תמונות בעמוד
PDF

Mmrir* of Qustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden. 317

Bras laid open, and Cujla-vui only to the command of hit armies. It was traverse in order to subdue it.' The long before he could be prevailed oils' battle of Lettsc vat fought Sift, 7, ' nor would he accept of the post of ge*6jt, and before the end- of the year, neralissimo, but upon terms very this hero had reached Francsort on the shameful to the emperor, who comMayn. Many writers, and among the plied with them. On the other fide, relf, the Cbev. Felard, in his commen- . Ferdinand ha.c\ recourse to the Pope, in taries on folybius, have censured Gas order to obtain from him pecuniary tafvui for being guilty of a like mis- 'supplies; the Pontiff replied, that take with Hannibal, when, instead of he applauded his zeal for the catholic marching directly, to Rome after the religion, he thanked him for it with battle of Catenae amused himself in »|1 his heart, he would readily assist Campania: Thss was Oxrnfturn'i opi- him with his advice, but (bat he could niou. He thought that if his master not second him in any other manner, had inarched to Henna, be would have 9 considering the exhausted state of St met with no resistance, and that the PeUr't treasury. To testify the snteemperor so humbled, would have been rest he took in the empeior's cause, forced to submit to all the terms he published au univeifal jubilee to which might have been imposed upon implore the assistance of heaven for him. Our author justifies Guflavui, the_ protection of the Holy See, for the for theie three reasons i i. Because extirpation of heretics, and for union the encouraging the protestant prin- Q among the catholic princes. Ferdices, and the putting himself at their' nand'% ministers were very ' sensible head, was of more consequence than that the Pope bantered them, an4 the driving the emperor out of hit that these devotions were only, a Capital. ». That Git/hvus by esta- farce to cover the refusal of more subblishing his authority in tbe center of stanti.il succours. Germany, made himself the arbiter of . The emperor found a much better the emperor, and the empire, and n resource in Wallenpein than iA the broke all tbe measures gf the Catho- Pope. While this Pontiff, Pope as he lie league, and all the negotiations of was, said his prayers in private for Ferdinand. 3. That it was necessary the heretics, and in public had geneTor him to pursue Tilly, and to prevent ''al processions, at which he assisted in his raising a new army, which might person, without giving Guftairut the enable him to take his revenge in this least uneasiness, the generalissimo manner he wished. raised an army, of which he spade We shall not follow jthis hero in the such good use, that he drove the Saxrapid progress of his conquests; it is & ons out of Bohemia; he endeavoured probable, that he took less time in to detach the elect01 of Saxony from his gaming than his historian has in de- alliance with the king of Sweden, by scribing them. In some months, he advantageous positions which he knew saw himself master of most of the how to take, and by a well contrived provinces of the empire, from the resistance he retarded that hero's profiaJtic sea to the frontiers of France and „ gi el's, as appeared at the affair of Nuiiuitzerland, and from the German rtmberg, where the king could not Ocean to the borders of the Tjrelese. force the intrenchments witji which; Strengthened by the alliance and sub- he wss covered, iidies of France, and supported by all We cannot pass over in silence a the protestant states, united in defence very interesting conversation which of their laws and liberties, he had passed between Gufiawti and St Etienne, made most of the princes of the Catho- envoy from France at the court of Basic league either afraid to take pirt " <varia. St Etienne was come to the Sivtwith the e:pperor,or unable to do him dtjh army to negotiate a neutrality in service. Thus every thing seemed behalf of the D. of B.waria; and to to prognosticate a total eclipse of Fer- give weight to his solicitation, he dinand't power. He was dreadfully made use of some menacing expreffiembarrassed, and had scarce any hopes ons, as if France had the Duke's ir.teof re establishing his affairs. Never- rest very much at heart. 'M. dt St Xhelefs, being too haughty to sue for 'Etienne, Gufiavui brificly replied, I peace to a prince whom he thought H ' have communicated my intentions }ie could easily have crushed, he only 'to hit most Christian Majesty by his considered of methods to continue the 'ambassadors, and 1 know these of war. For this purpose, he recalled 'the King your master better than fsailtnflein, from whom he had taken 'you do. I depend on Mt siit&d&ip, (Gent. Mag. July ni}.) 't zM.

