« הקודםהמשך »
Remark on a Pajfagein Shake Spear, X^t
« with the evening, made us dance. * oldest daughter Clarissa to read.
'There was a great deal of company; 'That is a school of excellent, of no
* it was a little ball well managed well 'ble morals. Her filters are yet too
* lighted. We danced with propriety, 'young to be improved by such studies. « we talked only to the mothers; the 'You may imagine what effect Cla« daughters had the air of puppets. 'rijsa ought to produce on a heart per« In (hort, I believe, that melancholy A ' fectly artless. My daughter read it « and weariness never assumed with 'alone j but stie told me all her « less grace the mask of gaiety. I was 'thoughts. I (aw her entertain a « forced, however, to make the best of 'strong liking for Lovelace 5 stie could
* it, and toftay till four in the morn- "■ not blame Clarissa for loving him. « Ing. I was quite exhausted ; my What comparison could there be between 'lister saw it ; I was sorry for it. I that Aw •" *** hujband <wbom they
* was the hero of the night, and gave B would have forced upon her? What ly « myseifuptoitasmuchaswaspossible. rants were her parents! But in the ar
The following is the picture which 'dour of her enthusiasm the senti
tbeMarquissafteTwards draws of Ma- * ments of concern and compassion
damoiselTe dt Ferval. 'This young * whichstie felt for that fugitive alone
« lady deserves the respect and attach- 'with her lover in his chariot, charm
« ment of all who know her worth. 'ed me: What humiliation, Mama, said
* She has wit without pretending to TM<"' T&U man, however tinder he « it; (he has graces to which (he is a C may be, is not her hujband. Sit her tit* « stranger; a most beautiful face, in dependent upon him! What a situation « which is displayed a most beautiful Jar a woman of her education! Ab ! Jbt
* mind ; in short, (he has talents which "would hone preferred misery, death itself,
* astonish me, She sings with an a- to such a disgrace, ifshe had only hadtime
* greeablenefs tint only nature can for refltilion. 'With these noble fen- give. She is a perfect mistress of * with this dignity of foul, which is « music, and plavs on the harpsichord n * naturally the height of virtue, I was « with the utmost" intelligence. It yon 'quite transported. It u the prescr« had seen her ads Zara, I have so good 'vative of the heart.' v
■ an opinion of your taste, that I am 'It is then from Clarissa that Mada
* persuaded you cowld not have refu- 'moiselle dt Ftryal has conceived her
* fed her your tears, which are the * first ideas of love?'
« truest applauses. Her goodness is « Yes, replied she, judge whether stje
« rare and admirable. Her genius 'will find it formidable.' « seems to have been well cultivated. E 'But will fce not lak« a" men foT
'She neither pretends to have know- 'Lovelaces f
* ledge, nor affects to conceal it. I * Oh I that danger is by no means « never saw any thing more amiable. « alarming. Inclination always makes
4 Correct, therefore, your opinion in * us too sanguine. In order to (e^
« regard to this lady and her sisters. 'cure a daughter from seduction, I
* Their birth, education, beauty, and 'depend more on her virtue, her ten
* virtue entitle them to every homage.* „ • del ness, and her confidence in me,
Speaking of romances, Mad. dt * « than in the dread of Lovelaces:
Narton fays to Mad. dt Ferval, 'Dp'
« you place all romances in the fame Rtmarks on the Gjunt. Mag. for Feb.
'class? Are they all in general pro- 17655 by a Correspondent.
'hibited?' 'I except,' fays (he, T)ace 6i, id col.] "Dr Tronchin of
■ some English romances.' « Those of Js Amsterdam," should it not be "of
* Ruhardson, without doubt }' 'Of Geneva?"
