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Causes of I be Mortality among Infant r. 547

•os Ross, and the commanding officer in thit free easy way nature'designed

of the tort of Duncanntn, to make they should.

search for the bagi ot dollars: In re- Another cause if, that destructive

turning, they apprehended Gidley in custom of feeding them with water

liis way to Corke, and had him com- pap, &c. and, from the first, some will

rnitted to Carloiv goal, where they f\ cram down their throat* some butter

found upon him 5} guineas, a moid- and sugar, oil, panada, caudle, or

ore, and some silver. some such unwholesome mess.

On the 11th they found 150 bags To point out an evil without ap

of dollar! sealed up, aud brought plying a remedy, is not altogether si>

them to Ross under a guard, & lodged serviceable; therefore I shall trouble

them in ike custom-house, you with the happy method I have

There were found in the possession had practised in roy own family,

of M'eXinlie, Zeherman, and St Quint**, B which, it duly followed, I am certain,

some toys, a few guineas, an ingot of that one third more children would

gold, and a small parcel of gold dust, be preserved to the age of two year*;

which, with the money arising by the and aster that time there will be little

sale of the dollars in Dublin, are in the to fear but from th* (mill-pox, &c.

Hands of the Lord Mayor. Instead of bandages, and all those

. It is remarkable, that, previous lath, ad< <* swaddling cloaths. Jet the

apprehension 0,'the above Villain,, the sol- „ »'*« have only a little flannel waist

lowing particulars were discovered: C coat, without sleeves to fit the body,

. _ J * „ „, i, .- j, , and tie looltly behind, to which there

Capt. Honeywelljrom Newfoundland ftouU1 bepeico:it sewed ,„,, over

in making Waterford harbour. Dec. 6, tllit akkldof „0WB of the same m,_

had like to have ran foul of a large terlaI M aay 0fher ,hat is ,j „, thist

thieemaltvesTel.with tpp.galhntyarch, ^j flinls 'The petticoat fi*ould not

op, and to deep in the water that he b<. so , 'a, „ie cfe'iw tht fcw

could only see her rails She had no inclies j » witn oneon, ost

bouton board, nor could" a living crea. D the head which may be made double,

tu.e be seen. Upon thrs report, at hi* ;f u be thou_ht not wai.,n enought

arrival, eight boats went out, who re- what j me3n1s> that the wno|e d£%

turned without being able to discover „„„,,, be so comrivedi that jt miTfbt

any thing. The day after some pipe. be t ononc and nfither bind

of wine were driven on shore , they nJprtis the llead at all tbe ,innett

laved fifty of them; and many persons as usual

hn,rg1ineTM ^ C^me °!!t °.f tJhe aVC E This would he sufficient for theday1

vessel. Mr Gratfam, the land-waiter, ,a aside atho(e swathes ban/ai

and a parry ot soldier., went to secure 'g and contrivaace, that are

what wasdnven on more. They found £olt ridicu!ou(ly used, to close aud

part of her stern, & other particulars, kee ,he head :n k, p)ace am, s

*nd got several more pipe* of Madeira * the bod as if natu exact na.

wine, capuchins, and women, apparel. tu had produced her chief woll^ a

so that it was conjectured she had pas. humafl cieature,so carelessly unfimm

sengerson board, bhe wastho t to hare F ed as ,Q waDt tb<jse ^ ai(j, t0 stiike

been a very rich ship j and, from van- :. Derfect

MM circumstances, it was believed some '&hoe, ad stoci<.;ng, are ^edies, in.

villain* had murdered the reft of the cumbrancts, Till they are able to go.

crew.and afterward, fc.ittled her, ami out ;n ,be d;rt< Tl^ere ftlouW ,,:fa

supposed she wouM have gone to the thin flaBnel „•„., for ,he night mhiak

bottom soon aster they euitted her. wght t0 ^ every way logse- Cbil.

„,'_,. , . ., O dren in this simple, pleasant dress.

Some of the Causes that occasion th Mor- which ma be rea()il ut on and ^

tality oiy Children under 'f<u.o Year, of without IMzing them, 'would fiod

AKe. In answer to series m the sub- themseivptrfectiy ea<y and happy,

he papers, contermnz the cause 0} th, tWw\TM the sice life ot their liinh..

great Mortality of infants in this mt- Tnis mould be tontmu<d ,jl| ,hey aro

tropohs under that age. tbree year, oM Gr,at care ttoufd be

ON E of the causes, I apprehend, „ taken in seeding them—nothing is so

which increases this mortality, good as cow's milk, but not to be boil

lwingtothediabolicalmethodoftne ed, with some of the hifkets called

nurses binding their tender bodies, as toft and bottoms, or rvfis, by which we

soon as born, with bandages so tight, aie sore to avoid that prrniciour thin?