* and T have reason TO Relieve ,nat ing discouraged by that sinister event

* you speak of your ovrn head and in they redoubled their efforts, and fa

* consequenieof that 7.eal which you crinced thousands of the Imperialists, 'have for the Duke of Bavaria; but who were a fort of trophy raised on

* be assured, that if the king your the tomb of this great monarch.

'master should break his alliance with Our author, after having given a

'me, it would not make me reheat * particular delrription cf the battle of

1 one step. I have made war all my Lutztn, in a ftparate dissertation, dis

'life, and I have found that no ca- cusses this point, viz. Whether the

'tion is invinc'ble: My arms are great Gufiavus was killed in confe

* juft. 1 have had pioofs of the di- quence of a conspiracy formed against 'vine protectii n, particularly at the his life, and by whom that conspiracy 'battle of le-psic; on that protection was formed and executed ? He relates

* I rely more thin on ray pun pj impartially all that the most eminent 'strength. I am only a feeble inltru- historians have said on the subject. 'ment' which God employs for the It appears plainly that they are not

* execution cf his designs. Thave as agreed as to many circumstances of

* yet loll nothin? but my hit*. The the battle, and the King's death; one

* Imperialists took it from me in Prus even fees evident contradictions in the

* fia, and lent it as a trophy to Wal- various relations cf those who pretend 'lenftein. I reckon that they have that they were eye witnessns of that

* paid me very dearly for it, and that C event. Our author does not disguise 'TOly would have been vety willing the embarrassment which every im

* that I shoul 1 have kept my beaver, nnitial judge mult ftel, in order to

* and that he should not have been know with certainty whether the ge'beat. If anv other payment is yet nerjl opinion of that Prince's assasti'to be made, Walle»Jlei/i may loinplcac nation he well founded. He dares

* it." pot affirm it, for which he gives his He did indeed effectually complect reasons, which it would be too tedi

it Et the famous battle of Lutzhi, D 0IIS ro discuss with him; but he conwhere the r.npernl.atmy which heconi- eludes thar it is very prcbable that minded wm cut »n pieces and put *o he was reallv assassinated, that it was flirVt, where he loir all his artillery done at the intimation of Wallensteirt, a ad stores, and left in tli* hands of the emperor, and the couit of Spain, the Xivedti the greatest part of his aud by the hands of two traytors, the f andards and colours. Pnpptnh'im principal of whom was Francis Albert was mortally wounded there, ard g of Saxe Loivinl'ourg. This prince, died the next day, and WaUtnfitin dis- some yean before, had received a box mayed, fled as far as Leitmerttz, 50 on the ear from Guflavus, who had ofleagues from tiie field of battle, and ftred to give hint satisfaction, but by from thence to Prapae, wheie he the mediation of Oxenfiern these two could raily a handful only of his princes were reconciled. Soon after, officers and soldiers, and where he Frauds Albert went into the emperor's vented the <h.iprine and fuy with _ service, became one of Wallen/lein't which the shame of his de'eat inspired r most intimate spends, had the comhim, by ordering (bn:e Croats to be maud of a regiment, and received hanged, and above twenty officers mar.v other favours fiom the emperor, smd'several cuirassiers to be beheaded. Afterwards, on what account is not

B'lt anidft the font;* of triumph known, he came to the Swedish army,

which tilt'; most glorious victory could attached himself to the king's person,

not but inspire, the Stverfes bewailed and followed hi n with such assiduity

thedeath oftheir formidable hero, who sj th'at the chancellor Oxenfiiern enter

was become the gloiy of their nation, tained lome suspicions of him, for

aud the deliverer of Germany. which Guffaws saw no foundation:

Custavus Aihlpbns was killed in the The battle of l.utzen was fought; heat of the battle; his troops knew that very day frawa^r Albert wore unit a mi revenged him. Instead of be- tfer his cloa'ths a green fasti, which — ■ war the imperial colour, and he did rot

• In lifer manner the King cf Pr*£ia, the leave the king a moment: Seeing him

modern GuJIavut, in a letter to M. d" jUrgeni Jj afi(jc wit[) ,w0 servants only to

after the battle of Lign.te in 1760, Uyt, *; some or(,ers h;mseif to hit left

•' O-nt talk to roe ot danger. The last *. , followed him immediately

'■ .ict rnec-st me rnlv a'nil nl ciraths aod a ,0' r .. cj . i,„j£.

