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And spent at last, and speechless as he lica, With looks still thrcatening, mocks their rage

and dies. This is the utmost si retch that Nature can, And all beyond is fulsome, false, and vain. Beauty's the theme ; fome nymph divinely

fair Excites the Muse : let truth be even there; As painters flatter, fo may poets too, But to resemblance muit be ever true. “(5) The day that she was born, the Cyprian

" Queen “ Had like t' have dy'd thro' envy and thro'

(5) Le jour qu'elle naquit, Venus bien qu'immortelle,

Pensa mourir de honte, en la voyant fi belle,
Les Graves a l'env: defcerdirent des cieux,
Pour avoir l'honeur d'accompagner ses yeus;
Et l'Amour, qui ne put entrer dans fon courage,

Voulut obftinément longer sur son visage. This is a lover's description of his mistress by the great Corneille ; civil, to be sure, and polite as any thing can be. Let any body turn over Waller, and he will see how much more naturally and delicately the English author treats the article of love than this celebrated Frenchman. I would not however be thought, by any derogatory quotation, to take from hje merit of a writer whofe reputation is so universally and so

- The Graces in a hurry left the skies “ To have the honour to attend her eyes; “ And Love, despairing in her heart a place, « Would needs take up his lodging in her

face *."

pofly chablished in all nations; but, as I said before, I rather chute, where any failings are to be found, to correct my own countrymen by forcign examples, than to provoke them by inítances drawn from their own writings; humanum est crrare. I cannot forbear 07€ quotation mure from another celebrated French author. It is an epigram upon a monument for Francis 1. King of France, by way of question and answer, which in English is verbatim thus :

Under this marble who lies buried here?
Francis the Great, a king beyond compare.
Why has so great a king to imall a love?
Of that great king here's but the heart alone.
Then of this conqueror here lies but part?

Nowhere he lies all--for he was all heart. The author was a Gascon, to whom I can properly oppose 10body to well as a Welchman; for which purpose I am farther furuilhed, from the fore- mentioned collection of Oxford Verles, with an epigram by Martin Luellin upon the saine subject, which I remember to have heard olie repeated to me when I was a boy. Besides, from whence can we draw better cse amples than from the very feat and nurtery of the Muses? e Corneille.


D 2

Tho' wrote by great Corneille, such lines as

Such civil nonsense, fure could never please.
Waller, the best of all th' inspired train,
To melt the fair instructs the dying swain.

Thus lain, thy valiant ancestor * did lie,
When his one bark a navy did defy;
When now encompass'd round he victor stood,
And bath'd his pinnace in his conquering blood,
Till, all the purple current dry'd and spent,
He fell, and made the waves his monument,
Where Thail the next fam'd Granville's athes stand?

Thy grandfire's fill the sea, and thine the land, I cannot say the two last lines, in which confist the sting or point of the epigram, are strictly conformable to the rule herein set down : the word afbes, metaphorically, can signify nothing but fame, which is mere found, and can fill no space either of land or lea: the Wekchman however must be allowcd to have ouidone the Gascon. The fallacy of the French epigram appears at first fight; but the English frikes the fancy, suspends and dazzles the judgment, and may perhaps be allowed to pass under the shelter of those daring hyperboles which, by presenting an obvious meaning, make their way, according to Seneca, through the incredible to true.

* Sir Richard Granville, Vice-admiral of England, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, maintained a fight with his fingle ship against the whole armada of Spain, consisting of fiftythree of their best men of war,


(6) The Roman wit *, who impiously divides His hero and his gods to different fides, I would condemn, but that, in spite of fense, Th'admiring world still ftands in his defence. How oft', alas! the best of men in vain Contend for blessings which the worst obtain !

(6) Vi&trix causa Deis placuit, sed viếta Catoni. The consent of so many ages having established the reputation of this line, it may perhaps be presumption to attack it; but it is not to be supposed that Cato, who is described to have been a man of rigid morals and strict devotion, more refombling the gods than men, would have chofen any party in opposition to those gods whom he profelled to adore. The poet would give us to understand, that his hero was too righteous a person to accompany the divinities themselves in an unjust Cause; but to represent a mortal man to be either wifer or jutter than the Deity, may shew the impiety of the writer, but add nothing to the merit of the hero ; neither reason nor religion will allow it ; and it is impossible for a corrupt being to be more excellent than a divine ; fuccefs implies permission, and not approbation ; to place the gods always on the thriving fide, is to make them partakers of all successful wickedpess : to judge right, we must wait for the conclufion of the action; the catastrophe will beft decide on which side is Providence; and the violent death of Cæsar acquits the gods from being companions of his usurpation.

Lucan was a determined Republican, no wonder he was a Free-thinker. * Lucan.


The gods, permitting traitors to succeed,
Become not parties in an impious deed ;
And by the tyrant's murder we may find,
That Cato and the gods were of a mind.
Thus forcing truth with such preposterous

praise, Our characters we leffen when we'd raise ; Like castles built by magic art in air, That vanish at approach, such thoughts appear; But rais’d on truth by fome judicio:is hand, As on a rock, they shall for ages stand. (7) Our King return’d *, and banill’d Peace

restor’d, The Muse ran mad to see her exil'd lord; G r. Driden in one of his prologues has these two lines:

He's bound to please, not to write will, and knows

There is a mode in plays as well as cluihes. From whence it is plain, where he has exposed himself to the critics, he was forced to follow the cashion to humour a ) audience, and not to plezte himicif: a hard fucritice to make for, ieten: tublilience, cruecially for such as would have their writings live as well as themielves. Nor can the poet where labour's veh's daily brezd be delivered iron this coulde. celtity, los fome more certain encou!..(nent can be revided than the bare uncertain profits of a third day, and tie theatre be put und 'r some more impart al m2.12 ment thaa the jurisdiation of players. Who wite to live mult un avvido

* King Charles II.

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