תמונות בעמוד

'Auount of the Life of George Psalmanazar. ri

greatly captivated by the church-mu- When he had been in England about fick, which was then brought to great fix years, he was applied to, by one perfection bytheencouragementof the Patlendm, the inventor of a white lort then worthy Dean of Christ Church. In of japan,who offered him a considerthis he employed most ot" his leisure able (hare of the profits that should time, and the evening he commonly arise from the sale of his work, upon spent with some select company, but . condition, that he should introduce it without drinking to excess, or even to under the notion of his having brought exhileration, which he did not want, the art from Formosa. To this proand at nine he retired to his apart- polal he readily agreed, not merely raent. He could not, however, be con- from a view to the profit, but because tent with the reputation which fobi ie- he imagined it would confirm the acty and learning procured him + but count he had given of himself j not when he came home he used to light considering, that he put it into the a candle and let it burn the greatest B power of Pattendon totally to subvert part of the night in his study, to make his reputation by disclosing the fraud ■. 'those who saw the light believe he was Pattendon, indeed, seems to have susbusy at his books j he used also to pected him, for he would not have sleep in his easy chair for a week to- dared to propose a fraud to a man gerher to the great surprize of his bed- whom he did not think likely to conmaker, who finding the bed as (he cur in it, and yet his icputation must left it, could not imagine how lit- liv- r Mil have been considerable, for if he ed with so little sleep, and without the L had been generally deemed an imposrefrefhment of a bed; to support the tor, it would not have been worth , -notion of eKtroardinary application Pattendan'% while to have purchased his which he thus propagated, he pretend- name as a recommendation to bis ed to have swelled legs and feet, and projects

a gouty kind of distemper} for which This japan was advertised under th« hi* friends advised him to drink some name of white formosan work, and tho* medicinal waters in the neighbour- **tt was greatly 3dmii ed by a few curious hood; as there was much company people, yet its sale was never sumac the wells he gladly complied, and cient to continue the manufacture, rendered himself still more remarkable He afterwards attempted to get mo• there, by limping about like a cripple, ney by a kind of einperical practise of tho' no man enjoyed better health and phyfick.and by teaching the modern spirits. languages, in neither ot which he sueIn the mean time, he prepared his" Jj ceeded. history of Formosa for a second edition, He was retained as private tutor in the first having had a very rapid sale, two families, and afterwards, during and he wrote the best answer he could the rebellion in 1715, he accepted an to the objections, which had been offer from a major of dragoons, of made to it: when it was ready for the being clerk to the regiment. In this