•■ ho'se TbUis tu.'vmB .:«l.ry ve.ych?aP." with one of hi. confidents whose

(S«IV Six p. 58a.) 'name, it is thought, was Fa/toW.

Memoirs of Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden. 319

ahci who passed for his equerry. At army was toully defeated and dif

that instant the king was wounded persed, they made bonfires at Madrid,

in the left arm, and received a pistol sienna, and Brussels. Te !)«■»''

sliot between his moulders i in ffiort, fung, gtnu were hred, comedies acred,

he was killed: Loivenberg returned in short, they displayed a most mde

all bloody, but without a wound; he cent extiavagance of joy. But he

reported that th; king had perished was sincerely regretted, not only by

in the battle j he was the first who A nis subjects and his troops, but also

sent tVallenftein the news of Gusta-vui'% by all the protestants of France, Ger

death, and two days after, he lest the many, Holland, and England. He died

Szuedijh service, and emeied into that at Hie age ot 37 yeais, 11 months,

of the emperor. At length, as he was and 27 nays, in the very arms of vic

a man fit for anything, he was involv-: tory ; he triumphed as he fell. This

ed in the affair of Wallenfiein; he was prime, by his gnat virtues and h:S

arrested the fame day that that gene- heroic talents deserved the love of his

ralislimo was assassinated at Egra bv B cotempoiaiies, the elleera even of

the emperor's oider, and he would his enemies, and the applause ofpos

have attoned on a scaffold sot his in- terity. A kind husband, a tender

trigues and treasons if he had not bar- father, a good king, and the best of

tered his religion 10 (ave his life. Do masters; popular,arral<le,disintercsted,

not all these circumstances united, and generous; strict in his morals, fru

render it mo:e than probable that this gal, a stranger to ostentation and vain

prince of Saxe-Louvenbourg killed the c magnificence; noble in his discourse

king of Sweden, or at least directed and in his manners, but without

the hands wl.ich assassinated him? haughtiness and pride; zealous for

It is certain, that Francu Albert knew religion, and animated by a devotion

that he was accused of that abonvna- equally pure and tender, he had the

b!e crime, and that he dd":niied him- art of making himself both esteemed

self very poorly. and beloved, and, by his example, he

Nevertheless Mr Harte affirms that jyeftablilhed in his disunions, and even

this prince was entirely innocent of >n 1m armis», Christianity, pood or

that odious attempt, of which he was der, wiWorn, and virtue. Though he

generally suspected. It he is asked is rot the only one who has immer

how he proves it, he replies, that raliztd himself by great conquests, he

•« Falckenberg, the prince's equerrv, » is perhaps the only one who has made

«« man of honour and dilHnciio»,'kil- piety the basis of his throne, and who

"led, with his own hand, the wret h has deserved the uncommon title os a

*' who gave Gust.ivn- Adolphus his E great man, and a virtuous hero. At

•'death's wound." But where did the time of his death he was master of

Mr Harte find this anecdote? This he two thirds of Germany; he was in pos

has not told us. Aud, supposing it session thereof 130 strong towns.

were true, how could it be proved F

■Would this be the fiist instance ot"the Mr Urban,

author's of a conspiracy dispatching tJ*HE internals M. Dusch r,sBrunswick those whom they have employed in p J published fame time ago a -work in the execution of it? And in this, the tnvo volumes Svo. ivritten in the German English historian is contradicted by language under the Title of Moral LetIVallenstein, who was well acquainted ters to form the Heart, with the fact, and who, in the account 1 he following, lubicb is a Translation of which he s:nt to the. emperor, said, one oj these Utters, I think cannot sail os that the King of S-lueden was killed by eissordin* an elegant and rational enterone named Fairienberg, Lieutenant tainment ioyaur readers. I am, &c. Y. Colonel of the regiment of Florence, r T p n M r p IT S M T T R 1 rr c who was afterwards killed himself on CLlONaubl. HKIUS. the veiy fi>ot where he had killed the "O Epine not Tirius at the situation king. Wailenslein had too great a G JA. of life in which providence his £<end(hip for Loiuenbour% to publish it placed you; rather be ashamed of to the world; he concealed his friend's your unmanly impatience, doubly uncrime, but he rewarded it. becoming when it is levelled at your So fell the great Gufta-vus! Wound- Creator. Every dissatisfied ihousht ed by the ^-riemy, he was slain by the about the station allotted you is binshand of a traytor. His death was phemy against Ws willom; every matter of joy to the emperor and the complaint a criminal revolt against Kino of Sham. Thoueh the imoerial the order of the supreme will ot' the Almighty. Do not you know, that undeserving. For this very reason,

bod is equally benevolent in the Ttriiu, that riches are often bestowed

storms of winter, as in the breezes of in great plenty on the molt worthless,

the spring? Ought not your complain- you should be less anxious about them:

Jng to be against yourself, rather thari Of what use do you think they are f

against heaven? You lament that the You want to lead an idle life at th»i

calm of !ise is perpetually interrupt- ^ ex pence of orHer people's industry,

ed) that nothing is stable; and that and lament, that your forefatheis

every day alters the mutable scene. have not sufficiently provided for you;

Have you .never yet made this obser- but observe the rich, with a closer at

vat ion, Thai cur fiuli can find no rest tention; how heavy does time lie

Ijfr'e; that the blossoms of the spring upon their hands, while they find eta

Jiass away; and that the fun-shine of ployment for half the world. When in simmer 11 interrupted by clouds that g a leisure hour you sit down to reft descend in rain, or explode in thunder. yoiirsels from your work, uneasy If you have not, I do not wonder that thoughts tteal upon you, you begin to the vicissitudes of life sit so uneasy imagine yourself better fitted for an upon your thoughts, idle spectator of the work of otheis, Yeu were brought up in the bosom than many of your rich neighbours, of a most affectionate mother, whose You hardly pats by a palace, without tender careprotected you against all Q secretly arraigning your fortune for dangers. Whilst you were under her hiding you under a humble roof: A tutelage, the vexations, troubles, nobleman's beautiful garden, instead of cares, and even the most necessary fragrance, breathes discontent into employments of this fife were utterly your breast. The grand cascades and "unknown by you. This very tender- vocal groves fitl your ears with tumult, nefi has spoiled you i You imagined tirius! what a difficult mortal att you we're to live only for yourself, and thou to be pleased! Nature perhaps that your business in this world, was jy ought to be wholly thy own to make only to enjoy it. But heaven has in herself agreable to thee? pity removed the cSvvrt that sheltered Do you know the source whence you, and slew yon stand1 ••urtoscd to all your dissatisfaction proceed*? I'll the. inconveniencies of life, st>l seel point it mit to you i It is self love that, of which it is necessary youtboftSl misguided by education: Combat this be sensible, Tbat[you are rtui.it fur society. false self love, crush it, and if it be posffatpy Tirius! How kind is Heaven fiT>l» destroy it. There will be no hapto deliver you from a pernicious error ^ piness far you in this world, unless you whilst you are young. If this salutary do so;. Goo hiaiself cannot give ityou. affliction had not come upon you till This depraved Ms love is in tact coyou had attained a riper age, the vetoufnefs, and a covetous temper it prinieof your youth, which now you destitute of joy. Cares spring up in it may improve, would have been in- as abundantly and naturally as thistles tirely lost. Your mother left you an and weeds do in a stony field; infinite tremble competence, yet you begin to p withes proceed from it, each with is Be afraid test yon may want.—Do not followed by desire, desire extorts tears, youknow that an apprehension of want and tsars di own your tranquility. IS a call to industry? Enter therefore Itou£ht not to be so, Tirius; but t upon the businels of life; prepare know thfr.disposition of your mind Vouiself to Commence a member of better than you do yourself.—What society in the rank providence are your thoughts when in the fhahas assigned you. The most natural dowy silence or the evening hour, weapon to repulse want is labour: O your weary hands nuit their labour Look around ybu through the whole to support your head, "eclined in »lt creation: a!) is action, there is no rest, the melancholy of penfiv^ discontent? ho standing still; a constant activity Does not your self-love covN leisure? rnrtves and preserves worms, insects, Does not a succession of restless withes Wrtites, man, worlds and spirits; e- escape your foul? And does not t%ur very creature exists for the good of imagination aid your withes? It doe^> Another, and all work together for the sj tn an instant you are transported into preservation of the whole; and will her enchanted regions. Catties arise yon alone remain idle? befbie you, and fields innumerable, You imagine yourself Unhappy, be- covered with rising harvests and encause heaven hat refused you those dosed by the flowering thorn.—Here riches which it often bestows on the you see a rich valley boundtd on ohe