tint the bowels nor the limbs have called allum. Half their diet should

ar.j liberty to act and exert themselves. be this, light broths, a little w:Ui bread or lice boiled in them, and not af'erwards; he immediately abjured


so be fed above four times in twenty- Popery, and commanded the prores

four hours, and not to be fed in the tant forces with much renown on

night, only a li- tie milk and water many occasions, and was greatly in

given them in cafe they awake. They the favour and confidence of Hen. the

Atomd not be laid on their backs to lVth, from the time of his escape till

be fed, but held in a sitting posture, his death.

that swallowing may heeasier to them. He was poisoned by his own ser•*-As to any little sournesses they may vants.on the 5th of March 15 S S,» h: L ti fometimes have, nothing is so good fixes the date of the tenth letter.which to give them as a little of that fine was probably written the fame night, powder, called Ma^netta Alba, in their as the next letter is dated March the food; which will remove all com- 8rh, which is but three days afterplaints of that kind. B wards.

I have been the means of having Mezerai gives him a very great chafbe above method practised in many raster, and Dr Thou, says, " In rb if families, and I never knew one child prinre, humanity was blended with that ever failed j so far from it, that courage; steadiness of mind, wish ftiey all cut their teeth with little or gentleness and courtesy j prudence no pain, and escaped those disorders with liberty, and, an elocution equalso inc''.lent to children nursed in the -, ly graceful and commanding.

common way It would be bapr>y. In tbe twelfth letter, mention is

indeed, if all mothers would (tickle tmde of one Brylant\ this man's name their children, as so many more would was John Anthony Brillent; he had been be preserved, since no other woman's an advocate in the parliament of milk can be so good: Rut as this is a Bourdeaux. but at the time of the thin^ more to be wished than to berx- prince of Conde's death, was a person pected, we ought therefore to follow of great authority in his family j he that method that his been found by D was executed for furnishing two doexperience to be the best. mestics, who were supposed to have

poisoned the prince, with horses and

Mr Urban, other necessaries, for flight. These

ISend you some Queries arid Re. circumstances exactly agree with those

marks rehtir.g to the curious ar- related in the letter,

tide in your last, containing u let- The wife of this unfortunate prince

ters, of the great Henry the lVth, of whom Henry, in bis letter supposes to

France. TM have been his murderer, was Cbar

Who can be meant by the King of Uttez. Catharine dt la Trcmo-utUe; she

Navarre, in the second letter? Hen- was seized and prosecuted for the fact,

rv's-father was killed in the vear 1561, before the judges of the place where

and I know of no king of Navarre as- her husband died, and being convict

terwards, but Henry himself 5 he was, ed, would have suffered death, but

indeed, called only prince of Navarn that fortnnately for her, {he proved

during his mother's life, but (be died p to he pregnant. She continued ia

just before the massacre of St Bartho- confinement till Henry the IVth be-.

hmenv, and this letter wis written came peaceable possessor of the ciown,

near seven months aftet it. when the affair was re-examined by

The Men/, le Prynci mentioned in the parliament of Paris, which de

the tenth letter, and in the note to dared her innocent, and ordered all

the twelfth, was Htnry tie Bourbon the proceedings against her to be

Prince of Conde, cousin german to burnt.

Henry the IVth, being son of that fa- G The paTage in the nth letter which

rnnus leader of the protestants, Louis is untranslated, and for which a chasm

prince of Conde, brother to Anthony is left, I think I have found the

hfng of Navarre, who wa3 brother to meaning of. The French is " nn torn

Henry the IVth's father. "jours e/clave, mail o*y byen Joregre."

This Henry, prince of Conde, was I have found that forfaire in the old

with Henry the IVth, in Paris, at the French signified a galley-slave; the

massacre of St Bartholomew t and his H difference between forfaire and fercirt

life, as well ns that of his cousin, was it trifling, not more than between the

spared upon condition rhat he should true orthography, at "- manner in

embrace the Catholic religion. He which Henry wr

's kepf. however, in a confinement these letters, tf

■e or less close, till he escaped into "not your sla\,

•any, which was about two years "lev slave,"


Extrafts from Voltaire^ Dictionaire Philosophlque

Extracts from _ Voltaire'* Dictionaire

,* (Concluded from p. 509.^

T Uxury has been declaimed a-


the other cities. But It was lucky, that a republic so small as Lacedxmon continued poor; we die if we want every thing, at well as if we enjoy all that renders life agreeable. Th« Canadian savage subsists and arrives at

gainst in veise and in prose, for . old age like the English citizen who

2000years past, and it has been always cherished.