Erest, he brought it to town, having ta- capacity he went into Lancashire, and en leave of his friends at Oxford, being honoured with the friendship where he did not continue longer than F and familiarity of the major, he was six months. received as a companion by the relt of Why he was not matriculated, and theomcers, whom he greatly obliged by why he did not continue longer at introducing them into such famtfaA of college, he has not informed us 5 but reputation as solicited his company when he came to London he found that from motives of curiosity, to whom he Dr/aw/had totally deserted him,&hav always greatly recommended himself ing served bis own turn, being oy the Q by the propriety of his behaviour, and interest ofgood bi!hopCW/>/<w,appui nt- the entertainment of his conversation. «d chaplain general to the En%lifl> for- He, therefore, spent his time very aces in Portugal, had gone off to his greebly in this situation, especially destination without so much as Icav- after the rebellion was suppressed ing a letter behind him. when he was quartered at Wigan,War* How be supported himself in London ring/on, and Manchester; especially at does not appear; he lived, he fays, an Manchester, where he had frequent opidle and dimpateH life, indulging him- H portunities of visiting a noble library, self in some gallantries, being a favo- belonging to the collegiate, church, me of the ladies, and of some who In this situation he continued two ■ere eminent both for their parts and years, wandring from place to place, ierttine. and seeing many countiies, rhicTi he would not otherwise have been able to says providentially fell in his way, •>'"" fee; and the regiment being ordered mong which was Law's serious call. to Ireland, he quitted it. The study of the sacred books which When he returned to London, he was he had before commenced with other for sometime much at a lose to know views, he now prosecuted with a finwhat to do with himself, and at lalt cere desire to know and conform to the having some (kill, and more taste in ^ will of God: But he wag so perplexed; drawing, be commenced fan painter. by criticism and commentary, that he But this business was then at so low determined to learn the language in' an ebb, that tho" he lived with a good which they were originally written, family almost gratis, and was early He was at first greatly dilcouraged and late at work, yet he found it im- by the difficulties he met with at the possible to procure x competency by threstiold, for he could never procure ii; it was not however whvlly without 3 a grammar that he had patience to advantage, for it brought him ac- read, but as he was hammering at an quainred with a worthy clergyman, exercirafion on the xxxivth Psalm, as who thinking the employment unwor- the end of the grammar that goes thy of his parts and learning, raised a under Bellarmine'% name, a poor man subscription for him among his ac- offered him a pocket Hebrew Psalter quaintanceof about 30 pounds a year, with Leusden'i Latin version over awith a view to enable him to prosecute gainst each p3ge; this he bought and1 his studies, particularly divinity, to C found the version much more easy and which he had always a predominant natural, than those of PagninUi and inclination. Upon this annuity, hav- Montanm; he went thro" every verse jng by this time become a severe pe- in the book without troublfnghimself conomist, he subsisted sometime, hut about grammar, and by reading it frequently felt great compunction at twice, his memory being very good, he' receiving it, knowing it was paid him obtained a considerable copia •veronly ona belief of his being a Forma/an, borum, and by observation 011 the and a true convert to the protestant "flexion of nouns and verbs, made a religion; both which, he knew to be considerable progress in grammar befalse. He therefore sincerely wished fides, which he found it now easy tq that he might fall into some more ho- improve, because when a difficulty ocneftway of life, and for this an op- curred he could easily turn to bdlarportunity soon after happened. mint, or even Buxtors the most diicou_He became accidentally acquainted raging of all, because having then but with a good natured generous man, R one poihf in view he could without who was concerned in Various bran- perplexity satisfy himself about it. ches pfthe trade of printing, by whose Aster having read this Psalter a third means he procured employment in the time, he began the historical books: translation pf books sufficient to afford But instead of peilexing himself with him a very comfortable subfistance. such bibles as had the servJte letters He was now about eight and thirty printed in a different character, to years old, and his seasons of serious p distinguisti them from the radicals, he refaction and remorse became longer, pitched upon the fiist edition of that of and more frequent; so that, at length, Munfier.vhkh, however, is for inferior 8 ^"feS*" v'rtue a"d religion became to the second, and by the help of the predominant in his mind. As the version in the opposite column he persons who paid his subscription found bis exercise so easy, that before dropped off, he did not apply to their he had read 8 chapters in the first of survivors for a continuance of their Samuel, hewent baik to Genesis, anc} benevolence, but applied himselfwith G took the chapters in their couile, ei»niore dijigence to his new employ- cept the poetical parts which he pasted ment, always refusing to translate any over; at the lecond reading he atbook that fae thought had an ill ten- tempted thele parts, and pasted only cfency with respeit to the morals of thechaptersin Daniel, Ez.ra,&e. whkb, mankind, either in principles or prac- are in Cbaldee- When he came after- • sice. He was much strengthened in wards to compare this with the Hehis good purposes, by TDr Hicfs's refor- brew, he lays, he found a noble simplimed devotions, a book wiiich was put H city, yet masculine energy in the Heinro his handu by a woi thy clergyman breiv, and a softness and effeminacy in of Braintree, in F.Jtx, and by some other the Chaldee not unlike the difference Ifboks of practical divinity, which as- between the LathfAtiA It/Man. With {e.waids accidentally, or rather as he the Cbaldee, however, he made himself


Account of tie Life of George Psalrranazar. 13

acquainted, that he might avail him- year* ot maturity may'attain a- peisect self of the great assistance afforded by knowltdge or jt without the discuuthe CkaUu paraphrase, in fixing the raging slavery of beginning at grammeaning of obscure words and exprel- mar, the knowledge or the Hesions, and discovering the sentiments brew being, essentially necessary to the of tbe antient Jews, concerning many understanding even of the New T<fpregnant prophecies of the Mejjiab, lament, in which, tho" the words are ft om which the Talmudic writer* have , Grtik, the Hebrew idiom is preserved. since departed, merely because they A To facilitate the learning of this had an insuperable dislike to Christ. language, and render it something When be bad read tbe Psalms 5 or 6 more entertaining than it is at pi etiines, Genesis a second time, and had sent; he began to compose a tiagiagain got into the historical stile, he comic piece, intitled DavidwsA Micab,' began to try how he could read the in Hebrew verse, but tho' he made a Latin into Hebrew, that is by hiding considerable progress in it he did not the Hebrew column with his hand to " finish it; he al lo formed a design of try how near he could come by an ex- composing some sciiptuial dialogues temporaneous version of his own. In in Hebrew, in imitation of the Latin this he found himself more deficient ones of Cos alto, and others on moie than he imagined, yet he did not whol- common iubjectslike thole of Corderius, Jy lay aside the pracrice, tho' he did tho' not so puerile, and a third benot confine himself to it. He used also tween a -Jew and a Christian, on the tot exercise himself in conjugating Q most material points of controversy veries by his memory, and theniearch- between them, together with a collet ing the grammar to fee how far he was tism and exposition of many texts both right. As the Hebrew is figurative in the Old and New Testament, foretelland scanty, he found it also of great ing the restoration ot the rz tribes so use to consult the l.eAuon for the pri- their own land. These projects, howmitive fense of words, which it was ever, be did not execute searing that easy to distinguish from the remote by they would not meet with suitable' enthe parallel text referred to. D touragement.

