« הקודםהמשך »
intention of putting back, by singing The boat soon after arrived, with them an Highland song; and. about the Laird and his Lady, who brought eleven at night they landed at a place whit wine and provisions they could in Sky called Nicholson's Great Rock; the furnish. They all dined together in precipice was very steep, yet they a cave; and it was thought proper made stiift to cjambei up, and after A that no person should proceed with the wandering about some time, at length. Wanderer, but she old Laird, anajobn took up their abode in a byre, or cow- Mackinnon, Macleod's brother-in law i house. These three therefore went on board . At seven o'clock the next morning, the boat, manned with four rowers, July 4-th, he set out with only Mat- ,n the evening of the same 4th of July, fo/m Macleod, upon a new progress, as having made this progress,slept.dined, it was dangerous to continue long in *n& procured a boat, in little more a place, tho' he had yet no prospect o than thirteen hours, of escaping to another country. It They landed safely about 4 o'clock was now agreed that he should travel' the next morning, aster a tempestuous as Macleod's servant; and, the better voyage, on the south fide of Loth tieto support the character, he carried the fu, near Little Matloch, where they lay hagg^ge. which consisted of two shirts, three nights in the open fields. On one pair of stockings, one pair of the morning of the fourth day, the old brogues, a bottle of biandy, some Laird and one of the boatmen went in mouldy scraps of bread and cheese, search of a cave, that might afford and a three-pint stone bottle os water. r them better lodging; and in the mean
In this manner they marched, till time the Adventurer, with John Mac
they came near Strath, in Mackinnon's kinnon, and the three other boatmen,
country: Here a new circumstance of took the boat, and rowed up Lotb
danger arose; for Mackinnon's men Net/it, along the coast, upon the same
having been out in the Adventurer's errand; but upon doubling the point,
service, there was the greater risk of tnev wese surprized and alarmed by
his being known. As a farther dis- the appearance of another boat, with'
guise, therefore, having exchanged his D sive °*tne Highland militia on board,
waistcoat for that of his supposed mas- whom they knew by the red crosses in
ter, which was not so fine, he took off their bonnets: The militia called to
his wig, and putting it into his pock- tr:em to come up, but this was only a
et, tied a dirty handkerchief about his signal for them to stand away with all
head,and pulled his bonnet over it. the speed they could make: The mi
Tliis was no, sooner done, than it ''t'a immediately pursued them • but
appeared to have been done in vain ; E the three rowers exerted themselves
for, meeting three of Mackinnon's men, with such strength and dexterity that
thev instantly knew their late master, tney ont-went tnero, and by tm'ning
and burst into tears. another point, got out of fight. They
This mark of their affection pre- thought it safest, however, to go on yented any apprehensions of treache- shore; and the Adventurer, with Job* xy 5 and the travellers, pursuing their Mackinnon, and one of the boatmen, way through the worst roads in Scot- be|ng safely landed, they ran to the land, as ter a stretch of feurand twenty F toP °fa hill, where they saw the boat Highland miles, arrived at the house that had pursued them rowing back pf John Mackinnon, Macleod's brother- again: On this hill the poor hunted in-law. The Adventurer was in a Fugitive slept three hours, and then miserable condition, having slipped re-unbarking, crossed the Loch to a litup to the middle in a bog; he there- tie island about a mile from Scotus's fore stood greatly in need of refresh- house ; from thence soon after they ament. Mackinnon not being at home, G S''in pasted the Loch, and landed at be was introduced to his wise, Mac- Malloch, where they met again with lead's filter, as one Lewis Crew, his the old Laird and the boatman that servants and after he had been well had been with him 5 and having rewashed and sed, he lay down to sleep. freshed themselves, they set out for Macleod, in the mean time, went in MacdonaU's of Morar, which was disquest of Mackinnon, whom he sooa tant about eight miles, found; and telling him whom he had G They had not gone far before they got for a guest, dilpatched him to hire discovered some people at a distance, 4 boa,t for the continent. Mack'nm>r, who were coming towards the road 1 applied to the old Laird of tyaclinntn, upon this the Adventurer, with the who und-r^colc to bring h»i boat im- assistance of John Mackinnon, took «£ mediately. '' -y '' '^" t£
