תמונות בעמוד
[graphic][ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors][graphic]

r^aA* terisiics, &c. and though it is certainly well intended, and contains some useful observations, yet I cannot but dissent from the author in some particulars, which I think of importance to knowledge and troth, and consequently to the general interest of manKind. Ihavedrawn out a very brief epitome of his principles, with such objection* and remarks as occurred to me while I was reacting them. _As you frequently

therefore necessary to curb and fix the HAVE been just desires of man (he means to restrain reading a pamphlet man fsom the gratification of his deintitled, thoughts on *»«) by such equal laws as maycoraCivit Liberty, ^Lken- P«' the appetites of each individual to tioufresi andfaaion, A yield to the common good of all. by the author of From this restraint, he fays, eivilti

ffays on the Charac- **t " *"*"* I he mean'. that those ■ ■ enjoy civil liberty who are restrained


which is equatlyyour duty and interest, will admit it, whatever may be your private opinion of the principles which it controverts.

tarn, Sir, yours, &c.

TH E author observes, that a state
may perKh as well by faction as >
by war, and that by faction1 Great Bri-
taut is now endangered. He has
therefore attempted, he fays, to trace
the piesent state of things to its gene-•
ral foundations, by pointing out the E o'er their cognisance

From the gratification of their appetites and passions, only when such gratification Is inconsistent with the general weal.

Every desire, carried into action, which, violates the laws enjoining this restraint, is licentiousness.

That licentioufiifft, of which the thwarting the ends of civil liberty is the immediate object, he defines to be faction.

He proceeds to consider what are

hich every


defirrs or

appetites to the welfare of the public,

that is, what are the most effectual

means of executing the laws made for

reducing natural to civil liberty.

It has been the general opinion of the friends of liberty, that the coercive power of the laws is sufficient for this purpose, & that thrse laws themselves, and the magistrates by whom the government estahlrfhed by them is administered, have nothing to do with otinion, but t' ac aClion only falls un

real basis and genuine characteristics of true liberty, and by unmasking the pretences, and laying Open the secret sources snd distinctive marks of ItcemcicMisnef* and faction.

Tbc Batumi liberty of man, as an in-' dividual- lie fays, consists in the gratification of at) his appetites. •;

Men natiirwfly forming societies, tad producing artificial wants, greatly multiply the objects of their appeUtecand nifiloA*; and an opposition ot interest unavoidably results i It is

This'principle, it is the author's chief endeavour to confute.

He sars, that thoughts, speculations, opinions, and principles, have a connection with actions, lo necessary and strong as to give the magistrate aright to iegu)ate them; and that such a system of manners and principles mould : be- impressed upon the mind, at will be an imvwd curb to' inordinate desire, {i.e.) restrain h from acting.

He defines tnttwus manntrt to be


Im c.iflon to sptak with great contempt. family or o'her consideration cannot

of human reason, which, unassisted, he ■ come into the hospital, they are at

calls a weak and sickly faculty. It is tended .and delivered at their own a

not however very clear in what sense partments, without any expence, tin

rejlun admits of assistance ; revelation der the direction of the man-midwife, rn.iv offer truths to its consideration" To this part of the charity the ex.

which itco.ild never havediscover'd by amination mentioned can only refer

induction, but it does not allilt itsdtt- which is absolutely necessary (be

ceming or comparing powers; it fur- cause many of these women are dis.

i-ntici new materials, but does not tressed widows, or wive* of person*

give new abilities to work. Upon a abroad in the King's service) and if

dispassionate and impartial enquiry it their settlement was not ascertained,

will appear that the lait appeal mult the children (in cafe of their mother'* still be to this weak, sickly, unassisted Jj death) wuuld become burthensome to

faculty. By what else are we to de- the parish of !>: Mary It bom wherein

teimine whether revelation itself i* the hospital stands, tho' this exami.

genuine or spurious; if we admit it nation is far from being tedious,

as genuine, by what faculty are we which is well known to every gover- ■

to determine what it teaches and en- nor who attends the weekly-board, at

joins with respect to opinion* and which any gentleman that chuses

practises Thesis are points upon maybe present to seethe method

which the wisest and belt men have there pursued, and any proposition differed ami do (lister, tho' some have Q for improvement will be most readily

w.1t!i exemplary modesty, thought fit received. But a* for the sick and

to declare them self-evident. lame patients,they are admitted on the

This author allows, that the search report of the physicians and surgeon*

of truth is good, but he is for pre- withoutany examination at the board

scribing in whit district it is to be with respect to their parish, sought, that is, lie has indeed preclu- It is easy to procure au order from

ded the search, by predetermining a governor ofthii charity, there being wheif it is, and where it is not to be D a silt printed annually of the name*,

found. The author of these remarks and nlacesot abode ot every governor

has a firm belief of the doctrines of and subscriber, and a* they live in dis.