What has not been said of the first Romans, when those robbers ravaged and pillaged the harvests of their neighbour; when, in order to augment their poor vil!ages,they destroyed the poor villages of the Volfcians, and the Samnitei; those men were disinterested and virtuous! They could not then steal gold, silver, "or diamonds, because there were none in the towns which they sacked. .Their woods and their marshes produced no partridges nor pheasants, and we applaud their temperance.

When by degrees they had plundered and robbed from the bottom of the Adriatic gulph to the Euphrates, and had fense enough te enjoy the fruit of their rapines for 7 or 800 years j when they cultivated every art, tasted every pleasure, and made even the vanquished also taste them, they then ceased, it is said, to be wise and good men.

A il these declaimers are reduced to prove that a robber ought never to eat the dinner he has taken, nor to wear the cloaths, nor to adorn himself with the ring, he has stolen. They must throw all these s'tis said) into the river, if they would tie deemed honest men; rather say, that they ought not to steal. Condemn robber* when they plunder, but do not treat them like fools when they enjoy their good luck. When a great number of English sailors had enriched themselves at the taking of Pondicberry, and the Havannak, were they to blame for entering into the pleasure* of London, as a reward for the hard(hips they had under undergone at the extremities of Asia and America.

Would these declaimers have all the ( wealth buried that has been amassed by the chance of war, by agriculture, by commerce, and by industry ? They quote Lacedæmon; why do they not also quote the republic of St Marino? Of what service was Sparta to Greece? Did fh e ever produce a Dcmofihtnes, a Sophocles, an Apelles, a Phidias t The luxury of Athens gave rife to men who excelled, in every way; Sparta had some generals, but much fewer than

•' fCfrt M/l<r. Vise. tnCc. )

has 5,000 guineas a year. But who compares ths country of the Iroquois to England?

Let the republic of Ragu/a and the

canton of Zug make sumptuary laws';

they are in the right; the poor must

not spend more than they are able t

B but I have somewhere read,

Know, abort all, that Luxury enriches
Large nations, tho' a small one it destroys.

If by Luxury you mean excess, that indeed is pernicious in every way, in abstinence as well as in gluttony, in oeconomy as well as in generosity. I know C not how it happens, hut in my villages^ where the (oil is barren, the taxes heavy, the prohibition to export the corn that they sow intolerable, there is, notwithstanding, scarce a husbandman who has not a good cloth suit* and who is not well shod and west Tj fed. If this hufbarfoman should work; in a fine coat, white linen, and with: his hair curled and powdered, this certainly would be the height of Luxury, and impertinence j but should 3 citizen of Paris, or London, appear at the play dressed like this peasant, fae would be thought ridiculously sordid E and unpolished.

Eft modus r/i rebus, junt cert't deniouefines,
Q/:i ultra citraqve, nequ'xt confiflere rectum*

When scislars were invented, which
are certainly not of the greatest an-
tiquity, how much was said against:
those who clipped their nails, and

F who cut off part of their hair which fell over their noses? They were treated, no doubt, as fops and spendthrifts, who bought at a high price an instrument of vanity, in order to spoil the work of the creator. What an enormous sin to clip off the horn that God ordained to grow at the end, of

G our fineer* 1 This was an outrage to the deity. It wa* much worse when shirts and pumps were invented. 'Ti» well known with what fury the old councilors, who had never worn them, exclaimed against the young magistrates, who came into that fataj Lux

a Self Love.

In the suburbs of Madrid a beggat with a most noble air afleed alms. Say* a passer by, Art you not ashamed to follow

CharcSfir of Henry V. of England •, from tie French."


>o w that iwfamuu employment, at you are o^U to -nork? Sir, replied the beggar I aji your charity, and not your advice; and immediately turned his back upon him with all the dignity of a Caftdian. This beggar was as proud as a grandee; his vanity was easily hurt. Self ljove prompted him to beg, and by another kind of Self Love he could brook no reproof.

A mislioniry travelling in India, -Jsw a faquir loaded with chains, as raked as an ape, lying on his belly, and scourging himself for the sins of his countrymen, the Indians, who had given him some farthings of their coin. What Self denial is this? said one of the spectators. Self denial? replied the faquir, Let me tellyou that I <whip myself in this world for no other purpose but to ivhipyo* in tie next, when you -will he a horse, and I your rider.

gave the judge on his tribunal a boot on the ear. The magistrate immediately ordered him to be committed to prison. The prince coming; to> himself obeyed without replying. 'IH3 reparation of his fault and his submission to the laws did him great

A honour. After his father's death he refused the homage which the nobles would have paid him before his coronation, by saying, that it was not light that they mould oblige themselves to be faithful to him before he had engaged himself by a solemn oath

g to govern them equitably and according to law. When he was fettled on the throne, he sent for all who had been concerned with him in bis disorders, and who already depended on his favours; he publickly exhorted those accomplices of his youthful follies to acknowledge their laults and Those therefore who"maintair» that C rtform their conduct; he made them

Self-Love is the source of all our sentiments and all our actions, have great reason for it in India, Spain, and in all the known world, and as no one undertakes to convince men that they have a face, so there is as little occasion to prove that they have SelfLove.