By close application in this method, He contented himself thei efore with hewasatlengthabletospeakthe/seirMu preparing for the press a new edition I pretty fluently, tho'he was still at a of the Pjalmsiu Hebrew, with Leusltn't Joss for the right pronunciation; to Latin versien over against it, and some learn this, he applied to some Morocco notes for the use of learners, with oJeuu, whose native language being thers of a more curious nature. But Arabic, he thought most likely to pro- g upon his applying toon *. Palmers pronounce it properly, and by converting ter in Bartholomew Close, to print it; with those he was soon able to make he was told that Dr Wasbbum had been himself, understood by the southern there just be lore to treat with him aJrws, tho' he could not so readily un- bout printing a new edition of it, said derstand them, because they did not to have been compiled by Dr Hare, dritinguim sustitiently between the afterwards bisliop of Cb'tcbefter, he sound of many consonants, aspirations, therefore laid this work by. and gutterals, which seemed to him ~ Soon after this, Mr Palmer engaged to have originally differed very great- him to. write the history ot printing ly : to the northern Jews be was whol- which he had long promised to the ly unintelligible, and they to him. public, and which Pfalmanazar comHe also, to perfect his acquaintance pleated after Palmer't death, under the with Hebrew, accustomed himself to patronage of the late Earl of Pembroke, tin 1 Jt in it, and at length was able to of whom he makes honourable men-' speak it in the pure and elegant stile G l'°"

ot the sacred writers, and now and He was also about this time engaged

then to raise it to the lofty strain of in writing the Universal History j the

the poetical books, for which he was parts of this work that he executed,

the more admired, as few, if any a- were:

mong the Jews could do it, having 1. The Jewish History, from Abraham

spoiled their language by a heteroge- to the Sabylontsb captivity,

neous mixture of the corrupt Talmudic *. The history ot the Celtes and Sjand Rabbinical words and idioms, to «thtans.

which he was a stranger. j. The antient history of Greece, or,

Thisaccountof his learning Hebrew the fabulous and heroic times.

is inserted to (hew, how easily men at x. The sequel of the Jewish History,


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

from the return from Babylon to the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus.

5. The history of the antient empires •f Nice and Trebixon.

6. Of the antient Spaniards.
. Of the Gauls.

Of the antient Germany.
In the second edition.

1. The sequel of the Theban and Corinthian history.

*. The retreat of Xenophon

3. The continuation of the Jewish History, from the destruction of Jerusalem by Tttus, to the present time.

,1(1 his historical account of thi« Fork, which employed him almost to the end of his life, he has related federal curious prrticulars of the celebrated Mr Archibald Bower, the writer .of the Roman History, which will serve as a very good appendix to what the leader will find relative to his character in some former numbers of this miscellany, but for these and many other curious particulars, we refer to the narrative itself.

He made Jus will on the id of April, 1751, O. S. and ratified it on the 1st of January 1761, and died in August 17*3, being upwards of eighty years old.

He enjoyed uncommon health and spirits to the last, notwithstanding his sedentary life, and hard study 5 he lived on the plainest diet at noon, and took a-light supper, regaling himself con- _ ftantly after he Jest off writing, with * a pint of very small punch with about twelve drops of laudanum, according to Sydenbam'i preparation, and indulged himself in the use of no other strong liqoui: To-this practice, he imputes his being able to study from seven in the _, morning to seven at night, with a good appetite and digestion, a clear head, a tolerable flow of spirits, and a found sleep of 6 or 7 hours every night.

An Account of Proposals for the Improvement of Agriculture. (Continued frost December Magazine 1764. Q

I. TT is good husbandry, after the J. haulm is brought in, to carry out the dung, and lay it upon the land where the wheat grew the last harvest, and spread it forthwith: It will ensure a good crop of bean* or peas the next year, ana the land will u be more free from weeds than as the • dung is laid upon the fallow.

It is also good husbandry, as soon

a.', beans have got fix leaves, to turn

'Wp in among them 5 they will eat

•'I the young weeds, even the

mellilot, and not touch the beams Sheep may be kept among beans till they are ready to blossom, but they must be kept gently moving about, and not suffered to he down.

II. In lands, where wheat is apt to , be winter-proud, sow old wheat instead of new; for that will always be backwarder in its growth.