'Account os the Escape os the Young Chevalier. 409
tin plaid, and foldingitup, laid it'upon turned with the messenger, and conhis lhoulders, with a knapsack 'upon, dusted his charge, accompanied by it; and then tying a handkerchief a- Glenaladale, \n safety thro' the guards bout his head, walked behind his as- that were in the pass, tho' they were sociates as a servant: In this disguise obliged to creep upon all fours, passhe passed unquestioned, and coming p^ ing so close to the tents, that tbejf up to a sheafing, or cow-house, they heard the soldiers talking to each owere refreshed with a draught of milk ther, and could see them walking .beby Archibald MacdormlJ, grandson to • tween them and the fires. Macdonald of Scotus; they then pursued At a little distance from these tent* their journey, and at another fhealing they wei e obliged to pass over a raounprocured a guide to Morar. When tain, and a small rivulet that issued they came thither, they found Mac- from the precipice, and in gliding donald in a bothy, or hut, his house ha- B downward spread over its fide, reliving been burnt 1 He received his dered the steep and pathless rout which guests as well as his situation would they took to descend it extremely slippermit, and having conducted them pwy, it being a mixture of grals and to a cave, they slept ten hours. In the heath. The night was now shut in, mean time, he went in quest of young and the guide going foremost, his Clanrunaid; but not finding him, it charge came next, and Glenaladalg was resolved that the Adventurer j, crept along at some distance behind, should set forward for Borodale's of In this situation it happened that the Glen Biafdale, with only John Madia- Adventurer's foot slipped, and rolling nom and a boy, a son of Macdonald's, down the declivity, he would inevitathetr host, for a guide. Ax. Glen Bias- bly have been dashed to pieces, if Cadalethey arrived before day,but found meron, who was a little before him, had their friend's house hurnt, and himself not catched hold of his arm with one at a hut hard by. To this gentleman hand, and with the other laid fast hold John resigned his charge, saying, / D of the heath. In this situation, howbave done my duty, do you do yours. ever, he found it impossible to continue To this hut Glenaladale, a Macdo- long, for he that fell not being able tq) ■nald of Clanranald's family, was sent recover his legs, and he that held •him, for, who arrived about the 15th of being unable long to sustain his weight, June, and brought intelligence of is- he would (oon have been obliged ei(hid and others of the patty. TheAd- ther toquit his hold of the heath, and venturer proposed to go to Lochabar, r> fall with him, or to let him fall by himwhere Locbiel was supposed to be; but self. Glenaladale was still behind, and as all the passes were closely guarded, knew nothing of what had happened; this was deemed impracticable. Upon and Cameron feared, that, if he called more particular enquiry, they found out, his voice might be heard by some that the King's troops foimed one in- who were in search after him. In this* tire line from Inverness to Fort Augustus, dilemma, however, he at last resolved and from Fort Augustus to Fort William; to call, as their only chance; and and another from the head of Loch Ar- F Glenaladale, alarmed by the cry, ran kaig cross all the avenues to Lochabar. to their assistance, just in time to preThe Adventurer therefore determin- serve them: he laid hold of the Aded to continue some time at Glen Bias- venturer's other arm, and with great dale; but in a few days he was alarm- difficulty drew him up, and set him «d by an account, that some intelli- upon his feet.
gence having been obtained of his re- The dangers before him, however,
treat, General Campbell was airived _ were scarce inferior to those he had with 400 men on one side of him, and escaped; he had no means of getting Captain Caroline Scot with 500 on the oss by (ea, and on the land-fide he was other; and that they were forming a hemmed in by a military line, consisttircle round him at about two miles ing of 17 little camps, which were distant. called the Chain; and this line it was
In this situation he was advised to therefore necessary for him to pass, as attempt an escape to the braes of Glen- the only expedient to avoid being moriston immediately, and to fculk starved to death in his hiding place, there, and in Lovat's country, till the H or falling into the hands of those that passes should be opened ; but as he was sought him.