« Richardson? Can one possibly give G p; 47. • col.J "Master Froth—they
« that denomination to those beautiful will draw you—and you will hang
'histories of the world and of human them." The fense of this passage is
•nature? It is virtue herself who very obvious I thtnk. He plays upon
* there instructs you by the organs of hang and draw, alluding to punisti« genius. I am highly indebted to ment for trealbn. "The tapster will
* that great master of education, from draw you, which they do when they 'whom one readily acquires lo much froth the pot j and you will hang them, 'experience, and whom one cannot H for when the meafurt is delivered to "read (if one is not in a manner es- the guests, you (Jroth) will appear as 'sentialiy vicious) without an ardrtit an evidence to convict them of cheat
* desire of becoming, n?y, without ing their guests, by giving snort m*a'being better. I ha*e just given my suee: When the giwIU blow oft the froth, they will find the measure but father was curate and lecturer of St
three parts full; a common cafe in jfobn't, Wesiminfier, and he was born
aJe houses. . in a house near WeJIminfier-Abbeyt
Whereas "they will dra-w you, and where his mother ftill lives, you will hang on them," has no allu- After having been taught to read*
Son to any thing, nor no meaning in A be was sent to Wesiminfier school, where
itself. he made a rapid progress in grammar
P. 7j, i col.] R. P. should seem to learning, ana when he was thought
be (though not completely expressed) to be of a proper age, was carried by
reauiescat in pace, so common on old his father to Oxford; but being oftend
■sonumsnts.orthenameofthesculptor. ed at the trivial and superficial quelti
P. 73, *d col.] "A description of ons that were put to him at his examiJfhecity of Oxford" it should br "ci- B nation, lie wrote an invective against.
if ana university}*' they are distinct the gentleman who examined him, for
.bodies, and the description afterwards which the university thought fit to re
includes both. ject him.
—— " is situated on the North side He therefore returned to l.ondon.und of thr Thames \"—no such thing; the went again to Westminster school, where, jnain river at Oxford is the Isii (f.unous be made farther improvements to the in poetry) which is navigable a great satisfaction of his father 4c his friends, way above, and comes out of Gloueef- C . At 17 years of age he fell violently terjhire, the town of Lecbdale in that in love with a young woman, not recounty^ being situated upon it. At markable, we are told, either for beauOxford it joins the Cberivell, a smaller ty or wit, hut endowed with accomriver, and they running down by A- plishments superior to both. She was. b'mgdon, are joined below Dorchester by sensible and agreeable in the highest the Thame, which comes out of Buck- degree, had great good nature, and a ■ ingbamjbire, or its neighbourhood, and rj steady, uniform, and unaffected virtue. gives name to, or takes its name from The young couple married, after a a village called Thome, on the borders vtry short courtship, and lived happily of Oxfordshire. Upon this union, just together for about two yeais, when below Dorchester, the Thame takes the ChurcbiU't father, who intended him lead in the name, tho'a much smaller for the church, questioned him very river, and only admits a final 1 from strictly about his inclinations: He was If 1, being called Thames, and in Latin pleased to find him not averse, and Themes s quasi Thome isis. _ though he had not been educated at
This union is celebrated by many the university, and consequently had
of our poets under the title of the mar- takenno degree,he made no doubt of
riage of (he Thames with the lsis; a getting him ordained when he was of
kind of an Irish fortune hunter's match a proper age. with a rich heiress. Accordingly when he was three and
This mistake about Oxford and the twenty, he was, after proper examina
Thames is also in a description of Lon- tion, ordained by Dr Sherlock, the late
don audits environs^ in 6 vols. 8VO. pub- F Bifliop of London. lifted by Dodfiey. The writer of the Memoirs, where
P. 75, id col.} "I find also Doctors he gives an account of' Cburcbi/tt re
Grew, Parker, and Potter to have been jection at the university, says, it was
bishops here." How came he to find caused by a satire which he wrote a
these without finding the rest? I mean gainst the gentleman that examined
from 16S6 to Dr Potter 1 There were Kim, having taken offence at an ex.
Talbot.&e. animation too flight to give his abili.