Character of Henry V, Sfc. From M. Villaret's Hi/lory of France, lately published at Paris.

Henry, surnamed of Monmouth, from his very infancy signalised

piesents, and forbad them ever again to appear before him.

All the nation rejoiced at seeing on the throne a Prince who gave at hit accession such promissing expectations, adorned with every accomplishment both of mind and body, a majestic stature, a noble figure, strength, address, incomparable valour, genius, activity, he proved himself the greatest politician in Europe: This last quality seems to exclude enact honesty, but princes then did not prertend to a scrupulous fidelity. Some his valour against' the French | two E historians have celebrated his piety;

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CharaSfer os Henry V. of England.

■designs; he had only to march thro' "the provinces ot the kingdom in order to subdue th»m. The terrified people tied before him. and all France saw herself On ihe brink of total ruin.


tinued of burning every year on the third of July the wicked effigy ot a man armed with a poignard, in memory of that event.

The Englijh pursued their conquests

Besides the calamities inseparable j\ with rapidity. France was divided

from such a destructive war, they saw on every side from the borders of the ocean to the Pyrenees, gangs of miscreants.wandering without allegiance, who, in the general destruction, thought they had no less right than the regular troops to partake the spoils of the nation. They formed numerous bands who cantoned themselves in the forests, and murdered and pillaged without distinction, both friends and foes. The priests abandoned the altars, the religious deserted the monasteries, put on the warriors armour, became soldiers, 3nd iu their turn were chiefs of banditti, murderers, robbers, incendiaries. Too deserving of the yoke which the English were preparing for them, the French, without distinction, whether royalists, ot partisans cf the dauphin, or of the duke of Burgundy's faction.or

into four parties, who endeavoured to strengthen themselves, either by uniting together, or by relying on the protection of the king of England, and by treating with him. The dauphin and the duke of Burgundy seemed to be reconciled by a tieaty concluded at Poilly-lefort.by which they were jointly to govern the kingdom, and to unite all their forces in order to drive out the Englijh. Bin,notwithstanding this, the unfaithful Burgundian negociated privately another treaty with the king of England, and delayed, by various pretences, the conference which he had promised to hold with the dauphin at Montereau. Nevertheless he at length repaired to that fatal interview, where he was assassinated, together with the Lord of Noailles, by the partizans of the dauphin. It cannot with certainty be affirmed, that

attached to the house of Orleans, and Jj this enormous outrage, differently re

to the Armagnaes, all united in gangs of robbers, highwaymen, equally exasperated against each other, seemed to have lost all sentiments of'humanity, and to have conspired the utter destruction of the kingdom. "It *' might have been said," says our author "that our blind ancestors had •' determined to bury themselves un"der the ruins of theircountiy."

The city of Paris was the chief scene of civil disorders. By turns a prey to the violence of the Armagnaes, and to the fury of the duke ot Burgundy, (lie groaned under the most dreadful desolation; she was deluged with the blood of her citizens inhumanely massacred, or publicly executed. It was during these troubles that a (Swiss) soldier of the duke of Burgundy's tioops, coming out os a tavern where he had lost his money,

lated by historians, was committed by that prince's orders, but it cannot be denied that he was greatly suspected, and that the apologies which he caused to be published were little credited. Even Queen Isabella, his mother, addressed, in the king's name, a thundering declaration to all the cities in the kingdom against the Dauphin, and ha accomplices, and the Duke of Burgundy'/ murderers. In these letters, the monarch ordered all his sirbjedts, under the pain of being; guilty of high treason, to withdraw From the service of his son Charlrr. She did still more, in order to hasten the destruction of this son, now become an object of implacable hatred; she implored the alliance of the English, at the same time intreated the Duke of Burgundy's son to unite their common resentment, nndPW//, Co«:nt


fUbbed several times with his darger *Z of Ckatolois, entered with ardor into


all the projects which tended to revenge the tragical death of his fal-hcr. At length, the Qu/en and the young; duke of Burgundy, listening to nothingbut the rageof theirresentment, went so far as to conclude the treaty of Arras, ratified afterwards at Troyrt,\iy virtue of a full power,wh'uh they had drawn up in the king's name, whose faculties were more impaired thin ever. By this treaty Henry, king of Eaelcmd, -by espouctng tlve Piinress

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