached to them alone, for three months, chap. xix. 8—10. take it for granted that they were the same order; or rather and only left their synagogues, when he found, through their that these superintendents of the church were indifferently obstinacy, he could do them no good. called either Presbyters or Bishops.
Repentance toward God, &c.] As all had sinned against As he had not time to call at Ephesus, he thought it best God, so all should humble themselves before him, against to have a general convocation of the heads of that church to whom they have sinned—but humiliation is no atonement for meet him at Miletus; that he might give them the instruc- sin ; therefore repentance is insufficient, unless faith in our tions mentioned in the succeeding parts of this chapter. Lord Jesus Christ accompany it. Repentance disposes and
Verse 18. After what manner I have been with you] The prepares the soul for pardoning mercy; but can never be Codex Bezæ adds here, for three years, and even more, which considered as making compensation for past acts of transreading might have been borrowed from ver. 31. though the gression. This repentance and faith' were necessary to the time assigned by it is too long.
salvation both of Jews and Gentiles; for all had sinned, and Verse 19. Serving the Lord with all humility, &c.] This come short of God's glory. The Jezes must repent, who had relates not only to his zealous and faithful performance of sinned so much, and so long, against light and knowledge : his apostolic functions, but also to his private walk as a || The Gentiles must repent, whose scandalous lives were a re
Paul's discourse to the elders of
the church of Miletus and Ephesus.
cir. CCIX. 4.
cin. CCIX.- 4.
.A. M.cir. 4064 22 And now, behold, “I go bound nistry, 5 which I have received of the A. Mocir: 4064. An. Olymp. in the spirit unto Jerusalem, not Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of An. Olymp.
knowing the things that shall befal the grace of God. me there:
25 And now, behold, “I know that yè all, 23 Save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in among whom I have gone preaching the kingevery city, saying, that bonds and afflictions dom of God, shall see my face no more. .abide me.
26 Wherefore I take you to record this day, 24 But " none of these things move me; neither that I am pure from the blood of all men. count I my life dear unto myself, e so that I 27 For I have not shunned to declare unto might finish my course with joy, and the mi- you all the counsel of God.
proach to man. Faith in Jesus Christ was also indispensably Finish my course with joy) Toy Scouoy nou, my minisnecessary-for a Jew might repent, be sorry for his sin, and terial function. We have already met with this word in apsuppose that, by a proper discharge of his religious duty, plication to the same subject, chap. xiii. 25. where see the and bringing proper sacrifices, he could conciliate the favour note. And the apostle here adds, by way of explanation, of God: No, this will not do; nothing but faith in Jesus xa. Try dlaxovlar, even that ministry which I have received of Christ, as the end of the law, and the great and only vica- the Lord. The words usta xacas, with joy, are omitted by rious sacrifice, will do ; hence he testified to them the neces- ABD. some others: the Syriac, Erpen. Coptic, Sahidic, sity of faith in this Messiah. The Gentiles might repent of Æthiopic, Vulgate, and some of the Fathers. If we con. their profligate lives, turn to the true God, and renounce all sider them as genuine, they may imply thus much ; that the idolatry : this is well; but it is not sufficient--they also have apostle wished to fulfil his ministry in such a way as might sinned, and their present amendment and faith can make no meet with the divine approbation; for nothing could give atonement for what is past : therefore, they also must be him joy, that did not please and glorify God. lieve on the Lord Jesus, who died for their sins, and rose To testify] AlquapTupac Gai, earnestly, solemnly and stre. again for their justification.