—— " on theNortb side of this ci- f> ties play._ But from the account he
ty, &c. founded by Dr Radclijsc."—He gives of his ordination, it appears that
did not properly found it.butthetrus- the bishop at least understood that he
tees, witb the savings of his money, as- was rejected for deficiency. After Mr
ter the library was hnilh'd. Churcbils* examination by the bishop,
Jam, Sir, dc' W. H. T ». says he, his lordship exclaimed, What
sort of an examiner must this man ha%i
Some Account of tbe late Mr Charles had, -when he 'was piononnced to be
CHURCHILL} from a Pocket Volume ^ deficient in scholastic- education'"
cmled Memoirs of Mr Charles Some time after he was oidained,
Churchill, jufl published.' he got a curacy of 17/. per Ami. in
M'r\.'Charles Churchill is said to Wale;, whither he went to jtlide, with
have been descended from an his wife. vuient and honourable family. H'» He
Seme Account of the late Mr Churchill. 129
Me loon gained the esteem and as- This he calli, indeed, a satirkal<Vein -, section of his pariOiioners, became a as it has since been (ufheieinly display popular preacher, and was as much ed on more public occasions, the pubfollowed ai Whitfitld or Romaint. He lie must give it such a denomination was, besides, a jolly companion and A as (tappers to merit. keen sportsman; but though the great At length, however, hit father died, plenty os the country, and the conse- and he succeeded him as lecturer and «)uent cheapness of all neceflaries.made curate of St "Johns; this lectureship his seven and twenty pounds at least and curacy brought him in about one equivalent to no/, neir London; and hundred a year, and to encreale his though he sometimes received presents revenue, which was yet but scanty, he from his parishioners, yet he soon spent undertook to teach the young ladies what money he brought with him from p, of Mrs Dennis's boarding-school, to England, and as an expedient to obtain write Engli/h with grammatic accuracy a fresh supply, he opened a cyder eel- and elegance.
lar, and became at once parson and Of this employment, after about 17 publican. months, he became weary, and thereIt appears from the Memoirs that fore quitted it; but while he continu«his cyder cellar wa9 in his own dwel- ed it, he got a habit of It rolling almost ling house, and that he performed the every night to the play-house, where, office of waiter and tapster himself. C remarking what he thought right and Parson, bring mi a mug of the rightstrt, wrong in the actors, he conceived the fays one ; this is txcelltnt fluff, fays a- design of writing his Re/dad in the nother.—Business came in apace, and year 1761.
lindsey woolley picked up money. Though his father had lived with
He was, by nature, very liberal, and decency and reputation upon the reve
by a defect common in the most ami- nue or his curacy jnd lectureship,
able characters, unthrifty and extra- Churchill ran in debt, notwithstanding Vagant; partly, therefore, by his vir- " his additional salary lor teaching En
tue, and partly by his folly, he not on- gHJh, and notwithstanding hia debts he
ly dissipated the accumulated profits of gave up the employment for which he
his church and his cellar, but he con- received that salary, without any ra
tracted debts which he had not the rional prospect of another,
least hope of being able to pay. His house was continually blocked
It is ltranpe that if this account of up by creditors and bailiffs, and he CbstrtbilFt insolvency is true, his ere- jr had, besides, frequent quarrels with his
ditors (hould be uncommonly severe, wife, which would have rendered
It is strange that a man who was not home irksome if it had been free,
only esteemed but beloved by his pa- His biographer fays it is not incum
riihiooers, who was known to have bent upon him to assign the cause of
become poor, partly, at least, by feed- these quarrels between Churchill and
sag the hungry and elaatbiag the noted, his wife, but he has inserted a letter should be pursued with unrelenting p from Churchill to himself, by which it
malignity by those who knew they sufficiently appeais-. This letter the
could get nothing for themselves by reader will find in the sequel to this
distressing him : We are told, howe- account, not only as it dears up a fact,
ver, that when this man, "the lover but as it strongly marks the writer'*
and the love of human kind," propo- character.
