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Sandiman'j- DoSlrine os Faith farther considered. 465

Or Sandim An'/ DoBrine of Faith sur- the belief of the truth comes imme

tber considered, diately luithout perswason, or the use

SIR, of any endeavours or the person him

I Presume you will, from a principle self, or os otters with him: That he reof impartiality, indulge me a few jeBs alt exhortations to faith and holiness, lines in reply to what a correspondent A an^ censures all praying for the con<verof yours has offered to the public, in son of srners, as contrary to the spirit of your Magazines of May and June last, the ar.tient Gospels and denies thutsnners on the doctrines advanced by Mr R. Jboulibe called upon to repent and hi conSandeman\ an author whose writings verted. Thcie manif>it falsities, behave made a very considerable noile sides several inaccuracies, your correct'late in the religious world. "Tis spondent is chuigeable with. certain they have rtiade a strong im- But v-hen, in his second letter, he

preflion upon the minds of very many; a so otten avers that Mr S « asserts,

and it mutt be confessed, that his that there is forgiveness with God for

works prove him to be a man of fense, impenitent sinners, remaining such |

veil acquainted with his Bible, and 4nd reasons upon it accordingly j

One who can write in a very eloquent there is throughout a molt artful per

aad pungent strain: But had he been version of his words and meaning. Mr

level' so contemptible an author, yet £ -n's express words are these .•

he ought to have been treated with ((peaking of the atonement) 'AU its equity and justice. Q ' true friends will readily join in af

Your correspondent's principal aim * firming, that Chris came to render

In his first letter, is, to point out a * impenitent sinners accepted unto e

co-incidence between the writings of * verlasting life, by the works which

Mr Sandcman and those of the author 'he himself wrought.' Here we may

of Christianity not founded on Argument. ask, Can any say, that they were pent

t have been looking diligently to learn tent when he came to redeem them i

in what particulars there is a coinci- n Did not Chris in due time die for the

deuce between these two authors; ^ungodly, while yet impenitent sinners?

and, upon a narrow scrutiny, can find Yea, are not all those for whom Cbrijl

«ane, but such as equally tally with the died, impenitent, until the time that

A'ticles of the Church of England, and the Gospel comes to their hearts and

with the Assemblies Catechism. The ma- consciences by the power of the spirit

hifeft aim of your correspondent was of God ? — Further, your correfpon

to render Mr J n odious. But dent has dishonestly suppressed the lat

the reflection falls as heavy upon all ter pait of this very sentence, upon

such as subscribe those Articles. ■ which he sounds the chief of his ca

What mult we think then of a writer, y>]». For S n immediately sub

who, raiher than fail of blinging Mr joins, and thus by the discovery os pre*

S n under public disgrace, will in- venting goodness, to lead tbemta repent

volve the compilers ot the Thirty- . ana.) Hence it appears, that his mb

riine Articles, and of the Assemblies sequent declamation is all imperti

Catechism, with all the faithful adhe- nent, and that his chief design was to

renrs^hereto, in the very fame odium. defame an obnoxious author.

'Tis true, Mr S n does once use F It cannot be aimsi to remark here*

the expression, that Christianity is not that your correspondent hat taken, al

founded on Argument, by which he evi- most verbatim, a great part of what

dently means, not upon Platonic ra- he fays on this subject out of the wri

tiocinations, or metaphysical subtil- tings of one Mr Bellamy, an author

ties: for he immediately adds, Not who has written with as much vthe

on the wisdom of men, but on the mence against Mr hler-vey's Theron and

power of God; not on any reason- Q Ajpasto a* Mr S n himself has done;

lngs a priori, but on a plain matter of aud whole leading- design is to estab

fact, established by impregnableEvi- li<h adoctiine apparently as absurd at

Cence (the very strongest kind of any thing Mr S n has advanced *t

argument, preferable to any ant cue Perhaps your correspondent judged it

or modern speculations about reli- a necessaiy piece of prudence to con

gion). ceal both the name and design of this

Your correspondent has likewise 11 . tr. „,—; ~—;'

imputed to MrJ n several expres- ** p . Vm-. "Y1 ."' '^"'y »"jf»T "»

. f , . Pardon and Salvation, that we should repent

sentiments which are not to of our sinl> and love GoA a &„„, ££

mml in his wntings, nor included „i,hout and previous to th« caafidetxtioa of --ciples. Such as these : That hi. Craw in Christ,

-. Mag. SKPT. 1765.) fc, his favourite author, lest the mention distinct; the detecting of which wtit


of his name should seem to justify the invalidate the whole iubstance of hii

vehemence of Mr S n't style, and objections.

left the absurdity of his design mould He does not distinguisli between a

lender the arguments quoted from person's being really pardoned or justi

him, unpopular and disgultful. A fied, and his knowing himself to be so.

