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subject* will retire' far off, factious spirits nemy of this country give the full scope to

will advance j liw will be perverted, Ma- their resentments j Britain hat nothing lift

jesly insuiied, discord fomented, till by de- to oppose them but weakness, disorder,

greet all order Is over-born, and licentious- and dejection. What man will stand forth

ness, anarchy, and confusion, universally at this time, and under these circumstan

preva 1. Far be the omen from this coun- ces, to attend the call of his sovereign, or

try j your Lordship and your posterity hit country? No man who hat the pledge

have now obtained a considerable property of an established reputation, will trust it

in it. Add secuiity, my Lord, to what . in your hand* at your discretion! k\ few

you have acquired, and leave to them en- A young and unexperienced noblemen, now

tire the laws and constitution of a free for the first time in office, together with

country; you can bequeath to them no the dregs of a vanquished opposition, may,

better legacy. indeed, be brought to trust your promises,

My Lord, your influence has prevailed to hold the helm they cannot govern, and over this kinedom oot yet five years, in by their weakness, to increase your power. •which time, if I mistake not, we owe to But, my Lord, the grave, the experienced, your recommendation no less than nine fe- *, the capable, the efficient, you have so efcreuries of Mate, four first lords of the fectually driven from the counsels of our treasury, five first lords of the admiralty, sovereign j you have so happily succeeded five first lords of trade and plantations, be- in sowing jealousies and discord ; and have rides those appointments to each of these with so much artifice, weodedout, one asdepartmenn, which preved abortive, ter another, every man whole service could where circumstances have prevented your promise solidity to the king's government, projects from being carried into execution. and prosperity to the state ; that thinking It Is possible, your lordship may imagine, men have now no hope remaining. The that the public have no right to be interest- ** important moments in which our harvest «d in these changes j but let me remind should be gatheied against tlie storms of your lordship, that the servants of the winter, roll on neglected, and are fatrificrown are the servants of the public j that ced to your ambition.— they are appointed solely for the benefit of What then remains for us? Must we the public j paid by taxes levied upon the tamely perish? Is this great, glorious, public j and therefore that we have a and flouiilhing country, to become a vieright to expect tha: they shail hold or lose tim to the caprice of one man, and that their employments as the public good re- "man a subject r Is there no foice left in quires. If we mould try our various the constitution to drag out this pernicious changes by this test, we shall be best ena- Favourite into light, and to emancipate bled to decide the motives by which you our sovereign and ourselves from the flume have been actuated in them. and burthen of his yoke? I trust there is

My Lord, the great business of your life that force, or our boasted constitution is a

seems to have been what it is said you wish shadow. It is, not, my Lord, the skulking

to have engraved upon your tonih, ihipui- E at a distance, the thin veil of subterfuge

ting a period to tbt war. But the merit of and equivocation, the mean, little, paultry

this measure must, in my opinion, be de- artifices of an intriguing spirit, by which

termined principally by the use you purpo- the just resentments of an injured people

fed to make of the interval of peace: And can b; long evaded. The grievances which

if we examine into your conduct since that are publickly known and ielt, will not long

event, except the play of making or un- wait for the redress of public, signal, and

making ministers, and the cyder-tax, you exemplary punishment. The grand inhave done little, and we have heard of ^ quest of the nation will not for ever be de

your lordship only as often as it has pleased luded, and will know how to oppose the

you to interrupt the public business, and boldest, and to overtake the wiles of the

to molest others in the execution of those subtlest of the enemies of their country,

plans which they thought essential towards I am, my Lord, SV. An Englishman. the preservation of iheir country, and

Tnr,01,' th"eso^' the» h»ve had ,h« »•*■ Mr Urban, Bristol, Aug. »t.