fed to divide his all among his credi- His most pressing debts were paid or tors, the proposal was rejected, and he compounded by his friend Mr l.hyd, bad no expedient to keep out of prison G since dead, about the time that he pubbat to run away. • lilhed a poem called the Aflor; and He accordingly quitted the place Churchill loon after published his Reswith proper secrecy and expedition, c'wJ.
and returned once more to London, This poem was well received, and
without any view of subsistence but went through several editions j he
the liberality of friends. therefore formed a design to subsist as
His father exerted his utmost to pro- H an author; and immediately threw
care him a living, but without success; off hit gown: Ilii biographer s:iys, he
and his want of success is, by the an- took this lfepth.it he might with prothorofthe Memoirs, imputed to the piitty acquaint himself w'r.h scenes
offence his son w« perpetually giving which, as a writer, it would''
by the petulant abuse of those with sary to paint, but in w** whom he thought -fit to be offended, gyman, it would nor *
to be seen. Is this was his view, he The quondam parson being now a
has not availed himself of any know- man of ivit and humour about town, fre
ledge which he might not have ob- quented taverns and 'coffee-houses,
tained without a lay character, except, and places of public diversion, got ac
perhaps, in his poem called Ninbt, quainted with bucks and bloods, and
which not being adapted to the passion persons of all characteis; he also some*
of party, or connected with any popu- A times, in order, as it is said, to see low
lar object, was generally disregarded; Hfe, was a frequenter of obscure ale
io Uttte is the celebrity of his pieces to houses, where he frequently found.
be attributed to great poetical abilities. porter, a liquor he was very fond of,
His biographer declares it to be in great perfection, his opinion that in throwing off his His party poems very soon made gown he acted right, and he fays he him rich, and it was his turn to assist doubts not but that every unprejudi- his friend Lloyd, which he did with a ced and intelligent reader will be of B liberality that does him honour; for the fame opinion, alter reading the Lloyd being thrown into the Flett, following letter, which was written by ChurchillTent him a guinea every week Churchill, and sent by the penny post, for a considerable time, and which, after this introduction, it The next thing he did was to dewould be injurious to suppress. banch and run away with a young laTo . . dy: The particulars are not related. Dear , », but, if report fays true, they were such
"I have, in both respects, acted as as greatly aggravated the guilt.even of
I told you I would the last time I was seduction and adultery,
at your house. I have got rid of both But whatever was Churchill's moral
my cause? of complaints ; the [wife] I character, we are told that as a fatyrist
%vas Tired Of, a/id the gown I was dis- he became of so much importance
pleased with. that he received promises of very great
"You have often heard me fay I advantage if he would join the minihad no fort of chance of enjoying any D 'try, and exert his talents in their beecclrsiasticil preferment, and that I halt, and a promise of no less than a heartily despised being a pitiful cu- pension ot three hundred a year, if he rate. Why then should I breathe in would only be silent, wretchedness and a rufty gown, when These proposals, it is said, he refumy muse can furnish me with felicity fed, and refuse them be certainly did and a laced coat? if they were ever made, for he com i
"Besides, why should I play the hy- _. nued to write, and to write in the same
pocrite? Why should I seem conten- strain till he died,
ted with my lowly situation, when lam As his pieces were eagerly bought at
ambitious to aspire at, and wish for a a high price, he got money a pace,and
much higher? Why should I be cat- It appears that hisexpences were equal
led to account by a dull, phlegmatic to his gains, however uncertain they
•*•, for wearing white thread stock- must have appeared to common fense.
ings, when I desire to wear white silk He took a very good house upon Aihn
ones, and a f'wotd f In short, I have F Common, which he furnished with great
looked into myself, I have examined elegance j he kept his post-chaise,
myself attentively, and I have found saddle-horses, and pointers; he fifh
I am better qualified to be a gentleman ed, fowled, hunted, coursed, and took
than a poor curate. It has been, every other diveision that the seasons
therefore, from principle I have (hook offered.