utterly unacquainted with the coun- They set out on this perilous at
try, Ronald Cameron of Gtenpean was tempt after fun-set, and the night frni for to he his guide. Cumtron re- happened to be remarkably daik s When they camenear the Chain,which, advancing at a distance ,- he immtW;notwithstanding the darkness, they ately stooped down, and concealed could, as they had been long in it, himself at well as he could, yet not so, discover at some distance, it was wisely but that he might have been, seen by proposed by Donald Camron to pass it 'he soldiers, if they had looked wiltalone, and return again j for, said he, A fully that way, for he saw them very if I pass it in safety, you may venture plainly pass by, and take the very to follow me the second time; and, if rout that he and his guide would have 1 am taken, you may for the present taken, if the loss of the purse had not escape." Cameron accordingly passed stopped them. When they were gone, the Chain alone, and returned; and it was some alleviation of that mil his friend then safely passed it with fortune to reflect that it bad prevented Bim ; but it was then necessary to walk a greater. In this dreary solitude, a considerable way parallel to it, at a B forlorn and desolate, his situation was small distance, there being no other endeared by the danger that he had way to the place they were bound for. escaped, and his mind was diverted As it happened, however, they passed from present evils by the apprehension undiscovered, and about 3 o'clock in °f future. In a (hort time, however* the morning, of July the iist, they Glenaladale returned, and by great came to a place called Corrifiorridill, good fortune had found his purse. near the head of Locb-Uirn, where, They immediately continued their chusing a fastness, they took such re- C rout together, but were again obliged frefhment as could be had, which was t0 change its direction, only a slice of cheese covered with By thele accidents, the length and oatmeal, and a draught of water from fatigue of their journey were greatly the brook. increased; however, they reached In this hold they stay'd the whole Glen morijlon on the 14th, but were alday, and at t o'clock in the evening, n'olt famished, having been eight and Cameron, knowing the way no farther, n forty hours without food. It happen crept out, with Glenaladale, to fee if e^ that at this place Glenaladale found any body could be found who might ogjit men who weie fugitives from be trusted as a guide the rest of the the rebel army, and who, the moment way. At this time the Sun was not they saw their commander, knew him quite set; and they had gone but a and wept. By these sharers of his torvery little way from their hiding- tune he was conducted to a natural place, when they discovered it to be cave, called Coiragoti, in the brae of within cannon-shot of two small camps _ Glen-morijlon, where they resiefhed him that made part of the Chain, and saw E w,th the best provisions they had, and some soldiers driving a few sheep to- made him up a bed with fern and top* gether for slaughter 1 Upon this dis- Of heath. After his repast, he lay covery they threw themselves flat on down, and soon fell asleep, not need, the ground, aud in that posture crept lnK tne murmurs of a fine transparent back to warn their friend of his dan- stream tiiat glided through the cave
§er; and they all three set out on a by his bed fide to lull him to repose,
isserent course. Cameron soon after 'n this romantic habitation he conti • left him, and he pursued his course 9 natd three days, and then, being fuf
towards Glen morijlon, attended only riciently refreshed, they removed two
by Glenaladale. miles farther, to a place called Cab.
It happened, as they were making Jlreafib, where they took up their a.
their way thro' the most unfrequented bode in a natural grotto, not less ro
parts of the hills and moors, Glen- 'mantic than that they had left.