ence to make some progress in, notwith- _ _ „ . r' , , ,

standing the hindrances you gave them, G O J 1"sPect,,,g several, cargoes of

but w hich you have now at last pretry ef- V^ dea' Doardsi imported here from

fectually defeated, America, I find them to be of a porous

My Lord, what is all this strange scene or 'PunSy texture, and ill manulacto end in? Do you wish the ruin of this H tured, which is a complicated disad

country ? or does fate envy us the great- vantage to the exporter, importer,

ness we have acquired by past successes, a"d carpenter, and also to the per

and degrade us to our utmost humiliation sons in whole buildings the fame il

under your subjection! Let Austria and made use of, for molt ot it is cut into

Eenrbtn confederate together, let every e- boards about three quarter! of an


Importing American Deals.Remedy proposed. 35,

inch thick, and runs from 16 to 14. of the American fir timber therefore

inches wide, which renders it less use- manifestly proceeds from its being

'full in our buildings, and subject to permitted to grow beyond its prime;

manifest damage by rents, and break- past the æra of its greatest perfection;

age by (hipping, and unshipping: Be- for what has hitherto been imported,

fides, its thinness, and inequality in A is the produce of old trees, and conse

length, renders it almost impractica- quently of an impaired texture.

ble to secure it in piles, from being If, like the linnen manufactory in

injured by the fun or rain: For two Ireland, the culture of indigo, and the

hundred of American deals, will en making of pitch and tar in Carolina,

cumber a carpenter's yard much our fir trade should ever meet with

snore than a thousand of Norway, or encouragement, so as to become a

Sivedi/h deals of two in'.hes thick that staple branch for exportation, under

are of a regular length and breadth: _ due regulations (as in Norway) by the

Were the American deals cut into pro- *» establishment of a provincial Jaw, that

per lengths and thickness, and the none be permitted to cut down trees

largest trees quartered (as the Hollanders but in a proper season, and at a pro

1 do tbt German or Dutch oak) before they per growth, when tney will square

are sawn into planks or boards j it about 10 inches clear of sap; we may

would render them of much more expect to see good deals imported from

value, as our carpenters and joiners thence, at least 10 per cent of more

could appropriate, and reduce the Q value then what they now fend to En

thicknels to the purpose, for which gland for sale, for, duly to estimate the

it is best adapted, allotting thecoarsest real value of deals, or other goods,

deals for rafters, joists, partitioning, the quality, as well as the quantity

and other scantlings; and the found- must be considered too; andas the well

est, and cleanest for wainfeotting, and intended bounty on the importation

flooring. And were they to be fold of American deals is soon to take place,

by tale, the needless expence of mea- Jj I hope it will not be abused, for it de

suring, would be a saving to the im- monstrates the due estimation let by

porter, I am well informed, the fir- the Britijh legislature on that branch

trees that produce the yellow and of commerce; which, if duly cherilh

white deals, are the natural growth of ed, may turn the current of that trade

oar North American colonies; as they from a channel that annually drains

are of Norway, Swedeland, Pruffia, Po- g wealth from England, in as lavish a

land, RuJJia, and all places bordering manner as court whores ever did the

on, and near the Baltic sea: I have king's coffers in the lascivious reign of

also been informed by a gentleman, Charles the second; for the deals and

who is a native of Norway, (from iron &c. imported from the Baltic and

whence the best deals are imported, Norway, are mostly freighted on so.

and which is the principle staple com- reign bottoms, and paid for in specie,

modify produced by that kingdom but our colonists are glad to take En.

for exportation,) that their woods or F glijh manufactures in return for their

coppices, are usually felled, or cut outsets, to the mutual emolument of

down in large tracts, or portions, themselves, as well as the En%tijb mer

once in about twenty five years, and chant, and tradesman, which plainly

from the old roots or stowls, fresh evinces, the utility of the intended shoots germinate, that produce deals of bounty, by which, in a course of years,

nine or ten inches wide in that period Old England may acquire much bene

of growth, so that the deals imported fit in the extension of its commerce,

from Dram, Schien, and Christiana, (the amongst his majesties own subjects;

principal ports in Norway) are the G if not injured at first by injudicious

produce of young germms, which, proceedings, the effect either of self

for durability and fineness of its interest, or the squabbling of miniite

grain and colour, is excelled by none, rial, or enthusiastic party zealots;

scarcely equalled by any, especially that this may never be the case, is the

those from Christiana river t It may be sincere wish of. Abietarius Negotiatur. incontestibly demonstrated, that there

is a natural period, when all forts of A Description 0/VAUx-HAi.i.Gardens.

timber, as well as all other bodies, H (See the Plate annexed.)

whether animal, or vegetable, arrive >"T"<HESE Gardens are situated near

at their utmost perfection, and that J. the Thames, on the louth side, in

they afterwards naturally decline, in the parish os Lambeth, aboi '■'

Vigour or quality; the indurability iiomJLondon. They ar

day, except Sunday, at five o'clock in embellished, and surmounted by a

the evening from May till Au£itft, each plume of feathers. From the center

person paying is. admittance. You within hangs a large glass chandelier,

enter by the great gate upon a noble andfour smaller ones at each corner.

