« הקודםהמשך »
The high Price os Provisions considered. €i 9
optic, or audit&ry nerves, any more industrious poor, and to' reconcile
than upon the nerves and instruments them to the circumstances of tlie .
of voluntary motion. times, and the severity of the season*,
XXXIV. An account of three me- which, for some years past, have b«;en tebrs seen in North America. , very unfavourable to vegetation ; and
These meteor? were luminous bo- though ihe people of England have felt
dres, of globular (hape, whkii explod- « less of the fatal con lequences that have>
ed with a noise like thunder, heard attended this general calamity, than
to the distance of 80 miles in one in- almost any other European nation, yet
stance, and zoo in another. such is the temper of mankind, that
XXXV. Some new properties in co- they are prone to muimur on the), ntc sections, by Edward (Paring M. A. lean interruption in the ordinary These cannot be abridged. dispensations of Providence j and.
XXXVI- An account of the effects _ more so, perhaps, in this kingdom, ,
of lightening, at South Weald, in E£ex\ than in any other upon earth. It is
h'f Dr Heberden. not true, that, notwithstanding the ad- 1
South Weald is about 18 miles from vanced price of all forts of provisions, •
Lhndon, situated on a considerable hill the industrious poor* have felt any real
tfrat overlooks the adjacent country, distress for want of subsistence; but it.
and having the thuich nearly in its is very true that the Jazy yoor have,
center. At tbe West end of the There are thousands in and near this
church is a tower, and in one corner C metiopolis, god a still greater number
of the tower a round turret, about dispersed throughout the kingdom,
fdur feet wide and eight feet high; in who maks the high price of provisions
the top of the wall which was leaded, a pretence for their idleness, and who,
were several iron bars so bent as to rather chuf'e to complain and to beg,
meet in the middle, and support a than apply themselves to honest labour
weather-cock. and to wotk one hour more in the
On Monday the 18th of June, 1764., p day to make up the defect; and this
between twelve and one o'clock, there evil is countenanced by speculative
was a storm at this place, attended with writer', who have no real tenderness
sjme uncommonly loud thunder, and f»r the poor, but affect a great zeal
oh the same day, about three hours for the popular side of any question; a
afterwards, the lightening happened zeal without knowledge, as is mani
in London, which damaged St tride'i felt from their almost total silence on
stiieple, and some houses in Effex finet. tbe only essential points that deserve a
The lightening at South Wtald struck E parliamentary regulation! and these
the weather cock, and passing along are, the vast consumption of bread
tlie iron bars, rushed against the wall corn in the distillery, and in making
of the turret, in which it made a starch.
breach about four feet wide fiom the The writer of this. has*been credibly
top of the leads ol the tower. The informed, that one house only, in the
bhilding was allo damaged in other West of England, consumes more corn
places, near ttie iron bars of the win- ,, ■ 1 < ■ . ■ in
dows, and a wooden frame within the * B> 'he poor, the write- wpu'd be' under
church that served to support a can- str-od to mea-, :he lowest ctafj of UUi.ru
vis on which the comm.indmen's were t'-r who either receive alms^ 01 pay nothing
written, was damaged in a direction m the poor, rate; the/W *....< of poor, by
,- '■ . . ,'*,• .. . . . -. which it meant the meaner uacieimm, uVp
from an iron, hold-f.ilt, by which it ^ „„„u„ctuierSi „ld ocr, ,ns of n,r
waS secured. And the whole appear- fow 5ncmwt> h„e Bndou.bi«dly suffered, .nd
ance of the damage done, savours the 00 futy„ much by the p;esent Kigh vricevf conjectuie of th« ingenious Dr Frank G uto„fions, tee»ule » gicater propoi ion of
Jin, that by metallic rods, 1 caching their scanty lncornct is takeo firm them for
from the rOof>> of hoi Mings to the the support of the former cl*.i of poor, than
ground; the effects of lightening might in .«»" *h-n pro»i/ions are cheap ; eonse.
be Prevented quently whet) they want it molt ihey have the
No. xxxv'ii. xxxvm. xxxix. 'f1*'0 sepp«d"»sei»». -!■«•«• 'W*r
»t vvrm !• dufti.zus labiurtTy by exerting nit an 1 rente it)
•fe wanting, No. XXXVI ending "£ion t0 hls'Jmjnd,, 'i]ttt hii tTn,ngt
mthp. ioo, and No. XL. heginning roirrcsp8nd with hit wants, bv which rreint
SOt. (To be continued.) H he |Uflf;ts nothing; for no one pretend) ttxt
there is a real want of provisions in the kmg
_RBAN, dom, -but, on the contrary, that (here it ■
.our M-gazine of 08. last p. sufficient stock of <ll sorts, to supjily all wh,j
you have very judiciously en- have money to purchase.
