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A Defence of the Bijhaps for securing the Liturgy, 31

therefore persevered in ray attempt, On the morrow I visited the pa

and at length extracted a worm about tient, who remembered scarce any

eight tenthi of an inch long; and, thing that had happened; I applied

notwithstanding the condition of the injections of the tincture of myrrh and

patient, I continued my operation, aloes to the ear, and used no other re

and extracted four other worms, of medyi I had thepleasuie to see tho

the same kind and size. caiies diminish by degrees, and the

I then passed my probe into the au- A cure complrated in about six months,

ditcu7 passage, and found that the without any sensible exfoliation. The

soft parti which Constitute the organ of auditory passage, however, of this ear

hearing were all destroyed, and had left continues to be much wider & deeper

the whole auditory passage ot the tem- than that of the other, and it is to

porai bone uncovered, which I tound tally deaf, so that the sharpest and

eaten into holes by a caries. I poured loudest jpunds make not the least im

in a few drops of the oil of hyperi- B preflion upon it.

cum, and applied compresses dipped All physical writers allow that worm*

in brandy to the lateral part of the will breed in the ear, and some have

head 5 the patient continued in a state made particular observations upon it.

qf extreme weakness, and total in- Many patients, to whom this accident

sensibility. hag happened, have recovered per

Upcn examining these five worms, ■ .

I found them perfectly similar, as well comt iat0 .actual existence, and therefore

in size as'in every other particular; C uponthe principle.of those who hare adopt

their figure resembled that of a trun- "'J"* hypothesis, are solecisms in nature. If

Sated cone, which at the base was a- 7'3°.h T"! d ""'?r ,0 be "T? rhef

boot as thick as a goose quill; the ^ÆS.L JZ?!!" " "T" ""'l

■.j* . _» « b -s1 ;.. wnere it fi appeal to meet a proper nidus, and

fcead terminated in a point, and had pabulum, the lime solecism recur.; fefin

an aperture in it, which commum- trusts for ha ultimate effect to chance, and of cated with a little bhcki(h canal; they rj millions of millions of organized bodies, not

had neither spots nor hair, and their "lore than one answers the end of its organi,

motion was vermicular; they were aation. It is said that in the leminal fluid of

put into an earthen vessel, where they m,le animal, there are innumerable amv.cl

lived five day* without nourishment, "'«, extremely minute, of the tadpole kind,

and were seen by all the people in the SJS."!TM s*,mm,"Vb°»«* B'«t

villacre • activity, except where toe subject Is tainted

S' *W» the venereal disease, and there it it ob

1 _ -. T~7 ~*~~c '. ', - se"eH that their motion is languid; This is

• Though the notion of equivocal genera- E supposed to favour the opinion that propagati,

Uon .. now universally rejected, rather be- on ,s, only expansion; but how a race of tad

cause we canno conceive how it should be, pole, already living shall, after losing their

*M for any better reason, yet we seem, a... life, become by degrees living men, or other

ST21 J ', ***? K"c 'dm't,ed ,solnethMg anim»1,> whol'y aiff«ent, receiving a new in its stead, for which we are equally unable principle of life, after the process of GOatUm,

n.rr» body should produce an animal, » n losophers, who suppose thi, to be the case,

difficult to conceive, a. how an, other mice, F Can a. little conceives ho* men or animals

fcrmentmg ,n a state of putrefaction, sfcould „e produced without such tadpole transforma

do it; and though we conclude, from the ar- ,io„. The seme difficulties occur in vegeta

ES,° .1"' V' &*+**& "'"T* ti("> i »1 «nnot conceive how, from the cor

Mepatate them kind in the usual way. that rupuon of the seed of a plant, another plant

the parent creature was itself so produced, yet can be produced , we have supposed, there

cieature, .bound in the work, which we do fore, vegention t'o be mere expansionsS

mtaM to he so produced: she worm. consequently, each seed of a tree to contain

km. to It. in animal, bodies are of this Q the future tree and all its leaves, and flowers,

somber, especiJly the««„, wh.ch ..always and fruit, and seed, with all their tre,4

KL^ffi "fh « T "■ C0?Vtif """> fluwe». ■»■ *•»«. and feed, to proper worms, ratherthan .singleammal; and if it in6nity, and so two seeds to contain two pro9.. it., found no where else, therefore can- per infinities, whtch, however, can be equal

?f ,h, f 7 ^ , J ' UTMmV be *- «""«* b< "ore. It seem, therefore that we

ol tne ajuuidtt, and other worms found in v»- are continually substitutine a tortoise ,,„.(..