Christianity, arid a perfect abhorrence ferent parts of the town and country,

of licentiousness and faction : _ but he any person applying to the hospital

does not wish to fee those principles may have the names of several that are

subverted, by which alone the pre- nearest to the person requiring relief, sent civil and religious constitution of & The Taking In Dav Is the usual

his countiy were established on the time of adinittanc*, but any lubscrib

ruins of thai tyranny and superstition, er may send a patient that i* in di(-,

which a code of education would,upon treason any intervening day, who is

this author'* principles, have perpetu- immediately supplied with advice and

ated to the end of time. medicine till the next board-day (by

the apothecary who is constantly i eli

S I R, dent in the holpital) and then the pa

1HK T.ithor of a letter relating to F tient and all others admitted on that

hospitals, published in your last: day have the medicines prescribed -ac

year's Supplement, in stating the soon a« they can be supplied by the

terms of admission into the several apothecary in a regular manner a*

hospital*, has mentioned tin todiaattx- they Hand on the list; but if any case*

amination ot patitnts constraints thtir are very bad they are directly sent to

faristus at the MuUUsex hosoital. This bed.

must arise from his being unacquaint- G _ No fee for petition or any perquisite

ed with the institution, which is sin. is allowed to be taken of the patients

gular arid extensive ; for not only sick or their friends by any officer or ser.

and lame patients ate admif.u, but vant on pain of expulsion; and as to

also the pregnant wives of soldiers, the cold duiing there attendance, it

sailors, and, pot»r industrious tm'«s- > is prevented-, a* much as possible by

men, who. ar* thete desivesedan'■*<>- keeping ***• '*rBe 6r«« in 'he ball

vided with every necessiry for tiieni - « where they wait till examined in the

selves and children till they are a'-iie physicians room. to return home to tbtir hust>*ods.., . .But .is to apothecaries attending

And whenever,pqaR r/WK1) nj^kje tltci»ut-p**icrrts, it is impossible, a*

^qnljcaiion, who'7 reason of their fo«jilttfi«; rims •past, these has beesv


Dratomic Stery of the Opera ofPharnaces. 55

constantly above four hundred on the Among the prisoners that had h en

Dooks, whose residence must natural- taken by the Romans during tniscrfjr.

ly he far distant from each other, test, was Se/in,.'a, lister to Pbarnarrr.

'And as to the erection of now hns- This lady was brought ioPomfiy, when

pitals at the exgence of government, Anthtidates was present; AntbriJalts

it seems to be unnecessary, for if the A would instantly have put her to death,

government Would enable the gover- but Pempey, who became violently en

nor» sufficiently to enlarge this, it amoured of her, interposed,

would answer all the desirable ends; Anthridates then forctd his way into

no situation can be more convenient, the city, determined to destroy Phar

beingnear the center of this metro- nacrs; he firft met with his daughter

polls, as, now enlarged, and having an Tamiris, whom he would have in it .in r

eify communication with all the dis- g ly sacrificed to his resentment, if he

ferent roads on the North fide there- had not hoped fi.'st to jjet her to dis

df, a large plat of ground already cover where Ihe had hidden her son;

provided, and a term of upwards of he at length makes this discovery 5

nine hundred years absolutely fixed. just as the child is brought from the

The governers, sensible of so neces- tomb, he is called away t«o support

sary a measure by the numerous ap- his troops against a last drsptrare at

plications made for admittance, more tack of Pharnaces's forces, leaving

than the present building can contain, Q Pharnaces, Tamirii, and the child, to

did some time since Open a subscription the care of an officer,

for carrying it into execution, to _ During this fortunate delay, Selinda

which several have already generous- improves heHnfluence Over Pempey, to

IV subscribed, but the Turn is not yet obtain from him an order to restrain

sufficient. Wlven this good iniention Anthridates from executing his erne!

is more generally known, and the purpose against his son-in-law, his

great utility to the public is consider- r» daughter, and his grand-child; and

ed, *tts) not doubted but it will meet (lie also prevailed upon him to Offer

with all the encouragement it de- Pharnaces terms, and exhort him to

serves. Subscriptions are received conclude peace with the Remans. Phar.

by Messrs Fuller and Co. in Bircbin- naces, however, suspecting that all the

taut; Meflrs Hearts in Fleet strict; appearanceof advantage and kindness

Messrs Couiti in the Strand; Messrs in this behaviour of Pempey were only

Drummond & Co. Chart ng-croft; Mess. artifices to seduce him into disgrace,

Bactncell, Hart, Darrell, and Croft, in E remains inflexible.

Pall-Mail; John Macbin Esq; in Frith- In the mean time, Anthridates being

/reef; and, Mr William Wright, in acquainted with Pomfry'% order, that

King's sauttre Court, Sato square, trea- he should offer no violence to Phar.

surers. facts or his family, was so enraged,

that he formed a design to put the

Dramatic Stery as the Of era of Phar- whole city.ÆwnaJM and all, to the sword.