Q0O gravel walk about 900 feet in length, A In it are fourteen Tables for the ac

"*~ planted on each side with very lofty commodation of company.

trees, which form a fine vista, termi- In that part of the grove which
nated by a landscape of the country, fronts the orchestra, a considerable
a beautiful lawn of meadow ground, number of tables and benches are
and a grand gothic ohelifk. At the placed for the company; and at a
corners of the obelisk are painted a small distance from them (fronting
number of slaves chained, and over the orchestra) is a large pavillion, of
them this inscription: B the Composite order: it was built for
SPECTATOR si's 'ate R°y3' Highness Frederic Prince
fAcTTi-irncitc °f Woks. The ascent is by a double
.. ;„T .A ,\r„ ~„. night °f ft°ne stePS» decorated with
SIBI MOLESTVS. balustrades. The front is supported
To the right of this walk, and a few by stately pillars, and the entablature
steps within the garden, is a square, finely ornamented in the doric taste,
which, from the number of trees plant- In the cieling are three little domes,
ed in it, is called the Grove: In the Q with gilt ornaments, from which de-
middle of it is a magnificent orchestra scend three glass chandeliers. There
of Gothic construction, ornamented are put up in it four large paintings,
with carvings, niches, &e. the dome done by Mr Hayman, from the histo*
of which is surmounted with a plume rical plays of Shake/pear, which are
of feathers, the crest of the Prince of much admired.

Wales. In fine weather, the musical Behind the pavillion is a very hand-
entertainments are performed here. some square drawing room, built like-
At the upper extremity of this or- _ wife for the late Pnnce of Wales.
cheftra, a very fine organ is erected, The Space between this pavillion
and at the foot of it are the feats and and the orchestra may be termed the
desks for the musicians, placed in a grand rendezvous of the company,
semi-circular form, leaving a vacancy who constantly assemble in this part,
at the front for the vocal performers. if the weather be fine.
The concert is opened with initru- The grove is illuminated in the e-
mental music, at six o'clock, which vening with about fifteen hundred
having continued about half an hour, E glass lamps; in the front of the or-
the company are entertained with a cheftra they are contrived- to form
song; and in this manner several o- three triumphal arches, and are all
ther songs are performed, with sona- lighted as it were in a moment, to the 1
tas or concertos between each, till the no small surprize of the spectator,
close of the entertainment, which is In cold cr rainy weather, on ac-
generally about ten o'clock. count of sheltering the company, the
A curious piece of machinery has musical performance is in a great room
•of late years been exhibited, about p or rotunda, where an elegant orches-
nine o'clock, on the inside of one of tra is erected. This rotunda, which
the hedges, situated in a hollow on the is seventy feet in diameter, is on the
left-hand, about half way up the walk left fide of the entrance into the gar-
already described,representing a beau- dens, nearly opposite to the orchestra,
tiful landscape in perspective, with a Along the front, next the grove, is *
miller's house, a water-mill, and a piazza, formed by a range of pillars,
cascade. The exact appearance of under which is the entrance from the
water is seen flowing down a dedivi- grove. Within this room, on the left
fy 5 and, turning the wheel of the " hand, is the orchestra, which i» in-
mill, it rises up in a foam at the bot- doled with a balustrade, and in the
torn, and then glides away. cieline is painted Venus and the Lovesi
Behind the orchestra, in the center The front of this cieling is supported
of the garden, is a Turki/b tent, the by tour columns of the ionic orrler>
dome of which is finely carved, and embellished with foliage from the bale
supported by eight columns of the I- a considerable way upwards, ami the
onic order; the outward cafe stands H remaining part of the (haft, to the ca-
on twelve columns of the Doric: Be- p-tnl, is finely wreathed with a gothic
tween these, both within and without, baliiiliade, where boy» are itpretented
hang very rich festoons of flowers. a'crnding it. On the sides of the ur-
The outside of the dome is .variously - chest/*