torn part, of the body. It i, said that the ,he elephant/that suppo,,"8 p^/SS wish

seminal liquor contain, a certain orgamxed out considering what 5. to support the tortoise

•natter, l„ the comple.t animal which re- and rejecting one supposition a. unaccount?h.^K0n)7 aP"f0n- **.•" f»"»"'»", H able while we admit another equally unac

tnit. therein and every individual of these, countable in it. room. i« ■«,"./ L"'

must contaiu sionl.r animals, properly mfi.ite «,i„ „f „,rml in tniaal >w/ ■>ri «*«•»■

la naraber, a very fmaU proporui-n of which f. »c,cj,



sectly by the mere efforts of nature; bat it is not likely that my patient' would have been so fortunate.

I have contented myself with a plain relation -of facts; I (hill leave others

My Lards and Gentlemen, The exficiicr.ee which I hare had of year former conduct makes me rely on your wisdom, and firmness, in promoting that obedience to the lawi, and respect to the legislative authority or" this kingdom, which it to reason upon them, who have-more ^essentially necessary for the safety of the' time and abilities : They may, if they whole; and in establishing such regulations,'

as may best- connect and strengthen every part of my dominions, tor their mutual benefit and support..

The affection which I bear to my people excites my earnest wi sties, that every session of parliament may be distinguished by some plans for the public advantage, and for (heir relies from those difficulties, which an expensive war has brought upon them. My concurrence and encouragement mall never be wanting where their welfare is concerned: And I trust, that for the attainment of that great object, you will proceed with temper, unanimity, and dispatch.

please, endeavour to account for the periodical suppression and flowing of the purulent matter; to fix the moment when these worms were originally produced, and to determine their nature. I wish they may succeed, but I- am not able to hope it.

Bit MAJESTY'S mofi gracious Speech to both
Houses of Parliament, en Thursday the Teat/
day of January, 1765.
My Lords and Gentlemen,

THE situation of assair] both at home and abroad, has enabled me to allow you that recess, which has been usual in times of publick tranquility.

I have now the satisfaction to inform you, that 1 have agreed with my good brother the king of Denmark, to cement the union which has long subsisted between the two crowns, by the marriage of the Prince Royal of Denmark with my sister th* Prioress Caroline Matilda, which is to be folemniz'd as soon at their respective ages will permit, [The Prince Royal of Denmark, Christian, was born yon. 29, 1746; and the Princess Caroline Matilda, July 11, I75I.]

I observe with pleasure, that the events which have happened in the course of the last year, give us reason to hope for the duration of that peace, which has been so happily established, and which it is my resolution strictry to maintain. The courts of France and Spain have given me fresti assurances of their good dispositions. The future quiet of the empire has been confirmed by the unanimous choice As a successor to the imperial dignity; and the peaceable election of the King ol Pola'dhn prevented those fatal consequences, which, upon similar occasion!, have so frequently been destructive to the repose os Europe. I am happy, therefore, to meet my parliament at a time when no foreign dirlurbavet interrupt their consultations for the internal good order and prosperity of my kingdoms.

Gentlemen of the House of Commons,

1 (hall aik of you. for the current service of the year, no other supplies, than such as are necessary for those establishments, which have already met with your approbation; and I will order the proper estimates for this purpose to be !ai<i before you.

I must, however, earnestly recommend to you the continuance of that attention, which you have hitherto shewn, for the improvement os the public revenue, and the diminution of the national debr. For these desirable and necessary ends, 1 am persuaded, that you will pursue every proper rrteasure, which the it*'' of my dominions, and -the eircumRancci of '.he times, may require.


p Tit bumble address of the Right Honour Mt the Lords spiritual and temporal in parliament assembled, January 10, 1765. Mofi gracious Sovereign,

WE, Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the lords spiritual and temporal in parliament assembled, return* your Majesty our humble thanks for your most gracious speech from the throne.

D We acknowledge, with gratitude, your Majesty's goodness, in acquainting us with your having agreed to a marriage between the Prince Royal of Denmark and your Majesty's sister the Princess Caroline Mali da, to be so-, lemnized at soon as their respective aget will permit. And we beg leave to assure your Majesty of our entire satisfaction in he choice

E of this alliance; which under the blessing of providence, cannot fail of cementing and strengthening the union, which has so long subsisted between the crowns of Great Britain and Denmark, and thereby conducing to the support of the Protestant cause.