oft the old rulty gown, the piss burnt Nothing is related of. Churchill, exbob, and the brown beaver, which set n «pt bis quarrel with Hogarth and so uneasy on me. I find no pricksaf ** Ltath, till his journey to Bologne.to viconscience for what riiave^bhc7m»t fit his friend Mr'W///«. A few days aflTnfScF easier in my mind. I feel after his arrival there, he was seized myself in the situation of a man that with a malignant fever, which put a has carried a d—d heavy load for a period to his life.
long way, and then sets k down.
So much for my [wife] and gown. -y ■** North Briton "Extraardinmy,
"I shall be at the Sbakefrcare to- H Pubiijktd ot Edinburgh,
morrow night, and (hall be glad to see rpo many it has appeared surprising that
you there. And believe me to be, I the Sr.^, never famed for long suf
iear , what I leally am, and shalt string nor slow to anctr, should of laic
ivs continue, Youu C. CkurtbM. have boto timely and unanswered the
greatest torrent os impertinent abuse that ever malice and (rapidity poured out against superior merit; but to those who consider how flattering it is to become tlie object of envy, the wonder will cease, and they will ap-ee that the silent contempt with which We - - .eive all this scurrility, i> also its pro
perest answer. Let then our southern
brethren raU.at us tor the lead we,take in
Rates ihone while enriched by tiade, when princes were their merchants, and their merchants princes. 1'irice and Flames then became the admiration of the universe for the wisdom of their policy, the grandeur of their public works, and the elegance of their private luxury. In vain do A we look out for the fame refinements in Laden, that has now for more than a century been esteemed the richest city in Europe. In private life we find tasteless riot and indelicate gluttony mistaken for luxury, and instead of wisdom and order in their police, we find the most absurd and R ineffectual regulations, filth, danger, aad B inconvemency in every street, the peace of the city trusted with an old feeble and undisciplined watsh, and the safety of the public roads with thief takers and villains. The public buildings speak for themselves. They have been long noted for poorness of design, and clumsiness of execution, and if Q any thing of taste appears among them of late, we may boldly ascribe it to a foreigner, or to a Scotchman. The works of a Ctbht distinguish themselves, and we all know to whom the Londoniri owe the elegant design of a work now carrying on, which they, however, have disgraced with an inscription of their own, that the meanest j) schoolmaster in the meanest parish in Scotland, would have been ashamed of. While Black sri.in bridge (lull last, it will be a monument of Scotch architecture, and of English Latin. And here by the way it is pleasant to observe, that the same people who charge poverty on the Scotch as their greatest crime, and rail at the ministry for E bestowing a trifling sum towards building a bridge that rests only one abutment in Scotland, have not been ashamed to receive of the public thousands and ten thousands, for repairing the old crazy and ill contrived bridge of London; and that at this moment the poorest peasant in Scotland is actually taxed his proportion sor the great and naF tional objects of paving* the streets of that opulent metropolis, in imitation of Edinburgh, and of bringing mackrels and sprats a halfpenny a pound cheaper to the table* of the wealthy Londoner).
If such be the effects of wealth on the morals taste and manners of the Englifu, we have no reason to envy them so dange"rous a luperiority j and yet even this fuperioty they owe to accident, and not to any extraordinary merit which they may arrogate to themselves j for whoever considers the fatal concurrence of circumstance* that checked the progress of industry in Scotland, will rather be surprised, that
a cheese -monjer who can buy a borough, H any spark of that spirit should have remainas much respected as a peer of tbe realm. e(j «mong us. While the Engiijh were im
But to leave declaiming against their vices,
let us endeavour to trace the proper effects • The parliament hat grttnte.1 tc
«r nrh>t in their taste and manners. We the streets K.ooo/. and for the fii