Description of Vauxhall Gardens. 355

chestr.i are painted Corinthian pillar*, Between these columns are 4 paint

and between them, in niches, are re- ings, by Hayman: The first represents

presented four deities: At the extre- the surrender of Montreal, in Canada,

mity is the organ, and before it are to the Britijb army commanded by

placed the desks for the musical per- General Atnherft. On a commemoraibrmers. In the center hangs a mag- A ting stone, at one corner of the piece,

nificent chandelier, eleven reet in di- is this inscription:

ameter, containing seventy-two lamps POWER EXERTED,

in three rows, which, when lighted, CONQUEST OBTAINED,

add greatly to the beauty and splen- MERCY SHEWN!

dor of the place. MDCCLX.

In the middle of this chandelier it The second repi el'tnt3 Britannia holdrepresented, in plaifter of Paris, the ing in her hand a medallion of his rape of Semite by Jupiter; and round B present Majesty, and sitting on the the bottom of it is a number of small right hand of Neptune in his chariot looking-glasses curiously set: Ar drawn by sea hoi fes, who seem to parbove are sixteen white busts of emi- take in the triumph for the defeat of nent persons, ancient and modern, the French fleet (represented on the standing on carved brackets, each be- back ground) by Sir Edward Liaivke, tween two white vases : a little higher Nott. 10, 7759. The third represents are sixteen oval looking-glasses, orna- Lord Cli-ve receiving the homage of mented with pencil'd candlesticks, or c the Nabob: and the fourth, Britannia a two-armed sconce: If the spectator distributing laurels to Lord Granby, Hands in the center, which is under Lord AlbemarU, Lord Townjbend, and the great chandelier, he may fee him- the Cols. Momkton, Coole, &c. self reflected in all these glasses. A- The entrance into this saloon from bove are fourteen fasti windows, with the gardens is thro' a gothic portal, elegant frames finely carved, Sccrown- which is the best entrance, when the ed with a plume of feathers. The top j. candles are lighted, for viewing the is a dome, slated on the outside, and whole to advantage, the prospect bepainted within in the resemblance of ing extensive and uninterrupted, aa shell. The roof is so contrived that bounding with variety on every side, sounds never vibrate under it j and and a gay and brilliant company addthas the music is heard to the greatest ing a peculiar lustre to the grandeur advantage. of the place.

This rotunda has lately been en- The first walk, as far as the great larged by an additional saloon, which E room, is paved with Flanders bricks, or

is so joined to the building that the Dutch clinkers, to prevent, in wet

whole makes but one edifice: A part weather, the sand or gravel from stick

of the rotunda opposite the orchestra ing to the feet of the company. In all

is laid open for receiving this saloon, other places the grove is bounded by

and its entrance here is formed and gravel walks, and a considerable num

decorated with columns, like those at ber of pavillions or alcoves, ornamentthe front of the orchestra already de- F ed with paintings from the designs of

scribed. In the roof, which is arched Mr Hayman and Mr Hogarth, en sub

and elliptic, are two little cupolas, in jects adapted to the place \ and each

a peculiar taste; and in the summit of pavillion has a table in it, that will

each is a Iky-light, divided into ten hold six or eight persons,

compartments; the frames are in the The pavillions continue in a sweep,

gothic style j each cupola is adorned which leads to a beautiful piazza, and

with paintings 5 Apollo, Pan, and the a colonnade joo feet in lengib, in the Muses, are in one; and Neptune, with " form of a semi-circle of gothic aichi

the sea-nymphs, in the other: Both tecture, embellislv.d with rays. The

have rich entablatures, and something entablature consists of a carved frize,

like a swelling sofa. Above each cu- with battlements orembraznes over

pola is an arch, divided into compart- the cornice. In this semi-circle of na

ments; from the center of each, which villions are three large ones, called

is a rich gothic frame, descends a large Temples ; one in the middle, and tie

chandelier, in the form of a basltet of H others at each end, adorned with ;»