We sincerely rejoice in those events of the last year, which seem to promise a continu

_ ance of the peace so happily established; and

* we receive, with gratitude, the declaration which your Majesty is graciously pleased to make, of your resolution strictly to maintain it. We hope that the fresh assurances which the courts of Fraice and Spain have given of their good dispositions; the quiet of the empire, confirmed by the unanimous choice of a successor to the Imperial dignity; and the peaceable election of the Krng of Poland: will contribute to the security of the general tranquillity of Europe, and that it will long reaoain Axed on a firm and ! it'ing basis. And wo beg leave to assure your Majesty, that, at the present undisturbed slate ot affairs abroad assords so favourable an opportunity for the deliberations of your parliament on such objects, as may be most conducive to the internal good order aud prosperity of these kingdoms, nothing shalt be wanting in care and attention, on our part, which may promote the welfare and the honour of our country. Pefroit ut, Sir, to offer your" Majesty Tatar


Life os the celebrated M. Leibnitz. 33

bumble acknowledgements, for the gracious life with almost all the sovereigns of

approbation which your Majrsty i« pleased to kurope, and expressed himself with

declare os our former cooduct; and to give much spirit and elegince. Hf lest be

your Majesty the strongest assurances, that we hind him poefl). epigrams, and love

will firmly persist ,n exemng our xe.lou. e„- , tf connected with the

deavoun to promote due obedience to the A I„_„_j _/■_., . ■ , , ,,

1««, aud reverence to the leg.u.ti.e author,- A I^rned of j| count, les, and ca.efully

ty of rfaii kingdom; and to estab.ilh such re- preserved all the letters he wrote aud

gula-ions,at (hall appear to be most conducive received. Mr Eccard lays there weie

to the mutual ben-fit and support of all your found in his letters the histories of the

Majesty's dominions. inventions, discoveries, and literary

With hearts mil of duty and affection, we disputes during the space of 40 years,

offer our unfeigned thankt to your Majesty, He applied himlelf to every thing;

for your paternal eare and tender concern for having left behind him a bock of ety

the difficulties whtch have been brought on g moloaiesin rri, r..r~„. I, ,„. ,„,!



ment may take every occaliun tor tneir re- "'a. "-•""" -"■—■■.■" *"- "»ied

lief. Animaitd with these feanmenn, we chemistry ; and to acquire the secrets

assure yourM.jesty. that we will p-oceed of that art, he contrived a language

wish that temper, unan.m ty, and dispatch, chiefly composed of foieign words,

which your Majesty is plejfed to recommend which procured him the acquaintance

to ui in the purfu-.t of those great and impor- p of several chemists,

unt objects, to which your Majeiy has di- He read all books without excepti

rected our attention. on . the more odd and wliimiical 'he

Hi, Majesty'* tnoft Gracious Answer. titta w.ts, the more curious he was to

MtL0tt>, examine the contents. He found a ro

7 TtJt ym fir thi, Jutsul and 'afæinott m "}" ""Men in German by Mr Ec

■L tMrrsu lit JaiitsucTn* which you txprtst turd; this romancecontained the his

cn the intended Marr age if my Jljhr, the ftin- toiy ol a lather, who having con (pi ted

aft Caroline Matilda, u parmularly agree- D an alirologir about the future deltiny

ethU 10 me. And I accept, with p.iasure, the ot' his son, learnt that to preserve htm

afjwancei you give me of yjur x.eal ui end,a- f, on, deal h, thei e was no other method

voter, fir the a.tvetttametti os the f.rosp,r,ty of ,nan tQ mak(. h;m ss f)|. tjf(, )on q{

my hUgfom, and the hapfimjt of my pcjse, a ^ /M f

mbttb Isoallaver have most sincerely « tear,. ma,1C(fso exteent tat he read u tbn>.

StmePartuulan of thel.ife o/thecelebrated at°"e ^"g- . ., JM

M. Leibnitz, many 0/ whose Opinh £ rhe «i It time he visited Hamrver he en, Voltaite has ridiculed in bu Wcks. nev" »ent our ot Iks study. He never fpukeef thesacied scriptures withTHIS great man owed his death to out reverence ; they are lull, he would a medicine given him by a Jesuit say, ot lessons uief'ul to mankind. He at sienna, which lie took from a desire was unwilling 10 engage in religious ro obtain a too speedy cure for the dilputes, but when his own principles gout. Th>s removed tne disorder suet- weie attacked he dt.fn.led himielf elenly from his foot tahis Itomach, F with much warmth. He was fond of and killed him. At the time of his the Eastern manner?, had a great etieath he was sitting on the side es his ltettti for the Arabic and Ck'uifc lanbe.l, with an ink-stand, and Baiclay'% gua-es, and lecommended the study Argent, beside him. They fay that he of them. He formed a project for wiscontinually reading this hook, the making a voyage to China, and the stile of which pleased him exceedingly, Czar piomiied to fit himont; but on and that it was trorn this taste he in- p lerlcfflion lie found himself 103 far attended to form his hiltoiy. vmerdin liieto iindertajceit. HecolHe left behind him 11 or 13,000 leilcd many Chinese books, in which crowns in specie, and a, bag full of weie contained the antiquities of that gold medal*. Among his papers was empire.