Hlfammi.n1^ tht* ,Ti! 111\ a fit thi* Ift
\n one year, in the former of those kinds of provisions in every'part of .
branches, than is produced in the lame this island.
time in the whole Pale of Evtjbam, the Murmuring, scheming, reproach*
most senile spot, of the same ex- ing, prosecuting, abolishing the bouo
tent, of any in this kingdom : And he tics, nor any other means that man
has been farther well informed, that can devise, will do much towards pro
the house here alluded to, is but little y^moting pit. ty, when the seasons are .
in comparison of other capital houses unfavourable. This seems to be fight- .
in and near this metropolis. This is ing against the decrees of Providence.
no speculative assertion; but what' AH that man can do upon these occa
may be proved by the books of ex- fions is, to lay down such rules, and
cfte, whenever those books (hall be contrive soch regulations as to make
thought of consequence enough to be the advantage resulting from them as
consulted by that power which alone general as it is possible. Opening our
can redrese the grievance. g ports to receive such supplies as our
It is a known truth, that the growth neighbours can afford us, stopping any
of potatoes is of infinite consequence uunatur.il consumption of grain among
to the maintenance of the poor, in a ourselves, and giving all fitting encou
rre'ighhooring kingdom; but it is as rajcment to the importation of every
well known, that, were the poor of necessary ot life, from whatever coun
this kingdom tol>r driven to the use of try it may be sent us, are regulations
them as a staff of life, their complaints that bid as fair for alleviating the
w'oild be grievous s and yet the nou- C weight of this heavy calamity, as hu
rifltment they afford is b>th pleasant man prudence can devise. But aitn
and salutary. No one can complain ing at impossibilities by idle and ira
of the price of these; they have been practicable Ichemes, and endeavouring
•plfnty even to siirseiting. to lower provisions, by persecuting
Far be it from me to advance any those who make it their livelyhood to atguments to the disadvantage ot the furnish them, are strange methods of indsiflrimi poor. I am as sensible of their p proceeding. I would ask those worthy importance to the public as the molt magistrates who have tried the experiztalous of their advocates, and would menr, Whit mighty effects have been point out every means my weak under- produced by prosecuting butchers.higttariding could suggest, to administer to lers, graziers, dealers in cattle, or otheir comfort and re.il happiness; hut ther engrossers, by what denominatijt never can contribute to either, to till on soever stigmatized? Has this extheir minds with imaginary evils, and ertion ot the magisterial authority lowto anticipate their distress, when no Eered he pi ice of any of the necessaries iu'"hdittiels, perhaps, will ever ovtr- ol'lile, in the places where the laws atake them. painst these people have been carried
1 hive been told, that a starch, equal into execution with the utmost force? in goodness, if not beiler than that I declare I know of none; but I knowmade from com, may be made from where these proceedings have had the potatoes, butthat there is a l.aw to pre- contraiy effect.
vent it. If this should he fact, surely „ I know a city of no inconsiderable
that prohibition may be taken off, note, where the magistrates carried the
without injury to any rmdy; and the laws into execution with such rigour
potatoes that now are a dead commo- against those they deemed ingroffers,
dity, may be tiled in the room of bread 67. that, though a plentiful market
corn that is so much wanted, to the before, none ot thole people who used
mutual advantage of'lie starch maker to supply the neighbouring villages,
& the community. This alteration, if dared to come to it to buy their little
it Jbtnttdbe suffered to take plate, would stock,rheconsequenceofwhich was,that
inolt undoubtedly lower the price of molt people who were wont to furnish
wheat; but that can V»y no means ope- Gthem, ceased to bring in their provi
rate to anv considerable degree »ipou sions to sell, by which means the course
the rate of other provisions; nothing of the market was diverted to another
but It'ndly seasons can make cattle channel, and the price of provisions was
fat; nothing but plca'y of grain, more advanced upon the inhabitants at least
than sufficient for man's use, can make one third. In this corporation the
the use of it geneial in feeding other zealous governing magistrate, left the
animals, and nothing but the kindly man who bought four pigs on a market
v ""flion of every vegetable can o- day should cause a scarcity, made seizure
as to reduce Hie price of all of the monopoly, and distributed tht
*Tl>e high Price of Previjlons considered.' 615
number very equitably j the informer begin. A reformation of manners ahad one, the constable bad one, the mong all degrees of people, particularserjeant the third, and the fourth was ly the lowest class,, who are notoridressed for the magistrate's own din- oufly the molt profligate, must be ner. This is a notorious fact that can earnestly endeawouied; some necefr be attested by numbers. And are sary- - regulations for the comfortthese the laws that are likely to ope- A a°l« support of infancy and old age, rate so as to reduce the necessaries of ' the lame, infirm, and the distressed1, life to a moderate price for the poor? muss be established j. some punishment Surely not. _. for the idle, sottish, and sturdy must be