flowers. Adjoining to. the walls are dome, a pediment, and a beautiful

ten three-quarter columns, for the turret at the top; but ;he two latter

support of the roof: The architrave are now converted into portals, one

consists of a baluAJade, the frize is as an entrance into the great room,

enriched with sportive boys, and the aud the other as a passage to view the

entablature supported by termini. «fcascade, which are directly opposite the top of the garden; this is called to each oilier: howeyei, the middle the Druid's, or Lover's Walk, and on temple is Itill a place tor the reception both sides of it are ro*s of lofty trees, ot company, and is decorated with a wmch, meeting at the top, foim a capiece of painting in the Chinese talte, . nopy. This walk in the evening is representing *Vra» catching Mars and A dark, which renders it more agreeaVtnus in a net. 11 his temple is adorn- ble to those who love to listen to the ed in front with wicathed columns, diitant music in the orchestra, & view and other gothicornaments. On each the lamps glittering thro' the trees, fide of this temple the adjoining pa- From the statue of Handel, up the villion is decorated with a painting j garden, appears a noble vista, which that on the right reprelents the en- is called trie grand south walk, of the trance into Vaux-bail, with a gentle- fame fire as that seen at our fiist enman and lady coming to it; and that B trance, and running parallel with it. on the left, friendship on the grals It is adorned by three triumphal ardrinkirig. This leini ciicte lean's to ches ; the prospect is terminated by a a sweep of pavillicns that terminate in large painting of the ruins of Pal the great walk myra, which has deceived many ttran

Proceeding forward, we fee another gers, and induced them, at first sight,

range of p.villionsin a different style, to imagine they really saw a pile of

adorned with paintings forming ano- ruins at some distance.

ther side ot the quadrangle, with a C Near the center of the garden, is a

grand portico in the center, and a cross gravel walk, formed by stately

marble statue underneath. trees on euh side. On the right hand

Next is a piazza of five arches.which it is terminated by the trees which

open into a semi-circle of pavillions, slude the lover's walk, and at the ex

with a temple and dome at eich end, tremity on the left, is a beautiful land

and the space in front decorated with scape painting of ruins and running

trees. In the middle of the piazza, water From our situation to view

which preserves the line and bounda- D this painting is another gravel walk, ry of the grove, is a grand portico of that leads up the garden, formed on

the doric order; and under the »ich, the right by a wilderness, and on the

on a pedestal, is a beautiful marb.e left by rural downs, in the form of a

statue of the famous Mr Handel, in long square, fenced by a net; with se

character of Orpheus, playing on his veral little eminences in it, after the

lyte, done by the celebrated Roubiiiac. manner of a Roman camp. The downs

In the pediment above is reprelenf- are covered with tuts, and interspersed

ed St Cecilia, the Goddess of Mus if, a with cypress, sir, yew, cedar, and tu

playing on the violoncello, wh: 1, is lip trees. On one of the eminences it

supported by a Cupid, while ai . hfr a statue of Milton, nearly surrounded

holds before her a piece of tnusirk. with bushes, and seated on a rock, in a

Here ends the boundary ot the listening posture. grove on this side; but, turning on At the upper end of these downs is the left, we come to a walk that . ms a gravel walk, formed on each fide by along the bottom of the gardens: On lofty trees, which runs across the gareach side of this walk are pavilli-.ns, p dens, am! terminates them this way. and those on the left hand are deco- In this walk is a beautiful prospect rated with paintings. of a fine meadow, in which the obelisk

On the opposite fide is a row of pa- stands: This prospect is made by the

villions, with a gothic railing in the trees being opposite the grand walk

front of them; and at the extremity (which runs from the entrance into

of this walk is another entrance imo t' e gardfns) and a ha ha is formed in

thegaidei.s from the road. At the Q the ditih, to prevent the company

other end of the walk, adjoining to the going into the field. At each end of

Prince's pavillion, is a smail lemi- this walk is a beautiful painting; one

circle of pavillions, defended in Iront isa building, with a scaffold and a

by a gothic railing, and ornamented ladder before it, which has often de

in the center, and at eacli end, with ceived Oie eye; the other is a view in

gothic temples; in both the latterfare a Chinese garden.

fine glals chandeliers and lamps; the Jj The principal part of all these walks

former is ornamented in front with a forms the boundaries of wildernesses,

portico, and the top with a gothic composed of trees, which (hoot to a

tower, and a handsome turret. great height, and are ati inclosed with

From the upper end of the walk last an espalier, in the Chinese taste,

described, a long narrow vista runs to Letter

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