found a manuscript on the Cartesmn The great talent of Leibnitz w"is to method, which has not yet appeared j give things a different turn tioin what a political tract of BuJe, the letters of they received liom others. I f.is is Pope SylvesterII. and Ssinsza's letters. what tncy maintain he has doliV with His own manuscripts were in great H the Newtonian method, and Halley'i disorder. There were found manv pa- charts. He t > >k the chart of tlie vipers filled with his thoughts, and with rianons of the cotmtais of the latter j hen mats either his own or collected by ami tnvi .sr applied if "o the glo ie, him. Leibnitz had pallid pan of his piefenled it to the Czar, who nviGenl Mag. Jan. 1765-) K h in him a pension of zooo crowns. In bit . sailing from one distant country toano

Theodicee he only gave another turn to tlier, otherwile the national money

the system of JWafoAranrA*. M. Eccard would be wholly misapplied.SftheintenT

furnished him with materials for his tion of parliament defeated, as it were,

history; and he made them loentiitiy by a quirk in law, or more properly

his own, that they bore no marks of by a defect'in the wording the statute,

being borrowed. He paid his court to A though the spirit of it be sufficiently

Bernouille and had a difference with understood.

Herman from some ill treatment he re- That an ingenious artist should take ceived in his wo>ks. Bei»g jealous of it into his head, that by the labour of the reputation of Puffendirff, znc\ much his whole life he might be able to fimore of the success of his history, he n'st> a single time piece with such exwrote against him i He was likewise actness that for a voyage to Barbedoes jealous of Descartes, and wrote against and back, it should keep equal time, his philosophy. He never conrmuni- B and by repeated trials of its variaticated his manuscripts to any person, ons, and repeated disappointments in and could not bear contraction. his Hopes, he should at length, by inBut ai Lord Stanhope observed, he was numerable alterations, happily succeed not truly in a passion, except when he s° far as to biing it within the prewas engaged in politics, in which his script ion of the ait ; and that then, opinions were as odd as in all other unoer pietence of having discovered things. p the longitude, he should lay claim to,

He wanted to excel in mechanics j the reward ot 20,000/. and by that

there is hardly an arti.Ieof confide- means preclude every other candidate,

ration of civil life, for which he had both now and hereafter, is such an m

not invented some machine, but none sujt upon common sense as cannot be

succeeded. read without indignation. J'l.t point

1 to be considered by the commissioners,

Mr Urban, it is imagined, is this, Whether the'

IN all questions in which the benefit D method of constructing the time piece of the public is the object of en- is founded upon a new and general quiry, and in which national rewards principle.upon the knowledge ot which are to be proportioned to national be- other workmen can make such manefits, every man may be permitted to chines in a moderate time, that will offer his sentiments without being sus- go with the same exactness? And i^ pected of personal prejudice, or any i« surthei presumed that the commissiinalavolent intent of depriving real oners themselves must be satisfied that, merit of the rewards due to it. What ^ this new and general principle does I am, therefore, about to offer is the actually exist without si aud or fallacy, private sentiment of a bye stander, on otherwise they cannot, in the humble; a point which is now under the confi- opinion of the writer, be justified in deration of gentlemen of unquestion.i- the disposition of the public money. It ble integrity and real knowledge, who is particularly to be considered, that yet may not have considered it in all when this great reward is disposed of, the lights which the nature of their F "o'hing remains for him, wlio, prodecision^ seems on behalf of the public vided this method of ascertaining the to require. longitude should not genet ally suc

It cannot be doubted, that when the ceed, might yet discovar a certain and

legislature thought fit to grant by a easy method of accomplishing it: And

solemn act a reward of ao.ooo/. to him it would be extremely hard that he

who should discover a method of de- Q who should make the real discovery

terroining the longitude to a certain should have no reward, and he whp

degree ot exactness, they intended by had only made a single time piece

that encouragement to derive such ad- should have it all.