It is allowed, that the doctrine which For want of observing this distinction,

Mr S n condemns, as contrary to he it so grosly mistaken, as to insinuate

the Gospel, is that which rests our ac- that Mr S n thinks, the Gospel

ceptance with God; not simply on gives a sinner a right to beleve himself 'what Christ has done, but more or less to be pardoned and justified, while he on (3c. &c. And whoever will not remains impenitent, absolutely conjoin with him herein, is unwilling to trary to the whole strain of his writfall in with plain scripture truth j TM ings. On the contrary, Mr S——si when the scripture avers, there is sal- avers, "that no man can be assured that •vation in no ether, and that there is no his Jins are forgiven, but in at far as it ntber name given under heaven among is freed from Jin, and ltd to <wort rigbte■ men whereby we must be laved; Mr oufnefs." Letters on Thtron, p. 4C9. id S——n, to be confident with scripture Edit. And all his writings join to and himself, will understand the phrase confirm the same sentiment. Accordw ether, as totally exclusive, and this Q ingly, while the scriptures declare, that is all he can be blamed for on this - he who believes the Gospel is justified, subject. it is left to be made out by the effects,

It is likewise true, that Mr S m whether the person really believes,

admits no other ktea into his defini- knows, and understands the true Gos

lion of justifying faith, but a bare be- pel, or no. But if we take in any of

lief of the bare truth. And pray, the effects of Faith along with Faith,

what are we to believe but the bare in the matter of Justification, we must

truths and, What is the nature of D for the fame reason take them in all;

Faith but believing? Let common not only Repentance, but likewise

sense answer. And if the doctrine of Love, Obedience, and even perseve

Juflification by Faith, without Works, be ranee therein to the end of life,

a scripture truth, how dare we put any ■» Neither does your correspondent ob

thing into the nature of Faith, which serve the distinction between our be

has in it the nature of Works? That ing pardoned declarative!}, by that

syllogism will ever stand clear, which E word which says, He that believttb is not

Mr S-——a suggests, when he fays, condemned; and ouraSual escaping de

« He who maintains, that we are justi- served vengeance of death and judg

* fied only by Faith, and at the fame ment. Nothing is necessary to the « time affirms that Faith is a Work former but the belief of the truth I

* exerted by the human mind, un- while repentance, love, and even ptr

* doubtedly maintains, if he has any severance, as the necessary effects of

* meaning to his words, that we are „ Faith, are necessary to the latter, in

* justified by a Work exerted by the v such an high sense as to make it an ■ human mind." Letters on Theron, p. undoubted truth, that only he who 483. id Rdit. endures to the end Hull be saved, and

And when Mr Pike observes, that if any man draw back, the Lord will such scripture phrases as coming to have no pleasure in him. Christ, receiving him, &c. are A81, Ex- Had these first principles of the ora

erases, or Workings of the believer's _ cles of God lain clear and distinct in , heart, which are consequent to Faith 5 "his mind, he would have perceived the and that if they are taken into Faith weakness of his reasonings, and deas it justifies, it is then evident that clined the attack; whereas, by conwe are justified by Works: Is there any founding these things together, he has possibility of denying the conclusion f so confounded his own thoughts on unless some very subtil person mould the subject, that he becomes a perfect fancy, that he can distinguish between advocate for the Popish doctrine of an AS and an ASion ; between a Work- Justification by Works: For, to be ing and a Work. H justified by Faith, is the fame thing,