NACr.;. This design being discovered by

Pbaraaces was King of Peittus, p Pompey. Anthridates was seized; but'a*'

and married Tamiris, the daugh- he had done the Romans some service,

ter of Anthridates, King os Armistia, a- and was distantly related to Selinda,

{{ainst her father's consent. . Pempey no farther puniffied him than'

After some time, Pharnaces was at- by taking from him the command of

sacked by the Romans under Pompey; his troops.whom be incorporated with

Anthridates joining as an auxiliary, to bis own.

gratify his resentment against him for Pharnaces being now convinced of

marrying his daughter. G Pompey'i sincerity and greatness of

Pharnaces being at length shut up mind, accepts his mediation, conby these enemies in Sinope, his capital, eludes an honourable peate with Rome, determines rather to perish thin fall and with his own hand givts him Sealive into their hands: he also exacts Bnda in marriage. • promise from his wise, when he is a

boot to make a desperate sally, that Heads es the Schemes lately offered to the

fte wiH, if he is unsuccessful, kill Publtrh, far framing a ueiv Latu for

tbeir little boy and herself. 'H the better Maintenance and Regalatitf

. Pharnaces being unsuccessful, Ihe hid of the Pour.

she child in a torn'.) belonging to the '1 'HI .'oor laws being now under

icings of Pintus, and committed the X ihe consideration of parliament,

care of him to a servant in whom she several schemes have been propo!r<l • could confide.



S 6 Schemes for regulating the Poor.Meii tine for the Sfone,

I* One for uniting several townships, own. The aged, infirm, diseased,and

aud establishing one general workhouse helpless, would, by this regulation,

for the whole diilrict. i. A scheme soon be abandoned by the healiby and

for levying a general tax upon the able: And as all who are in real want

people, and applying the id me accord- have a just claim toapublic provision,

»ng to the wants of the _ reipective ^ that provision ougnt to be administer*

parishes, in exact proportion to the ed in a way the most confoj m <blc that

ills of the poor in each. 3. —Ap- could be to the manner in winch the.

portioning the waste buds all over necessitous persons had been a,.cuitom

Eugland to the industrious poor, in- ed to live, stead of encouiagir.. them tu'iepopu

late their country, by removing with Mt Urban, Dtdingtm,Fth.t\. their families to distant colonies. 4. \ S your benevolent correspondent, •--abolishing lawsuits on account of B XTL who communicated to the public settlements, and settling the same by an investigation of DrCtittiti't medimemorial before justices at the qua*- cine in 03. Mag. 176J. (p. 4.71.)- retel-sessions, without fees. j.— ap- quested those who should take the lixipointing certain guardiansof the poor, vium as directed by him, to communilnstead of overseers, and collecting the «->te the event, I'think myself obliged rates by land-tax collectors, (Sc. with- to communicate to you, and by your out fees. 6. —by erecting cotttges in means to the public, ray own cafe j and every parish, with a certain allotment I cannot but express my surprize, at' of firewood to each cottage, into the same time, to find, that of theinawhich as many industrious poor might ny, who I am lure mult have made tri.il be admitted rent free, as, upon exact of his method, not one has hitheito computation, will be necessary to do complied with his request, to which the common labour in each parish; ' they are certainly bound, not only in' an estimate of which may easily be gratitude to him, but the ftrongelt of made at a vestry to be held for that D a" obligations, that of an individual purpose: And, 7thly, by apprehend- to society.

mg all strolling and sturdy beggars, I have been always subject to the

and shipping them off to the phinta- strangury from a youth; aud about 10 tions i which would ease the public of years ago my pains greatly increased,

an enormous buiden, lessen the nun- and I began to void gravel in great

her considerably, and leave a greater quantities, with constant uneasiness k

proportion or the public charity to be _ aggravated symptoms during the eva-'

dittributed among those who should be cuations. About five years ago, I be-'

real objects of it. These are the g»n to void innumerable small stones,

heads of most of the schemes that some round, some dval, but all smooth,'

we have yet seen. and ofa reddish colour; my pains now*

But it may be presumed, that no gradually increased, till they became

law will be found adequate to the na- almost intolleiable; I had no perfect

ture of the complaint, that does not remission even in bed, and the least

make a distinction in the rank of the F motion brought on a paroxysm, and

poor i for, what would be a relief to bloody urine,.

one, would be an intolerable punish- In this condition,! received from a roent to another: County charity- friend the account to which I refer in' houses would therefore bid fairest for your Magazine, and began to take the general utility, in which the aged, the medicine as there directed, on the jist diseased, the infirm, aud the helpless, of last Oiiobtr. It has been so successmight all be relieved, and accommo- ful with me, that I am now entirely dated according to their several wants, ^ free liom pain, not only when at reft, and all he made comfortable in their but when I walkabout; I can even ride respective classes; for instance, those in a chair over our rough roads, with who have lived reputably might he veiy little uneasiness,and without maappointed masters or tutors toothers king bloudy water: I void ncithu gnt>f inferior rank, whose morals they vel nor stone, but I observe that my might Im- employed to correct, and water deposits a white sediment, like whose business it should be to establish flour, in a Very confiderah.e quantity. order and industry among them ; this, H I am now near 70 years old, yet I once effected, their number would have ;;reat hopes of a perfect cure: I «', ulv lessen; for none, who were able shall certainly communicate to you and wiling to work, would do that what farther happens tome during my' in ahnu'eof charity, by which they coui se of taking this mtdkirp, which

mid subsist in a tenement of their I shall continue as I began. tiiiri,tft.'

« הקודםהמשך »