nuously to assert, vindicate, and prove the gospel of the grace Verse 22. I go bound in the Spirit] AEdEUEVOS TW TTVEU- of God, not only to be in itself what it professes to be ; but to be pats either meaning the strong influence of the Divine also, the power of God for salvation to every one that believes. Spirit upon his mind, or the strong propensity in his own Verse 25. Ye all—shall see my fuce no more.] This will, wish, and desire, to visit Jerusalem ; and in this sense probably refers simply to the persons who were now present ; déelv, to bind, is sometimes used. But it appears more con- concerning whom he might have had a divine intimation, sistent with the mind of the apostle, and with that influence that they should not be found in life when he should come under which we find that he constantly acted, to refer it to that way again. Or it may refer only to Ephesus and Mithe influence of the Holy Ghost ; UTO TOU TVEUPatos, being letus. From the dangers to which he was exposed, it was, under the power of that Spirit; as if he had said, “I have humanly speaking, unlikely that he should ever return ; and now no choice-God has not left me either to the advices of this may be all that is implied: but that he did revisit those friends, or to my own prudence : the Spirit of God obliges parts, though probably not Miletus or Ephesus, appears me to go to Jerusalem ; and yet does not intimate to me what likely from Philip. i. 25–27. ii. 24. Philemon 22. Heb. peculiar trials shall befal me there : I have only the general | xiii. 19,
But in all these places he speaks with a meaintimation that, in every city where I proclaim the gospel, | sure of uncertainty: he had not an absolute evidence that bonds and afflictions await me.” This sense of the word, he should not return; but, in his own mind, it was a matter Kypke has largely defended in his note here.
of uncertainty. The Holy Spirit did not think proper to give Verse 24. None of these things move me] Oudevos hoyor him a direct revelation on this point. Foloupas ; I consider them as nothing ; I value them not a Verse 26. I am pure from the blood of all] If any man, straw; they weigh not with me.
Jew or Gentile, perish in his sins, his blood shall be upon · Neither count I my life dear] I am not my own ; my him; he, alone, shall be accessary to his own perdition. I life and being are the Lord's ; he requires me to employ them am blameless, because I have fully shewn to both, the way to in his service; I act under bis direction, and am not anxious escape from every evil. about the issue.
Verse 27. I have not shunned to declare] OU UTOSEINauye
A. D. cir. 60.
Paul's discourse to the elders of
TIIE ACTS. the church of Miletus and Ephesus, A. M.cir.4064. 28 - Take heed therefore unto your
29 For I know this, that after A.M. cir. 4064. A. D. cir. 60. An. Olymp. selves, and to all the flock, over the my departing shall grievous wolves
An. Olymp. eir. ccix. 4. which the Holy Ghost " hath made enter in among you, not sparing the cir. cclx. 2. you overseers, to feed the church of God, which nock. he hath purchased with his own blood.
30 Also 'of your own selves shall men arise,
* 1 Tim. 4. 16. 1 Pet. 5. 2. _b1 Cor. 12. 28.-
.- Eph. 1.7, 14. Col. 1. 14. Hebr. 9. 12. 1 Pet. 1. 19. Rev. 5. 9.
d See Hebr. 9. 14.-mo Matt. 7. 15. 2 Pet. 2. 1. 1 Tim, 1. 20.
1 John 2. 19,
I have not suppressed or concealed any thing, through fear or tors have been much divided ; viz. Emniyouay TOU O&ou, the favour, that might be beneficial to your souls. This is pro- | church of God;—T0u Kupou, of the Lord:--Kupiou xal Ozov, of perly the meaning of the original word. See the note ou the Lord and God. From the collections of Wetstein and ver, 20.
Griesbach, it appears that but few MSS. and none of them All the counsel of God.] All that God has determined and very ancient, have the word Oecu, of God; with these only revealed concerning the salvation of man-the whole doc- the Vulgate, and the latter Syriac in the text, agree. Kusiou, trine of Christ crucified, with repentance toward God; and of the LORD, is the reading of ACDE. several others, the faith in Jesus, as the Messiah and great atoning Priest. In Sahidic, Coptic, latter Syriac in the margin, Armenian, Isai. ix. 6. Jesus Christ is called the wonderful counsellor, | Æthiopic, and some of the Fathers. Kupou xan Oscu, of the por debe Pelé Yolls, which the Septuagint translate peyan.15 || Lord and of God, is the reading of the great majority; Bourns Ayyan.cs• The messenger of the great counsel. To though the most ancient are for Kupou, of the LORD: on this, this the apostle may have referred, as we well know that this ground Griesbach has admitted this reading into the text, Version was constantly under his eye. Declaring therefore and put Kupiou nas Ozou in the margin, as being next in auto them the whole counsel of God, maon,y tav Bouany tou thority. Beow, the whole of that counsel or design of God; was, in Mr. Wakefield, who was a professed and conscientious effect, declaring the whole that concerned the Lord Jesus, Unitarian, decides for Tou OECV, of God, as the true reading ; who was the messenger of this counsel.