But your correspondent does not with him, as to be justified by Kepen•ppear to be so well verled in making tance, by Prayer, by making use of distinctions where there is no diffe- Christ, by being well affected to him, reace, as in confounding two or more &e. 1. e. to be justified by Works, things together which are manifestly On the other hand, Mr S— ■ —»

sk cue

'Account os the Escape os the Young Chevalier. 407

carefully preserves these diftinctioru, performed this journey without detecand so establishes the scriptural, Pro- tion; yet it would have been more testant doctrine of Justiri.ation by fortunate if he had continued hidden Faith, without Workt, while he guardi where he parted with his faithful the doctrine from all appearance of A friend O Neil/e ; for 0 Neille, repairing; approach to Antinmianism, by insisting to South Vest, met with O SulBvam that no one can prove his laith to be there, and two days after a French cuttrue, but by repentance and obedi- ter, with 120 armed men, arrived to ence correspondent to the truth and carry off the Adventurer to France. requirements of the Gospel : For, ac- O Sullivan immediately went 011 board, cording to what he means by the bare but O Neille, with a noble and genebelief of the bare truth, no one can rous friendship, piefeningthe interest make any thing else but the bare truth Jj of him, whom he considered as his the reason of his hope, or any thing Prince, to his own, went immediately else but the duties resulting from it, >« quest of him. After some search, the rule of his conduct, without ma- he learnt that he had left the place king it so far questionable, whether two days before; and in the mean' what he believes be the real trwth or time, the cutter being discovered and

no. So that Mr 5 n, who is so pursued, took the benefit os a fair

much run down for Heterodoxy, may wind to sail for France. Poor 0 Neille, well venture (a« he does) to turn the c being thus left behind, was soon after

chafe upon his adversaries, and to taken prisoner, and confined in £■/;'»

claim the precedence even in point of burgh Castle, till he was released on the

Orthodoxy. Yours, &c. P. S. cartel as a French officer.

At Portsey the Adventurer met with

An Authentic Account os the Escape os the Mise F'"* *"d ty Macdona/d, who had

tt»»( Chevalier, aster the Battle os **"*« s£a !chedf *? aPP'!Ze_ 'K old

Cu.lo'den. tContinLsrotnp.^./ f^^S£A£Kfft

TH E wife of Macdonald, called D and tho' the Laird was absent, a boat Lady Kingsberronu, who was go- had been procured to carry the Ading to bed, immediately dressed her- venturer thither; and John and Marself again, and ordered a supper. Betty doch, Macleod of Rasay's eldest and 3d Bark eat heartily, smoked a pipe, and sons, and one Malcolm Macleod, who went to bed. had been in the rebellion, were come When Lady Kingjhorroiu was alone to Portsey to attend him. Here then with Miss Flora, and had heard Betty be took leeve of his friend Roy MacBuri's adventures, (he expressed great " ionald, who could not conveniently regret at finding that the boatmen had tiavel, as the wound in his foot was been dismissed: and observed, very not cured; and of Miss Flora Macdojustly, that they ought to have been "aid, whose sex would not permit her detained at least till the Fugitive had to accompany him farther without got farther from his pursuers. As it suspicion, and early on the 1 It of Julj was thought probable that these boat- arrived at Glam in Rasay. men might discover the secret of his p This place however they sound in disguise, h* was advised next morning a condition very different from what to lay it 1* : He readily consented j they expe'cted; for a party of the but as it was necessary for the scr- King's troops had burnt all the houses, vants, who took him for a woman, to to the number of several hundred, so see him depart in his woman's dress, that the Wanderer had no better afya suit of man's apparel was carried to lum than a miserable hut, in which he the top of a hill in a neighbouring lay upon the bare ground, with only wood, whither he repaired to put it a whisp of heath for his pillow; nor on. G bad he any other provision than such The female dress was concealed in as one of the gentlemen, who could abush, and afterwards, upon the alarm appear without danger, fetched him of a search, burnt. Betty having now from time to time in the corner of again changed her sex, proceeded with his plaid.

Mac Kecban, and Macdonald'^cow-hoy, After continuing here two days, he

about eleven yeais old, named Mac sailed, on the 3d of July, for Trotter

Rut«, who was to be guide to Portsey, H nijb, in Sky, in the fame small boat,

distant seven long Scotch miles, where which could riot contain more than

ot arrived safe, but very wet. seven persons j he met with a storm,

11 fortunate for him, tint he but he diverted the ere* from their


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