aladale suddenly missed his putse ; this They mounted guard regularly ewas a dreadful stroke, for it contain- Q "fy day, placed centry-poftt at the
ed forty guineas, which was their head and foot of the Glen, and bad a
whole stock. After some consultation, foraging party of two, to fetch in
it was determined that he mould ven- provisions in their own cautious way 1
ture back to seek it, but that he It is greatly to the honour of these
should go alone, and that his friend poor fellows, that though neither of
should rest himself on an adjacent hill them had a milling in the world, yet till his return. »i they were proof against a reward of
The Adventurer therefore fat down 30,000/. which they knew they might
alone to wait the event, but he had obtain by betraying their trust,
not fat long, before he was alarmed With these men, and his friend
by a party of soldiers, whom he saw Glenaladale, the Adreutiuercontinued
Account of the Escape of the Young Chevalier. 4it*
t>etween the braes of Glen-moriston and which Cameron of Cluns had built for Glen strath}error, till the guards were his family, after his house had been removed, and the passes opened. It burnt, one of the children gave an was then generally believed that he alarm, that a party of the Kiag's -was killed, a person having been killed troops were in sight. The Adventurer who was taken for him; and the , vas then alltep, it being about eight guards after that remitted their vigi- A o'clock in the morning, and the rest sauce. were thrown into great consternation:
On the 14th of August he went with They waked him, however, and aphis new retinue to the feat of Locbiel, prized him of the danger, upon which at Achnafnal, on the fide of Locb-Ar- he called for his gun, assembled hi* taig, two miles from Acbnecarie in Lo- few friends examined their pieces; thabar. They brought no provisions and having encouraged them, by a -with them, expecting to be better pro- B short exhoitation, to fell their livea ■vided in that country; but, to their as dear as they could, he marched with unspeakable disappointment and dis- them to a neighbouring hill, which trcis, they found the feat burnt, and commanded a prospect of Glenkingie* the cattle driven away. Here then but no enemy was to be seen: Two of they remained some time, looking up- the party were then dispatched to re. on each other with a dejection and de- connoitre more closely, and it was refpair which kept them silent, and solved to go that night to the top of ■which indeed no words could express. C Mallantagart,
At last one of them happened to When the Scouts had got to the
fee * single hart, at which he took strath of Cluns, the women told them aim, and fortunately (hot. On this, that the party which had been seen, without bread or salt, they made an consisted of too men of Lnudcn's regieagerand hasty meal, as soon as it ment, under the command of Captain was possible to get it ready. Grant of Knockanio, in Strath Sfieyt
From this place one of the company n that they had carried off ten milch went in search of Locbiel, at the very u cows, which Cameron of Cluns had time when Loctitl had sent in search bought after the loss of his own; that of the Adventurer. LocbiePs ir.essen- they had found out one of the huts in ger sound him in a hut, built on pur- .which the adventurerlhad been hidden 'pose for bis Use, hetween Achnafnal and that they were gone to fetch Bat' and Loch Arkaig: He was without shoe rijdalt cattle to the camp, or stocking, had a long beard, a dirty Upon receiving this intelligence.
Jhirt, an old black,'keTt coat, a plaid E the company and their chief, removed and philibeg, with a pistol and dirk from the Braes of Glenkengie, to those by his side-; but chearf.il, says the of Athnatarie, wading through the wrirer^o/this narrative, and in good water of Arktj up to mid thigh. health. While they were at this place, the
When^ he heard that Lochiel was messenger who had been dispatched to - safe, fir thrice gave solemn thanks to I.ccbiel, returned, and brought it as hit God, and proposed going immediate- _ opinion, that the Adventurer would ly to him i but understanding that be more safe among the bills between there was a rumour of his having the Braes of Badenoch and Atbol, where passed Crejiarock.viixbLorbiilarid thirty he was skulking himself, than in his men, they rightly judged that it might present situation, and advised him to occasion a search in the country they go thither immediately. This advice were to pass through, and therefore was very pleasing, and the Adventurer • resolved to stay some time longer ' putting it in execution withour-delay, where they were 5 and Glenaladak was G the two friends met to their unspealcdispatched to look out forfhips on the able satisfaction, soon after, west coast ) and the Gjpfmoriston men, About the twelfth of September, Mr
whose service was nO longer wanted, Cameron was sent southward to hire a were dismissed. ship to carry them off from the East
Tn tli s place he was joined by the coast. A (hip was accordingly provifons*of Cameron of Cluns, Mr John Ca- ded, and a messenger dispatched to 'meron, an itinerant preacher; Capt. give proper notice. But before hit Macrons, of Glengarft regiment, and ** arrival, the two friends, who had been a sew others; with this company he watching in the mean time on the weft continued moving about, between coast, received intelligence that two three different huts, till about the *8th French fliips waited to carry the Ados August. _ venturer off at Mordart. As thev were one day in the hut.