but instead of translating Tou odou aipatos, with his own. Verse 28. Macle you overscers] Eieto ETLOMOTOUS, ap- | blood, he translates by his own son ; and brings some paspointed you bishops ; for so we translate the original word in sages from the Greek and Roman writers, to shew that all.de of most places where it occurs : but overseers, or inspectors, is 1 and Sanguis, are used to signify son, or near relative : and much more proper, from Etib, over, and CXETTOJACI, I look. were this the only place where purchasing with his own blood The persons who examine into the spiritual state of the flock occurred, we might receive this saying ; but as the redempof God, and take care to lead them in and out, and to find tion of man is, throughout the New Testament, attributed to them pasture, are termed Episcopoi, or superintendents. The the sacrificial death of Christ, it is not likely that this very office of a bishop is from God; a true pastor only can fulfil unusuul meaning should apply here. At all events, we have this oflice : it is an office of most awful responsibility ; few here a proof that the church was purchased by the blood of there are wko can fill it; and, of those who occupy this high Christ; and, as to his Godhead, it is sufficiently established and awful place, perhaps we may say, there are fewer still in many other places. When we grant that the greater evi. who discharge the duties of it. There are, however, through dence appears to be in favour of tou Kuciou, feed the church the good providence of God, Christian bishops who, while of the Lord, which he has purchased with his own blood; we they are honoured by the calling, do credit to the sacred must maintain that, had not this Lord been God, his blood function. And the annals of our church can boast of at could have been no purchase for the souls of a lost world.. least as many of this class of men, who have served their Verse 29. After my departing] Referring, most likely God and their generation, as of any other order, in the pro- to his death; for few of these evils took place during his portion which this order bears to others in the church of life. Christ. That Bishop and Presbyter, or Elder, were at this Gricvuus wolves ] Persons professing to be teachers, time of the same order, and that the word was indifferently Judaizing Christians, who, instead of feeding the flock, used of both ; see noticed on ver. 17.
would feed themselves, even to the oppression and ruin of Feed the church of God] This verse has been the subject the church. of much controversy, particularly in reference to the term Verse 30. Also of your own selves, &c.] From out of Ozou, of God, in this place : and concerning it there is great your own assembly, shall men arise, speuking perverse dissension among the MSS. and Versions. Three readings things; teaching for truth, what is erroneous in itself; and exist in them, in reference to which, critics and commenta. perversive of the genuine doctrine of Christ crucified,
Paul's discourse to the elders of
the church of Miletus and Ephesus.
A. D. cir. 60.
An. Olymp. cir. CCIX. 4.
cir. CCIX. 4.
A.M.cir. 4064. speaking perverse things, to draw build you up, and to give you
inheritance among all them which are 31 Therefore watch, and remem- sanctified. ber, that by the space of three years I ceased 33 • I have coveted no man's silver, or gold, or not to warn every one night and day with apparel. tears.
31 Yea, ye yourselves know, that these hands 32 And now, brethren, I commend you to God, have ministered unto my necessities, and to them and to the word of his grace, which is able to that were with me.
* Ch. 19. 10.- Hebr. 13.9.ch. 9.31.- ch. 26. 11. Eph. 1. 18.