, The regulations for the production devised; and some reward appointed of plenty are of a deeper teach ; they for the sober, industrious, and modest', must take their foundation from the such as ate employed in the lower ofnature of things, and must rife into fices of life, as day labourers in hufact by flow degrees. TM bandry, or labouiets in the cultivation. The depravity of manners among oiirnpiovement of any kind of land; the lowest class of poor in and near this and these duly attended to, and well metropolis, is notorious ; their idle- administered, would probably be proBess, debauchery, insolence, inhuma. ductive of much good, nity, and brutisbness, but, above ail, A reward of 5/. a year, or more, to their roguery appear more and more a poor industrious family, to be obglaring every day; insomuch that _ tained by certificate at a full vestry cheating and over reaching among *- in the parish where they reside, where them is approved and applauded as a the character for good moials, honest proof of genius, pilfering is encouua- principles, and laborious diligence ged, and thievery unaccompanied with mould be the only considerations to acts of violence, is scarcely attended obtain it, would operate more to enV'th any reproach; nor is the com- courage industry, than any proportion pany of the thief thought disgraceful of poor's money, as now assessed and among his poor neighbours. To such a p applied, that could be appropriated, pitch of wickedness are the poor of A fund for this purpose might easily this kingdom arrived! be raised, and many other ways dsff, for these things, the divine dis- vised for the encouragement cf labour pleasure is poured forth upon us, and- and good morals among the poor., famine should ensue, it will be in^vain Suppose that after a certain period, for to cry toman: Relief must come from instance 20 years labour in the service a superiour Being. Let us, therefore, of the public, with faircharacters.and instead of increasing their complaints, E in their own parish, every such poor endeavour to awaken their understan- husbandman's family should have a dings, and convince them, if possible, certain propottion of waste land aU tbat it is for their crimes that they are lotted them, which they might either, justly punished. Could this be effect. soil or occupy in any of the un- ultivaed, (which is the end of all divine ted forests of this kingdom, which are chastisements) the calamity that is now a burthen to the crown, and of npw complained ot* will be productive _ little use to the public. One forest: of the happiest consequences. The might be appropriated without injuryhonest industrious poor will then no for that purpose, by way of trial, as longer groan under the intolerable the present great officers who hold it, burthen of supporting the lazy, wick- and derive no inconsiderable emolued, and abandoned poor, and every ments for so doing, would probablyone will then bear his own burthen be at rest before the first claimants ■with patience and resignation. would be entitled to their proportions How many thousands are there now G 0I 'r- T'"e noPe "efore these poor fain tbis metropolis, and in many other milies of being one day made freeholdparts of the kingdom where the ers in their native country, would in grievance is still more severely self, spire many with the spirit of industry who, when the money is drawn from and activity, who now are groveling them forthe use of the poor (as they underthe weight of dejection and difare called) have no money left for the sipation, as hopeless of ever mending use of their own half naked families. their condition, or being any thing This is a fact well known to those who better than day-labourers, during f1" hold the office of collecting this molt course of their painful lives, oppressive rate. Htte then lies the siich excitements as these to ir
And (the third hour of drowsy morning
For nam'd read name j remove the parenthesis, and begin a new sentence wilUpreud.
Winter's Tale ; last Scene.
Paulina seeing Lcontet much moved, says,
■ -■ Indeed, my Lord,
If I had thought the sight of my poor image
Would thus have wrought you (fir tbestone
it mine) I'd not have shew'd it.
For lie stone it mine, mi, fir the stone i' ib" mine, and remove the parenthesis.
Twelfth Night. AH. II. Scene 8.
All's Well That Ends Will.
For rational read national.
of ShaHeQpeare. r' ^f 7
Cl-vr,.'] I am-out of friends, Madam, and I
nope To have friends, for my wife's fake.
Ceuntest.] Such friends are thine enemies*
knave. Cloivn.] Y'are (hallow, Madam, is great
friends; For the knaves come to do that for me which I'm weary of. For in, read my,
ACT II. Scene 5.
Laseu.] I may truly fay, it is a novelty to the world,
Parollet.] It is, indeed, if you will have it
in shewing, You Hull read it in, What do you call there.
La/en.] A shewing of a heavenly effect Jo an earthly act.
For in shewing, read a shewing.
ACT IV. Sane 8.
The Countess fays of the clown.
He has uopace, but runs where he will.
Read,—place, no office or station in the family.
(To be concluded in January.)
Tbt LONDON GENERAL BILL of Christenings /jb</Burials from December u, 1764, to December to, 1765,
Died uaderi Yean of Age 8073 j zo and 30 • 1927 I 60 and 70 - 163S? I 100 - - 4 | 107 Between 2 and 5 1871; j 30 and 40 - 2212 | 70 and 80 - 1166 [ 5 and 10 825 I 40 and 50 - 226a j 80 and 90 10 aud 10 914 I 50 and 60 - 1774 | 90 and 100 .Fever, malignantFever,
Excessive Drinking g Executed 1-3
Froze to death o
Found Dead 5
Kill d by Falls, and several other Accidents 68 Killed themselves 54
I Total 304,
11489? Increased iothe Burials