He therefore sent round to all his office is to wind op the firft spnrijj
friends, that were within reach, ac- eight times in every minute,and whictt
Ouainting them with the opportuni- is itself wound up but once in a day.
ty and let out himself for Mordart 4. To remedy the second defect,
the same night. Mr Harrison uses a_ much stronger baHe arrived on the 19th of September, a, lance-spring, than in a common watch.
1746, and met several of his friends For if the force of this spring upon
who arrived in time, regretting those the balance remains the same, whilst
who had not the same good fortune. the force of the other varies, the er
On the twentieth, having seen all rors arising from that variation will
the friends that were with him, on be the less, as the fixed force is the
board, he went onboard himself; the greater. But a stronger storing will vessel was called the Belbna, a Nantx B require either a heavier or a larger
privateer of Saint Makes, mounting balance. A heavier balance would
thirty two carriage, and twelve swivel have a greater friction. Mr Harrison
runs, and carrying 340 men; and was therefore increases the diameter of it.
brought thither by Capt. Harrow of In a common watch it is under an
DiUon's regiment, who had gone over inch, in this of Mr Harrison't two inches
to France for that purpose. and two tenths.
As soon as the Adventurer was oil 3. Had these remedies been perfect, board, the vessel set saM, and on the Q it would have been unnecessary to eoa
»nth of the same month, after a plea- fider the defects of the third sort,
sant voyage, landed him and his But the methods already described,
friend safely at Roseau, about three only lessening the errors, not rerao
leagues welt of Morlaix, having nar- ving them, Mr Harrison uses two ways
rowly escaped Admiral Le/lock's squa'- to make the times of" the vibrations
dron, which was then on the coalt of equal, though the arches may be un
Bretagne. equal. One is to place a pin, fa that
The Bellona was taken the second of the balance spring, pressing against it. Februdrj following, by three Men of D has its force increased j but increased
war, the Eagle, the Edinburgh, and the less when the vibrations are larger t
Nottingham. The other, to give the palets fuchj*
shape, that the wheels press them vitOX
An exalt Copy es the Report delivered'tie less advantage, when the vibrations
• to the Hon. Board os Longitude, by Mr are larger. ,,„,„„ *
Luilam, one os the Gentlemen to -whom 4. To remedy the last defect, Mr
Mr Harrison was referred to make a Harrison uses a bar, compounded of Discovery os the Principles of his Time- B two thin plates of brass and steel, a
Fhice. (Seep. 305.) bout two inches in length, rivetted in
I"1 HE defects in common watches, several places together, fastened at
which Mr Harrison proposes to one end, and having two pins at the
remedy, are chiefly these: other, between which the balance
'1. That the main spring acts not spring passes. If this bar be ftreighr,
contfa tly with the fame iorce upon in temperate weather (bract changing
the wheels, and through them upon its length by heat more than steel) the
the balance." F brass nde becomes convex when it is
*. That the balance, either urged heated j and the steel side, when it is
with an unequal force, or meeting cold; And thus the pinslay hold of a
with a different resistance, from the different part of the spring in different
air or the oil, or the friction, vibrates degrees ot heat, and lengthen or shorten
through a gi eater or less arch. it, as the regulator does in a common
3. That these unequal vibrations watch.
are not performed in equal times. The two first of these improvements
4. That the force of the balance- Gany good workman, who should be ferine is altered by a change of heat, "permitted to view and take to piece*
1. To remedy the first defect, Mr Mr Harrison's watch, and beacquaintHarrifon has contrived, that his watch ed with the tools he uses, and the disliall be moved by a very tender spring, rections he has given, could, without which never unrolls itself more than doubt,exactly imitate. Hecouldalso one eighth part of a turn, and acts make the palets of the stiape proposed} upon the bahnee through one wheel H but for the other improvements, Mr only But such a sprin* cannot keep Harrison has given no rules. He se)'*» the watch in motion a long time. He that he adjusted those parts by repeathas therefoie joined another, wh«Je ed trials, aud that he knows no other