Col. 1. 12. & 3. 21. Heb. 9, 15. 1 Pet. l. 4.
e 1 Sam. 12. 3. 1 Cor.9. 12. 2 Cor. 7.2. & 11. 9. & 19. 17.
1 Cor. 1. 12. 1 Thes. 2.9. 2 Thes. 3. 8.
To draw away disciples.] To make schismis or rents in the God; several MSS. have tw Kusto, to the Lond; neither church, in order to get a party to themselves. See here, the il reading makes any difference in the sense. cause of divisions in the church :-1. The superintendents And to the word of his groce] The doctrine of salvation lose the life of God, neglect the souls of the people, become by Christ Jesus. greedy of gain ; and, by secular extortions, oppress the people. Which is able to build you up] The foundation is Jesus 2. The members of the church thus neglected, oppressed, Christ; God is the great master-builder; the doctrine of his and irritated, get their minds alienated from their rapacious grace, or mercy, points out the order and manner, as well as pastors. 3. Men of sinister views take advantage of this the extent, &c. of this building. Let us observe the order state of distraction, foment discord, preach up the neces of these things -1. The soul of man, which was formerly sity of division, and thus the people become separated the hubitation of God, is now in a state of ruin. 2. The from the great body, and associate with those who pro- ruins of this soul must be repaired, that it may again become fess to care for their souls, and who disclaim all secular á habitation of God through the Spirit. 3. Jesas Christ is views. In this state of distraction, it is a high proof of the only foundation, on which this house can be rebuilded: God's love to his heritage, if one be found, who, possess 4. The doctrine of God's grace is the model or plan, according the true apostolic doctrine and spirit, rises up to call men ing to which the building can be raised. 5. When re-edified back to the primitive truth: and restores the primitive disci-f each is to be a lively temple of the Lord, made inceardly pline. How soon the grievous wolves and perverse teachers | pure, and outrcardly righteous, and thus prepared for a state arose in the churches of Asia Minor, the first chapters of of bliss. 6. Being made children of God, by faith in the Apocalypse inform us. The Nicolaituns had nearly Christ Jesus, and sunctified by his Spirit, they have a right ruined the church of Ephesus, Rev. ii. 2, 6. The same sect, to the heavenly inheritance; for only the children of the with other false teachers, infested the chureh of Pergamos, family can possess the coolestial estate. Thus we find they and preached there the doctrine of Balaam, Ibid. ii. 14, 15. must be saved by grace, and be made thereby children of A false prophetess seduced the church of Thyatira, Ib. ii. God; be sanctified by his Spirit, and then, being prepared 20. All these churches were in Asia Minor, and probably for, they are removed, in due time, into the heavenly inbishops or ministers from each, were present at this con- heritance. vocation.
Verse 33. I have coveted no man's silver, &c.] And from Verse 31. Therefore watch, and remember] The only this circumstance, they would be able to discover the grievous Fay to abide in the truth, is to watch against evil, and for wolves and the perverters; for these had nothing but their good; and to keep in mind the heavenly doctrines originally own interests in view ; whereas the genuine disciples of received. Unwatchfulness and forgetfulness, are two grand Christ neither coveted nor had worldly possessions. St. iolets to apostasy.
Paul's account of his own disinterestedness, is very similar By the space of three years] Tpietiay. The Greek word to that given by Samuel, of his, 1 Sam. xiii. 3-5.
Verse 34. These hands have ministered, &c.] It was months, more or less. In chap. xix. 8 and 10. we have an neither “ sin nor discredit” for the apostle to work to mainaccount of his spending two years and three months among tain himself, when the circumstances of the church were them; probably this is all that is intended. One MS. per- such that it could not support him. Still, many eminent ceiving that the time of three years was not completed, inserts ministers of God are obliged to support themselves and their ciertav, the space of two years.
families, at least in part, in the same way, while indefatigably Verse 32. I commend you to God] Instead of Oev, to testifying the gospel of the grace of God. Whatever it
here aloes not necessarily mean three whole years, it may be 19