III. If corn or hay happens to heat in the mow, and is in danger of firing, cut in it a round hole like a well, quite to the bottom, which will act as a chimney, or flue, to carry off the heat. A mow of barley, which was greatly heated by a horse having been indiscreetly got upon it, to tread it, was saved by this expedient.

IV. It has been found advantageous to sow wheat without laying on any manure j and, in the beginning of February, to lay twenty bushels Ot lime, unslacked, upon every acre, and forty bushels of sand, or the rubbish of a brick-kiln ; then, about the end •f the month, to slack the lime,which doubles its measure, and mix it well with the sand, and immediately afterwards to scatter it, by way of topdrefling, over the green wheat. A« rain generally succeeds, it is soon washed down to the roots of the plants, and gives them a vigour and strength, that, to those who never made the experiment, is astonishing.

V. It is best to hack peas in small wads; they will thus be seldom liable to be caught in the rain, being sooner fit for carting than those hacked in the usual method,

VI. What wHI destroy the fly in sheep, will also cure the scab, and the remedy for the fly is this;

Tote of good corrosive sublimate, half an ounce; dissolve it in l-w quarts of 'rain-•water; add a gill of spirit of turpentine; use this mixture at follcivi: When the sheep is struck, iruke a circle round the maggots with some of the water, by dropping it out of a bottle: This prevents their getrng away, for they will not come near the water: Then (hred or open the wool within the circle, it drop a few drops of the water among them, and rub them about with the finger, and there leave them, for they will all die presently.

To a quart of the above water add a pint of the simple lirae water of the London Dispensatory, and it will infallibly cure the scab. -VII. Farmer* in general cut their


At count oj the Numter of Acres in Maryland. • i5

•ate too soon, and inn keepers com plain of the thinnest of their oats with good reason. They ought to be cut at soon as the oat corn bun dry, and before the oat parts too easily from the chaff or chest which encloses it. Oats cut green will never ripen in the field.

VIII. The fame is truej of barley, which is also frequently cut before it is ripe. Most farmers, if they fee the grain full, dry, and hard, imagine

is thought, that, by mistakes in surveys running into each other, there is as much more than the tiue quantity of land already patented as what thtre may be yet to patent: If this A grant was to be measured by the latitude and longitude of its extreme parts, it would certainly number a greater number of acres j but thi* province k so nobly watered by so great a number of fine navigable riveis, that a very great part thereof is

their barley most be ripe; but the g always under tide water. I may per

only sure sign of its being sit to mow
is, the drooping or falling of the ears,
so as to double against the straw. If
it is then cut, and not before, it may
be carried in directly, without danger
of beating in the mow.
IX. Smut in wheat may effectually

haps, some other time, furnish you with some strictures on the trade of this country, the great advantage to the revenue by the duties on tobacco j and, as it is a cold country, may (hew the advantage that it is to Britain, by taking off so large a quantity of her

be prevented merely by washing it C fabricks, the freights of her tobacco

well in a Urge tub of water, stirring it violently with birch brooms, and skimming off the light corn and impurities.

X. To fatten pigs faster and better than in the common way, put up none

to Britain, and the trejght of her goods from Britain. I am, Sir, &c\ Maryland, Nov. 20, 1764. Number^

In this province are no waste lands, •11 are fit for cultivation.

[ocr errors]

a stye; the first wiek feed them mo-
derately on barley, oatmeal, peas, or
beans: During the second week, mix
with their birley-meal as much anti-
mony, in powder, as will lie on a shil-
ling three times: During the third
week, give them the antimony twice.
It purifies their blood, gives them an E
appetite, & makes them thrive apace.
XI. Vale land will produce good
crops of turnips, but oa such land
turnips are seldom sown, because they
cannot be fed | and if they are drawn,
the tap roots leave holes, which fill
with water, and sour the land. But
if, immediately after drawing the tur-
nip*, you go over the field with a
heavy pair of drags, they will fill up
the holes, and make the land yield a
good crop of barley.

[To ** continued.]

Mr Urban,

TH E last year, I sent to you an
account of the number of souls
in each county in the province of
Maryland, white and black, bond and
free. I now fend, you an account of
the number of acres of land in each
county,distinguishing how many acres
are held by Protestants, and how ma- H "c" .
■y acre* ire held by Papists j these M Wm(!li"
are very near the whole number of
acre* that the Lord Baltimore't grant
doth contain ; for although there may
fae some more lands to be patented, it


Suppose, in round numbers, we call Maryland four million.!.

An Account of ttt Number os Acres of Land in each County, in tie Province of Maryland j distinguishing what Number of Acres are held by Protest, ants, and what Number of Acres are held by Papists, in each County, as it •was returned by the several Collectors of the Land Tax on Sept. 19,1759.

[ocr errors]
« הקודםהמשך »