tleerticus to Tiri«Si from the German- gi t

si-le with ereen hilU, and on the other solely for his entertainment or delight* with shady groves, where,in company or rfirows a wood Ma mode upon you* with lovc;y Pi/His, you might taVe because it is not vourown? your evening w*4k.—From under yon You ft«, Tirmt, the beauties of narosi? buihes, a cooling brook runs pftil- tune aft not created w.th a partial ing along its shady banks, on whose . view, for the entertainment of some downy mose you might take a toit re- * only; they are offered to ail. God, pose.—A garden now iHe» to yoor the benevolent father ot nature, hag imagination with cascades, grottos, refused none of us the noble joys that and bowers, wildernesses, and A< ovts j arise from them j joys which the acthe palace now invites you from the tual pofleffion of them can neither Diade, and the doors of the saloon are ir.creale nor diminish, thrown open to receive you. In scenes Endeavour to look for contentment like these, your thoughts are bewild- B in the sphere of lire you are placed in, ered. How happy should you be in you will certainly find it there. Happoneflions like these! To make your pmess is as common as the air: She condition campieatly wretched, ima- does net live only in p.il ecs and villas, ginatiu'i at once changes the Rene. lh« visits the cottages ot the poor, (he The calHe, the fields, the vallies, the accompanies the iolitary sage through garden, and toe palace disappear, and the fields of blooming nature, emyour own dwelling supplies their place. braces the swain by the brook, and That instant your disagreeable fitua- C walks at the side of the whiffling clews tion recurs to your mind} your daily while he guides the plough through employ, the care for your fubsiftance, the stubborn glebe. We/e the rich approaching old age and poverty, (whom you seem to envy) so happy ae stare you in the face; the splendor of you imagine they are, heaven would the former scene throws a more me- have been very unjust to the greatest lanchol v gloom on this, and your real p part of mankind in the distribution of condition becomes more and more its blessings; but happiness is not conuhfupportable, by your comparing it fined to this or that particular station v>}th an imaginary one. To confirm of life, neither can we always proyourself in the notion of your being nounce people happy by this outward unhappy, you always think how happy appearance. Be advised: When the you might be. wants of nature are supplied ; do not Dear Tiriui Be not so much your think more necessary; what you do own enemy as to torment _ yourself not think necessary you will not desire, with delusive,dr earns. The imagina- and at the want of what you do not tion is a faculty, which, under proper E desire you will never repine, regulation^ may contribute much to It is but reasonable, Tirius, we should make the soul happy. Man moves conform to nature, and conduct ourin too narrow a sphere to range selves properly in the station assigned through all the fields of actual plea- by providence. We, who are very sores. We are too sliort sighted to short lived creatures, are not wardo so, but imagination indeed may en- ranted to form any great expectations large our view ad ittfinitum. What p from the things of this world; and, parr, or how much do you think you since nature is contented with little, Could enjoy ot"this world, supposing it why Ihou'.d we desire to have much f were all your own? You dont want a But alas I we are bat too apt to create world to supply you with food: A desires to which she is a stranger, and single field will answer the puipose as then complain of heaven for not erawell as an universe. The wants of tifying them I Heaven is justified in nature are so few that your own not gratifying the desires of creatures, hands may well supply them, and as to Q who multiply wishes upon withes, and the rest, pray tell me what is it to you, of whose desires there would be noend. whether a seat, a garden, or a held, You know one of the terms upon belongs to you, or to fbmebedy else* which you received Use, is, that yo» as long as the enjoyment of them con- are to die; this decree it immutable, sills in their enrertaing your senses? It would be the height of folly to proDo yon imagine a fine leat ministers novmce life miserable because it is simore leal pleasure to itspui/rrr than to jj nite; or to dfsire immortality of heahis -vi/ilor? Affords the grotto cool. ven s<Jr a body that is made of clay, nets to him "only, does the mur- You cannc» <Spt£l more than what ».uring brooks please his fancy alone, is promised yoit, without heinr both da the birds warble fretti the groves unjust aad ungrateful for tvhst s

« הקודםהמשך »