vantages from it to navigation, as The bare construction of one single

m'ght reasonably be expected to result machine can never be said to disco

from so valuable a discovery. They ver the longitude, as no one can be

did not intend to extend that bounty benefited bv that discovery but the

to the improvement of any manual art H person who" is actually in possession of

that could not be universally prpcti- themachine; &, inthis case, thedilco

sed j but to the discovery of some ge- very must remain as great a mystery to

neral principle by which the long}- all the rest of the world as if it had ne

t^ide could be ascertained and applied ver been mad*; and the man who is

oiactice in the course of every ship's poffest of the machine may demand a:


Cbara!fer of a late deceased Earl vindicated. 35

Bother 10,000/. for this grand area- appealed in the former editions, consum, that contains within itself the taming the moft injurious reflections whole mystery of this important dis- on the dead as well as the living; re* covery. Does not this kind of reason- flections not warranted in any raaniog imply an ahlurdity? and yet it is ner, nor to be accounted for or exthe true way of Hiring it. plained, except upon toe amiable mo

To afford Mr H. any plausible pre- tives of envy, jealousy, and a spirit of fence for laying claim to the national A 'action. But as I fiiut, upon looking reward, he should at leal; be enjoined into the third edition, that instead oT to make a number of his watches, that acting as became friends to truth, or by different experiments it may appear even generous adversaries; instead of that they are infillitje in their per- retracting taiihoodsor miitakes, howfurmance, and that 1000 may be made ever palpable, they have not only reas well is cne, rhat will have all the peated them again and again, but at fame propeties in keeping equal time the lame time accumulated new injufbroagh all the varieties of heat and «* lies, and new calumnies; I think it told. Where else is your discovery of incumbent upon those who have any longitude? knowledge of the real characters and

The artificial construction of a time- facts, which these worthy aflertors of

p'ece can never be accounted a disco- liberty and the constitution of their

very of longitude, even though it country, "have so traduced, to stand

mould go to BarbaJots and back again forth, and not suffer the unprejudiced Iodo times without varying; anymore*- part ot mankind to be deceived, by

than a chemical process that will pro- the gross partiality and flagrant nu

duce hlver from lead, can be laid lobe lice of such writers,

a discovery of the philosopher's stone, It is with this view alone (detesting

or the transmutation os metals, even as I do the warfate of news-papers &

tbo* the fame process should produce party pamphlets) that I have been in

rhe fame effect 1000 times repeated, duced to undertake the drudgery of

It remains, therefore, to be known, Jj pointing out and exposing some os the

whether, besides the construction, there false imputations, which have been

be any new and general principle dis- heaped with such peculiar virulence

covered by which longitude is to be upon the memory and public conduct

ascertained by watches, made upon of the late E. of H- ■ /, in the latter

that principle, with the common care editions of this bulky libel.

of good and approved workmen, in a Some strictures having' already been

reasonable time, and at a moderate ex- made in the Public Adt/trti/er of Depence. In that case Jo ooo/. would E amber the igth, with great tiuth and

scarce bean adequate rewird; butir'the piopriety, upon the injurious and ina

wbole discovery is to be confined to licious attempt towards a character of

the operations of a single watch, will this noble person, as it stood in the

any one fay, either in this or any other first edition of this performance, I

Country, that tbe habitude u jtt disco- Wall wholly confine myself to such

vered. alterations and additions as have sinoe

appeared in it.

Mr Urban, * In the first place, this father of cat.

"~ HE extraordinary demand fora dour has thought fit to stigmatize lome

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pamphlet, entitled, A Letter cm- proceedings in his late majesty's reign, ctrning Libels, Warrants, &c. owing against a certain V. C. of Oxford, at partly to the nature of the subject it being very oppreftive; and in the professes to treat of, and not a little to fame breath to impute them, without some other ingredients with which it the least hesitation or ceremony, to is seasoned, having already brought G-Lord H———.'s advice and direction j it to a fourth edition, I had eudea- not casting the least censure upon the Toured to persuade myself, that the late Sir D Ryder, then Attorney Geauthor or authors, convinced by tbe neral, who conducted the prosecution Information they must have receiveJ as far as it went, and wl.o had too thro' several of the public pipers, of much experience and ability in his the gross and wilful mistakes they had profession, to want advice or direction; been guilty of, in respect to some me- „and was, by principle and education, morable facts, as well as some charac- "too zealous a whig, and of too holers, which deserved a different tieat- mane a temper, to lay the heavv ■ snent, would have so far listened to of power upon any subject, the calls of truth and justice, as to •wvrtbie/i, whve the law and

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